ORD 07-558 ORDINANCE NO. Ol. f&6 AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF FEDERAL WAY, WASHINGTON, ADOPTING AMENDMENTS TO THE CITY'S GROWTH MANAGEMENT ACT COMPREHENSIVE PLAN, APPROVING THE TEXT AND MAP AMENDMENTS TO CHAPTER ONE - INTRODUCTION, CHAPTER TWO - LAND USE, CHAPTER FOUR - ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, CHAPTER SIX - CAPITAL FACILITIES, AND CHAPTER SEVEN - CITY CENTER; APPROVING MAP CHANGES TO CHAPTER THREE - TRANSPORTATION, CHAPTER EIGHT - POTENTIAL ANNEXATION AREA, CHAPTER NINE- NATURAL ENVIRONMENT, AND CHAPTER 10 - PRIVATE UTILITIES; APPROVING A CITY-INITIATED AMENDMENT TO THE COMPREHENSIVE PLAN MAP AND ZONING MAP RELATED TO CHANGING THE BOUNDARIES OF THE BUSINESS PARK (BP)/COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE (CE) AND COMMUNITY BUSINESS (BC) ZONING DISTRICTS; APPROVING A CITY- INITIATED AMENDMENT TO CHANGE THE COMPREHENSIVE PLAN AND ZONING DESIGNATION OF MITCHELL PLACE; AND APPROVING CITIZEN- INITIATED REQUESTS FOR CHANGES IN COMPREHENSIVE PLAN DESIGNATIONS AND ZONING FOR SEVEN SITES (AMENDING ORDINANCE NO'S. 90-43, 95-248, 96-270, 98-330, 00-372, 01-405, 03-442, 04-460, 04-461, 04-462, 05-490, 05-491, 05-492). WHEREAS, the Growth Management Act of 1990 as amended (Chapter 36.70A RCW or "GMA"), requires the City of Federal Way to adopt a comprehensive plan which includes a land use element (including a land use map), housing element, capital facilities plan element, utilities element, economic development element, and transportation element (including transportation system map[s]); and WHEREAS, the GMA also requires the City of Federal Way to adopt development regulations implementing its comprehensive plan; and WHEREAS, the Federal Way City Council adopted its comprehensive plan with land use map (the "Plan") on November 21, 1995, and adopted development regulations and a zoning map implementing the Plan on July 2, 1996; and subsequently amended the comprehensive plan, land use map, and zoning map on December 23, 1998, September 14,2000, November 1, 2001, March 27, 2003, July 20,2004, and June 16, 2005; and WHEREAS, the City may consider Plan and development regulation amendments pursuant to Article IX, Chapter 22 of the Federal Way City Code (FWCC); and ORD# 01.56f) , PAGE 1 WHEREAS, under RCW 36. 70A.130, the Plan and development regulations are subject to continuing review and"evaluation, but the Plan may be amended no more than one time per year; and WHEREAS, the Council shall be considering amendments to the text and maps of the comprehensive plan; city-initiated amendments to the comprehensive plan map and zoning map boundaries of the Business Park (BP)/ Commercial Enterprise (CE) and Community Business (Be) zoning districts; a city-initiated change to the comprehensive plan and zoning designation of Mitchell Place; and seven citizen-initiated requests (Request #1 - Quadrant, Request #2 - Trimble, Request #3 - Gramor, Request #4 - Washington Memorial Park, Request #5 - Taylor, Request #6 - Lifeway Church, and Request #7 - Waller Road IV Associates) for changes to the comprehensive plan and zoning designations; and WHEREAS, in February 2007, the City's SEPA Responsible Official issued a Determination of Nonsignificance on the 2006 comprehensive plan amendments; and WHEREAS, the City of Federal Way, through its staff, Planning Commission, City Council committees, and full City Council has received, discussed, and considered the testimony, written comments, and material from the public, as follows: 1. The City's Planning Commission held public hearings on March 14,2007, March 21, 2007, and April 18, 2007, at the close of which they recommended to the council approval of the following amendments: 1) Amendments to the text and maps of the comprehensive plan; 2) The city- initiated amendments to the comprehensive plan map and zoning map boundaries of the BP/CE and BC zoning districts; 3) The city-initiated amendments to the comprehensive plan and zoning designation for Mitchell Place; 4) Six of seven citizen-initiated requests (Request # 1 - Quadrant, Request #2 - Trimble, Request #3 - Gramor, Request #4 - Washington Memorial Park, Request #5 - Taylor, and Request #7 - Waller Road IV Associates) for amendments to the comprehensive plan and zoning designations; 2. The Land Use/Transportation Committee of the Federal Way City Council considered the comprehensive plan amendments on May 21, 2007, and June 4, 2007 following which it recommended approval of the Planning Commission's recommendations with an amendment to include the Lifeway Church request; and 3. The full City Council considered the matter at its meetings on June 19,2007, and July 3,2007; ORD # tf1,~ , PAGE 2 and WHEREAS, the City Council desires to approve the: 1) Amendments to the text and maps of the comprehensive plan; 2) City-initiated amendments to the comprehensive plan map and zoning map boundaries of the BP/CE and BC zoning districts; 3) City-initiated amendment to the comprehensive plan and zoning designation of Mitchell Place; 4) Seven citizen-initiated requests (Request #1 - Quadrant, Request #2 - Trimble, Request #3 - Gramor, Request #4 - Washington Memorial Park, Request #5 - Taylor, Request #6- Lifeway Church, and Request #7 - Waller Road IV Associates) for changes to the comprehensive plan and zoning designations. Now, THEREFORE, the City Council of the City of Federal Way, Washington, does hereby ordain as follows: Section 1. Findings. A. The proposed amendments to the comprehensive plan map and comprehensive plan text, as set forth in Exhibits A, B, C, and D, attached hereto, are consistent with the Council vision for the City of Federal Way, will allow development which is compatible with the surrounding neighborhoods, including adjacent single-family uses, provide convenient goods and services at a pedestrian and neighborhood scale close to adjacent residential uses, and provide for transportation facilities to serve the sites, and therefore bear a substantial relationship to public health, safety, and welfare; are in the best interest of the residents of the City; and are consistent with the requirements ofRCW 36.70A, the King County Countywide Planning Policies, and the unamended portion of the Plan. B. The proposed amendments to the comprehensive plan map and comprehensive plan text, as set forth in Exhibits A, B, C, and D, attached hereto, are compatible with adjacent land uses and will not negatively affect open space, streams, lakes, or wetlands, or the physical environment in general. The amendments will allow for growth and development consistent with the Plan's overall vision and with the Plan's land use element household and job projections, and will allow reasonable use of property subject to constraints necessary to protect environmentally sensitive areas. The amendments, therefore, bear a substantial ORD # 01. I?f5<tr , PAGE 3 relationship to public health, safety, and welfare; are in the best interest of the residents of the City; and are consistent with the requirements of RCW 36.70A, the King County Countywide Planning Policies, and the unamended portion of the Plan. C. The proposed amendments to the Zoning Map, set forth in Exhibits B, C, and D, attached hereto, are consistent with the applicable provisions of the comprehensive plan and the comprehensive plan land use map proposed to be amended in Section 3 below, bear a substantial relation to public health, safety, and welfare, and are in the best interest of the residents of the City. Section 3. Comprehensive Plan Amendments Adoption. The 1995 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan, as thereafter amended in 1998,2000,2001,2003,2004, and 2005, copies of which are on file with the Office of the City Clerk, hereby are and shall be amended as set forth in Exhibits A, B, C, and D, attached hereto. Section 4. Amendment Authority. The adoption of Plan amendments in Section 3 above is pursuant to the authority granted by Chapters 36.70A and 35A.63 RCW, and pursuant to FWCC Section 22-541. Section 5. Severability. The provisions of this ordinance are declared separate and severable. The invalidity of any clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision, section, or portion of this ordinance, or the invalidity of the application thereof to any person or circumstance, shall not affect the validity of the remainder of the ordinance, or the validity of its application to other persons or circumstances. Section 6. Savings Clause. The 1995 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan, as thereafter amended in 1998,2000,2001,2003,2004, and 2005 shall remain in force and effect until the amendments thereto become operative upon the effective date of this ordinance. Section 7. Ratification. Any act consistent with the authority and prior to the effective date ofthis ordinance is hereby ratified and affirmed. Section 8. Effective Date. This ordinance shall take effect and be in force five (5) days from and after its passage, approval, and publication, as provided by law. ORD # tf7. 'YS'b, PAGE 4 P ~ED by the City Council of the City of Federal Way this ~lM5-' 2007. 3rdv . day of CTIY OF FE~RAL WAY ~/[ ~iC~ 7 ApPROVED AS TO FORM: r~? ~~ City Attorney, Patricia A. Richardson FILED WITH THE CITY CLERK: PASSED BY THE CITY COUNCIL: PUBLISHED: EFFECTIVE DATE: ORDINANCE No: l.P' J~.t/I 7-3-0, 7. tJ. 0'1 /.llD'o1 01'~ K:\Margaret\2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments\City Council\061907 Meeting\Adoption Ordinance.doc/6/8/2007 ORD #0t.1?ffi, PAGE 5 EXHIBIT A FEDERAL WAY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN 2006 Amendments CONSISTING OF: Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 Land Use Chapter 4 Economic Development Chapter 6 Capital Facilities Chapter 7 City Center Maps in Chapter 3 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Tra~sportation Potential Annexation Area Natural Environment Private Utilities Table of Contents CITY OF FEDERAL WAY Comprehensive Plan Chapter Page Contents lists of Tables, Maps, Figures, and Charts C-2 One Introduction 1-1 Two Land Use II-I Three Transportation 111-1 Four Economic Development IV-I Five Housing V-l Six Capital Facilities VI-1 Seven City Center VII-1 Eight Potential Annexation Areas VIlI-1 Nine Natural Environment IX-1 Ten Private Utilities X-I Glossary of Terms G-I List of Acronyms G-I1 FWCP - Table of Contents List of Tables Chapter Two - land Use Table 11-1 Table 11-2 Table 11-3 Household Targets by King County Urban Subarea South King County Subarea Household Targets, 2001-2022 Land Use Classifications Chapter Three - Transportation Table 111-1 Table 111-2 Table 111-3 Table 111-4 Table 111-5 Table 111-6 Table 111-7 Table III-S Table 111-9 Table 111-10 Table 111-11 Table 111-12 Table 111-13 Table 111-14 Table 111-15 Table 111-16 Table 111-1 7 Table III-IS Table 111-19 Table 111-20 Table 111-21 Transportation Plan Chapter Subsection Key Service Providers Characteristics of Functional Classifications of Streets Washington State Access Classification System, Chapter 468.52 WAC (7-14-94) City of Federal Way Access Management Standards Planning and Operational Levels of Service Major Street and Roadway Improvements Transportation Systems Management (TSM) Strategies Applicable to Federal Way Intelligent Traveler Systems (ITS) Applications in Federal w.ay Purposes of Walking and Biking Trips Non-Motorized User Problems and Solutions Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) Non-Motorized Improvements Evaluation of Transportation Demand Management (TOM) Strategies Federal Way Mode Split Survey Results METRO Improvement Plan Projects in Federal Way Work Trips and Mode Split Estimates TIP High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Improvements Federal Way Transportation Improvement Plan (TIP) - 1998-2004 Capital Improvement Program (CIP) - 2005-201 5 Federal Way Comprehensive Plan's Impacts to Highways of Statewide Significance - 2000 to 2020 Impact to City Streets From State's Failure to Provide Adequate Capacity on Highways of Statewide Significance in 2020 Chapter Four -Economic Development Table IV-l Table IV-2 Table IV-3 2000 Covered 2006 Employment Estimates Federal Way and Kinq County 2001 Averaqe Sales Prices of Owner-Occupied Homes in King County A verage Multi-Family Rents, Spring 2002 Fall 2006 Revised 200J 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments C-2 FWCP - Table of Contents Table IV-4 Table IV-5 Table IV-6 Table IV-7 Summary of Economic Conditions in Southwest King County Cities Economic Development Areas and Actions Development Zones: Description Development Zones and Land Use Chapter Five - Housing Table V-I Table V-2 2000 H.U.D. Income Levels by Household Size Affordable Housing for Various Income Segments Chapter Six - Capital Facilities Table VI-l Table VI-2 Table VI-3 Table VI-4 Table VI-5 Table VI-6 Table VI-7 Table VI-8 Table VI 9 Table 'II 10 City of Federal Way Facilities Plan 1998 to 2014, Surface Woter Management Component Summary of Existing Parks and Recreation Areas Parks Six-Year Capita/Improvements Plan, 2002 2007 2007-2012 Summary of Existing Community Facilities Projected Community Facility Needs, 2001 20102007-2013 Summary of Existing Facilities Capacities Federal Way School District Student Forecast Federal Way Public School~ District 2007 Capital Facilities Plan Six-Year Finance Plan Lakehaven Utility District 2001/2002 Capital Improvement Projects Water Department Lakehaven Utility District 2001/2002 Capitallmprovemont Projects Waste'Hater Department Chapter Seven - City Center Table VII-l Gross Floor Area of Land Uses, City Center, January 2002 February 2007 Chapter Eight - Potential Annexation Areas Table VIII-l Table VIII-2 Table VIII-3 Table VIII-4 Table VIII-5 Table VIII-6 Year 2000, 2002. 2003. and 2020 Population and Housing Existing Land Use by Parcels P AA Housing Sales and Affordability P AA Park Facilities Owned by King County P AA and City Parks Levels of Service Federal Way Potential Annexation Area Capital Costs for Parks and Recreation Revised :1OOJ 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments C-3 FWCP - Table of Contents Table VIII-7 Table VIII-8 Table VIII-9 Table VIII-l 0 Table VIII-II Table VIII-l 2 Table VIII- J 3 Table VIII-J 4 Table VIII- J 5 Table VIII- J 6 Table VIII-l 7 Table VIII-18 Table VIII-19 Table VIII-20 Table VIII-21 In-Road Surface Water Facilities Regional Stormwater Facilities Residential and Commercial Drainage Facilities Road Maintenance Problems in P AA King County Maintenance Division 3 Road Maintenance Problems Near P AA King County Maintenance Division 3' Federal Way Potential Annexation Area Capital Costs for Surface Water Capital Improvements Street Inventory Within P AA Future LOS and Recommended Improvements Federal Way Potential Annexation Area Capital Costs for Roadway Improvements Operating Revenues Generated by P AA (2003) Operating Costs by Department by Potential Annexation Area (2003) Annual Net Operating Revenues (or Operating Cost) of Annexation, by P AA (2003) Federal Way Potential Annexation Area Capital Revenue to 2020 Federal Way Potential Annexation Area Estimated Future Capital Costs Federal Way Potential Annexation Area Estimated Net Capital Revenues Revised ;moo 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments C4 FWCP - Table of Contents List of Maps Chapter Two - land Use Map 11-1 Map 11-2 Proposed Comprehensive Plan Designations Generalized Existing Land Use Chapter Three - Transportation Map 111-1 Map 111-2 Map 111-3 Map 111-4 Map 111-5 Maplll-6 Map 111-7 Map 111-8 Map 111-9 Map 111-10 Map 111-11 Map 111-12 Map 111-13 Map 111-14 Map 111-15 Map 111-16 Map 111-17 Map 111-18 Map 111-19 Map 111-20 Map 111-21 Map 111-22 Map 111-23 Map 111-24 Map 111-25 Map 111-26 Map 111-27A Map III-27B Travel Patterns from Residential Areas in the Federal Way Planning Area Existing Significant Streets and Highways Existing and Planned Traffic Signals 2000 Traffic Volumes Functional Classification of Existing and Planned Streets and Highways Planned Street Sections State Access Management Classifications City Access Management Classifications 2002 Congested Streets and Highways 2008 Congestion with Existing Streets and Highways 2008 Congestion with Proposed Streets and Highway Improvements 2020 Congestion with 2008 Streets and Highway Improvements 2020 Congestion with 2020 Improvements High Collision Rate Intersections (1997 - 1999) High Collision Rate Corridors (1997 - 1999) High Collision Severity Intersections (1997 - 1999) High Collision Severity Corridors Sidewalks Inventory on Major Streets (2002) Bicycle Facilities Plan All Day Transit Service, Effective June 2002 Peak Hour Transit Service, Effective June 2002 Proposed Transit Routes Helicopter Landing Areas Recommended Heliport Siting Areas Through Truck Route Plan 2003-2008 Transportation Improvement Plan 2009-2020 Capital Improvement Plan 2003-2020 Regional Capital Improvement Plan Chapter Four - Economic Development Map IV-] Southwest King County and North Pierce County Sub-Region Revised 200J 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments C-5 FWCP - Table of Contents Chapter Six - Capital Facilities Map VI-1 Map VI-2 Map VI-3 Map VI-4 Map VI-4A Map VI-5 Map VI-6 Map VI-7 Map VI-8 Map VI-9 Map VI-10 Map VI 11 Map VI 12 Map VI 13 Map VI 1 4 Hylebos and Lower Puget Sound Federal Way Drainaqe Basins Surface Water Trunk Systems (Includes t-latural and Manmade features) Parks Plan Planning Areas Major Parks and Open Space Potential Location of City Center Public Open Spaces and Bicycle Routes City Facilities Federal Way School District #210 Lakehaven Water Service Area Highline & Tacoma Water Service Area Water utility ,~Aajor Components Lakehaven Sewer Service Area 2001/2002 Water CIP Location Map South King Fire and Rescue Lakehaven Sewer Service Area and Basins Sewer Utility Major Components 2001/2002 Wastewater CIP Location Map Federal 'Nay Fire Department #39 Chapter Seven - City Center Map VII-1 Map VII-2 Map VII-2A Map VII-3 Map VII-4 Map VII-5 Map VII-6 Map VII-7 Map VII-8 Map VII-9 City Center Vicinity Map Boundaries of City Center AFee Boundary Map Boundaries of Planned Action SEP A The Concept Plan City Center Land Use Designations Enhanced Proposed Street Network Principal Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections Potential Transit Alignments and stops Potential Location of City Center Public ~ Space~ and Bicycle Routes Phasing Concept, 1995~ 2010 Chapter Eight - Potential Annexation Areas Map VIlI-1 Map VIH-2 Map VIII-3 Map VIII-4 Map VIII-5 Map VIII-6 Map VIII-7 Map VIII-8 Map VIH-9 Federal Way P AA Community Level Subarea Boundaries Sensitive Areas Geologic Hazards Parks and Cultural Resources Pre-Annexation Comprehensive Plan Designations Pre-Annexation Zoning Map Surface Water Facilities Arterials & Local Streets Revised 2003 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments C-6 FWCP - Table of Contents Map VlIl-l 0 Map VIII-II Map VIII-12 Map VIII-13 Map VIlI-14 Map VIII 15 Map VIII 16 Existing Roadway Level of Service Year 2020 Roadway Level of Service 20 Year Proposed Intersection Improvements Fire Department Facilities Public School Facilities V'later Service Wastewater Service, Septic Repairs and Complaints Chapter Nine - Natural Environment Map IX-l Map IX-1A Map IX-2 Map IX-3 Map IX-4 Map IX-5 Map IX-6 Map IX 7 Map IX 8 Aquifers Aquifers and WeUs Wellhead Capture Zones Areas Susceptible to Groundwater Contamination Wellhead Capture Zones Wellhead Capture Zones Surface Water Resources Wellhead Capture Zones Geoloqic Hazards Surface Water Resources Priority Habitats and Species Geologic Hazards Priority Habitats and Species Chapter Ten - Public Utilities Map X-l Map X-2 Map X-3 Map X-4 Map X-5 Council Approved P AA Boundary Existing and Proposed Improvements to the Sub-Transmission System, Puget Sound Energy - Ge5 Electricity Puget Sound Energy Gas Supply Mains, puget Sound Energy - Gas Proposed Improvements, Puget Sound Energy - Gas Cable Service by AT&T Broadband Comcast, Cable W Television C-7 Revised :100J 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendments FWCP - Table of Contents list of Figures Chapter Two - land Use Figure 11-1 Figure 11-2 Figure 11-3 Percent Gross Land Area by Existing Land Use, September ~ 2006 The Concept Plan Diagram Population Projection, King County Chapter Three - Transportation Figure 111-1 Figure 111-2 Figure 111-3 Figure 111-4 Figure 111-5 Historical Transportation Infrastructure Current Multimodal Transportation Systems Roadway Cross Section A and B Roadway Cross Section C and D Roadway Cross Section E and F Roadway Cross Section G and H Roadway Cross Section I and J Roadway Cross Section K and L Roadway Cross Section M and N Roadway Cross Section 0 and P Roadway Cross Section Q and R Roadway Cross Section Sand T Roadway Cross Section U and V Roadway Cross Section Wand X Roadway Cross Section Yond Z Special Cross Sections Land Use Intensity vs. Transit Demand Chapter Five - Housing Figure V-1 Figure V - 2 Federal Way Age Distribution by Population in 2000 Federal Way's Housing Stock Chapter Seven - City Center Figure VII-1 Figure VII-2 Figure VII-3 Aerial View of City Center Potential Core Area Development Potential Frame Area Development Revised :1OOJ 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments C-8 FWCP - Table of Contents Figure VII-4 Figure VII-5 Figure VII-6 Potential Redevelopment of Surface Parking Areas Illustration of City Center, 1995 Conditions Illustration of City Center Evolution, 2025 Chapter Eight - Potential Annexation Areas Figure VIII-I Potential Annexation Area 2002 Existing Land Use Distribution Chapter Ten - Private Utilities Figure X-I Figure X-2 Figure X-3 Electricity Supply from Source to Customer Typical Puget Sound Energy Distribution System Cable Source to Customer Revised :1OOJ 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments C-9 CHAPTER ONE -INTRODUCTION 1.0 INTRODUCTION The Federal Way Comprehensive Plan (FWCP) lays out a vision for the future of Federal Way during a 20-year period and responds to the requirements of the Growth Management Act (GMA) of 1990 and subsequent amendments. The FWCP also carries out Vision 2020, the Puget Sound region's multiple urban growth centers concept, and King County's Countywide Planning Policies (CWPPs), which call for multiple urban centers and a strong urban growth boundary. This chapter gives an overview of the comprehensive planning effort, profiles Federal Way's past and present, and concludes with a discussion of Federal Way's vision for its future. This plan contains a glossary of terms at the end of the document to help the reader with terms that may not be clear or understandable. 1.1 THE COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING EFFORT Why Plan? Federal Way plans for people. People need a safe and secure place to live, an economy that provides jobs, a transportation system that allows them to get around, and schools, colleges, and recreational opportunities. It is the city government's responsibility to provide public services and facilities, develop policies, and adopt regulations to guide the growth of a city that meets the needs of its people. From incorporation to the present, the guide for Federal Way's growth and development has been the Comprehensive Plan. What Is a Comprehensive Plan? The role of the FWCP is to state clearly our community's vision for its future, and to articulate a plan for accomplishing this vision over a 20-year period. The FWCP seeks to answer a number of questions: · What areas are most suitable for development or redevelopment? · What areas should be preserved in their natural state? · Where should growth occur? · How can we manage that growth to realize our vision for the community? · How should we address traffic congestion? · How many parks do we need, of what size, kind, and where? FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction · What steps should we take to encourage economic development? · How can we encourage preservation of our historic resources? · How can we ensure an adequate supply of affordable housing for all income levels? · What utilities and public services will we need? · How will the community pay for all of these things? Each of the FWCP's chapters addresses these questions, and more, in the areas of transportation, land use, economic development, capital facilities, utilities, and housing. The answers form the policies, which guide implementation of our community vision. The policy statements within each chapter are used to guide new or revised zoning and other regulations. The FWCP also sets a clear frame-work for where the community will need to spend money on capital facilities, how much, and identifies available funding sources. As a whole, the FWCP offers a flexible framework for Federal Way's future, allowing for adaptation to real conditions over time. Why Revise Our Plan? Between 1990, when the interim comprehensive plan was first adopted by the City of Federal Way, and ~ 2006, the City has grown from 19.9 square miles and 67,554 people, to ~ 22.49 square miles and ~ 86.530 people. This rapid growth and change in the character of the City has naturally provided impetus to revise and update the comprehensive plan. The FWCP, and the code amendments which follow it, reflect the unique characteristics of our community and public input on Federal Way's vision for its future. Requirements of the Growth Management Act The GMA (RCW 36.70A. 140) was passed by the Washington State Legislature in 1990, with amendments added in 1991 and subsequent years. The legislature passed the GMA in recognition of the rate of growth that was occurring throughout the state, particularly on the west side of the Cascades. The legislature was responding not only to the rate of growth, but also to the type and location of growth. Two-thirds of the state's population and household growth in the 1980s took place in unincorporated areas, and produced sprawling subdivisions, commercial strips, and urbanization of land, which only ten years before, was rural. This rapid growth pattern resulted in increased traffic congestion and inadequate public services, and has threatened forestland, agricultural land, and environmentally sensitive areas such as wetlands. These impacts have been felt in Federal Way, just as they have been felt in other parts of the state. . The GMA requires that each jurisdiction produce a comprehensive plan that contains, at a minimum, elements pertaining to land use, transportation, capital facilities, housing, and private utilities. These elements must be consistent with one another. Jurisdictions also are required to adopt policies and regulations protecting resource lands and critical areas, such as agricultural land, wetlands, and hillsides. Each jurisdiction must coordinate its plan with the plans of surrounding jurisdictions. Revised :100:12007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 1-2 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction The GMA also requires that each city designate an urban growth boundary (UGA) or potential annexation area (P AA) as they are called in King County. The P AA defines the area within which the city anticipates it could provide the full range of urban services at some time in the future. It also represents the area within which the city will consider annexations and the boundary beyond which it will not annex. Perhaps what most distinguishes the GMA from previous planning statutes is the requirement that public services be available or funded at some designated lev:el of service before development may occur. If a jurisdiction cannot provide services to an area, then it may not permit development in that area. The 1991 amendments to the GMA require all counties planning under the act to adopt Countywide Planning Policies (CWPPs). The jurisdictions in King County formed a group called the Growth Management Planning Council (GMPC) composed of elected officials from the King County Council, City of Seattle, and suburban cities. The mission of the GMPC was to draft the CWPPs for King County. These policies were adopted in 1992 and are binding on the jurisdictions in the County. In 1994, major amendments to the CWPPs were proposed by the GMPc. These amendments were subsequently adopted by King County and are binding on all jurisdictions in the County, although it should be noted that Federal Way voted not to ratify. Since 1994, the CWPPs have been updated as needed. After approval and ratification by the King County Council, amendments are forwarded to the cities for ratification. Amendments to the CWPPs only become effective when ratified by at least 30 percent of the city and county governments, representing 70 percent of the population of King County. The FWCP has been prepared according to the provisions of the GMA and the CWPPs. However, Federal Way's plan also contains many components that are not referenced in the GMA; these additional components are included in the plan due to their importance to the Federal Way community. Although Federal Way's goals and policies for growth and the provision of services are guided by GMA requirements, and are based in part upon state and regional goals, they primarily reflect the vision and goals of our own citizens. How Was the Plan Developed? The ideas in the FWCP were developed through discussion, debate, and the creative thinking of thousands of Federal Way citizens, working with City staff and elected officials. Consistent with the GMA, the City of Federal Way provided early and continuous opportunities for citizens to participate in CityShape. CityShape was the name given to the City's comprehensive planning project. CityShape was the process used to develop the FWCP. CityShape, the process, started in the Fall of 1992 with a series of open houses and field trips. The first open house was held on September 16th, and featured displays from all City departments and the various special service districts. The event had two objectives. The first was to explain to citizens how urban services are delivered, how much those services cost, and how citizens could be involved in the development of the City's new Revised :1002 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments '-3 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction comprehensive plan. The second objective was to have people describe their likes and dislikes about the City as it existed in 1992 and share their thoughts about what the City ought to look like in 20 years. The second major CityShape event occurred on October 26, 1992. The event was a field trip to Burnaby and Vancouver, British Columbia, to look at one possible future for Federal Way. The Vancouver area has a light rail system called Sky Train and Burnaby has a high density suburban shopping mall 20 miles southeast of downtown Vancouver. The City took 70 members of its various Boards and Commissions to look at how light rail works; how land use is influenced by rail and vice versa; what a redeveloped, mixed use, high intensity shopping mall looks like; and how attractive higher density residential neighborhoods can look, given specific development guidelines. On November 19, 1992, the City conducted a second open house. This time the objective was to review and evaluate three land use plan alternatives. The first alternative was a slow growth concept with a land use pattern that was fairly similar to what currently exists in the City. The second was a moderate growth concept that focused the majority of new growth in a redeveloped, higher density, mixed use downtown. The third alternative was a higher growth scenario that included the downtown concept of alternative two, but also envisioned an expanded office parklbusiness park concept in the vicinity of West Campus and the 348th Street corridor. Those present seemed to favor a hybrid with characteristics of alternatives two and three. Economic development and growth was the topic of the third open house held January 21, 1993. The CityShape staff team presented three economic development alternatives with low, medium, and higher growth concepts. Participants expressed support for a medium to high growth scenario that diversified the economic base in Federal Way and gave the community about as many jobs as there are projected households in the year 2012. The next open house was held on March 10, 1993, and focused on the vision for a City Center. Attendees completed two exercises. The first was to evaluate three alternative orientations for a downtown: east/west along 320lh Street, north/south in the vicinity of 20th Avenue, and along a diagonal from Steel Lake Park to 320th and Highway 99. The second exercise was to use building blocks to accommodate projected growth in the downtown. The higher the density, the smaller the area for downtown. The lower the density, the more spread out the downtown. Participants concluded that a higher density, pedestrian-friendly downtown oriented north/south from the center of SeaTac Mall made good sense and accommodated a high capacity transit system. On June 2, 1993, the City staff provided interested citizens with a short course in transportation planning. The presentation identified the congested street corridors as they were in 1992 and projected how and where congestion would increase by 2012, given the impacts of growth. Staff also presented five different arterial improvement alternatives which would either maintain or reduce congestion by 2012, together with some estimate of the effectiveness of particular arterial improvements for resolving transportation problems in the community. The participants concluded that the maximum construction option called "super widening" was not appropriate or even feasible. They did, however, favor a Revised ~ 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 14 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction more modest list of arterial improvements, including a "diagonal parkway" along the BP A power line, which generally maintained the 1992 level of service. The last two public forums dealt with capital facilities planning. The first of these was held June 22, 1993. At this session, staff gave participants level of service options for streets and parks, provided cost estimates associated with each level of service, and asked participants working in groups to agree on the level of service they wanted for streets and parks based on their willingness to pay for service. With a high level of consensus, participants were willing to pay for a parks level of service of 10.5 acres per thousand population. Given the cost for streets, the desired level of service was to lower the standard about 60 percent from the 1993 level. The second capital facilities public forum was held December 9, 1993, and focused on how to pay for services. At this forum, each work group was given a work sheet that described total capital costs for parks and streets; and data describing the revenue sources available to cities and how much revenue each source could potentially generate. The objective was to develop a financing package, including recommended taxing levels, which would pay for the desired street and park system. There was a lot of disagreement, but voter-approved bond issues, impact fees, and to a lesser extent, utility taxes received some support as the preferred revenue sources. On the other hand, there was near total agreement that there should be no business and occupation tax in Federal Way. In November 1993, the City published a draft environmental impact statement that evaluated the various growth, land use, City Center, transportation, and capital facilities options. In addition, the staff-consulting team began writing the various chapters of the FWCP, consistent with the direction that emerged from the field trips, open houses, and public meetings. Early in 1994, the City's Planning Commission began holding work sessions, to which the public was invited, to review each of the chapters as they were written and provide comments and feedback as appropriate. The Commission started with the Private Utilities chapter on March 2, followed by Housing (3-9-94), Potential Annexation (3-16-94), Natural Environment (4-13-94), Economic Development (4-27-94), Land Use and City Center (6-1-94), Capital Facilities (8-3-94), and ended with the Transportation Chapter on September 7, 1994. In the Fall of 1994, staff was ready to begin assimilating the individual chapters to create an integrated comprehensive plan. As part of that process, staff concluded it was again time to touch base with the City Council to ensure the FWCP was on target with their expectations. To facilitate the discussion, staff prepared a two-page vision statement that summarized the FWCP. The City Council reviewed the vision statement at a retreat on February 24, and 25, 1995, and indicated it was on target. The vision statement was subsequently expanded to a 20 page executive summary of the FWCP, including general policy direction. On April 18, 1995, the City Council conducted a public hearing on the expanded vision statement and, based in part on the testimony, proposed some amendments to it. On May 2, 1995, the City Council formally reviewed the expanded vision statement and directed staff to complete the FWCP as soon as possible. Revised:mw 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments '-5 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction To this point, the narrative has focused on the formal public participation process. Concurrently, there were a series of meetings to which staff was invited to talk about the. future of Federal Way, vision, land use planning in general, and the comprehensive plan more specifically. There were hundreds of these meetings over the course of two years. They included slide shows, small discussion groups, meetings with neighborhood associations, the Chamber of Commerce's monthly luncheon and its subcommittees, real estate brokers, property owners, elementary and high school classrooms, displays at the mall, civic organizations, and many others. The result was broad based interest and participation in the development of the City's new comprehensive plan. At the time the FWCP was released, the mailing list contained over 700 names, all of which were notified that the Hearing Draft Comprehensive Plan was available for public review and comment. The Hearing Draft of the FWCP was completed and released for public review on July 5, 1995. Subsequently, the FWCP was adopted on November 21,1995, by the City Council per Ordinance 95-248. Thereafter, amendments to the FWCP were adopted per Ordinances 98-330 on December 15,1998,00-372 on September 14, 2000, aM 01-405 on November 15,2001,03-442 on March 27, 2003, 04-460 on Julv 20,2004, and 05-490, 05-491, and 05-492 on June 16,2005. Organization of The Plan While we cannot predict the future, we can attempt to shape the type of community in which we live, work, and play. The FWCP functions as the City's statement of how it will meet the challenges posed by growth in the 2\ 51 century. The heart of the FWCP is the nine individual elements that outline goals and policies. These elements constitute the chapters of the plan. The FWCP includes.five seven elements chapters that are mandated by the GMA: land use, transportation, capital facilities, housing, aM private utilities, economic development, and parks and recreation, which is a stand-alone plan, rather than a chapter within the FWCP. It also includes fuH.F three elements chapters which the GMA does not mandate, but that are very appropriate. The first is an economic development element that is not only reoommended by the CWPP, lH1t also recognizes Federal Way's position as a major employer in South King County. The second is an annexation element chapter as has been discussed earlier in this chapter. The #Hffi second is a chapter that describes the City's commitment to the preservation of the natural environment and the policy direction to make it happen. Finally, the FWCP includes a subarea plan for the City Center that reflects the City's vision for the future and helps to implement the regional vision for a hierarchy of urban centers in the Puget Sound. Each of these elements chapters has been coordinated with the others, resulting in a plan that is internally consistent. Each of the goals in the FWCP, while expressing a specific policy direction, also functions as part of a coordinated expression of the City's vision for the future. Plan implementation is the next step and is discussed in the final section of this chapter. Revised ~ 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 1-6 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction 1.2 FEDERAL WAY'S COMMUNITY PROFILE: PAST AND PRESENT Planning for the future requires a good understanding of how our community has grown and changed in the past. The following discussion provides that backdrop as a context for subsequent chapters. The earliest recorded accounts of the Federal Way area tell of Native American families who resided in the area of the Muckleshoot Reservation on the east side of the Green River Valley and traveled west to the shores of Puget Sound for the plentiful fisheries resources. Generations of Muckleshoot Indians wore a westward trail across the heavily forested plateau to the area which is now Saltwater State Park. The arrival of the white man in the nineteenth century resulted in a steady decline in the Indian population and by 1890, nearly the entire population had disappeared from the area. Isolated on a triangular shaped plateau rising steeply from Puget Sound, the Federal Way area had little waterfront access or roadways and accordingly, was sparingly developed compared to Tacoma and Seattle. As late as the turn of the century, the original settlers at Dash Point and Dumas Bay had to row to Tacoma for supplies and maiL Old Military Road, constructed around 1856 and extending north from Fort Steilacoom, past Star Lake to Seattle and Fort Lawton, was the first road through the area. Over time, narrow dirt roads were added to provide east/west access and by 1900, a road was constructed between Star Lake and Redondo. The second crossroad, the "Seattle Road," connected old Military Road and Kent. The Seattle-Tacoma Interurban Line, completed in 1901, provided a fast and easy way to reach these urban cities. Improved access brought many visitors to the area and Star Lake became a popular summer recreation site. By the 1920s, Federal Highway 99, the interstate that linked the western states from north to south, was complete. At this time, Federal Way was still primarily forest and farmland. Fred Hoyt had a cabin on Dumas Bay and started a road to Tacoma (still called Hoyt Road). The timber companies, which had a major logging operation going, built an early railroad line and were instrumental in getting Marine View Highway (now Dash Point Road) built in the early 1920s. This roadway spurred development along the coastline. Soon thereafter, Peasley Canyon Road was built to connect Military Road with the Auburn Valley. This road later became known as South 320lh Street. In these early days, roadways set the stage for development in the area and they still play an important role in the City today. By the start of World War II; a number of small, thriving communities made up the area that is now Federal Way. Some communities were clustered around lakes, such as Steel Lake, Star Lake, and Lake Geneva. Others were sited to take advantage of the view of Puget Sound, like Adelaide and Buenna. As each of these communities grew, residents built small schoolhouses for their children. By the late 1940s, King County consolidated Revised ~ 2007, 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendments 1-7 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction the many individual red schoolhouses into the Federal Way School District, from which the City gets its name. During this same period, a library was built along the edge of Highway 99, and between 308lh Street and 320th Street, a small "downtown" developed with a general store, lumber yard, realty office, beauty parlor, feed store, and gas station. By the end of the 1950s, the ten blocks between 308th and 3201h Streets became the first roadside commercial district. One of the more unique developments was Santa Faire, a family oriented theme park. New shopping areas were added around the park, helping to create a "community focus" for the residents of the area. As this commercial area developed, the rest of Federal Way was changing as well. The Boeing Company expanded their operations in Renton and the Kent Valley and began advertising nationally for engineers. Those engineers in turn began roaming the wooded acreage in Federal Way in search of housing. One of the earliest residential developments was Marine Hills, built in 1958 overlooking Puget Sound. Weyerhaeuser, one of the early timber companies, had large land holdings in the area and began to develop their land into high quality housing with amenities like golf courses. Weyerhaeuser's development company also began developing commercial property, creating the West Campus business park. The plan was to integrate offices and businesses with lush landscaping. Though initially the corporate office market was not strong, West Campus has grown almost to capacity, providing space for many civic buildings such as City Hall, the police station, the area's major health care centers, and higher density housing. Another major landmark in the area is SeaTac Mall the Commons, built in the mid-1970s on what was farmland south of 320th Street. The Malt Commons is one of the largest malls in South King County and is the anchor for retail development in the area. The Mmall was a result of population growth in the region and its location was determined by the 320th Street intersection with Interstate 5. The Interstate supplanted Highway 99 as the main artery for . commuter traffic in the County. By the mid 1980s, South King County was growing quickly. Retail growth occurred along Highway 99, especially at the 3201h Street intersection. Roads and office space were developed to accommodate the increased growth. Residential growth was also prominent, following plans developed by King County, with a large number of apartment homes. The changes to the community, with increased housing and traffic, created a movement for greater self-determination. In 1989, the citizens of this area voted for incorporation and the City of Federal Way was born, incorporating on February 28, 1990. Federal Way's Future Vision Federal Way's challenge for the future is to protect what the community believes is most important, while meeting the state's growth management goals. The following paragraphs describe what Federal Way will look like in the year 2022, and beyond, if it balances these growth management mandates with the needs and desires of Federal Way citizens. Revised 2QW 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 1-8 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction Federal Way is a great place to live, work, and play because of its: Government For and By the People: All governmental entities reflect the can-do attitude of Federal Way citizens and partner with.them to provide quality services, often through volunteerism. Governmental entities reflect the community's values of diversity, innovation, and participation. Together, the community and its neighborhoods have built a sense of identity and ownership for Federal Way and its future. Fiscally conservative, innovative financial and management (contracting model) strategies, along with economic growth, have allowed the community to enjoy a moderate tax rate, with bond issues approved to support major projects. The community vision has maintained a focus and continuity for staff and fiscal resources on the defined vision. Responsible Growth: The community realized that some level of growth in all segments of the community (economic, population, housing, etc.) was inevitable, and chose to channel that growth into very specific development goals. The overall character of the community has remained much as it was 20 years ago. Infrastructure has been developed concurrently with growth, preserving the community's quality of life. Development goals have fostered the preservation of a primarily residential community and open natural areas, with concentrated urban development in the City's Center. An increase in the number of corporate headquarters, annexation of the Potential Annexation Areas (P AA), and build out of available single-family sites, at competitive prices, has accommodated Federal Way's population target. Some new multiple-family development is concentrated in the City Center/99 corridor area, primarily through downtown condominiums. This pedestrian friendly, multi-use City Center, with multi-story and underground parking facilities works well for many. Federal Way citizens enjoy the pedestrian plazas of the City Center. Statewide planning goal #6 states, "Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation having been made. The property rights oflandowners shall be protected from arbitrary and discriminatory actions." The City supports preservation of private property rights; however, property rights must be balanced with the health, safety, and general welfare of the community. Economic Vitality: Strategically located in the Pacific Rim, between SeaTac Airport and the Port of Tacoma, Federal Way provides jobs as an international and regional retail and employment center. Federal Way is also home to several corporate headquarters located in East and West Campus. Companies choose Federal Way for its sense of neighborhood identity, mix of housing stock, proximity to natural resources (mountains, oceans, and watelWays), and safety. The growth in the corporate headquarters segment of the economy has netted economic spinoffs for Federal Way's small business community, as small business provides support services for the corporate park companies. Growth in the small business economy has generated some redevelopment of previously large retail warehouse facilities to accommodate office, retail, and light manufacturing. Quality jobs have boosted disposable income, supporting expansion of Federal Way's retail and commercial sectors. The resulting enhancements to the community's tax base have helped to support a high quality of community life. Revised :!002 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 1-9 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction Efficient Traffic System: Federal Way's transportation system links neighborhoods with the City Center, and Federal Way with other communities in the Puget Sound region. Concentrated economic growth in East and West Campus and the City Center has allowed mass transit to connect Federal Way's economic core with the economic and leisure hubs of Puget Sound communities. Concentrated growth has allowed the community to maintain the infrastructure in outlying areas, focusing new infrastructure in the City's Center. Youth have found the transportation system easy and safe to use in getting to school. Safety. Infrastructure, and Utilities: This issue has been addressed at the neighborhood level, where community-based policing philosophies and citizen efforts to create a sense of neighborhood with real and perceived safety are most effective. A professional and compassionate law enforcement force communicates clearly with the community's diverse populations and business community, providing a visible community presence, as well as acceptable emergency call response times. Improvements in safety have been a cornerstone for the community's economic and residential growth. The utility and fire districts share this community vision and have targeted their efforts and resources to continue to provide effective and efficient delivery of water, sewer, telephone, television, power, and fire services. Increased coordination between these districts and the City, and these districts and their regional counter-parts, has ensured adequate service expansion to make the community's development vision a reality. Caring for Our Own: Governmental and social service agencies work in concert to provide a caring and safe environment for all Federal Way citizens. Ever-improving educational institutions, public and private, serve all interests and ages throughout the community. Neighborhoods have joined with the schools in their area to improve student achievement, school facilities, and resources. Strong educational institutions and the leadership of the Federal Way School District, Highline Community College, and DeVry University have contributed to the community's economic growth, providing a trained work force and quality education for the families of employees who locate here. The City has been the catalyst for creating a one-stop shopping center for human services, with programs at all levels of government requiring greater participation from clients in improving their individual situations. Quality Culture, Environment, and Play: Parks, trails, sports, and cultural arts facilities cater to the active lifestyle of Federal Way citizens. By partnering with the Federal Way School District and other agencies, the community has developed a long-range plan for facilities, parks, and services, which is yielding more and better facilities, and joint facility utilization than anyone agency could provide alone. A performing and cultural arts center has been built, although it will require operating subsidies for its first eight years. The Federal Way area is blessed with a bounty of natural beauty and scenery. This bounty includes dramatic vistas of Mt. Rainier; numerous lakes, streams, and wetlands; the pastoral setting in the Spring Valley area; and views ofPuget Sound and Vashon Island from the saltwater ridge. The City is committed to preserving this vast natural resource for the citizens and future citizens of Federal Way. Revised 2QQ;! 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 1-10 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction Regional Player: Finally, Federal Way institutions and citizens are regional partners and participants in the economic, political, and cultural life of Puget Sound. This participation has yielded funding opportunities for community facilities, including housing and human services. Other regional efforts have safeguarded the community against outside impacts that detract from our community's quality of life. Regional participation has crossed the seas with sister city relationships which are supported by Federal Way citizens. These relationships have had significant cultural, educational, and economic benefits for the community. This vision will not be easily achieved. It will require difficult choices. In order to grow gracefully, and remain a healthy and desirable community, tomorrow's higher density growth areas must be accompanied by improved amenities for urban life. More resources will be required to maintain the high quality oflife we currently enjoy, thanks to our parks, streets, and other public services. A combined effort of the public sector, neighborhood groups, businesses, schools, and individual citizens will be required. The early and continuing cooperation and collaboration of these groups in this process will ensure this vision will be realized. Getting to the Future from the Present The FWCP is intended to manage growth and change in Federal Way over the next 20 years. The future described in the FWCP cannot be achieved all at once. Over the life of the FWCP, growth will likely occur more slowly at times, more rapidly at others, and in somewhat different patterns and sequences than is currently foreseen. The best a comprehensive plan can be is a well-educated guess about how to accommodate.people and conditions that cannot be known in advance. An effective comprehensive plan must be flexible enough to succeed within a range of likely conditions and must be adjusted as those conditions are monitored and evaluated, while maintaining a steady aim at its ultimate goals. How Will The Plan Be Implemented? Adopting a comprehensive plan is the first step toward realizing the City's vision. The vision is achieved when the comprehensive plan is implemented. Federal Way's implementation program is comprised of a combination of short-term and long-term actions. Short-term actions include the approval ofrezones that match the FWCP's land use designations. Other actions include the annual update of the City's six year Capital Improvement Program, which describes the street, park, and surface water utility projects the City intends to build. There are also long-term actions including subarea planning, monitoring, evaluating, and amending the FWCP as conditions change; and developing a capital investment program that allocates resources to projects that will spur the City's development in the direction envisioned in the FWCP. . Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 1-11 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction Subarea Plans: Subarea plans will follow the adoption of the FWCP and will produce amendments that tailor the FWCP's citywide perspective to individual areas, whether they are neighborhood retail nodes or light manufacturing areas. The FWCP contains a subarea plan for the City Center. Subarea plans are expected to continue to aid in adjusting and fine-tuning the FWCP over time. Coordination with Other Jurisdictions: Federal Way representatives have participated with King County, other cities, and the Puget .Sound Regional Council in numerous discussions. Some issues have been addressed and others have been identified for additional discussion. Undoubtedly, continued regional planning forums will need to be created to meet the GMA's challenge for regional action toward creating, implementing, and funding a shared vision for the greater Puget Sound region. Regulatory Provisions: Implementing the FWCP will include retaining, modifying, and/or replacing existing regulations, and/or drafting new regulations consistent with the policies and goals of the FWCP. For instance, in 2002 the City formed a stakeholders group that reviewed the City's pennitting process and made recommendations on how to improve and/or modify the regulations and process. This group continues to meet once a year to provide input to the City's development review process. A Strategic Investment Strategy: This will describe a framework for making resource allocation decisions in an environment where wants and needs always exceed the finite resources available. Tradeoffs among many possible investment choices will be made to achieve the FWCP's goals. The framework will add dimension to the FWCP's goals by enabling them to be addressed over time. Human Services, Public Safety, and Environmental Planning: These will continue to build upon the foundation established by the FWCP. Much of the FWCP, as developed to fulfill the GMA, addresses physical development and its related regulatory and fiscal support. Federal Way works with other levels of government, non-profit providers, and citizen groups to support an array of activities and services that contribute to the quality of life of Federal Way's citizens. These include public safety; health, cultural, educational, and environmental activities; and human services. To ensure that the interrelationships of all aspects of urban life are addressed, planning will be undertaken by the City in a way that is supportive of and coordinated with the FWCP. Monitoring and Evaluation: This will be done periodically to assess progress toward achieving FWCP goals, as well as to measure the conditions and changes occurring within the City. Monitoring and evaluation will help ensure consistency within and among the FWCP elements chapters, as well as with the GMA, the CWPPs, and county and regional growth plans. Monitoring and evaluation will lead to both FWCP amendments and improved ability to project future conditions. Citizen participation in City processes will build upon the dialogue between government and citizens that began with the development and adoption of the FWCP. The City will strive to find improved means to communicate with, and involve citizens in planning and Revised ;w{);! 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 1-12 FWCP - Chapter One. Introduction decision-making. The City will strive to provide information that can be easily understood and to provide access for public involvement. This will include processes for making amendments to and implementing the FWCP. Application of the Plan The principal purpose of the comprehensive plan is to provide policies that guide the development of the City in the context of regional growth management. These policies can be looked to by citizens and all levels of government in planning for the future of Federal Way. The FWCP format generally presents a discussion about an issue followed by a goal, and some policies related to that goal. Goals describe what the City hopes to realize over time, and are not mandates or guarantees. Policies describe actions that will need to be taken if the City is to realize its goals. Policies should be read as if preceded by the words, "It is the City's general policy to...." A policy helps guide the creation or change of specific rules or strategies (such as development regulations, budgets, or program area plans). City officials will generally make decisions on specific City actions by following ordinances, resolutions, budgets, or program area plans that themselves reflect relevant FWCP policies, rather than by referring directly to the FWCP. Implementation of most policies involves a range of City actions over time, so one cannot simply ask whether a specific action or project would fulfill a particular FWCP policy. For example, a policy that the City will "give priority to" a particular need indicates that need will be treated as important, not that it will take precedence in every City decision. Some policies use the words "shall" or "should," "ensure" or "encourage," and so forth. In general, such words describe the relative degree of emphasis that the policy imparts, but not necessarily to establish specific legal duty to perform a particular act, to undertake a program or project, or to achieve a specific result. Whether such a result is intended must be determined by reading the policy as a whole, and by examining the context of other related policies in the FWCP. Some policies may appear to conflict, particularly in the context of a specific fact situation or viewed from the different perspectives of persons whose interests may conflict on a given issue. A classic example is the "conflict" between policies calling for "preservation of the environment" and policies that "promote economic development." Because FWCP policies do not exist in isolation and must be viewed in the context of all potentially relevant policies, it is largely in the application of those policies that the interests, which they embody, are reconciled and balanced by the legislative and executive branches of City government. Before the FWCP was adopted, the City of Federal Way had many policies in place that were approved over the course of many years, and which affect the full range of programs and services provided by the City. To the extent a conflict may arise between such a policy and the FWCP, the FWCP will generally prevail, except that policies that are used in the application of existing development regulations shall continue to be used until those regulations are made consistent with the FWCP pursuant to RCW 36.70A.040. 1-13 Revised 200:! 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments FWCP - Chapter One, Introduction Discussion is provided to explain the context in which decisions on goals and policies have been made, the reasons for those decisions, and how the goals and policies are related. The discussion portions of the FWCP do not establish or modify policies, but they may help to interpret policies. Comprehensive Plan Amendment Process The City will update the FWCP annually in order to keep this document current with the community's vision and the City Council's policy direction. In addition to updating chapters, such as Capital Facilities, the public will also be notified that a comprehensive plan amendment will be taking place. Individual requests will be considered during the annual update process. Acknowledgments The City Council and staff thank the hundreds of citizens' who have made the CityShape project a success. We look forward to working with you and others over the coming years to make your vision Federal Way's future. Revised 200;! 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments 1-14 CHAPTER TWO - LAND USE 2.0 INTRODUCTION Through the CityShape and Vision process, the community produced a general concept of what the City should look and function like in the future. This general concept was used to form the basis of the Land Use chapter. The Land Use chapter serves as the foundation of the Federal Way Compr~hensive Plan (FWCP) by providing a framework for Federal Way's future development and by setting forth policy direction for Federal Way's current and future land uses. Development of land, according to adopted policies and land use designations discussed in this chapter, should result in an appropriate balance of services, employment, and housing. The land use policies are supplemented by a Comprehensive Plan Designations Map (Map II-1, maps are located at the end of the chapter) that provides a visual illustration of the proposed physical distribution and location of various land uses. This map allocates a supply of land for such uses as services, employment, parks, open space, and housing to meet future demand. 2.1 THE LAND USE CONCEPT Federal Way's existing land use pattern (the physical location of uses) exists as a result of development administered by King County until 1990 and subsequent development under Federal Way's jurisdiction. As shown in Map II-2 (Generalized Existing Land Use) and Figure II-1 (percent Gross Land Area By Existing Land Use, page 2), in September ~ 2006, e 43 percent of Federal Way's gross land area was developed as single-family development, H ten percent as multiple-family development, and H II percent for office, retail, and manufacturing uses. Updates to the FWCP will not substantially modify this land use pattern. What will change is how various pieces of the land use pattern interact to achieve common land use goals. Figure 11-2 (page 3) depicts the land use concept. The land use concept should result in the following: · Transformation of the retail core into an intensely developed City Center that is the focus of civic activity which provides a sustainable balance of jobs and housing; · Preservation and enhancement of existing residential neighborhoods; · Creation of a network of parks and open space areas; FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use Figure II-I Percent Gross land Area by Existing land Use, September 2()().1. GIfiGe 4% Open Sp3ce 5% Pa<l<s 6% Ouasi-PubIiG 4% Recl"eatioo VI. ReIigioos.SePJi<;as VI. N...~~ Percent Gross Land Area by Existing Land Use September 2006 05% o Commercial . Industrial o Multi Family o Office . Open Space o Parks GI Quasi Public o Recreation . Reli~ious Services . Sin~le Family o Vacant 06%r.2% I - o 10% '-.8% .43% '-06% (\ '-B15% .1%\02% Revised 200J 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-2 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use . Diversification of the City's employment base by creating distinct employment areas; . Promotion of new retail and service employment opportunities around the 1-5/ South 320lh and 1-5/SR 18 interchanges. . Promotion of new opportunities for residential development near transit centers; . Provision of community and commercial services to residential communities; . To the extent practicable, preservation of environmentally sensitive areas; . Promotion of convenient residentially scaled shopping for residential neighborhoods; . Promotion of housing in the City's mixed-use commercial areas close to shopping and employment; . Promotion of redevelopment of "strip commercial" areas along major arterials into attractive, mixed-use corridors served by auto and transit; . Promotion of the development of well designed commercial and office developments; and . Accommodation of adopted growth targets for households and jobs and Puget Sound Regional Council (pSRC) growth projections within the proposed land use plan area. Revised 2003 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-3 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use Figure II-2 The Concept Plan Diagram Concentrate new development in die Highway 99/1-5 conidot. Dewlap infrastnJd1.lre to support;" cunidOt" development. Transfonn retail core into a new mixed-use Gty Center. " Preserve and enhance existing single- family ':'eighbomoOds. Create. a hetwOric of parks and open <("1 oomd~. Diversify employment base by creating distinct employment areas. " ~. ~ ~ Create new inteMive residential :. communities supported by transit. Provide community and cordmerciaJ services to residential comm~nit:ies. Preserve environmentaJly sensitive land from adverse development. '" . ---= .~ .~ .~ 1 L. Revised 200J 2007, 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-4 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use 2.2 RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER LAND USE CHAPTERS The land use concept set forth in this chapter is consistent with all FWCP chapters. Internal consistency among the chapters of the FWCP translates into coordinated growth and an efficient use of limited resources. Below is a brief discussion of how the Land Use chapter relates to the other chapters of the FWCP. Economic Development Federal Way's economy is disproportionately divided. Based on PSRC's ~ 2005 Covered Estimates by jurisdiction~ retail and service industries compose more than ::m 72 percent of Federal Way's employment base. Covered estimates are jobs that are covered by unemployment insurance. Dependence on retail trade stems primarily from the City's evolution into a regional shopping destination for South King County and northeast Pierce County. Increased regional competition from other retail areas, such as Tukwila and the Auburn SuperMall, may impact the City's ability to capture future retail dollars. To improve Federal Way's economic outlook, the economic developrnent strategy is to promote a more diverse economy. A diversified economy should achieve a better balance between jobs and housing and supports the City's quality of life. In conjunction with the Economic Development chapter, this Land Use chapter promotes contemplates the following: · .^. City Center 6emposed of mid rise office buildings, mixed use retail, and housing. A dense, urban-scale, City Center, comprised of a diverse mix of office, commercial, retail sales, services, entertainment, and housing; with the "City Center-Core" containing the City's tallest buildings and the "City Center-Frame" containing transitional heights between the Core and adiacent lower-height areas. . Business Park Commercial Enterprise development in the South 3181R Street area generally west of the 1-5/SR-18 interchange, east of 9th Avenue South, south of South 339th Street, and north of South 359th Street, composed of a compatible mix of light industrial, commercial, retail sales. and services. Residential uses are not contemplated in the CE zone, except mixed-use residential/commercial can serve as an appropriate transitional use adiacent to established, single family-zoned residential neighborhoods. . Community Business development in the South 3181R Street area and around the I 5/South 3201il and I 5/8R 18 interohanges generally along the SR-99 corridor, north and south of the City Center, in proximity to residential areas. composed of a broad range of retail sales and services. commercial, office, and mixed-use commercial/residential development. · Continued development of West Campus. Revised ~ 2007.2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-5 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use . Continued development of East Campus (Weyerhaeuser Corporate and Office Park properties). . Redevelopment and development of the SR-99 corridor into an area of quality commercial, retail. and mixed-use commercial/residential development. · Continued use of design standards for non-single family areas. The land use map designations support development necessary to achieve the above (see the Comprehensive Plan Designations Map II-i). A complete discussion of economic development is set forth in the Economic Development chapter. Capital Facilities Capital facilities provided by the City include: transportation and streets, parks and open space, and surface water management. Infrastructure and Urban Services The amount and availability of urban services and infrastructure influences the location and pace of future growth. The City is responsible for the construction and maintenance of parks and recreation facilities, streets and transportation improvements, and surface water facilities. Providing for future growth while maintaining existing improvements depends upon the community's willingness to pay for the construction and financing of new facilities and the maintenance of existing facilities. As outlined in the Capital Facilities Plan, new infrastructure and services may be financed by voter-approved bonds, impact fees, grants, designated capital taxes (real estate excise tax, fuel tax, utility tax), and money from the City's general fund. To capitalize on the City's available resources for urban services and infrastructure, this Land Use chapter recognizes that concentrating growth is far more cost effective than allowing continued urban sprawl. Concentrating growth also supports the enhancement of future transit improvements. Water Availability Based on reports from the Lakehaven Utility District, the estimated available yield from the underlying aquifers is 10.1 million gallons per day (MGD, 10-year average based on average annual rainfall). The District controls which well to use, thus which aquifers are being pumped from, based on a number of considerations including water levels and rainfall. In order to reduce detrimental impacts to its groundwater supplies in the recent past, the District has also augmented its groundwater supplies with wholesale water purchased from the City of Tacoma through water system interties. In addition, the District has entered into a long term agreement with the City of Tacoma and other South King County utilities to participate in the construction of obtains water from the Tacoma2.s Second Supply Project (a second water diversion from the Green River), which will Revised 200J 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment . 11-6 FWCP - Chapter Two, land Use provide~ additional water supplie.s to the region. As a result, the water levels in the aquifers have remained stable, and the District's water supply capacity will increase to 11.7 MGD on an annual a'ierage basis when Tacoma's Second Supply Project is oompleted in 2001 has increased by an average of7.8 MGD, depending upon the availability of water from the Green River. Concentrating growth, along with conservation measures, should help to conserve water. Water Quality Maintaining a clean source of water is vital to the health and livability of the City. Preserving water quality ensures a clean source of drinking water; and, continued health of the City's streams and lakes. Maintaining water quality is also imp<?rtant for maintaining the health of the aquifers that rely on surface water for recharge. Contamination of an aquifer, by contaminated surface water, could lead to serious health concerns and/or expensive treatment requirements. To addres~ this concern and impacts of new development, the City prepared a Surface Water Management Plan. The plan specifies actions to ensure water quality including the development of regional detention! retention facilities to control rate and quality of water runoff. Furthermore, deyelopment of a the wellhead protection program developed in conjunction with the Lakehaven Utility District should provide gHideHnes to avoid possible contamination. Policies contained in the Natural Environment chapter provide direction for development near wellheads and in aquifer recharge areas. For a complete discussion, please refer to the Capital Facilities chapter. Parks & Open Space One of the most important and valued elements of a high quality living and working enviromp.ent is a parks and open space system. Providing parks and open spaces contributes to a reduction in environmental impacts such as noise and air pollution; increases the value of adjacent properties; provides areas for passive and active recreation; and helps preserve the natural beauty of the City. To maximize open space opportunities, the City will coordinate with adjacent jurisdictions to create a region-wide open space system as contemplated in the Countywide Planning Policies (CWPPs). Map II-.J. J. depicts areas where existing and/or proposed parks and open spaces are located. This map is consistent with the City's Comprehensive Parks, Recreation, and Open Space Plan. For a cornplete discussion, please refer to the Comprehensive Parks, Recreation, and Open Space Plan. Potential Annexation Area To facilitate intergovernmental planning and policy coordination, the CWPPs require each jurisdiction to, ".. . designate a potential annexation area" (P AA). The City's P AA lies within unincorporated King County, generally east of the present City boundary. The boundary has been defined through cooperative agreements between the City and adjacent jurisdictions. The City of Federal Way, in partnership with King County, has prepared a Subarea Plan and Annexation Feasibility Study for the P AA. The P AA Subarea Plan has been Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-7 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use incorporated as Chapter Eight, Potential Annexation. The Subarea Plan contains policies and plans addressing the full range of land uses, capital facilities, public services, and environmental issues relating to the P AA. The Annexation Feasibility Study, which has been incorporated by reference, will guide the City and inform the citizens about the feasibility and phasing of any potential future annexations. A complete discussion regarding the City's PAA can be found in the Potential Annexation Area chapter. Natural Environment Federal Way's natural beauty is apparent. Lakes, streams, wetlands, and Puget Sound provide a scenic backdrop as well as a source for active and passive recreation. The Land Use chapter seeks to protect Federal Way's unique natural resources through policies that support the preservation of these areas for future generations. For a complete discussion, please refer to the Natural Environment chapter. Housing Housing is a basic need and a major factor in the quality of life for individuals and families. An adequate supply of affordable, attractive, and functional housing is fundamental to achieving a sense of community. The central issue related to land use is supplying enough land to accommodate projected growth for a range of incomes and households. Presently, housing is provided primarily in single-family subdivisions or multiple-unit complexes. This plan devises strategies to increase housing options and choices. The Land Use chapter advocates changes to current development codes to increase flexibility in platting land and encourage housing as part of mixed-use developments in commercial areas. The latter provides an opportunity to locate housing closer to employment and shopping, and to create affordable housing. A complete discussion of housing can be found in the Housing chapter. City Center Map 11-1 depicts two City Center land use designations-the City Center Core and City Center Frame. The creation of an identifiable and vibrant "downtown" is one of the primary goals identified by the community during the CityShape planning process. The policies of the Land Use and City Center chapters envision a concentrated City Center comprised of mixed-use developments, pedestrian-oriented streetscapes, livable and affordable housing, a network of public spaces and parks, and development of superior design and quality. The City Center will provide a central gathering place for the community where civic and cultural activities and events take place. A complete Revised 2003 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment II~ FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use discussion of the City Center can be found in the City Center Chapter. 2.3 POLICY BACKGROUND State and county land use policies provide a statutory framework for the development of City land use policies. It is important to briefly review state and county level policies to better understand historical conditions that have shaped the goals and policies in this chapter. Growth Management Act The Growth Management Act (GMA) acknowledges that, "...a lack of common goals expressing the public's interest in conservation and the wise use of our lands pose a threat to the environment, sustainable economic development, and the health, safety and high quality of life enjoyed by residents of this state" (RCW 36.70A010). The GMA provides a framework for content and adoption of local comprehensive plans. The GMA provides 13 goals to be, ". . . used exclusively for the purpose of guiding development of comprehensive plans and development regulations." A number of the GMA goals pertain to land use. They are as follows: Urban Growth - Encourage development in urban areas where adequate public facilities and services exist or can be provided in an efficient manner. Reduce Sprawl- Reduce the inappropriate conversion of undeveloped land into sprawling, low-density development. Housing- Encourage the availability of affordable housing to all economic segments of the population of the state, promote a variety of residential densities and housing types, and encourage preservation of existing housing stock. Open Space and Recreation - Encourage the retention of open space and development of recreational opportunities, conserve fish and wildlife habitat, increase access to natural resource lands and water, and develop parks. Environment - Protect the environment and enhance the state's high quality of life, including air and water quality and the availability of water. Public Facilities and Services - Ensure that those public facilities and services necessary to support development shall be adequate to serve the development at the time the development is available for occupancy and use without decreasing current service levels below locally established minimum standards. Historic Preservation - Identify and encourage the preservation of lands, sites, and structures that have historical or archaeological significance. Revised :!OOJ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-9 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use Property Rights - Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation having been made. The property rights of landowners shall be protected from arbitrary and discriminatory actions pursuant to state and federal law. Regional Policies Vision 2020 and the CWPPs, both required by GMA, provide a regional framework to achieve the goals of the GMA. Vision 2020 is the long-range growth management, economic, and transportation strategy for the central Puget Sound region encompassing King, Kitsap, Pierce, and Snohomish counties. It provides broad direction agreed to by member jurisdictions. Most notable is Vision 2020's direction for regional transportation. An important connection between Vision 2020 policies and the City's land use policies is development of an urban center, referred to as the City Center Core in the FWCP. Urban centers are to accommodate a significant share of new growth, services, and facilities. The idea is to, "... build an environment in the urban centers that will attract residents and bl;lsinesses" by concentrating residences, shopping, and employment in close proximity to each other and regional transit. The CWPPs are a further refinement of policy direction contained in the GMA and Vision 2020 and are a result of a collaborative process between King County and the suburban cities within. Policies contained herein have been prepared to implement the CWPPs as they apply to the City. CWPPs provide a framework for both the county and its respective cities. Adherence to these policies ensures that plans within the county are consistent with one another. These policies address such issues as the designation of urban growth areas, land use, affordable housing, provision of urban services for future development, transportation, and contiguous and orderly development. CWPPs have the most direct impact on land use policies in this chapter. By undertaking the following actions, the Land Use chapter is consistent with CWPP's direction: . Promoting phased development for efficient use ofland and urban services; . Creating a City Center (urban center) as an area of concentrated employment and housing, served by high capacity transit, public facilities, parks, and open space; · Limiting growth outside the City Center to areas that are already urbanized; · Encouraging in-fill development; · Expanding business and office park development to include limited commercial; and · Establishing incentives to achieve desired goals. Revised :!OOd 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-10 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use 2.4 PROJECTED GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT CAPACITY Projected Growth According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 83,259 people called Federal Way home. As of April ~ 2006, the population had grown to ~ 86.530 (based on the Washington State Office of Financial Management [OFM] population estimates). Most of the growth to date occurred during the decades of the 1960s and 1980s, during which time the City's population doubled. Federal Way is now the eighth largest city in the state and the fem:th third largest in King County. Future population and employment growth has been forecasted by OFM (Figure II-3.,.page -W). This future population and employment growth will--be has been distributed between jurisdictions and unincorporated urban King County ,through a methodology that has been prepared by the King County Planning Directors and approved by the Growth Management Population Projection King County 2.5 2 w c .2 ~ 1.5 5 ..... 1.27........................................ ~ 1 1.16 ""5 Q. .................................................. o a. 0.5 o 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2025 Source: Office of FinanciaJ Management, 2002 Update to Growth Management Act Medium Review Population Projections Planning Council (GMPC). This methodology is more fully discussed in the next section. Figure II-3 Development Capacity The purpost: of Buildable Lands is to meas'ure capacity to accommodate projected growth and to evaluate the effectiveness of local plans and regulations. King County and five other cities must report to the state by September 1, 2002, and every five years thereafter, on their capacity to accommodate growth during the 20-year Growth Management period. In order to accomplish this, the Buildable Lands program requires annual data collection Revised 2003 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-11 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use to determine the amount and density of new development, an inventory of the land supply suitable for development, and an assessment of each jurisdiction and the entire Urban Growth Area (UGA) to accommodate expected growth. In order to determine whether Federal Way has the capacity to accommodate future growth, City staff prepared a land inventory of buildable lands. Buildable lands are those parcels that are either vacant or redevelopable and are free of constraints to development, such as being environmentally sensitive. The capacity for future development in terms of number of new housing units and square footage of new commercial square footage is then derived based on densities achieved by development over the previous five year period, 1996 through 2000. King County Assessor's records were used to identify vacant and redevelopable land. In general, parcels were divided into three categories: fully-developed and parcels that were excluded from the capacity analysis; parcels that could be redeveloped; and parcels that were vacant. With the exception of surplus lands owned by public agencies, such as the City, county, state, and utility, school, and fire districts-parcels owned by public agencies were excluded from the capacity analysis, as they are unlikely to be developed for private use. Common areas and open space in subdivisions were also excluded from the inventory. Commercial and industrial zoned parcels categorized as redevelopable are those where the ratio of improvements to land value is less than 50 percent. In residential zones, redevelopable parcels are those parcels which can be subdivided, or where the density can otherwise be increased, for example, redeveloped from single-family to multiple-family. The City has mapped environmental constraints (such as wetlands, streams, and geologically hazardous areas) and their respective setbacks, and therefore, critical areas were taken out at a parcel level. The remaining lands were then summarized by zoning designation. A series of discounts were then further applied. These discounts included right-of-way and public purpose factors. In addition to the reductions outlined above, a market discount factor was applied on a case-by-case basis depending on local conditions. Application of the market factor (discount) acknowledges that not all potentially developable parcels will be available for development and that some parcels may not be financially feasible to develop or redevelop. This year, the methodology f{)r oapaoity analysis was modified to conf{)rm to the Buildable Lands requirements. In the past, oapaoity analysis '.vas based on the theoretioal maximum development allo'.ved by zoning. In the ourrent analysis, order to calculate capacity, densities achieved over the last five years were used. For residential areas, the average number of units per acre achieved was used, and for commercial areas, average attained floor area ratios (FAR) were used. Densities and F ARs were then divided into the available land totals for residential and commercial land respectively, to estimate development potential. For redevelopable areas, the current existing building area or number of units were subtracted in order to determine additional capacity. Lastly, the number of units or the building square footage of pending projects was added to the subtotals, for a final estimate of capacity. Based on this methodology, Federal Way has the capacity for 5,538 new residential units and 16,194 new jobs. Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-12 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use 2001 - 2022 Household and Job Targets During their September 25,2002 meeting, the GMPC adopted a motion to add targets for new households and jobs for the period 2001 - 2022. These targets were based on a methodology developed over a two-year period by the King County Planning Directors. This methodology is summarized in the following section. King County was divided into four subareas. These four subareas are SeaShore, East King County, South King County, and Rural Cities. The City of Federal Way is part of the South King County Subarea that includes Renton, Burien, SeaTac, Tukwila,_Normandy Park, Des Moines, Kent, Covington, Maple Valley, Black Diamond, Federal Way, Auburn, Milton, Pacific, Algona, West Hill PAA, East Renton PAA, Fairwoodl Soos Creek P AA, and Southwest King County P AAs. The PSRC's 2000 to 2020 small area employment forecasts were used as a basis for allocating population forecasts to these subareas by applying the employment percentages to the OFM countywide population forecast so that the proportion of housing to jobs is balanced at a certain ratio. The household size of the various subareas were then determined based on the 2000 census, and adjusted downwards for 2022 based on the assumption that household sizes would decrease in the future. The household size for each subarea was used to determine how many new housing units would be needed to accommodate new population in 2022. Next, the remainder of the current household target by subarea at the end of2000 was compared to the new households needed to accommodate new population. If South King County were to achieve their remaining household 2012 target, this would actually exceed the number of households needed to accommodate the 2000 to 2022 projected new households for the subarea (Table 11-1). As a result, the methodology proposed that South King County receive no new targets for the 2012 - 2022 target extension period. However, because South King County's remaining target of 50,430 households exceeded the 42,355 new households needed to accommodate 2001 - 2022 growth, the methodology proposed to credit the sub-regions the difference, thus reducing remaining targets. Table 11-2 (page 13) shows the 2001 - 2022 household targets by jurisdiction in the South King County Subarea with the adjustment made for the credit. As in the case of the household target extensions, the starting point for employment allocations was forecast from estimates derived for each city by the PSRC 2000 to 2020 small area employment forecasts. Future employment was then allocated to jurisdictions based on location of current employment, as well as location of commercial and industrial zones. The adopted 2001 - 2022 job targets are shown in Table 11-2 (page 13). Revised 2003 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-13 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use ouse 0 argets )y ng ounty r an u area Subarea 1992-2012 Target Remainder New Household Additional Total Households 20 Year Achieved of Current Targets to Households to Accommodate Target 1993-2000 Target at Accommodate Needed Beyond 30- Year Population End of 2000 New 2000-2022 Current Target (1992-2022) Population SeaShore 57,905 ]6,375 41,530 56,369 14,839 72,744 East King 48,348 25,665 22,683 47,645 24,962 73,3]0 County South King 73,387 22,957 50,430 42,355 N/A 65,3]2 County Rura] Cities 8,828 3,265 5,563 2,255 Na 5,520 Surplus (I 1,585) N/A Total 188,468 68,262 120,206 148,624 28,418 216,886 H h ld T Table II-l b Ki C U b S b S hKi C S b Table II-2 H h ld d J b T t 2001 2022 out ng ounty u area ouse 0 an 0 arge s, - Jurisdiction Number of Households Number of Jobs Algona 298 108 Auburn 5,928 6,079 Black Diamond 1.099 2,525 Burien ],552 ],7]2 Covington ],173 900 Des Moines 1,576 1,695 Federal Way 6,188 7,48] Kent 4,284 11,500 Milton 50 ],054 Maple Valley 300 804 Normandy Park ]00 67 Pacific 996 108 Renton 6,]98 27,597 SeaTac 4,478 9,288 Tukwila 3,200 ]6,000 Unincorporated King County 4,935 2,582 Total 42,355 89,500 Development Capacity and Targets As disoussed in the previous sections, in 2001 '.vhen th.e data for the Buildable Lands Study was prepared, the City of Federal Way had a capacity for 5,538 new residential housing units and 16,191 new jobs. In oomparison, the The adopted 2001 - 2022 targets are 6,188 new residential units and 7,481 new jobs. I\S a result, at that time the City had an 8, 713 surplus capaoity f-or jobs and a defioit capacity of 650 residential units in relationsh.ip to its targets. Based on residential units in the pipeline today, the City now has a deficit capaoity of 110 residential units. King County implementation ofRCW 36.70A.2l5 (the "Buildable Lands" statute) requires local governments to adopt "reasonable measures" intended to Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-14 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use ensure the sufficiency of land use capacity within each iurisdiction to accommodate growth anticipated during the 20-year planning period. In order to increase residential capacity to meet the adopted targets, City staff will propose that a definition of density for conventional subdivisions be added to Federa.l W-8.)' City Cede CF\VCC) Chapter 20, "Subdivisions." Tae definition of doosity will be based on gross acreage, ,...hich should result in relati';ely more lots thcm. presently allowed, based on the requirement for minimum lot sizes. In addition, City staff will continue to monitor the City's progress towards reaching its targets, and will propose additional changes to the City Council, if warranted. 2.5 URBAN DESIGN AND FORM In addition to guiding development, the Land Use chapter also guides the quality and character of the City's future development pattern through goals and policies related to the form, function, and appearance of the built environment. These goals and policies, related to quality development, serve and will continue to serve as a basis from which to develop appropriate implementation measures. Design guidelines, adopted in 1996~ and 1999, and 2003 are used as an integral component of the development review process. Design guidelines address location and type of pedestrian amenities and public spaces; pedestrian and vehicle circulation; building setbacks, orientation, form, and scale; landscaping; and mixed-use commercial/residential design. Goal LUG 1 Improve the appearance andfunction of the built environment. Policies LUPl Use residential design performance standards to maintain neighborhood character and ensure compatibility with surrounding uses. LUP2 Use design and performance standards to achieve a greater range of housing options in multiple-family designations. LUP3 Use design and performance standards to create attractive and desirable commercial and office developments. 2.6 DEVELOPMENT REVIEW PROCESS The Land Use chapter provides the policy foundation for irnplementing zoning and Revised;!GW 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-15 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use development regulations. In developing policy concerning future land use regulations, or f revisions to existing regulations, every effort has been made to instill certainty and efficiency in the development process. State legislation has focused on developing streamlined and timely permit processing. The City has conducted Developer Forums to solicit input regarding the City's permit processing system. Comments received during the Forums provided invaluable information to evaluate the City's permit system. In 2002, the City formed a stakeholders group that reviewed the City's permitting process and made recommendations on how to improve or modify the regulations and processes. This group continues to meet once a year to provide input to the City's development review process. Through the following policies, the City continues to strive to provide an efficient and timely review system. Goal LUG2 Develop an efficient and timely development review process based on a public/. private partnership. Policies LUP4 Maximize efficiency of the development review process. LUP5 Assist developers with proposals by continuing to offer preapplication meetings in order to produce projects that will be reviewed efficiently. L UP6 Conduct regular reviews of development regulations to determine how to improve upon the permit review process. LUP7 Integrate and coordinate construction of public infrastructure with private development to minimize costs wherever possible. LUP8 Increase efficiency in the permit process by responding to state legislation concerning development review processes. 2.7 CITYWIDE POLICIES Citywide policies apply to all FWCP designations. These general policies are intended to maintain the quality of the living and working environment and ensure that the interests, econorny, and welfare of the community are considered. Policies LUP9 Designate and zone land to provide for Federal Way's share of regionally adopted demand forecasts for residential, commercial, and industrial uses for Revised 2003 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-16 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use the next 20 years. LUPI0 Support a diverse community comprised of neighborhoods that provide a range of housing options; a vibrant City Center; well designed and functioning commercial areas; and distinctive neighborhood retail areas. LUPll Support the continuation of a strong residential community. LUP12 Evaluate household and employment forecasts on a periodic basis to ensure that land use policies based on previous assumptions are current. LUP13 Distribute park and recreational opportunities equitably throughout the City. 2.8 LAND USE DESIGNATIONS The land use designations in the FWCP recognize the relationships between broad patterns of land uses. The designations set forth locational criteria for each specific class of uses consistent with the long-term objectives of the FWCP. These designations provide the pilrpose and intent for specific zoning districts. The location of comprehensive plan land use designations are shown on the Comprehensive Plan Designations Map (Map II-1). Residential Areas Single Family Federal Way is known for its quality single-family neighborhoods. This section contains goals and policies that will shape future development and protect or improve the character and livability of established neighborhoods. The demand for and development of single-family housing is expected to continue for the foreseeable future. Single-family development will occur as in-fill development of vacant lots scattered throughout existing neighborhoods and as subdivisions on vacant tracts of land. To address future housing needs, the Land Use chapter encourages new techniques for developing single-family subdivisions. Such techniques include clustering, planned unit developments, lot size averaging, cottage housing, zero lot line development, accessory dwelling units~ and special needs housing. Single Family Low Density The Single Family Low Density designation retains larger urban lots in order to avoid development pressure on or near onvironmentally sensitive critical areas and to retain areas that have unique area-wide circumstance. There are two notable locations: Spring Valley, located in the southern portion of the City; and along Puget Sound near Dumas Bay in the vicinity of Camp Kilworth and the Palisades Retreat property. Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-17 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use The Single Family Low Density designation continues the historic application oflow density zoning in areas that lack urban services and infrastructure. Moreover, the application of large urban lot zoning is appropriate to avoid excessive development pressures on or near environmentally sensitive critical areas as well as to serve as a buffer between adjacent land use designations of higher densities. Upon provision of urban services, such as water and sewer, an increase in density may be warranted. The Single Family Low Density designation in the Spring Valley and Dumas Bay areas have numerous enviroflmentally sensitive critical features including, but not limited to: wetlands, flooding potential, geologically hazardous areas, streams (including salmonid habitat), and wildlife habitat, and groundwater infiltration potential. Due to the sensitive nature of this area, the Draft Hylebos Creek and Lower Puget Sound Plan recommends zoning of one lot per five acres. Single Family Medium Density The Single Family Medium Density designation creates urban lots with a density range of one to three dwelling units per acre to avoid developing on or near environmentally sensitive areas. The Single Family Medium Density designation can be found along the Puget Sound shoreline and south of South 356th Street, both east and west of SR 99. Lot sizes of 35,000 and 15,000 square feet provide for a transition in density between land designated as Single Family High Density Residential and Single Family Low Density Residential. Some areas designated as Single Family Medium Density Residential still lack urban services and infrastructure. Upon provision of urban services, such as water and sewer, an increase in density may be warranted. The relatively large lot sizes along the Puget Sound shoreline areas are appropriate due to geological features including steep slopes and landslide hazards commonly associated with marine bluffs. As with the Single Family Low designation, the Single Family Medium designations south of South 356th are located in the West Branch Hylebos Creek Sub- Basin. As noted in the Single Family Low Density description, this sub-basin contains a number of environmentally sensitive areas. This area of lower density zoning occurs on both the east and west sides of 1st Avenue South. However, there are maior environmental and ownership differences between the two areas. The area east of 1 st A venue South is characterized by the Hylebos Wetlands and associated streams. In addition, there are many parcels that are either publicly owned or are intended as wetland mitigation for development elsewhere in the drainage basin. Therefore, based on the relative absence of environmental constraints and the future availability of public services in the area west of 1 st Avenue South, an increase in density may be warranted. Single Family High Density A majority of the single-family residential land in the City is designated as Single Family High Density. Urban densities of approximately 4.5, 6.0, and 8.7 dwelling units per acre in the RS 9.6, RS 7.2, and RS 5.0 zoning districts respectively, provide for a range of housing densities. Single Family High Density residential designations are located within close and convenient proximity to neighborhood business centers, areas of existing or future employment, transit, and existing urban infrastructure and services. Future Single Family Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-18 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use High Density development should have good access to collector and arterial streets. Goal LUG3 Preserve and protect Federal Way's single-family neighborhoods. LUG3.1 Provide wide range ofhousing densities and types in the single-family designated areas. Policies LUP14 Maintain and protect the character of existing and future single-family neighborhoods through strict enforcement of the City's land use regulations. LUP15 Protect residential areas from impacts of adjacent non-residential uses. LUP16 Revise existing land use regulations to provide for innovation and flexibility in the design of new single-family developments and in-fill. L UP17 Encourage the development of transportation routes and facilities to serve single-family neighborhoods. Special attention should be given to pedestrian circulation. LUP18 Encourage the development of parks and the dedication of open space in and . adjacent to residential areas to preserve the natural setting of Federal Way. LUP19 Consider special development techniques (e.g., zero lot lines, lot size averaging, cottage housing, and planned unit developments) in single-family areas, provided they result in residential development consistent with the quality and character of existing neighborhoods. LUP20 Preserve site characteristics that enhance residential development (trees, water- courses, vistas, and similar features) using site planning techniques such as clustering, planned unit developments, and lot size averaging. Multiple Family The multiple-family residential land use designation represents an opportunity to provide a range of housing types to accommodate anticipated residential growth. The increase in population, decline in average family size, and increased cost of single-family homes have created heavy demand for new housing types. The Land Use chapter encourages the development of housing types, such as duplexes, townhouses, and condominiums in existing multiple-family areas and within mixed-use development in commercial areas. During the 1980s, the City's landscape changed, as a number oflarge apartment Revised 2(l@ 2007, 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-19 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land'Use complexes were constructed. These apartments, often built without regard to scale or amenities, created a general dissatisfaction with the appearance of multiple-family development. In 1999, the City amended its Community Design Guidelines to address the appearance and scale of multiple family dwelling units. Incentives for creating desired development such as duplexes and townhouses should be considered. Multiple Family , Multiple Family uses in large part are in areas currently zoned for multiple-family development. Designations of3600, 2400, and 1800 square feet per dwelling unit, corresponding to densities of 12, 18, and 24 dwelling units per acre respectively, will continue to be used. Opportunities for new development will occur through redevelopment and build-out of remaining parcels. Residential design guidelines that address design and appearance of multiple-family developments were adopted in 1999. The primary goal of residential design guidelines is to develop multiple-family housing that is reflective of the community's character and appearance. In May 2007, the City adopted regulations governing zero lot-line townhouse development and small lot single-family housing in the multiple-family zoning districts. Goal LUG4 Provide a wide range of housing types and densities commensurate with the community's needs and preferences. Policies LUP21 Allow and encourage a variety ofmultiple~family housing types in designated commercial areas, especially in the City Center Core and City Center Frame areas. LUP22 Use design and performance standards for multiple-family developments to achieve integration in commercial developments. Performance standards should focus on scale, appearance, and compatibility. LUP23 Support multiple-family development with transportation and capital facilities improvements. LUP24 Multiple-family residential development should be designed to provide privacy and common open space. Variations in facades and rooflines should be used to add character and interest to multiple-family developments. LUP25 Encourage the establishment of street patterns and amenities that encourage walking, bicycling, and transit use. Commercial Designations Existing commercial areas are predominantly auto-oriented and characterized by one-story Revised 2003 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-20 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use low intensity development. In the future, these areas will become more intensively developed and pedestrian oriented, and in some designations, accommodate housing. Transforming existing areas into places where people want to live, shop, and work requires changes. Commercial areas should contain street furniture, trees, pedestrian shelters, well marked crosswalks, and buildings oriented to and along the street to provide interest and allow easy pedestrian access. General Policies for Commercial, Office, and Business Park Commercial Enterprise The following general policies apply to all commercial, office, and business park commercial enterprise designations. In some instances, specific goals and policies may follow a specific land use designation Policies LUP26 Provide employment and business opportunities by allocating adequate land for commercial, office, and b\:winess park commercial enterprise development. LUP27 Encourage development of regional uses in the City Center. LUP28 Provide for a mix of commercial and residential in commercial areas and in limited. appropriate locations in commercial enterprise areas. LUP29 Use Community Design Guidelines to promote common open space, public art, and plazas in commercial and office developments. LUP30 Ensure compatibility between nHxed use non-residential developments and residential areas zones by regulating height, scale, setbacks, and buffers. LUP31 Use Community Design Guidelines to encourage quality design and pedestrian and vehicle circulation in office, commercial, and business park commercial enterprise developments. LUP32 Use Community Design Guidelines to encourage commercial development to locate along street edge (where deemed appropriate) to provide pedestrian street access. Provide pedestrian access between developments and to transit stations. LUP33 Identify and designate streets where on-street parking can be safely provided without unduly slowing traffic flow or jeopardizing traffic safety. LUP34 Provide developer incentives for inclusion of housing in commercial projects at appropriate locations. Revised :1OOJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-21 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use Business Park Commercial Enterprise The Business Park designation encompasses the uses found iR areas where large \mdeveloped and l:lnderdeveloped parcels, ha':ing con'/enient access to Interstate 5 and High,::ay 18, provide a natural location for business park de'/elopment. The Business Park designation is intended to capture the demand for higher quality, mixed use business parks which permit a mixture of light manufacturing, warehouse/distribution, office, and limited retail uses to serve the immediate needs iR the area. In the past f-ew years, the City has observed a marked incrase in requests to change parcels from the Business Park designation to another comprehensive plaH designatiofl. .A.S a result, the City should explore potential changes to the allov:able mix of uses in the Business Park zone in order to meet changing market conditions. The Commercial Enterprise (CE) designation was developed from the former Business Park (BP) designation. in order to meet changing market conditions. as indicated by City market studies and by numerous rezone requests. The CE designation is primarily intended to capture the demand for a diverse mix of industrial. office. and retail sales and services. arrayed in well integrated. high quality developments. Housing is not contemplated for this designation. except mixed-use residential/commercial development is appropriate as a transitional use adiacent to the established single family-zoned residential neighborhood located south of South 356th Street between Pacific Highway South and 16th Avenue South. The CE designation encompasses areas located generally south of South 339lh Street. north of South 359th Street, and west of the Interstate-5/SR-18 interchange. It includes all of the former BP-designated properties. and some former BC-designated properties. Presently. these areas are characterized by bulkfbig box retailers such as Costco and Home Depot; emerging "destination" retail/commercial centers such as Federal Way Crossings and Marketplace; and light manufacturing and warehouse uses; whose convenient access to Interstate-5 and Highway 18 provide a natural location for such development. The area also includes some large undeveloped and underdeveloped parcels. Goal LUG5 Develop a quality busincss pa.rk commercial entemrise environment IhfH supports sur-r-eunding c$mmcr-cial al'Cas. characterized bv a viable. vibrant. and attractive mix of commercial. retail. office. industrial. and supportive uses; includinf! mixed-use residentiallcommercial as a transitional use at appropriate locations; and utilize locational and desif!n criteria to ensure compatibilitv between uses. Policies LUP35 Encourage quality, mixed use development for office, manufacturing, and distribution center. Allow a broad and range of commercial. retail. office. industrial. and supportive uses to meet the needs of workers and consumers. in well integrated. well functioning. high quality developments. Revised 20W 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-22 FWCP - Chapter Two. land Use LUP36 Develop business parks that fit into their Require devel09ment to be compatible and well integrated into its surroundings and adiacent zones by grouping similar industries in order to through site and building design and development standards that reduce or eliminate land use conflicts, nuisance impacts, or critical areas impacts; ensure proiect aesthetics; and allow promote sharing of public facilities and services,~ and improve vehicular and pedestrian traffic flow and safety~ including access control and off-street interconnectivitv between adioining properties where feasible. LUP37 I:rlHHt Allow general and specialty retail uses to those that serve the needs of people employed or residing in the local area7, as well as "destination" retail and wholesale businesses that may serve a broader consumer base vis-a-vis the area's convenient access to Interstate 5 and Highway 18. LUP38 Allow mixed-use residential/commercial as a transitional use adiacent to the established single family-zoned residential neighborhood located south of South 356th Street between Pacific Highway South and 16th Avenue South. LUP39 Do not allow heavy industrial uses on properties that adioin a low or medium density residential zone. Commercial City Center Core The intent of establishing the City Center Core is to create a higher density, mixed-use designation where office, .retail, government uses, and residential uses are concentrated. Other uses such as cultural/civic facilities, community services, and housing will be highly encouraged. City Center Frame The City Center Frame designation will have a look and feel similar to the Core and will provide a zone of less dense, mixed-use development physically surrounding a portion of the City Center Core. Together, they are meant to complement each other to create a "downtown" area. A more detailed description, along with goals and policies regarding the City Center Core and Frame, can be found in the City Center chapter. Community Business The Community Business designation encompasses t\'IO major retail areas of the City along the SR 99 corridor. It coyers the "strip" retail areas along SR 99 and the large "bulk" retail area found near the South 31 gth Street area, approximately between SR 99 and I 5. COrImmnity Business allows a large range of uses and is the City's largest retail designation in terms of area. The Community Business designation generally runs along both sides of SR 99 from South 272"" to South 31gtft. .\ wide range of de'/elopment types, appearance, ages, function, and scale ean be found along SR 99. Older, single story developments provide exeellent opportunities for redevelopment. It may be appropriate to extend the Community Business designation to areas adjacent to the I 5/South 320th-aH6-I- Revised :!OOJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-23 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use 518R 18 interchanges as part of the initial adoption of the Pi\,^. Subarea Plan or as part of the annual comprehensi',e plan amendment process. Due in part to oonvenient acoess and available land, the South 3181h Street area has becClrne a preferred loeation for large bl:1lk retailers suoh as Eagle Hardware, Home Depot, and Costco. Due to the size of these facilities, the challenge will be to develop these uses into well functioning, aesthetioally pleasing retail environments. To ereate retail areas that are aesthetically and funotionally attractiye, revised development standards, applied through Community Business zoning and COmmHnity Design Guidelines, address design quality, mixed use, and tHe integration of auto, pedestrian, and transit cirel:1lation. Site design, modulation, and setback requirements are also addressed. Through regulations in the Community Business land use chart, the size and scale of hotels, motels, and office uses have been limited in seale so as not to oOInflete with the City Center. The Community Business designation encompasses two maior retail/commercial areas along the SR-99 corridor, including the segment between South 2nnd Street and South 3l2th Street, and the segment between South 324th Street and approximately South 3391h Street. Presently, these areas are characterized by a wide range of development types and appearances, including older, single-story developments that provide excellent redevelopment opportunities. This designation also includes the property located at the northwest corner of 1 sl Avenue South and SW Campus Drive, which is subiect to a concomitant development agreement. The Community Business desigriation allows a broad mix of uses, including general. specialty, and service retail: commercial: office: mixed-use commercial/residential: and supportive uses. This designation envisions low-rise to mid-rise, high quality developments containing a vibrant and compatible mix of well integrated and designed pedestrian- oriented and auto-oriented uses. Goal LUG6 Transform Community Business areas into vital, attractive-, mixcd usc areas with a mix of uses that appeal to pedestrians~ end motorists. and residents. and enhance the community's image. Policies LUP3840Encourage transformation of the Pacific Highway (SR-99) Community Business corridor2 into a quality retail/commercial mixed use area27~ Retail de',elopment along the eorridor, exclusi':e of the City Center, should be designed to integrate auto, pedestrian, and transit circulation7, and to improve traffic flow and safety, including access control and off-street interconnectivity between adioining properties where feasible. Continue to utilize Community Design Guidelines to ensure quality site and building design and functional and aesthetic compatibility between uses. Integration of ~ pedestrian amenities and open space into Revised :!003 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-24 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use retail and office development should also be encouraged. LUP~1 Enoourage auto oriented lai"ge bulk retailers to locate in the South 348tft-Street Community Business area. Encourage a range of pedestrian-oriented retail. while continuing to accommodate auto-oriented retail. and provide supportive uses to meet the needs of residents and employees in the area. Neighborhood Business There are u dozen 14 various sized nodes of Neighborhood Business located throughout the City. These nodes are areas that hu';e historioally providea retail and/or services to adjacent residential areas. The FWCP recognizes the importance of architectural and site design guidelines to provide compatibility between neighborhood business areas and firmly fixed boundaries to prevent oommeroial intrusion into adjacent neighborhoods. Neighborhood Business areas are intended to provide convenient goods (e.g., groceries and hardware) and services (e.g., dry cleaners, dentist, bank) at a pedestrian and neighborhood scale close to adjacent residential uses. Developments combining residential and commercial uses provide a convenient living environment within these nodes. In the future, attention should be given to design features that enhance the appearance or function of these areas. Improvements may include sidewalks, open space and street trees, and parking either on street or oriented away from the street edge. The function of neighborhood business areas can also be enhanced by safe pedestrian, bicycle, and transit connections to surrounding neighborhoods. The need to address expansion or intensification may occur in the future depending on population growth. Future neighborhood business locations should be carefully chosen and sized to meet the needs of adjacent residential areas. Goal LUG7 Provide neighborhood and community scale retail centers for the City's neighborhoods. Policies LUP4G42 Integrate retail developments into surrounding neighborhoods through attention to quality design and function. L UP4143 Encourage pedestrian and bicycle access to neighborhood shopping and servIces. LUPG44Encourage neighborhood retail and personal services to locate at appropriate locations where local economic demand and design solutions demonstrate compatibility with the neighborhood. LUP4345Retail and personal services should be encouraged to group together within planned centers to allow for ease of pedestrian movement. Revised :!003 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-25 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use LUP4446Neighborhood Business centers should consist of neighborhood scale retail and personal services. LUP4M7Encourage mixed residential and commercial development in Neighborhood Business designations where compatibility with nearby uses can be demonstrated. LUP4M8Neighborhood Business areas should be served by transit. LUP4f49The City shall limit ne'... commercial development to ex.isting eommereial areas to proteet residential areas. In designating new or expanding existing Neighborhood Business centers, the adiacent zoning and land use shall be carefully considered. New Neighborhood Business centers are most appropriately located adiacent to multiple family and high-density single-family residential areas. Commercial Recreation The Commercial Recreation designation acknowledges the unique recreational opportunity associated with the Enchanted Park property. Enchanted Park is an indoor/ outdoor amusement facility most noted for its water park. A preannexation concomitant development agreement has established the comprehensive plan designation and zoning (Office Park-4) particular to Enchanted Park. Office Federal Way is well known for its quality office parks. Developments within the East and West Campus areas embody good design and are representative of desired future office park development. Office park development in West Campus is complemented by the Weyerhaeuser Corporate Headquarters in East Campus. Together, office and corporate park development will provide new job opportunities within the community. Professional Office The Professional Office designation is intended to allow for well-designed small-scale office development compatible to adjacent residential neighborhoods. Office Park The Office Park designation emphasizes high quality office development that allows for a mix of office and compatible manufacturing type activities. This classification also permits a limited amount of retail support services, along with the current mix of office and light manufacturing uses. Corporate Park The Corporate Park designation applies to the Weyerhaeuser Corporate Campus, generally located east offuterstate Highway 5. The property is a unique site, both in terms of its development capacity and natural features. Revised 200J 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-26 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use Office Park designations with OP-l, 2, and 3 zoning and some residential designations north of Highway 18 surround the Corporate Park designation. The Corporate Park zone is currently being developed as corporate headquarters, offices, and ancillary uses. These types of developments are characterized by large contiguous sites containing landscaping, open space, and buildings of superior quality. Development standards and conditions for the Corporate Park designation is unique to Weyerhaeuser's property and are outlined in a preannexation concomitant development agreement between the City and Weyerhaeuser Corporation. Goal LUG8 Create office and corporate park development that is known regionally for its design and function. Policy LUP4850Continue to encourage quality office development in the East Campus Corporate Park designation. 2.8.5 SHORELINE MASTER PROGRAM Purpose The Shoreline Management Act (SMA) identifies seven land and water use elements that, if appropriate to the community, are to be dealt with in the development of area-wide shoreline goals. They include: shoreline use, economic development, public access, conservation, recreation, historical/cultural, and circulation. Master programs are also encouraged to include any other elements which, because of present uses or future needs, are deemed appropriate to effectuate the policy of the SMA. Residential land use of shorelines of the state within Federal Way makes up the largest share of the developed shorelines in the City. Much of the undeveloped shoreline is in private ownership, subdivided into small lots and presently zoned to allow for residential use. Because of present and future needs of residential shoreline use, goals and policies have been formulated as part of a residential element to guide and plan for that development. The following comprehensive set of shoreline gc;>als provide the foundation and framework on which the balance of the master program has been based. These goals and policies are reflective of the level of achievement believed to be intrinsically desirable for all shoreline uses, needs, and developments, and establish a program policy commensurate with the intent and objectives of the SMA. The policies contained herein should be enforced through the applicable chapters of the FWCC. Revised :!llW 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-27 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use Shoreline Use Element An element which deals with the distribution, location, and extent of: 1) the use of shorelines and adjacent areas for housing, transportation, office, public buildings and utilities, education, and natural resources; 2) the use of the water for aquaculture and recreation; and 3) the use of the water, shoreline, and uplands for other categories ofland and water uses and activities not specified in this master program. Goal LUG9 Preserve or develop shorelines, adjacent uplands, and adjacent water areas in a manner that assures a balance of shoreline uses with minimal adverse effect on the quality of life, water, and environment. Policies LUP4951 Shoreline land and water areas particularly suited for specific and appropriate uses should be designated and reserved for such uses. LUP$()52 Shoreline land and water uses should satisfy the economic, social, and physical needs of the regional population, but should not exceed the physical carrying capacity of the shoreline areas. L UPM53 Where appropriate, land and water uses should be located to restore or enhance the land and water environments. LUPQ54Like or compatible shoreline uses should be clustered or distributed in a rational manner, rather than allowed to develop haphazardly. LUP~55Multiple uses of shoreline should be encouraged where location and integration of compatible uses or activities are feasible. LUPM56Unique and fragile areas of the shoreline should be protected from uses or activities that will have an adverse effect on the land or water environment. LUPSS57Non-residential uses or activities that are not shoreline dependent should be encouraged to locate or relocate away from the shoreline. LUPS958Federal Way shall consider the goals, objectives, and policies within the shoreline master program in all land use management actions regarding the use or development of adjacent uplands or the water areas, adjacent uplands and associated wetlands or streams within its jurisdiction where such use or development will have an adverse effect on designated shorelines. Revised :!OOJ 2007, 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-28 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use Public Access Element An element making provision for public access to publicly-owned shorelines and assessing the need for providing public access to shoreline areas. Goal LUGI0 Increase public access to shoreline areas provided that private rights, public safety, and the natural shoreline character are not adversely affected. Policies LUP~59Development of public access should respect and protect the enjoyment of private rights on shoreline property. a. Shoreline access areas should be planned to include ancillary facilities such as parking and sanitation when appropriate. b. Shoreline access and ancillary facilities should be designed and developed to provide adequate protection for adjacent private properties. LUP~60Public access should be maintained and regulated. a. Public access should be policed and improved consistent with intensity of use. b. The provision to restrict access as to nature, time, number of people, and area may be appropriate for public pedestrian easements and other public access areas where there are spawning grounds, fragile aquatic life habitats, or potential hazard for pedestrian safety. c. Facilities in public shoreline access areas should be properly maintained and operated. L UPS961 Design of access should provide for the public health, safety, and enjoyment. a. Appropriate signs should be used to designate publicly owned shorelines. b. Within the shoreline environment, pedestrian and non-motorized access should be encouraged. c. Public access to and along the water's edge should be available in publicly owned shorelines that are tolerant of human activity. LUP6062 Priority for access acquisition should consider resource desirability, availability, and proximity of population. Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-29 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use a. A shoreline element in the parks acquisition and development program should be encouraged so that future shoreline access is acquired and developed by established criteria and standards as part of an overall master plan. LUP6J.63 Public access should be provided in new shoreline developments. a. There should be incentives to encourage private property owners to provide shoreline access. b. Public pedestrian easements should be provided in future land use authorizations, and in the case of Federal Way projects along lakes, streams, ponds, and marine lands, whenever shoreline features are appropriate for public use. Shorelines of the City that include, but are not limited to, any of the following conditions should be considered for pedestrian easements: 1. Areas of significant, historical, geological, and/or biological circumstances. 2. Areas presently being legally used, or historically having been legally used, by the public along the shoreline for access. 3. Where public funds have been expended on or related to the water body. LUPQ.64Shorelines of the City should be available to all people for passive use and enjoyment. a. Viewpoints, lookouts, and vistas of shorelines of the City should be publicly accessible. b. New developments should minimize visual and physical obstruction of the water from shoreline roads and upland owners. LUPQ65General policies. a. Where appropriate, utility and transportation rights-of-way on the shoreline should be made available for public access and use. b. Publicly-owned street ends that abut the shoreline should be retained and/or reclaimed for public access. . c. Shoreline recreational facilities and other public access points should be connected by trails, bicycle pathways, and other access links where appropriate. d. Public pedestrian easements and access points should be of a nature and scale that would be compatible with the abutting and adjacent land use as well as natural features, including aquatic life. e. Access development should respect and protect ecological and aesthetic Revised :1OOJ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-30 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use values in the shorelines of the City. Conservation Element An element which deals with the preservation of natural shoreline resources, considering, but not limited to, such characteristics as scenic vistas, park-ways, vital estuarine areas for fish and wildlife protection, beaches, and other valuable natural or aesthetic features. Goal LUGll Assure preservation of unique and non-renewable natural resources and assure conservation of renewable natural resources for the benefit of existing and future generations and the public interest. Policies LUPb466Shorelines that are of unique or valuable natural character should be acquired for public benefit, commensurate with preservation ofthe ecosystem. a. Unique and fragile areas in shoreline areas should be designated and retained as open space. Access and use should be restricted or prohibited when necessary for their preservation. b. When appropriate, FederalWay should acquire those shoreline areas wffiefl that are unique or valuable. Subsequent use of such areas should be governed by their ecological carrying capacity. LUP~67 All renewable natural resources should be managed so that use or consumption does not exceed replenishment. a. Through policies and actions, Federal Way should encourage the management and conservation of fish, shellfish, wildlife, and other renewable resources. LUP6668Resource conservation should be an integral part of shoreline planning. a. When feasible, Federal Way should initiate programs to reverse any substantial adverse impacts caused by existing shoreline development. b. All future shoreline development should be planned, designed, and sited to minimize adverse impact upon the natural shoreline environment. LUP6+69Scenic, aesthetic, and ecological qualities of natural and developed shorelines should be recognized and preserved as valuable resources. a. When appropriate, natural flora and fauna should be preserved or restored. Revised ~ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-31 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use b. In shoreline areas, the natural topography should not be substantially altered. c. Shoreline structures should be sited and designed to minimize view obstruction and should be visually compatible with the shoreline character. d. Wildlife and aquatic habitats, including spawning grounds, should be protected, improved, and, if appropriate, increased. LUP&870Resources should be managed to enhance the environment with minimal adverse effect. a. Aquaculture in shoreline areas should be conducted with all reasonable precautions to insure the preservation of the natural character and quality of the shoreline. b. Shoreline activity and development should be planned, constructed, and operated to minimize adverse effects on the natural processes of the shoreline, and should maintain or enhance the quality of air, soil, and water on the shoreline. c. Any structure or activity in or near the water should be constructed in such a way that it will minimize adverse physical or chemical effects on water quality, vegetation, fish, shellfish, or wildlife. d. Use or activity which substantially degrades the natural resources of the shoreline should not be allowed. LUP6971 Salmon and steelhead habitats support valuable recreational and commercial fisheries. These habitats should be protected because of their importance to the aquatic ecosystem and the state and local economy. a. Salmon and steelhead habitats are: 1. Gravel bottomed streams used for spawning; 2. Streams, lakes, and wetlands used for rearing, feeding, and cover and refuge from predators and high waters; 3. Streams and salt water bodies used as migration corridors; and 4. Shallow areas of salt water bodies used for rearing, feeding, and cover and refuge from predators and currents. b. Non-water-dependent or non-water-related uses, activities, structures, and landfills should not be located in salmon and steelhead habitats. c. Where alternative locations exist, water-dependent and water-related uses, activities, structures, and landfills should not be located in salmon and steelhead habitats. Revised ~ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-32 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use d. Where uses, activities, structures, and landfills must locate in salmon and steelhead habitats, impacts on these areas should be lessened to the maximum extent possible. Significant unavoidable impacts should be mitigated by creating in-kind replacement habitat near the project where feasible. Where in-kind replacement mitigation is not feasible, rehabilitating degraded habitat may be required. Mitigation proposals should be developed in consultation with the affected local government, the Department of Fisheries, the Department of Wildlife, and affected Indian Nations. e. Developments which are outside salmon and steelhead habitats but which have the potential to significantly affect these habitats should be located and designed so they do not create significant negative impacts on salmon and steelhead habitats. f. Bioengineering is the preferred bank protection technique for rivers and streams used by salmon and steelhead. g. Open pile bridges are preferred for crossing water areas used by salmon and steelhead. h. Impervious surfaces shall be minimized in upland developments to reduce stormwater runoff peaks. Structures and uses creating significant impervious surfaces shall include stormwater detention systems to reduce stormwater runoff peaks. 1. The discharge of silt into waterways shall be minimized during in-water and upland construction. J. Adopt-A-Stream programs and similar efforts to rehabilitate salmon and steelhead spawning streams are encouraged. k. Fishery enhancement projects are encouraged where they will not significantly interfere with other beneficial uses. 1. Project proponents should contact the Habitat Management Division of the Department of Fisheries, the Habitat Division of the Department of Wildlife or affected Indian Nations early in the development process to determine if the proposal will occur in or adjacent to a salmon and steelhead habitat. m. When reviewing permits for uses, activities, and structures proposed for salt water areas, streams, wetlands, ponds connected to streams, and shorelines adjacent to these areas; staff should contact the Habitat Management Division of the Department of Fisheries or the Habitat Division of the Department of Wildlife to determine if the proposal will occur in or affect an adjacent salmon or steelhead habitat. Staff should also contact affected Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-33 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use Indian Nations. Recreation Element An element for the preservation and expansion of all types of recreational opportunities through programs of acquisition, development, and various means ofless-than-fee acquisition. Goal LUG12 Provide additional shoreline dependent and water oriented recreation opportunities that are diverse, convenient, and adequate for the regional population consistent with the carrying capacity of the land and water resources. Policies LUP+072Areas containing special shoreline recreation qualities not easily duplicated should be available for public use and enjoyment. a. Opportunities should be provided for the public to understand natural shoreline processes and experience natural resource features. b. Public viewing and interpretation should be encouraged at or near governmental shoreline activities when consistent with security and public safety. LUP+.l73 Shoreline recreational use and development should enhance environmental quality with minimal adverse effect on the natural resources. a. Stretches of relatively inaccessible and unspoiled shoreline should be available and designated as low intensity recreational use areas with minimal development. Service facilities such as footpaths, periphery parking, and adequate sanitary facilities should only be allowed where appropriate. b. Beaches and other predominantly undeveloped shorelines already popular should be available and designated as medium intensity recreational use areas to be free from expansive development; intensity of use should respect and protect the natural qualities of the area. c. Small or linear portions of the shoreline suitable for recreational purposes should be available and designated as transitional use areas that allow for variable intensities of use, which may include vista points, pedestrian walkways, water entry points, and access from the water; utilizing stream floodplains, street ends, steep slopes, and shoreline areas adjacent to waterfront roads. Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-34 FWCP - Chapter Two. land Use d. At suitable locations, shorelines should be made available and designated as high intensive use areas that provide for a wide variety of activities. e. Overall design and development in shoreline recreational areas should be responsive to the site characteristics of those areas and be consistent with the level of use in the area concerned. f. Recreation areas on the shoreline should have adequate surveillance and maintel'l.ance. g. The public should be provided with additional off-site and on-site guidance and control to protect shoreline resources. h. Where a wide berm is needed for dry beach recreation, and physical conditions permit sand retention, consideration should be given to creating a Class I beach 1 when such development does not destroy valuable biota or unique physical conditions. 1. Access to recreational shoreline areas afforded by water and land circulation systems should be determined by the concept of optimum carrying capacity and recreational quality. J. Non-water oriented recreational facility development should be kept inland away from the water's edge, except where appropriate in high intensive shoreline use areas. LUP~74 The provision of adequate public shoreline recreation lands should be based on an acquisition plan with a clear public intent. LUP+375A balanced variety of recreational opportunities should be provided for people of different ages, health, family status, and financial ability. a. Appropriate specialized recreation facilities should be provided for the developmentally disabled, or others who might need them. b. Shoreline recreation areas should provide opportunities for different use intensities ranging from low (solitude) to high (many people). c. Opportunities for shoreline recreational experiences should include developing access that accommodates a range of differences in people's physical mobility, capabilities, and skill levels. 'Pursuant to Federal Way City Code Chapter 18, Article III, Section 18-163, a "Class I beach means a beach or shore having dependable, geologically fully developed, and normally dry backshore above high tide." Revised ~ 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-35 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use d. Shoreline recreational experiences should include a wide range of different areas from remote/outdoor undeveloped areas to highly developed indoor/ outdoor areas. e. Recreational development should meet the demands of population growth consistent with the carrying capacity of the land and water resources. Circulation Element An element dealing with the location and extent of existing and proposed major thoroughfares, transportation routes, and other public facilities; and coordinating those facilities with the shoreline use elements. Goal LUG13 Circulation systems in shoreline areas should be limited to those thatare shoreline dependent or would serve shoreline dependent uses. The physical and social environment shall be protected from the adverse effect of those systems on the quality of water, life, or environment. Policies LUP+476New surface transportation development should be designed to provide the best possible service with the least possible infringement upon the shoreline environment. a. New transportation facilities and improvements to existing facilities that substantially increase levels of air, noise, odor, visual, or water pollution should be discouraged. b. Transportation corridors should be designed to harmonize with the topography and other natural characteristics of the shoreline through which they traverse. b. Surface transportation facilities in shoreline areas should be set back from the ordinary high water mark far enough to make unnecessary such protective measures as rip-rap or other bank stabilization, landfill, bulkheads, groins, jetties, or substantial site regrade. LUP+S77Circulation systems should be located and attractively designed so as not to unnecessarily or unreasonably pollute the physical environment or reduce the benefits people derive from their property; and they should encourage alternative routes and modes of travel. Revised:WW 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-36 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use a. Motorized vehicular traffic on beaches and other natural shoreline areas should be prohibited. b. Transportation facilities providing access to shoreline developments should be planned and designed in scale and character with the use proposed. c. Circulation routes should provide for non-motorized means of travel. LUP1678 Circulation systems disruptive to public shoreline access and other shoreline uses should be relocated where feasible. a. Transportation elements disruptive to the shoreline character that cannot feasibly be relocated should be conditioned or landscaped to minimize visual and noise pollution. LUP+179 Shoreline circulation systems should be adaptable to changes in technology. a. Federal Way should promote and encourage modes of transportation that consume the least amount of energy while providing the best efficiency with the least possible pollution. L UP+880 General policies. a. New transportation developments in shoreline areas should provide turnout areas for scenic stops and off road rest areas where the topography, view, and natural features warrant. b. Shoreline roadway corridors with unique or historic significance, or of great aesthetic quality, should be retained and maintained for those characteristics. c. New transportation facilities crossing lakes, streams, or wetlands should be encouraged to locate in existing corridors, except where any adverse impact can be minimized by selecting an alternate corridor. Residential Element An element dealing with housing densities, residential subdivisions, shoreline access, necessary support services, and locations of single-family dwellings (including manufactured homes) and multiple-family dwellings without distinction between part-time or full-time occupancy. Goal LUG14 Shoreline residential areas shall permit a variety ofhousing types and designs with densities and locations consistent with the ability of physical and natural features to accommodate them. Revised :!003 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-37 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use Policies LUP1981 Residential developments should be excluded from shoreline areas known to contain development hazards or which would adversely impact sensitive areas as identified in Chapter 18, Division 6 of the FWCC. a. Residential development should be prohibited within the 100-year floodplain. b. Residential development should be prohibited in areas of severe or very severe landslide hazard. c. Residential development should be regulated in shoreline areas with slopes of 40 percent or greater. d. Shoreline areas containing other potential hazards (e. g., geological conditions, unstable subsurface conditions, erosion hazards, or groundwater or seepage problems) should be limited or restricted for development. e. The burden of proof that development of these areas is feasible, safe, and ecologically sound is the responsibility of the developer. LUP8082 Residential developments should have minimal impact on the land and water environment of the shoreline and minimize visual and physical obstruction. a. Residential development should be regulated in identified unique and fragile areas as required under the City's sensitive areas regulations. b. Residential development on piers or over water should not be permitted. c. Landfill for residential development wffieh that reduces water surface or floodplain capacity should not be permitted. I d. In residential developments the water's edge should be kept free of buildings and fences. e. Every reasonable effort should be made to insure the retention of natural shoreline vegetation and other natural features of the landscape during site development and construction. L UP8J.83 Residential use of shorelines should not displace or encroach upon shoreline dependent uses. LUP~84Residentialdensities should be determined with regard for the physical capabilities of the shoreline areas, public services requirements, and effects such Revised 200J 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11.38 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use densities have on the environment. a. Subdivisions and new development should be designed to adequately protect the water and shoreline aesthetic characteristics. b. New residential development should only be allowed in those shoreline areas where the provision for sewage disposal and drainage ways are of such a standard that adjoining water bodies would not be adversely affected by pollution or siltation. c. Residential development along shorelines should be set back from the ordinary high water mark far enough to make unnecessary such protective measures as filling, bulk heading, construction groins or jetties, or substantial regrading of the site. d. Residential developments should be designed to enhance the appearance of the shoreline and not substantially interfere with the public's view and access to the water. Shoreline Environments Purpose In order to more effectively implement the goals, objectives, and policies of this master program and the SMA, the shorelines of the state within Federal Way have been categorized into four separate environment designations. The purpose of these designations is to differentiate between areas whose geographical features and existing development pattern imply differing objectives regarding their use and future development. Each environment represents a particular emphasis in the type of uses and the extent of development that should occur within it. The system is designed to encourage uses in each environment wffieh that enhance the character of the environment while at the same time requiring reasonable standards and restrictions on development so that the character of the environment is not destroyed. The determination as to which designation should be given to any specific shoreline area has been based on, and is reflective of, the existing development pattern; the biophysical capabilities and limitations of the land; and the goals and aspirations of the local citizenry. Each environment category includes: (1) a definition describing the development, use, and/or features which characterize the area; (2) a purpose which clarifies the meaning and intent of the designation; and, (3) general policies designed to regulate use and development consistent with the character of the environment. Urban Environment The urban environment is an area of high-intensity land use including residential, office, Revised 200J 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-39 FWCP - Chapter Two, land Use and recreational development. The environment is particularly suitable to those areas presently subjected to intensive land use pressure, as well as areas planned to accommodate urban expansion. The purpose of designating the urban environment is to ensure optimum utilization of shorelines within urbanized areas by permitting intensive use and by managing development so that it enhances and maintains the shoreline for a multiplicity of urban uses. The environment is designed to reflect a policy of increasing utilization and efficiency of urban areas, promote a more intensive level of use through redevelopment of areas now underutilized, and encourage multiple use of the shoreline if the major use is shoreline dependent. Policies LUP8385Emphasis should be given to development within already developed areas. LUP8486Emphasis should be given to developing visual and physical access to the shoreline in the urban environment. LUP8S87To enhance the waterfront and insure maximum public use, commercial facilities should be designed to permit pedestrian waterfront activities consistent with public. safety and security. LUP8&88Multiple use of the shoreline should be encouraged. L UP8+89 Redevelopment and renewal of substandard areas should be encouraged in order to accommodate future users and make maximum use of the shoreline resource. L UP8890 Aesthetic considerations should be actively promoted by means of sign control regulations, architectural design standards, landscaping requirements, and other such means. L UP8991 Development should not significantly degrade the quality of the environment, including water quality and air quality, nor create conditions that would accentuate erosion, drainage problems, or other adverse impacts on adjacent environments. Rural Environment The rural environment is intended for shoreline areas characterized by agricultural uses, low density residential (where most urban services are not available), and areas which provide buffer zones and open space between predominantly urban areas. Undeveloped shorelines not planned for urban expansion or which do not have a high priority for designation in an alternative environment, and recreational uses compatible with agricultural activities are appropriate for the rural environment. The purpose of designating the rural environment is to preserve agricultural land, restrict intensive development along undeveloped shorelines, function as a buffer between urban Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-40 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use areas, and maintain open spaces and opportunities for recreational uses within the ecological carrying capacity of the land and water resource. New developments in a rural environment should reflect the character of the surrounding area by limiting density, providing permanent open space, and maintaining adequate building setbacks from the water to prevent shoreline resources from being destroyed for other rural types of uses. Policies LUP9092Recreational access to the shorelines should be encouraged. Recreational facilities should be located and designed to minimize conflicts with other activities. LUP9t93New development should reflect the character of the surrounding area by limiting residential density, providing permanent open space, and maintaining adequate building setbacks from the water. Conservancy Environment The conservancy environment consists of shoreline areas that are primarily free from intensive development. It is the most suitable designation for shoreline areas of high scenic or historical values, for areas unsuitable for development due to biophysical limitations, and for c'ommercial forestlands. Conservancy areas are intended to maintain their existing character. This designation is designed to protect, conserve, and manage existing natural resources and valuable historic and cultural areas. The preferred uses are those wffieh that are nonconsumptive of the physical and biological resources of the area. Policies LUP~94New development should be restricted to those that are compatible with the natural and biophysical limitations of the land and water. LUP~95Diverse recreational activities that are compatible with the conservancy environment should be encouraged. LUP9496Development that would be a hazard to public health and safety, or would materially interfere with the natural processes, should not be allowed. LUP9S97The flood hazard overzone regulations shall apply to development within flood plains. LUP%98 Structural flood control devices should be strongly discouraged in the conservancy environment. LUP9;99In areas with poorly draining soils, development should not be allowed unless connected to a sewer line. Revised :!003 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-41 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use LUP98100 Development should be regulated so as to minimize the following: erosion or sedimentation, the adverse impact on aquatic habitats, and substantial degradation of the existing character of the conservancy environment. Natural Environment The natural environment consists of areas characterized by the presence of some unique natural features considered valuable in their undisturbed or original condition and which are relatively intolerant of intensive human use. Such areas should be essentially free from development or be capable of being easily restored to natural condition, and they should be large enough to protect the value of the resource. The purpose of designating the natural environment is to preserve and restore those natural resource systems existing relatively free of human influence. These systems require severe restrictions of intensities and types of uses permitted so as to maintain the integrity of the natural environment. Policies LUP99101 Natural areas should remain free from all development that would adversely affect their natural character. LUPlOOI02 The intensity and type of uses permitted should be restricted in order to maintain the natural systems and resources in their natural condition. LUPlMI03 Limited access should be allowed to those areas in the natural environment. LUP~104 Uses which are consumptive of the physical and biological resources, or which may degr~de the actual or potential value of the natural environment, should be prohibited. LUPlO310S Uses and activities in locations adjacent to natural areas should be strictly regulated to insure that the integrity of the natural environment is not compromised. Shoreline Use Activities Purpose Shoreline use activities are specific uses, or groups of similar uses, that have been outlined by the Department of Ecology Final Guidelines as being characteristic of the shorelines of the state. They have been formulated as implementing tools to further carry out the intent and policy of this rnaster program and the SMA. They also represent a major criterion to be used in evaluating proposed development and alterations to the shoreline environment; with their ultimate influence, to a large extent, dependent upon how well they are enforced. The policies that make up each use activity have been founded on the premise that all Revised :1003 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-42 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use reasonable and appropriate uses require regulatory control. Other provisions such as a view enhancement, public access, erosion control, water quality, long term benefits, and aesthetic considerations have also been reflected in policy statements. Shoreline uses and activities not specifically identified, and for which policies have not been developed, will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis and will be required to meet the intent of the goals and objectives of this master program, the policy ofthe SMA, and shall be consistent with the management policy and character of the shoreline environment in which they propose to locate, Aquatic Resource Practices Of all facets of economic shoreline activity, production from fisheries is the most vulnerable to massive destruction from an error in environmental control. Close monitoring of water quality and an aggressive policy of pollution abatement and control are mandatory for full realization and sustenance of this economic base. Aquaculture addresses state hatcheries, commercial hatcheries and beds, and natural hatcheries and beds within Federal Way shorelines. Underwater aquaria are considered as aquaculture although the use is principally recreational. Aquaculture has two modes: 1. The harvest of uncontained plant and animal populations that exist on the nutrients and foods available in the environment restock themselves according to the fecundity of the population, and survive as the food and nature allow. 2. Artificial stocking or raising of stock in feedlots or pens using selective breeding and controlled feeding programs for increasing production and rearing a uniform product. Pen culture requires confinement and the presence of fixed structures that compete for space. Pens, rafts, and hatcheries require certain environmental conditions to assure the survival of their contained populations. Some of these conditions are small wave forces, good flow, good water quality, temperature limits, good anchoring ground and accessibility, and, possibly, good natural food and nutrient supply. The confinement of fish or shellfish in concentration imposes an extreme biological load in a small area. Dense populations degrade water quality and deposit heavy fecal sediments below the pens or on the floor of embayments. The principal impacts of aquacultural activity within the shoreline are: 1. Pollutants in the water body such as fish, organic wastes, and additives for feeding and disease control. 2. Navigation hazards such as holding pens, rafts, nets, and stakes. Revised :!003 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-43 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use 3. Watercourse alteration to supply water. 4. Netting and flooring of riverbeds for spawning channels. 5. Shoreline access limitations where shellfish are being protected and contained. Policies LUP-W4106 Federal Way's support should be given to the State Departments of Fisheries and Game to improve stream conditions, open new spawning areas, and establish new fish runs. LUP~107 Pens and structures for commercial aquaculture should not be located on Class I beaches, or swimming beaches. LUPl%10S Aquacultural enterprises should be located in areas that would not significantly restrict navigation. LUP!G+I09 In aquaculture enterprises, development of multiple aquaculture systems should be encouraged. LUP-W811 0 Aquacultural structures should use open pile construction where significant littoral drift occurs. LUP-HW111 Prior to use of an area for aquacultural enterprises, consideration should be given to the capability of the water body to absorb potential wastes. LUPH-()112 Shoreline areas having extremely high natural potential for aquaculture should be preserved for that purpose. Commercial Development . Commercial development pertains generally to the use or construction of facilities for transaction and sale of goods and services as opposed to industrial development (treatment together with ports) wffieh that pertains to the design and fabrication of products. The principal impact factors upon the shoreline from commercial development are pollutants (e.g., erosion, sedimentary, chemical, and microbial) and aesthetic destruction. Erosive pollutants from commercial development are generated from surface runoff and both surface and sub-surface subsidence. Chemical pollution is derived from fuel spillage. Microbial loading arises from poor containment of organic wastes associated with human habitation and recreational activities. Policies Revised :!OOJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-44 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use LUPH-l113 Consideration should be made of the effect a structure will have on scenic value. LUP-t-H114 Commercial structures and ancillary facilities that are not shoreline dependent or water-oriented should be placed inland away from the immediate water's edge. LUPH-311 5 The use of porous materials should be encouraged for paved areas to allow water to penetrate and percolate into the soil. Use of holding systems should be encouraged to control the runoff rate from parking lots and roof tops. LUPH4116 Commercial enterprises locating within shoreline areas should be constructed to withstand normal rain and flooding conditions without contributing pollution to the watercourse or shoreline. L UPHS 117 Commercial development that is not shoreline dependent should provide a buffer zone of vegetation for erosion control. Utilities Few, if any, utility systems could be installed completely without coming under the jurisdiction of this master program. The focus of the policies in this section is on how these utility facilities within the shoreline environment can be planned, designed, constructed, maintained, and rehabilitated to be consistent with the intent ofthe SMA. Types of utility facilities in Federal Way vary from regional transmission by trunklines, pipelines, and transmission lines to subregional distribution facilities. These are essentially pipes and wires. Regional facilities generally are high voltage or high pressure systems with substantial potential impact in case of failure. Their impacts on the environment are also generally greater because of their scale and safety requirements. The types of utilities covered are communications (radio, TV, and telephone), energy distribution (petroleum products, natural gas, and electricity), water, sanitary sewers, and storm sewers. Policies LUPH{tllS Utilities that lead to growth should not be extended into or along shorelines without prior approval of such extension by appropriate land use authority. . LUPl+f119 Utilities located in shoreline environments inappropriate for development should not make service available to those areas. LUPHS120 In developed shorelines not served by utilities, utility construction should be encouraged to locate where it can be shown that water quality will be maintained or improved. Revised ~ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-45 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use LUPH9121 Federal Way should be consulted prior to, or at the time of, application for construction of regional utility facilities to be located in or along shorelines. LUP~122 Utility corridors crossing shorelines of the state should be encouraged to consolidate and concentrate or share rights-of-way where: a. Public access (including view) would be improved. b. Concentration or sharing would not hinder the ability of the utility systems to be installed, operated, or maintained safely. c. Water quality would be as good or better than if separate corridors were present. LUPlU123 Public access consistent with public safety and security should be encouraged where rights-of-way for regional utility facilities cross shorelines of the City. LUP~124 New utility facilities should be located so as neither to require extensive shoreline protection nor to restrict water flow, circulation, or navigation. LUPH312S Utility facilities and rights-of-way should be selected to preserve the natural landscape and minimize conflicts with present and planned uses of the land on which they are located. LUP~126 New utility routes should be designed to minimize detrimental visual impact from the water and adjacent uplands. LUPlU127 New freestanding personal wireless service facilities are discouraged from locating within the shoreline environment. Shoreline Protection Shoreline protection is action taken to reduce adverse impacts caused by current, flood, wake, or wave action. This action includes all structural and nonstructural means to reduce these impacts due to flooding, erosion, and accretion. Specific structural and non structural means included in this use activity are bulkheads, rip-rap, bank stabilization, and other means of shoreline protection. The means taken to reduce damage caused by erosion, accretion, and flooding must recognize the positive aspects of each, so that the benefits of these natural occurrences will be retained, even as the problems are dealt with. Erosion does not exist without accretion of material eroded, be it a bench or a sandbar. Likewise, accretion cannot occur unless material has been eroded. Policies LUPtU128 Structural solutions to reduce shoreline damage should be allowed only Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 1146 FWCP - Chapter Two. Land Use after it is demonstrated that nonstructural solutions would not be able to reduce the damage. LUP-H+129 Planning of shoreline protection should encompass sizable stretches of lake or marine shorelines. This planning should consider off-site erosion, accretion, or flood damage that might occur as a result of shoreline protection structures or activities. LUP-H8130 Shoreline protection on marine and lake shorelines should not be used as the reason for creating new or newly usable land. LUP~131 Shoreline protection structures should allow passage of ground and surface waters into the main water body. LUPH0132 Shoreline protection should not reduce the volume and storage capacity of rivers and adjacent wetlands or flood plains. LUPHH33 Whenever shoreline protection is needed, bioengineered alternatives such as natural berms and erosion control vegetation plans should be favored over hard surfaced structural alternatives such as concrete bulkheads and sheet piles. LUPH1134 The burden of pro off or the need for shoreline protection to protect existing or proposed developments rests on the applicant. LUP~13S Shoreline protection activities that may necessitate new or increased shoreline protection on the same or other affected properties where there has been no previous need for protection should be discouraged. LUPH4136 New development should be encouraged to locate so as not to require shoreline protection. L UPl-3-5137 Areas of significance in the spawning, nesting, rearing, or residency of aquatic and terrestrial biota should be given special consideration in reviewing of shoreline protection actions. LUPH6138 Shoreline protection actions should be discouraged in areas where they would block beach parent material. LUPH+139 Multiple uses of shoreline protection structures or nonstructural solutions should be encouraged. Transportation Facilities The circulation network use category addresses transportation facilities such as roads, railroads, bridges, trails, and related facilities. The impact of these facilities on shorelines can be substantial. Some existing facilities were constructed to serve transportation needs of the moment with a minimum expenditure and very little assessment of their primary or secondary impacts on shoreline aesthetics, public access to the water, and resultant effects Revised :1003 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment 11-47 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use on adjacent properties and water quality. Planning for new transportation facilities within the shoreline area today requires a greater awareness of the environmental impacts transportation facilities will have on shorelines, in addition to the necessity for integrating future shoreline land use plans with the transportation system that serves developments on the shoreline. Policies LUPH8140 Pedestrian access should be built where access to public shorelines is desirable and has been cut off by linear transportation corridors. New linear facilities should enable pedestrian access to public shorelines where access is desirable. LUPH9141 New surface transportation facilities not related to, and necessary for the support of, shoreline activities should be set back from the ordinary high water mark far enough to make unnecessary protective measures such as rip rap or other bank stabilization, land-fill, bulkheads, groins, jetties, or substantial site regrade. LUPt4G142 Shoreline transportation facilities should be encouraged to include in their . design and development multi-modal provisions where public safety can be assured. LUPt4l143 Shoreline transportation facilities should be planned to fit the topography and minimize cuts and fills; and should be designed, located, and maintained to minimize erosion and degradation of water quality and to give special consideration to shoreline aesthetics. LUPlG144 Transportation and utility facilities should be encouraged to coordinate joint use of rights-of-way and to consolidate crossings of water bodies when doing so can minimize adverse impact to the shoreline. LUP14314S Transportation facilities should avoid shoreline areas known to contain development hazards (e.g. slide and slump areas, poor foundation soils, marshes, etc.). LUP144146 Transportation facilities should minimize shoreline rights-of-way by orienting generally perpendicular to the shoreline where topographic conditions will allow. LUPt4S147 Shoreline roadways should have a high priority for arterial beautification funds. LUP146148 Abandoned road or railroad rights-of-way that contain unique shoreline amenities should be acquired for public benefit. LUPl4+149 Federal Way should extend its trail and bicycle trail system, particularly as it relates to shorelines, to western Federal Way. Revised ~ 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-48 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use LUPl48150 All transportation facilities in shoreline areas should be constructed and maintained to cause the least possible adverse impacts on the land and water environments, should respect the natural character of the shoreline, and should make every effort to preserve wildlife, aquatic life, and their habitats. Piers and Moorages A pier is a structure built over or floating upon the water extending from the shore. Some are used as a landing place for marine transport or for recreational watercraft. Piers . are designed and constructed as either water (floating) or pile supported, both of which have positive and negative environmental aspects. Floating piers generally have less of a visual impact than those on piling and they provide excellent protection for swimmers from boat traffic. Floating piers however, interrupt littoral drift and can starve down current beaches where pile piers do not. Pile piers can provide a diverse habitat for marine life. Both types can create impediments to boat traffic and near-shore trolling. Pier construction requires regulation to protect navigation rights, preserve shoreline aesthetics, and maintain the usable water surface and aquatic lands for life forms characteristic and important to those areas. Policies LUP-l491S1 Open pile pier construction should be preferred where there is significant littoral drift, where scenic values will not be impaired, and where minimal alteration to the shoreline and minimal damage to aquatic resources can be assured. LUPl-SG1S2 Floating pier construction should be preferred in those areas where scenic values are high. LUP~IS3 Piers should be discouraged where conflicts with recreational boaters and other recreational water activities would be created by pier construction. LUP~IS4 The random proliferation of single purpose piers should be discouraged. Preference should be given to shared use of piers in all shoreline areas. LUP~ISS Temporary moorages should be permitted for vessels used in the construction of shoreline facilities. The design and construction of such moorages shall be such that upon termination of the project the aquatic life can be returned to their original condition within one year at no cost to the environment or the public. LUP.J-S41S6 Shoreline structures that are abandoned or structurally unsafe should be abated. LUP!-SSIS7 Substantial additions or alterations, including but not limited to substantial developments, should be in conformance with the policies and regulations set forth in the master program. LUPl-5(t158 Piers, docks, buoys, and other moorages should only be authorized after Revised 2QW 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11-49 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use consideration of: a. The effect such structures have on wild-life and aquatic life, water quality, scenic and aesthetic values, unique and fragile areas, submerged lands, and shoreline vegetation. b. The effect such structures have on navigation, water circulation, recreational and commercial boating, sediment movement and littoral drift, and shoreline access. LUP~IS9 Moorage buoys should be preferred over floating and pile constructed piers on all tidal waters. LUPt-S8160 Floating structures and open pile structures are preferred over landfills or solid structures in water areas used by salmon and steelhead. Recreation Recreational experiences that depend on, or utilize, the shoreline include: harvesting activities of fish, shellfish, fowl, minerals, and driftwood; various forms of boating, swimming, and shoreline pathways; and watching or recording activities, such as photography, painting, or the viewing of water dependent activities. Principal focal points are at parks and access beaches, road ends, viewpoints, features of special interest, water- access points, and destination points for boaters. Facilities at these focal points may include fishing piers, swimming floats, paths, parking areas, boat ramps, moorings, and accessory recreational facilities. The management of recreational land is determined by balancing the recreational carrying capacity (or impact of the environment on people) and the ecological carrying capacity (the impact of people on the environment). Measures to accomplish this are by designation of areas for use-intensity, interpretation, and regulation. These different recreational use areas coincide with the four environmentsCnatural, conservancy, rural, and urban. There are multiple benefits derived from the park program, for example: recreational lands contribute substantially to open space by conservation of land, preserving historic sites, offering aesthetic relief and variety, contributing to a healthful environment, and shaping and preserving the community form. In addition to the provisions of recreational opportunities, Federal Way coordinates with other governmental agencies, commercial, and volunteer groups to provide these opportunities for the public. The policies are directed toward providing shoreline dependent and water oriented recreational opportunities. They are also directed at protecting health and safety by separating incompatible activities and channeling them into their most appropriate environments. Policies LUPl-S9161 The development of recreational acquisition plans should give emphasis to the acquisition of prime recreation lands prior to their being preempted for other uses. LUPU0162 In open spaces having an established sense of nature, improvements Revised :!003 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment II-50 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use should be limited to those that are necessary and unlikely to detract from the primary values of the site. LUP-Ml163 The siting of all developments should aim to enhance and protect the area concerned. LUPlG164 Structural forms should harmonize the topography, reinforce the use area, minimize damage to natural resources, and support recreation with minimal conflict. LUP~16S New buildings should be made sympathetic to the scale, form, and proportion of older development to promote harmony in the visual relationships and transitions between new and older buildings. LUP-M4166 Whenever possible, natural materials should be used in developing shoreline recreational areas. LUP~167 Artificial irrigation and fertilization should be restricted to high-intensity use areas. LUPt6&168 Existing buildings that enhance the character of the shoreline should be used for recreation wherever possible. LUP~169 Underwater parks should be extensions of shoreline parks, or be created or enhanced by artificial reefs where natural conditions or aquatic life could be observed with minimal interference. L UP-M8170 Public recreational shoreline areas should serve as emergency havens of refuge for boaters. LUPl69171 Physical and/or visual access to the water should use steep slopes, view points from bluffs, stream valleys, and features of special interest where it is possible to place pathways consistent with public safety without requiring extensive flood or erosion protection. LUP!+()I72 The acquisition of public easements to the shoreline through private or quasi-public shorelines should be encouraged. L UPt+l173 Existing public recreation shorelines should be restored where it is possible to revegetate; resite roads and parking areas that are close to the shoreline; and remove stream channelization and shoreline protection devices when the facility has either deteriorated or is inconsistent with the general goals of this program. LUP~174 Prime-fishing areas should be given priority for recreational use. LUP~17S Boating activities that increase shore erosion should be discouraged. Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment II-51 FWCP - Chapter Two, land Use LUPl-+4176 Effective interpretation should be provided to raise the quality of visitor experiences and provide an understanding of the resource. Residential Development The shorelines in Federal Way are more widely used for residential purposes than for any other use. Much of the undeveloped shoreline is privately owned, subdivided into small lots, and zoned to permit residential development. The pressure to develop shorelines for residential uses has continued to result in property subdivision and escalating waterfront land values. Residential development of shorelines is accomplished in a variety of ways from large plats and subdivisions to single lot development for housing; any of which, if poorly planned, can culminate in the degradation of the shoreline environment and water resource. The SMA generally exempts, ".. . construction on shorelands by an owner, lessee or contract purchaser of a single-family residence for his own use or the use of his family. . ." from its permit requirements. However, even though single-family homes are not considered substantial developments, the intent of the act has established the basis for planning and regulating them. Policies L UP~I77 Residential developments should be permitted only where there are adequate provisions for utilities, circulation, access, site layout, and building design. LUPH6178 Subdivisions should be designed at a level of density, site coverage, and occupancy compatible with the physical capabilities of the shoreline and water body. LUPl++179 Residential development plans submitted for approval should contain provisions for protection of groundwater supplies, erosion control, landscaping, and maintenance of the shoreline integrity. LUJ!l.+8180 Residential subdivisions should be designed so as to protect water quality, shoreline aesthetic characteristics, vistas, and normal public use of the water. LUPl+9181 Subdivisions should provide public pedestrian access to the shorelines within the development in accordance with public access element of this master program. LUP-l80182 The established velocity, quantity, and quality of stormwater discharge should be considered in terms of the sensitivity of the proposed receiving environment. The disposal mode selected should minimize changes in infiltration, runoff, and groundwater recharge. Revised;wQJ 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment II-52 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use LUPl8l183 Developers of recreational projects such as summer homes, cabins, campgrounds, and similar facilities should satisfactorily demonstrate: a. The suitability of the site to accommodate the proposed development without adversely affecting the shoreline environment and water resource. b. Adequate provisions for all necessary utilities, including refuse disposal, and the compatibility of the development with adjacent properties and surrounding land uses. c. That recreational opportunity exists on the site and does not depend on adjacent public land to furnish the activity. 2.9 ESSENTIAL PUBLIC FACILITIES Pursuant to the GMA, no comprehensive plan can preclude the siting of essential public facilities and each should include a process for siting essential public facilities. The GMA includes these provisions because siting certain public facilities has become difficult due to the impacts many of these facilities have on the community. In Chapter 22 of the FWCC, the City has defined essential public facilities and provided a land use process for siting them. Essential public facilities include those facilities that are typically difficult to site, such as airports, state or regional transportation systems, correctional facilities, and mental health facilities. Policy LUP~184 The FWCC shall include a list oflocally defined essential public facilities that shall include the list of essential state public facilities maintained by the office of financial management. 2.10 PHASING Phasing focuses growth to those areas where public investments for services are targeted. By doing so, these areas become more attractive for development. Consistent with the CWPPs, Federal Way proposes to use a tiered system for accommodating future growth. The primary purpose of this technique is to assure a logical sequence of growth outward from developed areas. Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment II-53 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use Future growth will be directed to the City Center and other areas with existing infrastructure and urban services. This will be followed by focusing growth to areas where . in-fill potential exists. Lastly, growth will be directed toward areas of undeveloped land or to the City's P AA. For those areas of the City that are lacking services, these lands should be retained or reserved until build out has occurred in developed areas. Based on the phased growth concept outlined above, the City should develop criteria for a phasing plan over the next 10 and 20 years. Phased growth will promote efficient use of land by: · Reducing taxpayers costs by locating new development nearest to existing urban servIces; · Adding predictability to service & facility planning; . Reducing commuter miles and protecting air quality by locating housing and jobs . near each other; . Encouraging in-fill and redevelopment where environmental impacts have already occurred; and · Reserving land for future parks and open space. Policies LUP18318S Establish priority areas for public facility and service improvements, especially for transportation. Priority areas should be located where public facility and service improvements would effectively advance Federal Way's growth vision. Priority areas will shift over time as improvements are installed and an acceptable level of service is attained. LUPl84186 When and where service deficiencies are identified, the City, along with service providers, will develop capital improvement programs to remedy identified deficiencies in a timely fashion or will phase growth until such programs can be completed. LUPl8S187 Work with King County through the development of an interlocal agreement to assign phasing to the City's P AA. LUPl86188 The City should limit spending on capital facilities in those areas of the City and P AA that are not designated as priority areas for capital projects. Revised 2003 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment II-54 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use 2.11 INCENTIVES In certain designations, incentives allowing more development than otherwise permitted should be used to encourage features that provide a public benefit and/or contribute to the mitigation of growth impacts. For example, development in the City Center that provides common open space or affordable housing units, may gain additional floors or a reduction in the number of parking stalls. In addition, in order to encourage development in the City Center, the City is in the prooess of disoussing has adopted a Housing Tax Exemption for multiple family housing and is oonsideriflg preparing has prepared an Emrironmental Impact Statement (EIS) a Planned Action SEP A for a portion ofthe City Center. Incentives can play an important role in the development of the City Center and must be substantial enough to influence market conditions by making them attractive to the development community. Policies LUP-l8+189 Develop incentives to encourage desired development in commercial areas, especially in the City Center Core and Frame. LUP-l88190 Consider incentives for desired multiple-family residential development (townhouses, duplexes, etc.). 2.12 HISTORIC RESOURCES Historic preservation involves the identification, maintenance, renovation, and reuse of buildings and sites important to a community's history. Buildings or sites may be associated with a particular style or period in the community's past, or with historic or significant historic events or persons. Historic preservation to date has largely been undertaken by the Historical Society of Federal Way. Historic preservation is listed as the 13th goal in the GMA which encourages jurisdictions to, "Identify and encourage the preservation of lands, sites, and structures, that have historical or archaeological significance. " Goal LUG1S Use historic resources as an important element in the overall design of the City. Policies . LUPl89191 Identify vista points and landmarks such as major trees, buildings, and land forms for preservation. Revised 200J 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment II-55 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use LUPl9G192 Develop a process to designate historic landmark sites and structures. Use developer incentives or other mechanisms to ensure that these sites and structures will continue to be a part of the community. LUPl9l193 Recognize the heritage of the community by naming (or renaming) parks, streets, and other public places after major figures and/or events. LUP~194 Zoning should be compatible with and conducive to continued preservation of historic neighborhoods and properties. LUP.m19S Safeguard and manifest Federal Way's heritage by preserving those sites, buildings, structures, and objects which reflect significant elements of the City's history. LUPl-94196 Catalog historic sites using the City's geographic information system. LUPt-95197 Undertake an effort to publicly commemorate historic sites. LUP-l99198 The City shall continue to work with the Historical Society of Federal Way towards attainment of historic resource policies. 2.13 IMPLEMENTATION The following actions are recommended to implement the policy direction outlined in this chapter. Implementation will occur over time and is dependent on resources available to the City and community. The following items are not listed in order of importance or preference. Establish Comprehensive Planning and Zoning for Potential Annexation Area Comprehensive planning and the assignment of zoning designations should be completed for the City's P.^.f.. A PM Subarea Plan and Annexation Feasibilitv Study was prepared in 2003. This will Study provide~ the City with needed direction relating to future annexations and growth. Planning for this area pursuant to WAC 365-195 requires a considerable planning effort and policy development. :\n interlocal agreement bet'.veen King County and the City regarding planning actions should be prepared. Residential Code Revisions for Multiple Family Residential code revisions to implement design standards for multiple-family residential development were adopted in late 1998. Subdivision Code Revisions Amendments to the subdivision code have been adopted to bring the code into compliance with state law and recent state legislation. Revisions to the subdivision code have provided Revised ~ 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 11.-56 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use platting options for single-family development, such as clustering and zero lot line development. Area-Wide Rezone Following adoption of the 1995 FWCP, a new zoning map was prepared and adopted to support the comprehensive plan designations. This update includesQ some site specific requests for changes to comprehensive plan designations. The zoning map will be amended to oonf-erm to the ooanges in land use designations. The Land Use Plan and Zoning Code Implementation of policies and goals of the Land Use chapter is done in large part through the zoning code. Following adoption of the 1995 FWCP, the City made revisions to the zoning code, consistent with FWCP direction. The zoning conversion chart, Table II-3 (page 55), shows the connection between the various zoning designations and the comprehensive plan designations. Phasing Plan A phasing plan shall be prepared to prioritize areas of new growth based on available and proposed infrastructure improvements. Project Environmental Impact Statement for City Center To facilitate growth in the City Center and Frame, the City shffitkl has completeQ g Planned Action SEP A (PAS). By doing so, development consistent with the direction outlined in the PAS will not have to go through prolonged environmental review. This can be a powerful incentive for private development in the City Center. Subarea Plans Over the years, citizens from various areas of the City have come forth to testify before the Planning Commission and City Council regarding their neighborhood or business area. Development of subarea plans can lead to area specific visions and policies. This type of specific planning, developed with citizen input and direction, can lead to improved confidence and owne~ship in the community. Areas where subarea planning should be considered include: SR-99 Corridor, South 348th Street area, the South 356th area. and Twin Lakes neighborhood. Incentives Develop an incentives program, for both residential and commercial development. Incentives should be substantial enough to attract development and should be used to create affordable and desired types of housing and to encourage development within the City Center. Revised :1QW 2007, 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment II-57 FWCP - Chapter Two, Land Use Table II-3 Land Use Classifications Comprehensive Plan Classification Zoning Classification - Single Family - Low Density Residential Suburban Estates (SE), one dwelling unit per five acres Single Family - Medium Density Residential RS 35,000 & 15,000 Single Family - High Density Residential RS 9600, 7200, 5000 Multiple Family Residential RM 3600, 2400, 1800 City Center Core City Center Core City Center Frame City Center Frame Office Park Office Park, Office Park I, 2, & 3 Professional Office Professional Office Community Business Community Business Business Park Commercial Enterprise Business Park Commercial Enterprise Neighborhood Business Neighborhood Business Corporate Park Corporate Park-I Commercial Recreation Office Park-4 Open Space & Parks A variety of zoning is assigned. Revised :lOOJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment II-58 I /lgLl $$)/llId Special Conditions: o Resolution #05-439 (Replaces CouncIl Agreement #90-8. ResolutIons #93-128 and #93-144) Resolution #05-443 (Replaces CouncIl Agreement #90-9. ResolutIOns #93-144 and #97-253) Council Agreement #90-1 0 Ordinance #91-099 Ordinance #93-190 Council Agreement #94-210 Council Agreement #94-211 Ordinance #98-310 Ordinance #04-461 Ordinance #05-490 Ordinance #05-491 e 9 o o o o o o G CD !AublUI ! L_ " "'" ; i ! "'"."", ...~~~If.. I "',..>..",-..-, "~~"I -""'~) Lr-:, l ,--._..___1 L { r=.(( (J)t::..... City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Proposed Comprehensive Plan Designations ""- \ I Land Use Element '"t_ Legend ... Federal Way City Limits ... Potential Annexation Area Comprehensive Plan Designations . City Center Core . City Center Frame . Commercial Enterprise . Community Business . Commercial/Recreation . Corporate Pari< . Multi-Family . Neighborhood Commercial Office Park . Parks and Open Space _ Professional Office . Single Family, Low Density . Single Family. Medium Density Single Family. High Density Some properties are governed by special conditions. This list appears on the left side of the map. \ I Scale: -J ~.;.~5 TI Map Revised 5 May. 2007 I 20 Source: L. 1 c.ity of Federal Way. .?.D f\cre. 5, King County j Miles ~ Federal Way MAP 11-1 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. :""t" ~rJif'''~~~f\.P''-:;7"':::;-;.''.:..''\ '''''~} :JfJ.- (.,+..,,,.I:~'" "I'-;;r'?-~'...~ ,;; 0.. '. Ll.4l4~'''~ '. .....~"-'... .: .." ::... LJM.~" f- ~'...,:L 0' \\1'~ '-..~ ~ .\-: ,j;~' if . ~'f'"f:l;' 'A ''. .~ '-'" l't ' - .' ~-? ::~' ~ ", "', ~ -I.':";:'. ,,~~ ;. /~~:ot"~ .1 .. >"~-'>. "" ~ l,II~ '": ",...~.~~..~G;."I' O~ .t-.,,<~ I .~. . : /.,.,'" .. ~ '~1' .' ~ )!i! ..1 ,~.'.~~.. - ..; . ". 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Marin, ReligioUS services _UtilitieS Vacant Land Water Land use is based on information in Kinll and Pierce County Assessor records. ~\ \ , MaP Revis scale: 0 OClobel. 2 .i \ 0 0.25 0.5 1 20 sou,ce: _ _ 1<"'9 COUI N \ ~__~Miles L5Q.6ge~ p>e,ceC, A Federal Way MAP Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical represent' The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its aCCUf2 CHAPTER FOUR - ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 4.0 INTRODUCTION The Growth Management Act (GMA) includes economic development as one of its basic goals and it is a theme that TUns throughout the GMA. It considers the need to stimulate economic development throughout the state, but requires that these activities be balanced with the need to protect the physical environment. It encourages the efficient use of land, the availability of urban services, and the financing strategies necessary to pay for infrastructure. Finally, the GMA mandates that communities do their planning and then provide the zoning and regulatory environment so that appropriate development can occur. It recognizes that while the public sector can shape and influence development, it is the private sector that generates community growth. The Puget Sound Regional Council (PSRC) has also adopted region-wide goals and objectives to guide multi-jurisdictional transportation and land use policies that will be implemented through local comprehensive plans. Economic development is implicit in many of the goals and objectives of VISION 2020. The VISION 2020 strategy emphasizes that continued economic stability and diversity is dependent upon public and private sector collaboration to identify needs, such as infrastructure and land, and to invest in services that will promote economic activity. VISION 2020 also emphasizes that the stability of the regional economy increases when it develops and diversifies through the retention and strengthening of existing businesses and the creation of new business. King County, through its growth management planning policies and process, re- emphasizes the economic development implications of growth management. The Countywide Planning Policies (CWPPs) promote the creation ofa healthy and diverse economic climate. The CWPPs describe the need to strengthen, expand, and diversify the economy. They encourage protection of our natural resources and enhancement of our human resources through education and job training. The CWPPs also speak to the need to make an adequate supply of land available for economic development by providing necessary infrastructure and a reasonable permitting process. Within this policy framework, Federal Way has outlined a vision of its economic development future. Its vision is to transform itself from largely a bedroom-community of Seattle into a diversified, full-service, and self-contained city (Map IV-1, located at the end of the chapter). However, in doing so, it is important to remember that Federal Way is part of the larger Puget Sound economy, and therefore, this transformation will depend in large part on the market forces at work within the greater region. To achieve this vision, the City must diversify its employment base by adding more professional and managerial jobs, and by increasing the overall number of jobs in order to improve the balance between jobs and households in the City. The potential is there. Federal Way's unique location between the two regional centers of Seattle and Tacoma, both with large concentrations of population and large, successful ports, and its relationship within the FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Central Puget Sound region represent significant opportunities. The City is also home to Weyerhaeuser's Corporate Headquarters, looated '.vithin East Campus, and the West Campus Offioe Park, 1\vo of the premier offioe park areas in the region. prominent regional. national. and international businesses. Headquarters for Fortune 500 corporations. such as timber giant Weyerhaeuser and internationally known World Vision, are located in Federal Way. Federal Way is also home to St. Francis Hospital, which was named one of the top 100 hospitals in America. In addition, the City holds unique regional attractions for entertainment and recreation, such as Celebration Park, King County Aquatic Center, and Six Flags Enchanted ParksfWild Waves. The City's economic development vision is based on the following: 1) economic and demographic analysis; 2) market analysis of long-term real estate development in Federal Way; 3) synthesis of real estate and development trends in the Central Puget Sound area; and 4) revie':1 and oomment fram the Planning Commission the City's vision for the future of Federal Way. 4.1 SUMMARY OF EXISTING CONDITIONS AND TRENDS Q"elyieu.I ... y ..... Sinoe tHe last update to this ohapter of the Fcdcr-al Way Cempr-chc1'lsbc Plan (FWCP), there have been signifioant ohanges in the local, regional, national, and international eoonomio oonditions. Previously riding a sustained, strong economic ','/ave assooiated '.'lith extraordinary gro\vth in the high tech industries, strong gro'.vth in the airline industry, and generally positi'/e national and international peroeptions of the Paoifio Narthwest, the Seattle Tacoma metropolitan region, and the State of Washington, "\Vashington began to show early signs of an eoonomic do\'mtum by mid 2001. Riots in nearby Seattle, first assooiated with the meeting of the World Trade Organization in No'/ember 1999, and later ','lith the 2001 Mardi Gras festivities, had begun a series ofnegatiye publioity images of Seattle and the Seattle area. This negative publioity ',vas exacerbated by the Februarj 28,2001, Nisqually Earthquake, and later in 2001 by the Boeing Company's announoement that it was roo'/ing its oorporate headquarters to Chicago. In additian, by mid 2001, the national economy had begun to slow dovm, the "dot earn" industry had suffered a generalized melt dov,'n, and the Paoifio Rim countries, upon which so muoh of this state's trade depends, continued to slide further into their own reoessions. The effeots of the September 11,2001, terrorist attacks on thisoountry jolted the eoonomies of most afthe world's oountries and regions, but had a partioularly hard impaot on the Pl:lget Sound region. As air travel related oommeroe pluI'l'lfl'leted worldv..ide, the Boeing Company, its affiliates, and related industries, saw sharp drops in orders, and Boeing announoed its intentions to layoff tens of thousands of workers over the onsuing two years. Revised 200J 2007.2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendments IV-2 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development By the beginning of 2002, lay offs around the Puget Sound region beeame a eommonplaee oeeurrenoe, stemming from outbacks at Boeing, other companies related to the airline and travel industries, and numerous "dot oom" and high teoh oompanies. However, aooording to the 2002 King County f~~..nual Growth Report, the King County economy remains strong despite severe sheeks. URemployment has risen to 6.2 peroent as of June 2002, but that level is no worse than the histerioal a'lerage. f~erospaoe employment in the Puget Sound region now stands at 72,000, with about 17,000 of that in King County. .^Jthough well below its reeerd employment levels, the aerospaoe seotor eontinues to provide high wages to looal v/orkers. High teoh oontinues to expand despite the shakeout of a fe','l companies. Other servioes, wholesale, and retail lost employment before the reoession hit aerospace, so they may be ready to grow again in the coming year. The signifioant overall inoome gro\vth in software and other seotors prepelled King County inte eighth plaoe among all 3,100 oounties in the URited States in total payroll paid ooring 1998. MeasUi'ed at"4l billion by the Census BUi'eau, King Ceooty's total business payroll exoeeded that of 26 states, inoluding Oregon, '.vhioh has twioe as many people as King County. .^.mong other issues raised by such large numbers is that of the disparity of wealth and inoome between King County and the other parts of Washington State eutside the Puget Seood region. In 1998, more than 52 peroent of wages paid in the state were in King County, in oontrast to 0Ui' 29 peroent share of the state's population. Some of that differenoe refleots high teehjobs in Seattle and the Eastside, as well as high 'Nage manufaoturingjebs in South King County. Long range prospeots are mixed. Boeing f-oreoasts produotion of around 250 airplanes this year and next. Sale of those planes will bring in billions of dollars, much ef whioh will be reinvested in the Puget Sound eoonOffiY. But \vith the move of Boeing headquarters to Chioago, long term prospeots for aerospaoe are less oertain, altheugh the company has oentinued to emphasize its investment in the Puget Sound region. Sales tax and other gO'/ernment revenues are deolining at a time \vhen publio investment is needed. The area is doing remarka-bly well so far, but if these underlying issues are not addressed, there oould be lasting eonsequenoes te King County anQ the Puget Sound region. Due to the markedly weaker eeenomio oonditions now in the Puget Sound region than during most of the past deeade, eoonomio development efforts in Federal Way ..yill have to become more ereative, inno'lative, and broader in soope. The traditional f-oous on retaining and attraoting businesses will not be enough. New eff-orts, reaohing imo other eoonemio seotors and using nevI and inno'lative strategies, will be neoessary. General Patterns of Existing Development Previous development trends indicate that the non-residential areas of Federal Way reflect a community that has the ability to absorb higher density (more compact) uses and greater development as growth in the Central Puget Sound region continues. And even though Federal Way is a new city in a suburban area, much of its future will be tied to redevelopment and transformation. Federal Way is characterized by: · High-quality single- and multiple-family residential areas Revised 2003 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-3 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development · A range of housing that includes.1fefJ' modest tfa6t homes, manufactured dwellings, and large luxury waterfront homes · Auto-oriented, suburban scale regional and community shopping centers and strip centers · Corporate headquarters . Two high-quality business and office parks-West Campus and East Campus . Little developed space for quality business, flex-tech, and office parks . Semi-rural,areas, wildlife areas, truck stops, areas without utilities, and much vacant open space · Recreation/amusement parks . A waterfront primarily occupied by high-quality homes, but not particularly accessible to the public . Many marginal commercial areas with redevelopment potential along Pacific Highway South (SR-99) that are vestiges of a prior era Demographics Federal Way historically has been primarily a suburban, bedroom community. It has more households than jobs and as a result, provides more workers to the region than it attracts. However, since the City's incorporation, this balance between homes and jobs has shifted. Based on US Census data, the City's residential population grew by 23 percent from 67,554 in 1990 to 83,259 in 2000, while the City's covered employment has grown by 44 percent from 21,756 in 1990 (as reported by the 2001 King County Annual Growth Report) to 31,315 in 2000 (PSRC's 2000 Covered Employment Estimates). These figures indicate that during the past decade the City has begun to shed its "bedroom community" status, with more opportunities for residents to stay within Federal Way for their employment, as well as becoming more of an employment destination for residents from beyond Federal Way. The 2000 Census information shows that Federal Way's median income levels have grown substantially since 1990, with the City leading the South King County cities in the percentage of wage-earning households, as well as median household income. The 1990 Census reported median household income at 38,311. The figure grew by 29 percent over the decade leading to the 2000 census, with a median household income reported of 49,278, which is higher than the median household incomes of any of the other major South King County cities (Renton, Kent, Burien, Auburn, Tukwila, and SeaTac), as well as Seattle. Revised ~ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-4 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Moreover, it is interesting to note that the median household income of wage-earning households (which comprise 87.3 percent of all Federal Way households) was reported at 57,748. This median household income figure is also higher than that of any of the other major South King County cities, as well as higher than the South King County's average of 55,637. Similarly, Federal Way's percentage of wage-earning households (87.3 percent) is higher than any of the other major South King County cities (which range from 79.9 to 86.8 percent). As a result, and given the City's large population, Federal Way has the highest annual gross income of any of the South King County cities. However, Federal Way and the South King County cities continue to lag behind the East King County cities in terms of median household income, which range from 60,332 in Kirkland to 66,735 in Redmond. Federal Way's Regional Role Federal Way is optimally located at a mid-point in the Seattle-Tacoma metropolitan region at the intersection ofI-5 and SR-18, with easy access to the Port of Tacoma, Port of Seattle, and SeaTac International Airport. Federal Way's location is a prime asset as traffic congestion and concerns over personal and freight mobility within the region become paramount issues for commerce and industry, as well as commuters. Nevertheless, the economic boom of the past decade has largely been concentrated in the Eastside communities, Downtown Seattle and South Snohomish County. However, with changes in the high-tech industry, increasing traffic congestion, soaring housing prices, and increasing limits to growth in those areas, the "Southend bias" may become a thing of the past, leaving Federal Way in an even better position from a regional perspective. Economic Base Federal Way's retail base is diverse and attracts customers from outside the City limits. Its market share, however, is relatively low compared to other Southwest King County communities. Although Federal Way retailers capture a good deal of the City's primary and secondary market expenditures for general merchandise and food trade, a high percentage of the local populace goes elsewhere to shop for automobiles, apparel/ accessories, miscellaneous retail purchase, building material, and furniture. Overall, the capture rate for retail sales as a function of the City's primary and secondary trade area total retail expenditures is relatively low, about 51 percent (Federal Way City Center Market Analysis, prepared by ECO Northwest, July 2002). P8RC's 2909 Co','cr-cd Employment Estimetcs reported that in 2000, oovercd cmployment (those jobs oovered by thc state's uncmployment insurance program) within Federal Way and throughout King County oo\:lld bc broken down as shown in Teek IV J (page 6). As can be seen from this the data in Table IV-1, in ~ 2006, Federal Way's strongest employment sectors were Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate, Services and Retail, which exceed the countywide the South King County averages cOfl:siderably. The City had noticeably fewer jobs than average in the Manufacturing and Wholesale, Transportation, Communications, and Utilities sectors. Bascd on rcocnt cvents in thc cmployment seotor, these numbcrs may be lowcr today. Manufacturing jobs are strong in Kent, Auburn, Renton, and Tukwila. Transportation jobs are strong in Kent and retail jobs are strong in Federal Way and Tukwila. Revised 200J 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-5 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Table IV 1 200Q Co';ered Employment Estimates Emflloyment Category Federal Way Employees Countywide Employees -l,(W ~ e9;949 ~ Y;94+ (11.5%) 110,3131 (38.3%) ~ ~ 117,933 (12.9%) ~ (2a.l%) 189,157 (1a.5%) ~ ~ 158,307 (13.8%) ~ ~ 64-;4M ~ -l-;4M ~ ~ p.%j ~ 1,151,006 ConstructioB. aHa Researees FiRaaee, Iasuraace, and Real Estate Mamifacturing ~ Whelesale, Transportation, COmffillmeatioBs, aHd Utilities Educatioa Government *eta! Table IV-l 2006 Employment Estimates Federal Way and Kine County Emolovment FederaIWav Percentaee of South Kine Percentaee of Countywide Percentaee of Cateeorv Emoloyees Total Emoloyees County Total Emolovees Total Emoloyees Emoloyees Emoloyees Agriculture. Forestry & 50 0.13% 1.486 0.5% 10.512 0.84% Fishing Mining Q 0% 238 0.08% 247 0.02% Construction 1.467 3.77% 12.085 4.03% 53.201 4.23% Manufacturing 4.667 12.00% 64.192 21.42% 142.501 11.33% Transportation. Communication & 1.853 4.76% 39.491 13.18% 81.665 6.49% Utilities Wholesale Trade 1.332 3.43% 18.575 6.2% 66.811 5.31% Retail Trade 8.765 22.54% 59.503 19.85% 2"61.213 20.77% Finance. Insurance & 4.611 11.86% 15.603 5.21% 94.608 7.52% Real Estate Services 14.724 37.86% 75.091 25.05% 487.999 38.80% Public Administration 899 2.31% 10.295 3.43% 45.552 3.62% Non-Classifiable 410 1.05% 3.169 1.06% 13.149 1.05% Establishments Total 38.889 100% 299.728 100% 1.257.571 100% Source: South King County Economic Engine prepared by Hebert Research. Inc September 2006 Revised :!OO:J 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-6 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Market Share Industrial and business park space available to rent in Federal Way is a minuscule share of the Southend/Green River/Seattle market area. The South King County industrial area (including industrial parks, business parks, and flex-tech hybrid business/office parks) is currently the strongest real estate market in Western Washington. The industrial areas of south Seattle, Green River Valley, and Fife/Tacoma constitute one of the strongest markets for industrial, warehouse, wholesale, distributing, etc., businesses in the Western United States. The City of Federal Way is in a strategic position to capitalize on these markets by providing prime office space and room for new office development, as well as quality housing. Retail and Lodging :Oevelopment Developed and opened in 1975, the SeaTac Mall the Commons was the primary force behind the growth of retail in Federal Way during the 1980s. After a period of some decline in recent years, SeaTao Mall the Commons is currently a prime candidate for updating, redevelopment and/or repositioning to acquire a stronger market position. In 1995, Pavilons Centre replaced the old Federal Way Shopping Center, and in 2001 the Pavilions Center Phase II came on line, with more development at that location yet to come. In 1998, SeaTac Village was given a complete face-lift incorporating the City's commercial design guidelines. In addition, in the late 1990s, a new Walmart store moved into the City Center Frame, and there have been several renovations and remodeling of existing retail structures, including the conversion of the old Safeway building at the southwest corner of South 320lh and Pacific Highway into Rite Aid and the old K-Mart into Safeway. Within the last two years, In early 2000. a 45,000 square foot Best Buy has opened in the City Center Frame and a 52,000 square foot Albertson's remodel has occurred in the Community Business zone along Pacific Highway South. Between 1995 and 2000, four hotels/motels have been constructed in and around the City Center. These include Holiday Inn, Courtyard Marriott, Extended Stay, and Comfort Inn. In addition, a Holiday Inn Express and Sunnyside Motel (Travel Lodge) have been built south of the City Center along Pacific Highway. Hawthorne Suites, a 65 unit Country Inn, has been recently constructed along Pacific Highway South in the Community Business zone south of the City Center. In 2006 and 2007. that portion of the Community Business zoned area located between South 344lh and South 356th and Pacific Highway South and 1-5 experienced both new development and redevelopment of existing property. The Federal Way Marketplace. located north of South348lh Street. was developed on a vacant 33.5 acre site. Federal Way Crossings and Lowe's. located between South 348lh and South 356th Streets. were constructed on previously developed parcels 21 acres and 17.62 acres in size. respectively. The Federal Way Marketplace is a multi-tenant complex consisting of 295.000 square feet of commercial uses. including a 223.000 square-foot WalMart Supercenter. banks. sit down and drive-thru restaurants. office. and storage uses. Federal Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-7 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Way Crossings is a 224,500 square foot multi-tenant complex with retail, commercial, small offices, and restaurants; and Lowe's is a 169,000 square foot home imr>rovement warehouse and garden center. . Office Development Federal Way's East and West Campus Developments set a standard in the region as'two of the best examples of master-planned office campuses in the Pacific Northwest. The quality of development in this area is decidedly different than elsewhere in Federal Way and Southwest King County. Within the last two years tThe majority of new office devefopment has been located within Federal Way's East Campus~ which has seen the following development: Foss Office Building at 108,000 square feet; Capital One Office Building at 143,000 square feet; and Federal Way Office Building and Warehouse at 70,767 square feet. Currently. there is an additional 105342 square feet of office (East Campus Terrace) under construction. Since incorporation. +the West Campus area has seen little new office development. l\lthough ~rermits have had been issued. but not picked UP for additional offioe development in the 'Nest Campus, due to rising vacancy rates. there have stalled additional development f-or the near term. However. there has been recent increased interest in office development with an additional 27.575 square feet of office under construction in 2006-2007. In the City Center no new additional office development has occurred since the last comprehensive plan update, and office buildings continue to constitute a minority of the City Center's development. Other oommeroial areas \vithin the City have seen limited amounts of offioe development, suoR as the reoeflt Lleyd Enterprises building at 31667 Paoifio Highway South. Business Park (Light Industrial) Development Commercial Enterprise There has been no substantive Business Park development since the City's incorporation. This lack of recent Business Park development suggests the influence of market forces outside of the City limits, where cheaper land and established industrial parks act as a draw for prospective business park development. As a result. the City has adopted a new zoning designation. the Commercial Enterprise (CE) designation. which replaces the former Business Park CBP) zoning designation. The CE designation was created in order to meet changing market conditions. as indicated by City market studies and by numerous rezone requests. The CE designation is intended to capture the demand for a diverse mix of industrial, office, and retail sales and services. arrayed in well integrated. high quality developments~~ Residential use is contemplated only as mixed-use residential/commercial transitional use adiacent to single family-zoned residential areas south of South 356th Street. Revised ~ 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-8 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Residential Development One of Federal Way's strengths is the range and quality of its housing stock. The quality, quantity, and range of options for housing are major factors in business siting decisions. According to the 1990 US Census data, the median value of owner-occupied homes in Federal Way was 118,800. In contrast, the average sales price of Federal Way owner- occupied homes in 2001, as reported by the King County Office of Regional Policy and Planning, was 194,092, with single-family homes averaging 213,060 and condominiums averaging 112,135. These figures contrast with other King County cities, as outlined in Table IV-2. 2001 A SIp. Table IV-l CO 0 . d H . Ki C t vera2e a es rIces 0 woer- CCDPIe omes m 02 ODDlY Place All Homes Single-Family Condos Federal Way ]94,092 213,060 ] 12,135 Auburn ]97,965 2] 6,549 ]24,089 Renton 2]5,34] 248,27] ]49,608 Kent  I 98,844 222,580 142,577 Des Moines 206,379 207,302 202,]42 Seattle 318,671 342,922 240,619 King County 295,]58 32] ,700 ] 98,822 As one can see from the above data, homes in Federal Way are generally more affordable than in the immediately surrounding communities and are far more affordable than homes in Seattle and the Eastside communities. While single-family houses remain Federal Way's dominant housing type, the majority of housing starts since the late 1980s were multiple-family. Multiple-family units as a percentage of all housing units increased from less than 10 percent in 1970 to nearly 40 percent in 1990. During the late 1980s, there were twice as many multiple-family housing units constructed in Federal Way than single-family housing units. From 1990 to 1992, permitting of multiple-family construction stopped, and single-family construction slowed to about one-third oflate 1980 levels. It is interesting to note than in 1990 median monthly rental rate for Federal Way was 476, while the median monthly rental rate for King County communities varied between 398 and 458. That is, Federal Way's multifamily housing stock was on the higher end of cost within the region. Since then, Seattle and some Eastside locations have become particularly expensive, and Federal Way's multifamily housing stock is substantially more affordable than those locations, while averaging competitively with nearby communities, as seen in Table IV-3 (page 9). Since 1996, the vast majority of multi-family housing development has taken place in the senior/assisted living market. During that time approximately 792 senior or assisted housing units have been added in the City, in addition to 240 skilled-care beds. This is compared with approximately 135 non-senior multifamily housing units. The lack of Revised:1OO3 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-9 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development multi-family construction beyond this sub-market speaks to the recent market forces that appear to have discouraged investment in market rate multi-family development that commands lower rents than the King County average, as seen above. In order for the City to successfully encourage multi-family housing at a rate commensurate with the long range housing targets established under the GMA, City policy must address the market factors unique to this type of development activity. Table IV-3 A vera2e Multi-Family Rents, ~ "I\M Fall 2006 Place Two Bedroom! All Units One Bath Federal Way +W 726 +49 757 Auburn 9&4 -742 ~-768 Renton 8-l+ 809 &@ 862 Kent ~ 733 +4+ 765 Des Moines +9+ 731 ~ 713 North Seattle ~ 843 +&+ 791 Queen Anne -l-;-U)4 1.11 0 . 9U 933 BelJevue-West ~ 1.172 ~ 1.208 King County ~ 868 &@ 920 Source: Dupre + Scott 1 to 19 Unit Apartment Report. April 2006 Institutional, Educational, Cultural, and Recreational Development Federal Way enjoys a variety of affordable, high-quality health care. The City boasts three outstanding health care facilities, St. Francis Hospital, Virginia Mason Clinic, and Group Health. These facilities continue to grow and expand in the services they offer the region. In the last two years Between 2000 and 2002, Virginia Mason Has developed a 30,000 square foot building addition, and St. Francis Hospital is ourrently construct~ a 62,000 square foot addition. Built in 1998, the Knutzen Family provides a venue for professional theatre and the symphony. The Federal Way Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Services Department offers a summer concert series at Steel Lake Park, which is also home to the annual Family Fest celebration. Each year, Federal Way's July 4th Red, White, and Blues festival is held at Celebration Park, where the nationally acclaimed tournament soccer and baseball facilities draw additional tourist activities. Federal Way offers a number of collegiate and vocational opportunities. Highline Community College operates a local branch campus in Federal Way. The Eton Vocation College, located in the heart of Federal Way, is a vocational college focused on job training for today's competitive market. In 2001, the DeVry Institute of Technology opened their first Northwest Campus in Federal Way. This 100,000 square foot facility provides technology training customized to increase employee workplace skills. Revised 200J 2007,2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendments IV-10 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Summary In summary, Federal Way's role in both the Central Puget Sound area and Southwest King County has been defined by its inventory of prime office space in campus-like settings, wide variety of retail and services, and large stock of quality housing. These basic sectors are enhanced by Federal Way's regional role as a center for amateur athletics. Much of the highway oriented commercial space that was developed in the 1970s and 80s in response to rapid population growth has been starting to undergo redevelopment, and this trend will continue. The West Campus and East Campus areas serve as models for tm.e quality of modem commercial, office, and business park space Federal Way will need in order to attract its share of future regional growth. Urban design and infrastructure in other areas of Federal Way must be brought up to these standards. In addition, the existence oflarge parcels ofland ownership in the 344th/356th area and 31th/324th area of the core corridor will give Federal Way a development advantage. Federal Way will continue to foster the development of institutional and cultural amenities designed to enhance the City's regional image as a desirable community offering a high quality environment for living and working. Federal Way's Competitive Position in Southwest King County Subregion While many of the development patterns are set in the Southwest King County subregion, Federal Way and five other cities have seen, or will see, significant change. These additional five cities are Auburn, Kent, Renton, SeaTac, and Tukwila. Table IV-4 (page 11) encapsulates each of these cities' current market niches, as well as their opportunities and challenges, in order to help understand how Federal Way relates to its neighbors. As can be seen in the table, much of the area surrounding Federal Way is dedicated to industrial, light manufacturing, low-scale office parks, wholesale/warehouse, distribution, etc., especially in Auburn and Kent. Much of this is not in direct competition with Federal Way. Tukwila is the major retail center for South King County and provides the region's stiffest competition forregional retailers and retail establishments, such as department and furniture stores, specialty apparel, etc. While the trade area for Tukwila's retail sector is large, Federal Way lies at the most distant point in South King County from the Tukwila/Southcenter retail center, and its trade area overlaps or competes the least with Tukwila. The City of SeaTac provides little competition in the office, industrial, and retail sectors, but has successfully captured the airport-related lodging industry, with several higher-quality establishments, including conference facilities. Renton has historically had a strong economic base tied to the Boeing Company, with both healthy manufacturing and office sectors; however, both of these sectors have seen a substantial weakening with the Boeing Company headquarters relocation, work force lay- offs, and space consolidation. Auburn and Kent have also experienced a substantial increase in vacant light-industrial building space due to Boeing Company reductions. Notwithstanding relative levels of competition from other communities in specific commercial sectors, Federal Way does experience a "competitive" relationship with several nearby municipal governments that must be taken into account. The City of Renton is a recognized leader in the county with respect to economic development, with a Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-11 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development particular focus on downtown redevelopment and economic diversification. That city has invested public funds in land assembly projects that have attracted substantial residential, mixed-use, and auto dealership developments. Following Renton's lead are the communities of Kent and Tukwila, which have also targeted key redevelopment opportunities, acquiring/assembling land and attracting desired mixed-use development. Similarly, Renton and Kent provide tax incentives for certain residential development and provide other financial incentives to desired redevelopment projects. In addition, Tukwila, Renton, and Kent have made substantial personnel and facilities investments in improving customer service and turn-around times associated with development permits. . In addition to these five cities in Southwest King County, Tacoma is an important competitor to Federal Way. Tacoma is an older city that has made many efforts to improve its downtown and image for more than a quarter century. Tacoma city government has an aggressive economic development mission and is recognized regionally and nationally as a leader in the field. It has continually devoted its own funds, as well as state and federal grants, to stimulate economic development. Tacoma has a strategic location on the highway system and a strong port with much unrealized potential. In addition, both the city and suburbs have vacant and redevelopable land, as well as relatively cheap accessible land for residential development. Table IV-4 Summary of Economic Conditions in Southwest King County Cities Auburn Federal Way Kent Renton SeaTac Tukwila Current -Industrial areas -Regional mall -Industrial land -Business parks -Airport related -Regional retail Niche -Vacant land .-WestCampus -Boeing -Mid-rise office -Redevelopable land -Boeing -Regional mall -East Campus -Business parks -Mid-rise office -Redevelopable light - W eyerhaeuser Hdq -Vacant land -Mid- and high-rise industrial -Vacant land & lodging and -Mid-rise office redevelopable land conference centers -M id-rise and high- rise lodging and conference centers Opportunities -Commuter rail -Weyerhaeuser -Boeing facilities -Boeing & -Adjacent to SeaTac -Strong retail identify -Established office. -West Campus -Commuter rail PACCAR=s mfg. & Airport & concentration business parks. & -East Campus -Established office. office complex -Major HCT -Redevelopment industrial areas -Large concentration business parks & -Mid-rise buildings Stations planned potential -Cross-valley hwy of retail industrial areas -Potential -One large strategic -Location at cross- connector planned -Land assembled for -Cross-valley hwy redevelopment parcel assembled roads 1-405/1-5 redevelopment connector planned areas -Future hwy - cross- -Boeing officelmfg -Central location -Strengthening -Strengthening roads (1-5 & complexes between downtown downtown SR509) from -Proximity to SeaTac Tacoma & Seattle -New Permit Center -Strong economic Seattle will open Airport & to Port of . -1-5/SR 18 and investment in development focus acres for office and Seattle crossroads deve lopment -City partnership business parks -Commuter rail -HCT stations review resources with private sector unanticipated Ooportunitv for -City partnership in redevelopment -Permit process rec- downtown with private sector ognized for speed development in redevelopment of turnaround -City partnership with private sector in redevelooment Challenges -Distance from 1-5 & -Dispersed -Industrial image -Limited retail -Adjacent to SeaTac -Limited vacant land major economic development -No prospect for attractions Airport for business & concentrations pattern HCT -Limited land for -Massive office parks -Low-scale -Not on commuter -Off-center location business & office redevelopment -Freeway access not development rail onSR 167 parks required easy or obvious -Off-center location 'N ea1c Ele"/Rte .VII -Small land holdings -Not anticipated to -Land assembly -Limited vacant land -Wetlands inCBD be on HCT line req uired -No obvious center or -Reduction in Boeing -Wetlands -Off-center cross- -Not on commuter focal point within presence; vacant -Reduction in Boeing roads (1-405 & SR rail Tukwila buildings presence; vacant 167) -Limited quality -Limited quality buildings -Reduction in Boeing -residential supply -residential supply presence; vacant -No obvious center buildings or focal point Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-12 'FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development In summary, any program of economic development for Federal Way must monitor conditions and trends in Tacoma and Southwest King County, and act decisively and aggressively to increase the City's strategic position. Summary of Achievements Although the City of Federal Way's economic development efforts are relatively new, several important accomplishments in formulating the City's economic development strategy have already been accomplished. . The City of Federal Way/Federal Way Chamber Economic Development Committee meets monthly to discuss and develop economic development strategies and maintain a close and cooperative working relationship. . The City has developed Celebration Park which, in addition to the recreational amenities for City residents, includes tournament-quality soccer and softball facilities that attract players and tournaments from throughout the Pacific Northwest, thereby contributing substantial economic activity to Federal Way through expenditures for lodging, shopping, dining, and other services. · In 2001 the City officially incorporated an Economic Development Division within the Community Development Services Department and hired a Director. . With increasing lodging tax revenues, the City of Federal Way Lodging Tax Advisory Committee has expanded its work plan to include more direct efforts to stimulate tourism and visitorship to the City. . ,The City has co founded and co manages the Soma King County Teehnology Allianee, a vlorking committee of various munieipal entities and businesses witaiR South King County dedieated to f-ostering further development of the teehnology seetor ':lithin South King County. . The City has embarked on a concerted effort, led by senior management, to improve permit processes and reduce regulatory hurdles to development. In 2001, the City worked collaboratively with the Federal Way Chamber and other stakeholders to raise the thresholds that trigger right-of-way improvements associated with redevelopment, remodeling, and reuse of existing buildings. In 2002, the City has embarked upon a permit-process improvement effort that includes a public stakeholder advisory committee and study of best practices from around the region, and is intended to place Federal Way at the forefront of regional municipalities in regulating land use and construction effectively and efficiently. · In 2006, the City adopted a Planned Action SEP A for a sub-area of the City Center, more specifically described as an area bounded on the north by South 31ih Street, on the south by South 324th Street. on the west by Pacific Highway South, and on the east by 23rd Avenue South. The Planned Action designation Revised:!QQJ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-13 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development applies to proposed residential. retail. office, hotel, civic, and structured parking development falling within the development envelope analyzed in this EIS. The Planned Action SEP A and increased heights for mixed-use buildings containing rilUlti-unit housing in the City Center Core and City Center Frame adopted in 2006 is expected to encourage construction of multi-unit housing in the City Center area. 4.2 THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT VISION FOR FEDERAL WAY The vision for economic development in Federal Way can be encapsulated into four basic areas: 1) to retain existing businesses and attract new businesses in order to build a diverse economic base; 2) to increase the number of jobs within the City relative to the population of City residents within the labor force; 3) to foster redevelopment of the City Center from a low-scale, suburb ani zed commercial area to a full-service, high-density, mixed-use, and more pedestrian-friendly urban core and community focal point; and 4) to , build upon and expand the City's recreational and cultural assets to increase visitors to the City and encourage greater visitor spending within the local economy. The strategy encourages or accelerates the trends and transformations that are already occurring in this community. The major objectives of the strategy include the following: . Provide a better balance between housing and jobs by increasing the number of jobs within the City relative to the number of households. . Diversify the economic base by encouraging higher paying white collar and technical jobs while preserving and enhancing the strong retail base. . Generate more demand for hotel room-nights through growth in office and business part space. . Foster horizontal commercial mixed-use employment sector growth in the South 348th Street area in the fleaf mid-term (2000 2005) (2005-2010). . Foster continued Corporate and Office Park employment sector growth in East and West Campus in the mid-term (2000-2010). It should be noted that East Campus has Fecently been experiencing a high rate of growth and may reach build out during this time period. . Emphasize pr:ivate redevelopment and land assembly through the I-5/SR-99 corridor, especially in the City Center, as well as the 348th and 336th areas. . Redevelop and improve the quality of the commercial and residential mixed use development along Pacific Highway South from South 272nd Street to South ~tIl ~tIl 339th Street (2000-2010). Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-14 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development . Redevelop and improve the quality of the commercial and light industrial mixed use development along Pacific Highway South from South ~m1 339th Street to ~th 359th South Street (2000-2010). . Foster mid rise high-rise, mixed-use employment sector growth in the City Center Core with relatively lower height and density in the City Center Frame (2000-2020). . Encourage quality development throughout the City to attract desirable economic development in Federal Way. . Maintain and improve the quality and character of the existing residential neighborhoods. . Promote high quality, higher density residential neighborhoods in the City Center and Highway 99 corridor in close proximity to jobs and good public transportation. . Continue to work with the lodging providers to promote year-round vistorship to the City to encourage visitor spending as an important component of a growing local economy. . Work with other agencies to provide services for education and training, as well as social services and other remedial programs for the underemployed and the unemployed. Future Regional Role for Federal Way . Encourage greater diversity in the economic base by aggressive pursuit of a broader range of the components of the regional economic activity, as well as greater participation in international/Pacific Rim economic activity. · Increase its share of local resident-serving retail and services, and increase its share of regional, national, and international oriented business firms. · Increase its capture of region-serving office development. · Emphasize private redevelopment and land assembly through the I-5/SR-99 corridor, especially in the City Center, as well as the 348th and 336th areas. · Strengthen the City Center as the City's focal point for commercial and community activities. Transform the City Center into a regional commercial destination, as well as a major transit hub. · Generate more demand for hotel room-nights through growth in business park and offioe spaoe the commercial. office, and industrial sectors, as well as recreational and cultural amenities that draw visitors from throughout the Pacific Northwest and beyond. Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendments IV-15 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development · Take advantage of its location with respect to the Ports of Tacoma and Seattle, as well as the SeaTac International Airport. . Public and private sectors in the Federal Way area act cooperatively and aggressively to attract firms from throughout the region, the nation, and other countries. . Actively pursue relationships with areas in other parts of the Pacific Rim region for trade, commerce, and cultural advantage. . Actively pursue cooperation and collaboration with other nearby municipalities, organizations, and firms to market Federal Way and South King County for technology-related enterprises. Retail Areas · SeaTae Mall The Commons and other regional retailers within the City redevelop/reposition to meet changing consumer demand and become more competitive with other regional retailers. · High-volume retail in Federal Way increases faster than population. · Growth in resideNt-serving retail occurs in the City Center, existing commercial nodes, new nodes around the 1-5/South 320th and 1-5/SR 18 interchanges, and in redevelopment areas along SR-99. · Neighborhood scale retail development keeps pace with population growth and to an increasing extent, is accommodated within mixed-use buildings in more concentrated neighborhood villages. · Pedestrian-oriented retail development emerges gradually in the redeveloped City Center. · Small amounts of retail use occur on the ground floor of offices, residential buildings, and parking structures. . Neighborhood scale retail development in concentrated neighborhood villages emerges in response to growth in multiple-family concentrations in the 1-5/SR-99 corridor and new single-family development on the east side ofI-5. · Old, outdated strip centers along the SR-99 corridor redevelop as a mix of retail, office, and dense residential uses. · The large truck stop faeilit), at the intersection of Enchanted Parhvay and South MStIl Street is redeveloped into a retail or mIxed use eommereial eenter. Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-16 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Office Development . Offices of regional, national, and/or international firms locate in West Campus, East Campus, and the City Center. . Garden, high-rise, and mid-rise office space, and modem light-industrial buildings increase rapidly in areas with land assembled for business parks and in redeveloped retail areas. . Office development is integrated with retail, residential, afI:d or business parks. . Federal Way attracts more corporate regional headquarters and regional offices. . Smaller, older, outdated office structures are replaced with newer uses. · Integrated, campus-like high amenity areas are encouraged for corporate headquarters and modem research/development of high technology uses east ofI-5. . Development of technical and research space increases in East and West Campus. . Federal Way attracts more high-tech firms and firms whose business is related to high-tech industries. Business Park (Light Industrial) Commercial Enterprise Development . Business parks Areas designated Commercial Enterprise contain a mix of uses in and among buildings as dictated by the market for high qualitY space. . The City should explore potential ehanges to the Business Park Commercial Enterprise zoning designation is intended to meet changing market conditions and make the development of Business Park zoned land in this zone more economically viable. Residential Areas · High quality residential areas are important for attracting and retaining businesses. . A range of housing types, densities, and prices allow the broad spectrum of employees to live near their work and recreation. · The City of Federal Way encourages integration of high density housing with retail and other uses, especially along SR-99, north of South 339th Street, and in the City Center. Revised:!QQJ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-17 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Institutional, Educational, Cultural, and Recreational Development · The City of Federal Way will continue to work closely with existing institutional entities (such as St. Francis Hospital, Federal Way School District, King County Library, etc.) as important components ofa full-service local economy. . Federal Way's reputation as an important center for amateur sports competition and participation grows stronger, leading to potentially new facilities and venues, as well as increased visitorship and visitor spending in the local economy. · Federal Way's cultural assets increase in both scope and number, gaining greater patronage and attracting visitors from beyond the City limits. New cultural establishments are developed in Federal Way, such as museums, exhibitions, and performance vemles. Likewise, new cultural events become established in Federal Way, such as music festivals, art shows/festivals, etc. . Stimulate quality development of region-serving institutional and technical facilities. . Existing recreational amusement facilities continue to develop as regional tourist attractions. · The City of Federal Way creates working partnerships with institutions of higher education in order to encourage and support their expansion and further integration within the Federal Way economy, as well as to identify and exploit increasing opportunities for economic development. 4.3 FORECAST OF ECONOMIC GROWTH IN FEDERAL WAY The growth forecasts used in this chapter are derived from the 2000 Market Analysis and 2002 City Center Market Analysis, prepared by ECONorthwest, while other chapters are based on the PSRC regional forecasting model. In summary, probably the strongest sector in the near-term (five years) will be the retail! services sector. About 1.5 million additional square feet of retail tenant space may be expected during the next 20 years, with commercial areas throughout the City and the City Center alike sharing in the development. One particular sector that appears under- represented is the quality restaurant sector, in which the City will likely see additional development. Demand for new office development will likely be somewhat low in the near term, as office vacancies have risen substantially and rents have correspondingly fallen, region- wide. In addition, several office buildings, particularly in the West Campus area, exhibit substantial vacancies that can readily absorb near-term demand in the City. Nevertheless, the long-term picture looks good, with continued demand for and interest in office space in Federal Way, particularly in the East and West Campus areas. City Center office Revised:!QQJ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-18 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development development will likely lag behind for most of the planning horizon. However, generous zoning, panoramic views, and proximity to the freeways and transit may start to make the City Center a more attractive location for mid- to high-rise office development in the 10 to 20~year time frame. With regard to housing, only a small amount ofland remains in the single-family zoning districts to accommodate new single-family dwellings. As a consequence, the vast majority of new residential development will have to take the form of townhouses, small lot subdivisions and cottage housing, walk-up apartments, mid-rise apartments, and mixed-use buildings and/or high-rise residential buildings. As with the condition for single-family development, the majority ofthe multi-family-zoned land is also already developed, leaving primarily the commercial zones and City Center as the potential location of a great deal of the future residential development. Nevertheless, higher land values and construction costs, and lower relative rental rates compared with other communities in the region, act as barriers to residential development within the City Center in the near term, unless public-sector actions create financial incentives, reduce development costs, or otherwise create conditions attractive to housing developers. Therefore, in the short term, most multi-family housing developments wiltcontinue to be seen in the remaining multifamily-zoned areas and in the neighborhood commercial areas or other commercial areas along Pacific Highway South. While multi-family housing is generally not permitted in the Business Parle Commercial Enterprise_zones, this zone will oontinue to can accommodate senior housing some transitional residential/commercial uses adiacent to established single family-zoned residential neighborhoods deyelopments, as has been seen in reoent years. In the longer term, assuming no public-sector incentives, as rental rates rise and demand increases, housing developers will likely' respond to the opportunities for development within the City Center, and begin to add multi-family housing there, as well. Substantial new lodging development in Federal Way is not anticipated in the near term, unless actions are taken to increase demand substantially. With business travel somewhat cut back due to increasingly burdensome airline-travel procedures since September 11, 2001, the demand for hotel rooms has dropped. Business-related travel may be slow to return to earlier levels. Sports-related lodging demand during the late Spring, Summer, and early Fall has been solid over the past few years and is expected to increase, although development of new lodging facilities will likely not follow increased demand during only a few months of the year. If sports- or event-related facilities are developed within the City that could accommodate off-season events, it is likely that more near-term demand for lodging would rise and could occasion development of new facilities within the five-year timeframe. Like all forecasts, these should be periodically monitored relative to the real estate market and economic conditions in South King County, the Central Puget Sound region, and Federal Way. In addition, the economic development policies and underlying assumptions related to local and regional decisions concerning infrastructure, transportation systems, and land use regulation should be carefully monitored. Revised:!QQJ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-19 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development 4.4 IMPLEMENTATION Attributes of Successful Economic Development Programs Successful economic development programs typically have the following attributes. First, they receive material support and leadership from the mayor, City Council, and senior City staff. Second, the municipal leadership is willing to work creatively and cooperatively with private sector leaders and businesses to accomplish economic development goals. They have the ability and find the resources to target infrastructure projects and programs to encourage development or redevelopment of specific areas. To do this, they work aggressively to secure state and federal funds for local public and private assistance. Likewise, City staff is empathetic toward economic development goals and knowledgeable about working within City legal constraints, budget constraints, and community tolerances to assist businesses and the real estate development process. The staff also has the ability to react and make decisions quickly and consistently to provide assistance for private sector dealings with the public planning and regulatory processes. The staff's ability to link several programs, team up with other departments, and leverage limited funds allows them to take meaningful and effective action. In addition, the City should be creative and open to exploring and adopting innovative regulatory and incentive programs to attract and retain businesses and development projects, such as SEP A planned actions and developer agreements. Key among such programs should be any feasible efforts aimed at predictable and streamlined permitting processes. The City's Role in the Economic Life of a Community In the State of Washington, the direct actions that cities can take to encourage economic development have historically been more limited than in other states. Nevertheless, in the past few years several new and important tools have been made available to local communities to help encourage redevelopment, retain/attract jobs, and foster "smart growth." These tools include: · Community redevelopment financing (similar to tax increment financing) · Limited tax abatement for multifamily development · Community empowerment zone designation · Community renewal act (updated and expanded version of former urban renewal) · Tax deferrals and exemptions for high technology businesses and investment, as well as manufacturing investment Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-20 FWCP - Chapter Four. Economic Development . Industrial revenue bonds NotwithstandiIlg these state programs, there are still substantial constraints on the scope of actions a city government can do with respect to economic development activities. However, one of the most significant direct actions a city can take is to provide the necessary infrastructure. This includes: 1) developing long term facilities expansion plans; 2) designing the specific systems and projects; 3) raising or borrowing local funds to finance the projects or act as a conduit for state, federal, and intergovernmental funds; and, 4) forming public-private partnerships to jointly construct projects. Second, a city can deliver high quality and cost effective urban services. These necessary services include police and fire protection; parks, recreation, and cultural services; social- services and job training; and a well-run land use planning and regulatory process. In addition, a city can actively participate in public/private groups designed to help businesses and the development community as they work their way through the state and federal regulatory processes. Third, a city can directly impact economic development by doing market research or by being a landowner and developer. For example, a city could develop, maintain, and disseminate data and analysis on local development conditions and trends, as well as monitor important trends and assumptions upon which plans, programs, and strategies are based. In addition, a city can buy land, aggregate parcels, and make necessary improvement so that it is ready for new development or redevelopment. For some projects, a city can issue industrial revenue bonds or other tax-free municipal bonds. This also allows a city to joint venture with a private sector partners for appropriate development. In terms of indirect roles, a city can act as a facilitator to convene public and private entities to work on issues of local importance and reach consensus. Preparation of a comprehensive plan is an example of this important indirect action. A city can act as a representative oflocal resident's and business's interests in resolving regional and countywide problems such as traffic congestion, housing, and human service issues. A city can also mobilize local community support for important projects and problem solving; and work to imprqve the overall image of the community and in doing so, make the community more attractive for economic development. Lastly, a city's public investment in municipal facilities, such as city administrative offices, judicial/court facilities, community centers, and cultural and recreational venues can be a factor in inducing further economic development. By targeting a subarea for an infusion of redevelopment investment and daytime population, nearby businesses not only may see a greater captive market, but may also be encourag~d to remodel, renovate, and/or improve their establishments. Cultural and recreational facilities can have a wide range of economic impact, from simply attracting residents to a particular part of the city (e.g., city center) more frequently where they may patronize other businesses, to attracting visitors from around the region and country who will bring new revenue to the local economy through lodging, restaurant, and goods/services expenditures. Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-21 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development General Approaches to an Economic Development strategy There are basically four local economic development strategies that impact the level of private business growth in a community. · First, studies of employment growth experience in local communities in the United States show that the large majority of new jobs are generated by expansion and retention of businesses that are already located in the community. A city's role in this strategy is to help businesses resolve problems so that they can expand locally rather than move to another community. Problem resolution includes helping a business find a larger more suitable site, work through a land use or zoning regulation problem, or access necessary infrastructure. This strategy typically has low to moderate cost implications and a high probability of success. . Second, the relocation of firms from other parts of the country or new plant locations are rare and do not account for a significant share oflocal employment growth relative to overall employment growth in the United States. However, when new firms do relocate to the community, the boost in the local economy can be great and the "press" can attract the attention of other firms. Local governments can attract new business to their community through aggressive marketing strategies (websites, brochures, etc.), close collaboration with regional economic development councils and chambers of commerce, and through financial incentives. This strategy has high risk for the number of successes and has a high cost. · Third, new businesses that are the result of new business start-ups, spin-offs from existing local firms, and new business ideas and technologies are another effective way that communities increase employment and businesses within a local area. Local government encourages new business formation usually through indirect methods. These strategies can have moderate-to-high costs depending on the specific actions and low-to-moderate degree of success. · Fourth, tourism and visitorship can be very important components of a local economy. A city with recreational or cultural assets that draw visitors can build upon these assets to increase the numbers of visitors, the length of their stays, and the amount of money they spend in the local economy. Local government can work to market the community and its assets beyond the immediate region to bring in new economic activity and can invest in recreational or cultural infrastructure to attract more events and/or visitors. Human Resource Programs In addition to the economic development strategies discussed in the previous section, human resource development programs are another general way whereby cities can support economic development. These programs are often not included as parts of an economic development program because they focus on assisting people-the human resource for businesses. However, improving and remediating human resources is an Revised:!QQJ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-22 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development important long run approach. The previous four general approaches to economic development strategies try to raise revenues, reduce costs, or reduce risks for business location, facility investment decisions, and operating decisions of businesses. Human resource programs make a community attractive to new and existing businesses by improving the local labor force. Components of a human resources program may include: I) providing temporary support for underemployed workers, unemployed workers, and their families; 2) providing job training and retraining to improve an individual's ability to enter or remain in the work force; 3) creating referral and other programs that allow labor resources to become more mobile and to respond to information about job openings; and, 4) by providing social servic'e programs that meet the needs of community residents who are temporarily not able to participate in the economy. In many instances a City's human resources program addresses some, ifnot all, of these human resource development objectives. Economic Development Strategy For Federal Way As with many cities, Federal Way will have limited funds with which to pursue its economic development goals. The City will have to use its resources in a focused and prioritized manner to have a positive impact on the local economic base. Table IV-5 (page 22) summarizes how Federal Way will implement an appropriate economic development strategy. Sub Area of Who Initiates Federal Way Action PRIMARY ECONOMIC AREAS City Center Public w/ private support. ~1I>-3391hto ~1Io 3591h/SR99 and 1-5/SR 18 interchange Public w/ private support. West Campus Currenl landowners, East Campus Weyerhaeuser Corp. Table IV-5 Economic Development Areas and Actions What Land Uses Are How Are They Encouraged Encouraged Reasons Midlhigh-rise office. High-density MF residential. Civic/cultural, recreational7 Pedestrian-oriented retail. Mix oflow-rise office, retail & light industry. "Big box" retail. Buildout & maintain quality. High-quality corporale & office parks. Timing Sound Transit Station. To increase capture of Emphasis 5-10 In-fill infrastructure. regional growth. (20) years. Public amenities. To provide community Market amenities and assets focal point/core. Potential tax incentives. To obtain more full-range SEPA Planned Action" of goods/ services in City" Regulations that encourage Large parcels allow this Emphasis 0-5 high-quality design. subarea to respond to the (10) years. Aggressive infrastructure market for business & investment. industrial park uses in Large land assembly. Soulhwesl King County. Facilitate buildout through One of the City's prime Ongoing in prediclable, efficient commercial amenities as response to permitting process. one of the highest quality market. Assist maintenance of master planned infrastructure and public deveiopmenls in Ihe areas. Pacific Northwest. PrediClable, efficient One of City's prime In response to permitting process. commercial amenities. markel & Assist mainlenance of Large landownership with corporate infrastructure and public vision, resources, & track actions. areas. record can altracl major Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-23 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Reasons Timing Sub Area of Who Initiates Federal Way Action PRIMARY ECONOMIC AREAS 336th linkage: four primary economic dvpt areas. Public wI private support. Old Hwy 99. north of South 339th outside of main economic areas. Public wI private support. }\reas MellRe I 5/Sollth 320lh aRe I 5/SR 18 iRterel1aRges. GtHTeffi laReewflers. What Land,Uses Are Encouraged High density MF. Low rise office, Supportive retail. Public amenities, High capacity & business related. High density MF residential. Low rise office. Auto-oriented retail. Neighborhood commercial. High eeRsit)' Mf resieeRlial. Low rise effiee. .',lIte eneRtee retail. Neigl1eerhoee eemmereial. How Are They Encouraged Land use & capital improvements for gradual redevelopment/in-fill. Transportation infrastructure. Land use & capital improvements for gradual redevelopment & in-fill. Aesth~tic improvements through sign code and urban design guidelines. Predietaele, effieieflt permiltiRg preeess. .'\esthetie iffijlreyemeflls threllgl1 sign eeee anellrean eesign glIideliRes, investors, Provide housing & support services for economic areas. As appropriate for market Provide a range of housing & support services & retail for economic & residential areas. As appropriate for market Previee a range of ho IIsiRg & supper! serviees & retail fer eeeRomie & resieeRtial areas. As llflprepnate fer market Economic Development Goals The City of Federal Way will not wait for market forces to create the future, but will act to shape and accelerate the evolving market trends in the direction of its vision. The City will pursue the following goals to implement economic development. EDGl The City will emphasize redevelopment that transforms the City from a suburban bedroom community to a full-service community with an urban core. EDG2 The City will encourage concentration of non-residential development into four pnmary areas: . High-density mixed-use development in the City Center (31ih and 320th, SR-99 to 1-5) . Mixed use A mix of commercial. office. retail. and light industrial development in the area around 348th and SR-99 and around the I 5/South ~tII-aH6 1-5/SR 18 interchanges . High-quality office park development, including corporate headquarters, continued in and around West Campus . High-quality office development, including corporate headquarters in a park-like campus setting east ofI-5 EDG3 The City will help facilitate redevelopment of existing neighborhood commercial centers in the SR-99 corridor. north of South 339th and the 336th area between West and East Campus. Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-24 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development EDG4 The City will channel further residential growth into existing multi-family and commercial-zoned areas, with a particular goal of encouraging residential development in the City Center. EDG5 The City will encourage and support the development of recreational and cultural facilities and/or events that will bring additional visitors to Federal Way, and/or increase visitor spending. EDG6 The City will encourage and support existing businesses to remain and/or expand their facilities within Federal Way. Economic Development Policies EDPl Redevelopment of the City Center will continue to receive special attention in the FWCP. EDP2 The City will explore the feasibility and utility of a process to master plan the City Center, jointly funded by publie and private entities, to eneourage appropriate redevelopment. EDP~~ The City will continue to seek high-quality urban design and infrastructure standards for these areas. ' EDP4J The City will prepare a utilize the SEP A Planned Action for the City Center so that compliant development proposals may receive permit approvals with a minimum of environmental review. EDP~ The City will complete designs for public infrastructure to be jointly funded by the City and private landowners. EDP6~ The City will work actively to formulate ways for joint public/private funding of infrastructure. EDP+~ The City will develop zoning, permitting, and potential financial incentives that encourage prioritized development consistent with comprehensive and subarea plans and orderly, phased growth. EDP81 In order to encourage efficient and desired development and redevelopment of existing land designated and zoned for various types of commercial uses, when considering proposals for comprehensive plan amendments and rezones to commercial designations and from one commercial designation to another, the City will consider development trends in commercially zoned areas, market demand for various types of commercial land, and amount of vacant commercial land. EDP9~ The City will utilize innovative planning techniques such as Planned Unit Developments, and developer agreements to aid in efficient and predicable permitting for large developments. Revised :!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-25 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development EDP.w2 The City will explore innovative financing techniques such as Local Improvement Districts, Industrial Revenue Bonds, and other innovative financing tools to encourage desired redevelopment. EDPHI0 The City will work with the private sector to actively encourage the retention and expansion of existing businesses, as well as bring in new development, businesses, and jobs to the community. EDPHll The City will promote the community by working with the Federal Way Chamber and the private sector to develop marketing tools that attract new businesses, visitors, and investments. EDPY12 The G:ity will continue to develop and manage an economic development web page that promotes business and development within the community, provides an interactive database of information of value to businesses and developers, and involves the participation of the Federal Way Chamber and other stakeholder groups. EDPt413 The City will fund its portion of the public/private groups to allow them to do an effective job in marketing the community. EDP!S14 The City will continue to utilize design guidelines to enhance the urban environment to retain and attract businesses and residents. EDP!915 The City will ad6J* continue to implement a streamlined permitting processes consistent with state and federal regulations to reduce the upfront costs oflocating businesses in the City. EDPl-+16 The City will continue to pursue aggressive public safety programs designed to protect residents, businesses, and their investments. EDP1817 The City will encourage strong public and private leadership to solicit community support 'for internal and external funding assistance. EDPl918 The City will periodically monitor local and regional trends to be able to adjust plans, policies, and programs. EDP~19 The City will actively work with representative groups of business and property owners, including the Federal Way Chamber and other local business associations, to enhance citywide and subarea improvements and planning. EDPM20 The City, in conjunction with the local business community, will actively pursue ties to Pacific Rim nations and businesses to stimulate related business activity. ' EDP~21 The City recognizes the importance of cultural and recreational activity to its economy and through the Arts Commission and Parks Department will pursue joint ventures with private groups and individuals in developing cultural and recreational opportunities. Revised:!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-26 FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development EDP~22 The G:ity will encourage the expansion of existing and development of new multi-purpose facilities to host cultural and recreational activities in order to increase the number of visitors to Federal Way and resultant visitor spending. EDP~23 The City will continue to market the community for, and encourage development of, businesses in the high-tech sector. This effort will include exploration of regulatory and/or financial incentives to attract high-tech businesses and collaboration with regional communities, businesses, and local institutions of higher education to promote Federal Way and South King County. EDP~24 The City of Federal Way will strive to create working partnerships with institutions of higher education in order to encourage and support their expansion and further integration within the Federal Way economy, as well as to identify and exploit increasing <?pportunities for economic development. EDPU25 The City will consider opportunities to partner with local human-service organizations to assist in providing human resources development programs for unemployed or under-employed workers. The foregoing policies will assist the City of Federal Way to pursue an accelerated transformation toward the community's vision of its future. Table IV-6 (page 27) describes the four major employment, economic activity areas of the City that will receive the bulk of future commercial and industrial development. The table summarizes the characteristics, location, and planning process required as well as the major transformation required. The major public and private actions required for each area are listed. The Land Use and City Center chapters of the FWCP describe these four areas in more detail. Table IV-6 describes the current ownership pattern and major activities where the City will act affirmatively to transform these areas so that an increased share of regional growth will be attracted to the City. In the areas of multiple ownership, control and implementation of the community's vision will require more explicit effort and resources from the City government. Both West and East Campus have, or will develop, their own high standards for quality of the new development. The type of development expected to occur in each of the four major economic sectors important to Federal Way's vision is related in Table IV-7 (page 28). Also related in the table are who the main competitors will be for each of these four areas. The land use policies and regulations for each area should accommodate and encourage these activities. These policies and regulations are discussed in the Land Use, City Center; and Transportation chapters of the FWCP. Revised:!QQJ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendments IV-27 lJeVelOplU~U" ~- - [)escription Master-Planned Mixed Master Planned Corporate Horizontal Mixed-Use Vertical Mixed City Center Busiaess Parks Campus Campus Commercial Enterprise Area 31 th/3201h West Campus East ofl-S 3441h/3 5 6th Ownership Diverse Diverse Single Diverse Planning Joint PubliclPrivate Private emphasis Private Emphasis Joint publiclPrivate Increase office and residential Infill and continue trend Vacant to high quality corporate Scattered industrial retail Major Transformation Activity office to quality mixed sectors in mixed-use buildings since 1974. headquarters & high tech. used. Major Public Actions Comprehensive Plans X X X X Subarea Plans X Private Private X Planned Action SEP A X Design Standards X X X X Environmental Impact Analysis X X X X Infrastructure Planning X X X X Infrastructure Design X Private Private X Financing Joint Private Private Joint Examples Seattle CBD West Campus Redmond Willows Road High Tech Corridor Burnaby BC High Tech Corridor Harbor pointe Renton Bellevue Tukwila Vancouver, WA Kent Walnut Creek, CA Auburn Scottsdale, AZ Lynwood FWCP _ Chapter Four,Economic Development Table IV-6 C=City initiates and leads action IV-28 Revised 2003 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment FWCP - Chapter Four, Economic Development Market Segment Characteristics Current Competitive Vertical Mixed Master-Planned Master-Planned Horizontal Mixed-Use Examples City Center Mixed Campus Corporate Park Business PariES Commercial Enternrise RETAIL High Cube Freeway access Moderate amenities 348th & SRI8 High Volume Cheap land/space X Locales retail. office or light industrial areas Festival High density population & employment Pike Place Markel Regional draw Bellevue Square X Retail & restauralitS Westlake Center Mall stores Edmonds LaConner Employment & Resident High auto or pedestrian traffic Southcenter X X X X Suooorling Tacoma Mall Auburn Mall Rapidly growing population Southcenler X Mall-like Freeway access Tacoma Mall Hotel Serves employment centers SeaTac Tacoma X ORly at freeway Provides meeting soace Tukwila iRterseetioR X OFFICE Garden Heavy landscape Low pedestrian levels Older Bellevue Low/moderate in/out traffic Redmond Small business/professional & business services, X X FIRES Renton & Tukwila along Serves local & regional business arterials Auto oriented Residential areas close Mid-rise Larger tenants, sub-regional & regional Bellevue Tukwila Moderate landscape Renton Lynnwood Small/medium business services, medial/dental Queen Anne Facloria X X X OeeasisRally if parI sf FIRES Lake Union Tacoma Master PloR X Branch offices Moderate in & out Elliott Way Surface oarking or on deck Some transil Freeway interchanges High Rise/Higher Pedestrian traffic High amenities SeatI1e Public transit Larger businesses Bellevue Moderate traffic Professional services Tacoma X X Headquarters, branch offices Regional serving FIRES Underground or deck parking BUSINESS PARKS Auto/truck oriented Distribution & service High Tech Corridor Cheap land Warehouse/retail Eastside Lynnwood Employment density Government offices Renlon X X Manufacturing assembly Office local/regional Tukwila Professional & business service Kent D I Table IV-7 t Zones and L dU Revised :!QQJ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment IV.29 ) . \ ,\s a \l ! \ l \!ashon o U " t" · \SllIl\d \ 1 J ~ -1 ct) ) \, \ Glg "- "albol "\ " "TacOma foX . ~ 15\ and . oj. . 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"'V. ~ ""'\ J. ...J ... ..,,- ~ , J CHAPTER SIX - CAPITAL FACILITIES 6.0 INTRODUCTION The City of Federal Way is expected to add 6,188 housing units and 7,481 jobs between the years 200 I and 2022. This growth will stimulate the local economy and maintain a diverse and vibrant community. Unfortunately, it will also generate a corresponding demand for new public services and facilities, such as schools, parks, and streets. These new facilities, and the financial implications they will have for Federal Way and its citizens, are the subject of this chapter. The Growth Management Act The Growth Management Act (GMA) refers to capital facilities planning in two of the 13 statewide planning goals. The two relevant goals are: I. Urban growth. Encourage development in urban areas where adequate public facilities and services exist or can be provided in an efficient manner. 2. Public facilities and services. Ensure that those public facilities and services necessary to support development shall be adequate to serve the development at the time the development is available for occupancy and use without decreasing current service levels below locally established minimum standards. More specifically, the GMA mandates that the City prepare a capital facilities plan which contains the following components: . An inventory of existing facilities owned by public entities, showing the locations and capacities of the facilities. . A forecast of the future needs for such facilities. . The proposed locations and capacities of expanded or new facilities. . At least a six-year financing plan that will finance such facilities and clearly identify sources of public money for such purposes. . A requirement to reassess the Land Use chapter if probable funding falls short. In the pages that follow, this chapter complies with the GMA requirements for a capital facilities plan, ' FWCP - Chapler Six. Capital Facilities level of Service To prepare a Capital Facilities chapter, one of the first decisions a jurisdiction must make involves establishing a level of service (LOS) standard. The level of service standard refers to the amount and quality of services and facilities that a community wants. For example, the LOS for a parks system is usually described in terms of the number of acres of parkland per 1,000 population. Ifa community has a strong desire for a good parks system, it will establish a high LOS standard for itself, maybe something on the order of 20 acres of park per 1,000 residents. On the other hand, 20 acres of developed parkland is expensive to acquire, develop, operate, and maintain. As a result, the community may be forced, for financial reasons, to accept a lower LOS standard. In any event, adopting LOS standards for all the services and facilities the City provides would help it: I) evaluate how well it is serving existing residents, and 2) determine how many new facilities will have to be constructed to service new growth and development. Concurrency In addition to mandating that a Capital Facilities chapter be included in comprehensive plans, the GMA also introduced the concept of concurrency. In general terms, concurrence describes the situation where adequate and necessary public services and facilities are available "concurrent" with the impacts of new development, or within a specified time thereafter.' Concurrency has two levels of applicability. The first is at the planning level and refers to all services and facilities, over the long term, and at the citywide scale. Planning level concurrency is what this chapter is all about. It inventories all existing facilities and services, establishes a LOS standard for each, estimates new facility requirements to accommodate projected growth, and develops a financing plan that identifies the revenues necessary to pay for all the new facilities. If the necessary revenues are not available, then the jurisdiction fails the planning level concurrency test and must take appropriate action. Those actions include lowering the LOS standard, raising taxes, restricting growth, or a combination of these actions. This chapter satisfies the planning level concurrency requirement as outlined in the GMA. The second level of concurrency analysis is project specific and only required for transportation facilities. Specifically, the GMA (RCW 36.70A. 070[6]) states: "...local jurisdictions must adopt and enforce ordinances which prohibit development approval if the development causes the level of service on a transportation facility to decline below the standards adopted in the transportation element of the comprehensive plan, unless transportation improvements or strategies to accommodate the impacts of development are made concurrent with the development." That same section goes on say that "concurrent with the development" shall mean that improvements or strategies are in place at the time of development, or that a financial Revised :100:! 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.2 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital Facilities 'commitment is in place to complete the improvements or strategies within six years. To satisfy the project level concurrency requirement, the last section of chapter three, Transportation, contains a concurrency management discussion. As mentioned previously, project level concurrency is only required for transportation system facilities. However, the Washington State Office of Community Development's interpretation (WAC 365-195-070[3 J) states that, "".concurrence should be sought with respect to public facilities in addition to transportation facilities. The list of such additional facilities should be locally defined." This section goes on to say that local jurisdictions may fashion their own regulatory responses. [n 2001, the City hired a consultant to prepare a Traffic Impact Fee and Concurrency Management System. The study is expected to be completed in the Spring of 2003. The City adopted a Transportation Concurrency Management System. which became effective January 1. 2007. Impact Fees Local jurisdictions planning under the GMA are authorized to assess impact fees for development activity as part of financing for public facilities, such as parks, transportation, and schools. Impact fees must be based on an adopted capital facilities plan. In addition, the collected fees must be used for projects that are reasonably related to and will reasonably benefit the development paying the fees. The fees must also be used within a specified time from the date they were collected or returned to the payee. Impact fees may be imposed for system improvement costs previously incurred to the extent that new growth and development will be served by the previously constructed improvements, provided they not be imposed to make up for any system improvement deficiencies. To impose an impact fee program, the City must have a plan in place to make up any existing system deficiencies. Countywide Planning Policies The Countywide Planning Policies (CWPPs) originally adopted in 1992, and amended in 1994, contain a number of goals and policies regarding capital facilities and the provision of urban services. Those relevant CWPPs are the following: CO! Jurisdictions shall identify the full range of urban services and how they plan to provide them. C02 Jurisdictions and other urban service providers shall provide services and manage natural resources efficiently, through regional coordination, conjunctive use of resources, and sharing of facilities. Interjurisdictional planning efforts shall evaluate approaches to share and conserve resources. C03 Service provision shall be coordinated to ensure the protection and preservation of resources in both Rural Areas and in areas that are Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-3 FWCP - Chapler SIX. Capital Facilities developing, while addressing service needs \vithin areas currently identi fied for growth. C04 All jurisdictions acknowledge the need to develop a regional surface water management system which crosses jurisdictional boundaries and identifies and prioritizes program elements and capital improvements necessary to accommodate growth and protect the natural and built environment. The GMPC shall develop and recommend a financing and implementation strategy to meet this need. C05 Water supply shall be regionally coordinated to provide a reliable economic source of water and to provide mutual aid to and between all agencies and purveyors. The region should work toward a mechanism to address long-term regional water demand needs of agencies and water purveyors. C07 Water reuse and reclamation shall be encouraged, especially for large commercial and residential developments and for high water users such as parks, schools, golf courses, and locks. COlO ill the Urban Area identified for growth within the next ten years, urban water and sewer systems are preferred for new construction on existing lots and shall be required for new subdivisions. However, existing septic systems, private wells, and/or small water systems may continue to serve the developments so long as densities and physical conditions are appropriate, the systems are allowed by the relevant jurisdictions, and management keeps the systems operating properly and safely. C013 Urban sewer system extensions in unincorporated King County shall be permitted consistent with the provisions of the King County Sewerage General Plan, Countywide Policies, and the policies of the jurisdiction in whose potential annexation area the extension is proposed. FW13 Cities are the appropriate provider of local urban services to Urban Areas, either directly or by contract. Counties are the appropriate'provider of most countywide services. Urban services shall not be extended through the use of special purpose districts without approval of the city in whose potential annexation area the extension is proposed. Within the Urban Area, as time and conditions warrant, cities should assume local urban services provided by special purpose districts. FW32 Public capital facilities of a Countywide or Statewide nature shall be sited to support the Countywide land use pattern, support economic activities, mitigate environmental impacts, provide amenities or incentives, and minimize public costs. Amenities or incentives shall be provided to neighborhoods/jurisdictions in which facilities are sited. Facilities must be prioritized, coordinated, planned, and sited through an interjurisdictional process established by the GMPC, or its successor. Revised 200:! 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendmenl VI-4 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital F acihlres LU29 All jurisdictions shall develop growth-phasing plans consistent with applicable capital facilities plans to maintain an Urban Area served with adequate public facilities and services to meet at least the six-year intem1ediate household and employment target ranges consistent with LU67 and LU68. These growth phasing plans shall be based on locally adopted definitions, service levels, and financing commitments, consistent with State GMA requirements. The phasing plans for cities shall not extend beyond their potential annexation areas. Interlocal agreements shall be developed that specify the applicable minimum zoning, development standards, impact mitigation, and future annexation for the potential annexation areas. LU30 Where urban services cannot be provided within the next 10 years, jurisdictions should develop policies and regulations to: . Phase and limit development such that planning, siting, density and infrastructure decisions will support future urban development when urban services become available. . Establish a process for converting land to urban densities and uses once services are available. Funding/Financing Typically, cities and the residents they service would like to have higher LOS standards than they can afford. Federal Way has worked hard to provide the highest LOS possible without raising taxes. It is a difficult balance to maintain and the City is currently at a point where it may have to consider raising additional revenues to pay for capital facilities and the associated maintenance and operations costs. If the City decides to generate additional revenues, there are several sources available. Some of these revenues are "on-going" in the sense that the City levies the tax and the revenues are added to the City's general fund on an annual basis. On-going revenues include property taxes, sales taxes, utility taxes, impact fees, and business and occupation taxes. The other category of funds is called "one time" funds because the City cannot count on having these funds available on an annual basis. These funds include bond sales and grants such as, TEA-21, lAC, and Urban Arterial Fund money. On-going funds can be used for either capital facilities or maintenance and operations. However, it is prudent financial management and adopted City policy that one-time funds be used only for capital improvements, As is discussed later in this chapter, the City proposed two bond issues to finance capital facilities in the Fall of 1995. As part of that bond issue, voters were asked to approve a permanent utility tax to pay for the maintenance and operations costs associated with the new capital facilities. Revised 200:12007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.5 FWCP - Chapter SIX. Capital FaCilities 6.1 SURFACE WATER Inventory of Existing Facilities Natural Systems The Federal Way area consists of two major drainage basins, the Hylebos Creek and Lower Puget Sound. The Hylebos Creek Basin consists of the West Branch Hylebos Creek, East Branch Hylebos Creek, and the Lower Hylebos Creek Sub-Basins. The Lower Puget Sound Basin consists of the North Lower, Central Lower, and South Lower Puget Sound Sub-Basins. Map VI-l (maps are located at the end of the chapter) shows the planning area boundary, and boundaries. Map VI-2 shows the major features of the natural system. The natural systems have been reviewed on a sub-basin level. This sub- basin information is contained in the City's Comprehensive Surface Water Facility Plan. Man-Made System , As part of its 1994 Surface Water Facilities Plan, the City completed an inventory of the stormwater drainage trunk system. There are ten major trunk lines in the system, and one can find more details about their capacity and location in the Surface Water Plan. The City has made a significant number of improvements to the manmade system since incorporation in 1990. Most of the projects completed to date corrected existing localized flooding problems. As a result of resolving these "spot" problems, the City and its surface water utility have significantly improved the LOS on a system-wide basis. The City has gone to a regional system for detention/retention of surface water. Several regional detention/retention facilities have beeI1, or will be, constructed to handle stormwater runoff. However, individual developments must treat stormwater on site prior to releasing it to the regional system. System Capacity As part of the Surface Water Facilities Plan, the City developed a model of its surface water facilities, including the natural part of the system, the various lakes, streams, and wetlands. This model uses the following design or LOS standards: .' 25-year storm conveyance capacity on lateral systems; · 25-year storm conveyance capacity on major trunk systems; . 25-year storm storage capacity in local retention/ detention facilities; and . 100-year storm storage capability in regional retention/detention facilities. Based on these LOS standards and the data on existing facilities, the model helps utility engineers identify deficiencies in the existing system and the most cost effective way to , resolve them. The model also allows engineers to describe the new facilities that will be needed in the future to accommodate new growth and development as outlined in the Land Use chapter. Revised :1002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.6 FWCP - Chapler Six, Capital Facilities Forecast of Future Needs Based on model results, utility engineers annually update a detailed 10 six-year capital facilities plan. The plan identifies projects, prioritizes them, estimates the cost, and re- examines the utility rate strUcture to ensure that there is sufficient funding available over the next -W six years to construct these projects (Table VI-I, at the end of the ohapter next ~), Locations and Capacities of Future Facilities Table VI-l includes the surface water facilities project list. For more complete discussion of this list, and maps describing project locations, please refer to Chapter IV of the City's Comprehensive Surface Water Plan. As noted earlier, these projects address existing system deficiencies as well as the new facilities that will be needed to accommodate projected growth. Finarice Plan The City has created a surface water utility to manage stormwater drainage, prevent flooding, and improve water quality. The City charges property owners an annual surface water fee, which is based upon the amount of impervious surface on the property. These fees, along with any outside grant monies and low interest loans, provide the revenues that pay for capital facilities projects, and operation and maintenance of its surface water system. As outlined in Table VI-I, projects are scheduled based on anticipated revenues. The capital facilities spreadsheet indicates project scheduling based on available funding and priority ranking. The City annually updates the capital facilities plan for surface water. The Comprehensive Surface Water Plan, which includes the capital facilities plan, is adopted by reference in this plan, including changes made during the City's annual update. 6.2 TRANSPORTATION The GMA requires that local jurisdictions prepare a transportation chapter as part of the Federal Way Comprehensive Plan (FWCP). The GMA also authorizes jurisdictions to assess impact fees for transportation system improvements that are necessary to accommodate the traffic created by the new development. In order to assess impact fees, the capital facilities plan must include the list of transportation improvements and associated costs that necessitate the impact fees. Discussion related to Transportation- related capital facilities can be found in FWCP Chapter 3, Transportation, Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-7 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities Table VI-I City of Federal Way Facilities Plan Surface Water Mana2ement Component 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total SWM SOURCES Revenues and Financing CarTY Forward from CIP and Ooerations 7.030.158 6.206.435 5.025.729 3.896.890 3.351.65\ 2.878.155 968.961 User Fees with GMA Proiect Growth 3.239.534 3.232.389 3,256.629 3.28\.054 3.305.662 3,330,454 3.355,432 46.657.770 Interest Earnings 75.564 171.536 152.212 131.901 119.685 90.634 64.086 1.449.806 Transfer In - Streel Fund 149.901 149.901 149.901 154.398 159.030 163.801 168.715 2,106.172 Grant Funding 1.093.160 720.000 Subtotal Revenues and Financing 11.588,317 10.480.259 8.584.470 7.464,243 6.936.027 6,463.044 4.557.194 113.867.643 Expenditttres - One Time & Debt Service One Time Funding 0 Public Works Trust Fund Loan 203.577 201.754 199.930 198.107 196.283 194.459 192.636 3.757.108 Subtotal Expenditures 203,577 201,754 199,930 198,107 196.283 194.459 192,636 3,757.108 Available Revenue 11,384,739 10,278.505 8.384,540 7.266,137 6,739.744 6.268,584 4,364,559 110.11 0.535 Total Required Sources 5,254.682 5.454.530 4,687,580 4.112.593 4.057,873 5.494.083 3,859.339 59.421.297 SWM USES Maintenance and Operations Current 2.540.016 2.576.016 2.578.016 2.664,432 2.753.752 2.846.074 2.941.500 36.895.119 Subtotal Maintenance and Operations 2.540.016 2,576,016 2,578.016 2,664.432 2.753.752 2,846,074 2,941,500 36,895.119 Annual Programs III Fund 221.744 200.000 207.000 214.245 221.744 229.505 237.537 2.809,041 Subtotal Annual Programs 221,744 200.000 207.000 214,245 221,744 229.505 237.537 2.809,041 Capital Proiect List SPB-CIP-OI: Joe Creek Regional 1.542.391 1.946,489 Detention Pond SP J2-CIP-02: Lake Jeane Outlet 125.000 430.000 555,000 Control Structure SP J2-ClP-02: Lake Lorene Outlet 95.000 295.000 390,000 Control Structure 5 373'd Bridge Reolacement Proiect 160.000 661.760 910,000 SPJ4-CIP-01: SW 325'" SI 150.000 150,000 Culvert/Trunk Reolacement SPIJ-CIP-02: Lower 10es Creek 323.678 1.898.373 2,222.051 Channel Restoration 5PL5-CIP-02: SW 332"d 51 Trunk 200.000 635.000 835,000 Replacement CPR6-CIP.0 I: S 308'" 51 Lateral 60.000 105.000 165,000 Revised 2002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-8 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital Facilities 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total Drainage Intercept SPM3-CIP-02: East IS-Inch Lateral 211.953 248,092 Detention WH 12-CIP-02: S 316'" PI Detention 88.188 517.223 605,411 Facility WH07-C1P-02: I" Way STrunk 97,634 572.621 670,255 Replacement CPR6-CIP-02: Outlet Channel 50.000 130.000 180,000 Modification WHI5-CIP.02: 21" Ave SW Detention 60.615 355,506 416,121 Facility WH II-CIP-04: Low Flow 45,193 265.056 310,249 Diversion/Infiltration Trench W Hvlebos Channel Riparian Habitat 400.000 720.000 1,120,000 Easement ACQuisition 10'" Ave S Drainage Improvement 55,000 375.000 430,000 S '336'" and 348'" Ave S Drainage 25,000 120,000 t 45,000 Improvement SR 99 Phase III Cost Share 150.000 150,000 6.3 PARKS AND RECREATION Inventory of Existing Facilities The City of Federal Way adopted the first Park, Recreation, and Open Space Comprehensive Plan in December of 1991. The City updated the Plan in 1995~ aRtl 2000~ and 2006. This plan, which is now called the Parks, Recreation, and Open Space CulhH'al Services Plan, is incorporated by reference. The planning area of the 1991 and 1995 Parks, Reoreation, and Open Space Comprehensive Plan included both the Federal Way City limits and the Potential i\nnexation :\rea (P,^..,,:\). The boundaries changed in the 2000 and 2006 Parks Plan~ flfl6 are based only on the City limits of Federal Way~ although the Potential Annexation Area (P AA) is inventoried and discussed. As in previous plans, the Parks Plan has been subdivided into subareas, referred to as Park~ Plan Planning Areas (Map VI-3), for purposes of long-range planning. The 2002,2 Parks Plan I1pdates the inventory to include new parks and properties added to the City's system. In addition to City-owned parks and open space, the Parks Plan also lists school district, state, and county facilities, as well as private recreation facilities. Map VI-4 depicts the location of major parks and open space within the Federal Way planning area. Table VI-2 summarizes this inventory as of January' 2002 June 2006. Revised :1002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendmenl VI-9 FWCP - Chapler Six, Capital F acililies 4.2 mi Trails Acreage 4 Park Facilities Acrea e Total Develo ed Park Land Total Undevelo ed Park Land Total Park Land in Federal Wa ACRES ~ 156.4 ~ 222,3 0,0 M 118.0 ~25,8 49M 522,5 ~ 543.5 8#.0 1066,0 When the City incorporated in 1990, there were approximately eight acres of parkland available per 1,000 population in Federal Way. Since that time, the City has purchased additional property and developed new facilities. These include the Lake Killamey Open Space Park, Heritage Woods Neighborhood Park, Wedgewood Neighborhood Park, BPA Trail I, II, and III, purehase of the Armstrong property, Madrona Park, Cedar Grove Park, bake Klahanee Lake Community Senior Center, Dumas Bay Centre, Celebration Park, aHd Steel Lake Annex facilities, and the Community Center, which opened March 2007. In 2004, Washington State Parks transferred West Hylebos Wetlands Park to the City. King County has also transferred several properties to the City in the last six years. These parks and facilities are described in greater detail in the Parks Plan, As of 200~Q, the City is providing 10.-+9 acres of parks land per 1,000 population. The City's goal is to aehieve maintain a level of service of 10.9 as Federal Way grows in population and size. The reason for the decrease in level of service is primarily due to the actual inorease in_Federal Way's populatioA as shown in the 2000 Census compared to the yearly population estimates by the State Office of Financial Management (OFM). The 2000 Census showed the Federal Way population to be 83,259, v:hereas the 2000 OFM population estimate fnr Federal Way 'was 77,010, a diff-erence of 6,219. The City's ourrent 2002 population is 83,850, and current inventory of parkland is 816 aores. In order to meet the goal of 10.9 acres per 1,000 population, the City needs to add 68 aeres of parkland to the existing in'lentOl)'. /\s sho'.vn on Table VI 3, the Parks Six Year Capital Improvements Plan 2002 2007 (CIP) has parks acquisition as an on going project category. On going aoquisition is necessary to meet the level of service goal of 10.9 acres per 1,000 population. In the past, the City has obtained land through plat dedication. The City is also now considering a Park Impact Fee to provide funds for parks acquisition and deve I opment. In addition to acquiring and developing new facilities, the City has taken administrative actions to take advantage of other available public recreational facilities. The City enacted interlocal agreements with the School District to jointly operate and maintain school recreational facilities. As a result, the City jointly operates and maintains a major community park in conjunction with Saghalie Middle Junior High Schoo\. Also, the City has agreements to provide recreational programs and schedule play fields at several elementary schools, in addition to junior high middle schools. These facilities are now formally available nights and weekends, year around for use by local residents. Revised :!002 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-10 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities As referenced above, City residents now have access to 10.+.2 acres of parks and open space per 1,000 population. This inventory includes City owned parks and open space within the City limits. The City currently provides 84e 1066 acres of parkland, which the City maintains and operates. Of the total 84e 1066 acres, 49B 522.5 acres is developed for recreational use areas and ~ 543.5 acres is still undeveloped. Note: Washington State Parks has a regional park facility within the City limits, which residents often use. Dash Point State Park is 230 acres of state land, which provides a regional (statewide) recreation use for camping, swimming, picnicking, walking trails, and beach front. The state park land is not included in the City's LOS simply because the state owns, operates, and maintains this facility. For the purposes of parks planning, the recommended LOS standard in the City's Parks Plan and this Capital Facilities chapter is 10.9 acres of City owned parkland per 1,000 population. Forecast of Future Needs The 200()Q Parks Plan states that ,",<,hen future annexations occur, the inventory of public park and open space land will be adequate to serve both the current and future proiected population within the City and P AA. However, much of this acreage is un-programmed, undeveloped open space. The primary deficiency, both now and proiected, is in improved trails. The updated Parks Plan makes recommendations based on five Core Values identified through an extensive planning process. Four of these relate to capital facilities and include: Core Value #1: Improve Existing Facilities and Provide Multiple Functions in Parks Core Value #2: Develop a Walking and Biking Community Through an Integrated Trail and Sidewalk Network Core Value #3: Retain and Improve Our Open Spaces Core Value #4: Create Community Gathering Place and Destinations Capital facilities that respond to these Core Values have been incorporated into the Six- Year CW. Some of the maior efforts planned for this six year period include: · Design and redevelopment of Lakota and Sacaiawea Parks · Acquisition of Camp Kilworth and associated site improvements to allow public access · Introduction of community gathering spaces in neighborhood parks · Site and building assessments for, Dumas Bay Centre · Trail and Pedestrian improvements · Upgrade Saghalie Park soccer field to artificial turf maintain the City's current level of service until the year 2010. In addition, the City completed a cultural arts survey in 1994. The survey evaluated several alternatives for a Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-l1 FWCP - Chapter SIX. Capilal Facilities performing arts center and concluded that at some time in the near future, the City would need such a facility with a capacity of about 1,000 seats. The City has converted a portion of Dumas Bay Centre into the Knutzen Family Theatre, a 250-seat civic theater facility. This facility will begin to fulfill the identified community need for a performing arts center. Locations & Capacities of Future Facilities Map VI-4 indicates the location of the parks, recreation facilities, and open space subareas the City will need to maintain the adopted LOS. The Parks Plan breaks the planning area into subareas and addresses future facilities at the subarea level. For more details about the type, size, and cost of these new facilities, please refer to the 20~Q Parks Plan. Maf) VI-4A shows potential locations of public spaces in the City Center: Finance Plan Table VI-3 (Parks Six-Year Capital Improvements Plan, 200~Q-200+ 12, page .11) describes the proposed parks projects that will be needed between now and the year 2012, together with cost estimates programmed by year. Table VI-3 also identifies the revenues that will be available during the same time period to finance these new facilities. Please refer Section VII (Capital Improvement Plan) to Chapter 7, "Implementation," of the 200~Q City of Federal Way Parks, Recreation, and Open Space Comprehensive Plan for detailed information on the finance plan. The City annually biennially updates its Parks & Recreation €~apital ijmprovements Plan program. These updates reflect new project priorities, eliminate projects that have been completed, and add new projects to the program. Revised :!OW 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-12 ----- 1 l- ~~$~%l~ l l-$ $a'. i \-- 1 ~t \~ ~~ ~~ l-- \. i ~ 'l- ( i 'I-- C i ~ \"! ~i.- on '" .~ U- ~ <g- o '" (j; ~ g- o \ 'G ''?- U- a'.$ I a'. J 1~1%1.~t 11.~1~~ l1!\~~~ 11 ~ a'. 1 ~ ; a'.~~ ~~ ~~ ~I", U - co .. co "' C oe; :2- ~ '!'! i CP,\ \ :2- $a'.; a'.$ ~~ 1 ~ ~ ~% 1 ta'. ~ 1 ~~ ~ ~ a'.a'. ~ a'.t~ ~ ~~ l~ a'.~ %~ It a'. ~~ ~ ~~ a'. ~ $a'.;t ~ ;ta'.~ ~: aia'. ~l~ ~ a'.1~ a .I..'~' ...... s.,ss' ~ I [. 11 ~\\ \,'\:I~i& ... i~i~. · .", o 2 <; t iU Z. \ Z. '" c .. 1\ ~ <;; '5 i '0 ~ , c FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities Table VI-3 Parks Six-Year Capital Improvements Plan, 2007-2012 Li !LtbQYsands) Sources/Uses 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total Real Estate Excise Tax 1,007 344 460 510 507 421 2292 Misc. Transfers 21 21 Grants/ Anticinated 810 500 1.000 2.310 Grants/Contributions Received Mitigalion Funds Received 110 110 General Fund 0 Total Financing Sources 1,533 344 320 870 385 1.281 4,733 Park Proiects Playground 134 134 Ij6 136 137 138 815 BMXlBike Facilitv 15 15 Camn Kilworth - ACQ, & Imp'ls 1.550 1,100 800 3.450 Communitv Gathering SDaces 30 37 108 112 112 126 525 Downtown Public Space 100 100 Dumas Bav Centre: Buildino 33 193 140 140 140 140 786 Dumas Bay Centre: Site Restor. 137 Lakota Park Design & Redev, 723 11.000 11.723 Maior Maintenance - Park Facil. 110 110 110 110 110 110 660 Panther Lake Open SDace 24 68 92 PoverlV Bav Master Plan 41 41 Saghalie Pk Soccer Fld - ArtifTurf 920 920 Trail & Ped Access ImD'ts 40 130 78 65 67 70 450 West Hylebos Boardwalk 1.365 1.365 Subtotal (G) 4,736 1,704 2,256 IUi72 1513 'U)03 3QJl84 ' Unfunded Endin" Balance 0 0 (877) (10.669) (988) (7.582) l1.QJlQ) 6.4 Community Facilities Significant community investments have been made in the last 10 years to implement the community's vision for Federal Way. In addition to the investments in the surface water, transportation, and parks areas, the City also acquired and improved a basic set of community facilities to house City operations and provide space for community gatherings and recreation. The City acquired the current City Hall, Klahanee Lake Community/Senior Center (KLCCJ, and Dumas Bay Centref (a conference and retreat facility) in 1993. Strong local support in community recreation and arts activities translated into the City Council's adoption of a 2% For the Arts ordinance to provide funding for arts in public places in 1994, and the construction of the 254-seat Knutzen Family Theatre in 1998. The new City HalL which consolidates most City administrative offices, Public Safety, and the Municipal Court in one facility, was acquired in 2003. Also in 2003, King County divested itself of community swimming pools constructed with 1970 era Forward Thrust funds. The Citv assumed the operations of Kenneth Jones Pool (KJP) as a result Revised :!002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.14 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital Facilities The City began construction of a new 72,000 square foot Community Center in fall 2005. Construction was completed in early 2007. The facility houses Recreation and Cultural Services staff, and includes athletic and communitv facilities suitable for a wide variety of events and programs. The facilitv will replace the KLCC and KIP operations. KLCC was surplused and sold in 2005 and leased back until the new center opened, The KJP facility will be returned to the Federal Way School District, who owns the underlying property . Since 1995, the City brought a number of oontracted services in house to meet public demand for more responsive and responsible government servioes. Among these services v:ere the formation of the Federal 'Nay Police Department (996), street maintenance operations (1998), and the municipal court (2000). These changes brought different levels of demand on public faeilitics an.d the need for a comprehensive community facilities plan. Inventory of Existing Facilities As of January 200Gl, the City owns or occupies a number of facilities, as shown in Table VI-4 and Map VI-5. Projected Community Needs The City has identified a number of facilities to help deliver services more efficiently and adjust to the changing demographics of this community in the future. These projected needs are beyond the City's ability to fund within the six-year planning horizon. However, in order to keep the community's vision alive, we purposely did not exclude any of these community projects. The City Council will periodically review and prioritize these projects and provide funding when available. A description of these facilities with a summary list is provided in Table VI-5 (page 13). Table VI-4 Summary of Existing Community Facilities Building Name City Hall Own/ Leased ------- Own Use Sq, fl/Occupancy ------.-- 27,180/110 FTE 88,085/approximatelv 300 FTE and Council Chamber 23,0001150 HE City operations not otherwise listed Pljblic Safet)' (3 locations) Police Evidence M\,lnicipal COljrt beasea Police Operations Own beasea Police evidence room COljrl Operations Q. 000/2 FTE 6,700/11.75 FTE and 2 cOljrlrOOms Klahanee Community/ Senior Center Kenneth Jones Pool GwA Leased Leased Communily recreation and Rrec,reation 11,200/13 FTE, gym, kitchen, etc, operations Community pool Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.1S FWCP - Chapter SIX. Capital Facilities Building Name Federal Way Community Cenler Steel Lake Annex Steel Lake Mainlenance Shop Dumas Bay Center (DBC) Knutzen Family Theater (at DBC) Miscellaneous Outdoor Storage Miscellaneous Indoor Slorage Own/ Leased Use Own CommunilY recrealion center wilh gym. pools. senior lounge. pre-school. and educational classrooms and multipurpose room with kilchen, Recrealion slaff offices, Own Daycare, arts and crafts programs Own Maintenance operations, outdoor equipmenl and material slOrage Own Public park, meeting/banquet! overnight lodging 254 seats performing arls Iheatre and rehearsal hall Own Leased Street maintenance material and park equipment storage Leased Spare office equipment/facility parts/records Sq, ft/Occupancy 72.000/13 regular FTE and approximately 20 part-lime temporary personnel Opened in 2007 1,I61/program only ~ ~Il 0 office and maintenance ~/32 FTE ~ aooroximatelv 90 sa ft storage. yard and aooroximatelv additional 1,5 acres available for future exoansion 6 meeting rooms, 70 overnight rooms, 1 2 acre park ground 10,000 material storage 2,000 equipment storage 260 sf. ft, 2,160 cubic ft boxes stored ofTsite in a document storage facility Table Vl-5 Projected Community Facility Needs 2991 20102007 - 2013 Ycar Size Cost (sf) (millions) ~ W9,QOO ~ ~ ~ ~ JOO9 #;OOQ ~ ;WOO 20 I 5 75,000 UM~12,9$10-$12 ;w.w 201 5 50,000 ~S:59,9$35 - $40 90,000 yard WW 2009 3,500 office ~ill 120.000 yard 6.500 office 2010 200 - 400 stalls$5 to $10 S2501t per year ~ ~$63.14 $51 -$63 Type of Facility ), Mtmicipal Facility: Public Safety aRd GeReral GO\"1 OperatioRs 2, SeRior CeRler 3. COffiR'Hmity CeRter <h 1. Indoor Competitive Sports Facility ~ L Performing Arts Centre ~ ~ Maintenance Facility 4, Public ParkiilQ: Facilities 7. 01ner Mise, Impro\'ements TOTAL Revised ~ 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.16 FWCP - Chapter S'x, Capital F aCllrlles Municipal Facility (General Government. Police. and Court Operations) The Federal 'Nay Police Department was formed and began full service on No'/ember 16, 1996. The department grew from 110 full time equivalent (FTE) employees in 1996 to ISO FTE employees and over 90 volunteers in 2002. The department occupies 23,000 square feet of leased spaoe in three separate buildings in an oftioe/\varehouse complex near City Hall. The ourrent spatial requirement fDr the department is belie'/ed to be approximately 26,000 square feet. The Municipal Court began operations on January 1,2000. The department has 13 FTE employees operating two courtrooms. Currently, the department occupies 6,700 square feet of modified office spaoe adjaoent to the police facility. The oourt caseload in 2002 indicated that a third courtroom, larger lobby, and small meeting rooms are needed. The current spatial requirement is estimated to be around 9,000 square feet. Additional space '.vill also be needed for general government operations to accommodate the inoreased services and o'/erall growth of the City. .\ preliminary program level assessment indicates that the current City Hall '.viII need around 35,000 square feet, versus the 27,000 square feet available. The City has $7.S million set aside for the police and court facility. Currently,$1.S million in general obliga,tion bonds are financed by a o.s pereent utility tl)(, interest earnings from bond proceeds, and additional oontributions from general fund savings. Both police and court leases will expire in June 2001 \vithout an extension. The City Council has appointed a oitizen committee to review the current and projected spatial needs and development/finanoing options. Based on a preliminary analysis, it appears that the additional cost can be finanoed by extending the O.S percent utility tax after the initial $1.5 million bonds are paid off. Municipal Facility Need Assessments 10,000 15,000 square feet additional space in the near term, and 80,000 to 8S,000 square f-eet by 2020, in addition to the existing City Hall Four to five acre site Preliminary development cost for a facility to accommodate the City's long term needs is projeoted to be approximately$20 million to $30 million The City acquired the current City Hall in 2003' and consolidated its police, court, and general governmental operations under one roof. About 10 percent or 8,000 of the total 88,SOO square feet of space in this building is currently available for future expansions. In addition to the City Hall parceL the City also acquired two vacant lots to the north which is the location of the Police Evidence facility and overflow parking for the City Hall/ Municipal Court. The City Council is considering presenting the annexation ballot measure to our Potential Annexation Area voters in the fall of 2007. If approved, it would add an estimated 20,152 people and approximately 7.6 square miles to the City's service area. This is an increase Revised ;1002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-l? FWCP - Chapter SIX. Capital Facilities of 23 percent in population and 36 percent in land area, These increases would again place pressure on the current City Hall capacity and would require the expansion of the existing maintenance facility, as discussed below. Maintenance Facility The Parks and Public Works maintenance facility is located at 31132 28th Avenue South: The original site is approximately 1.7 acres, with 1110 square feet of office and indoor maintenance bay entire site is approximately 1.4 acres, with 1,060 square feet of office space and a 61,000 square foot fenced storage yard. The site was formerly a fire station and ',vas transferred to the City after ineorporation. Today, the old fire station office and meeting room areas house the operations and the fire truck maintenance bay. The yard pro'lides materials, supplies, vehicles, and equipment storage for departmental operations, The City acquired two adiacent parcels, for a total of 2.25 acres, to the north of the facility in 2003. Today, the maintenance facility contains around 3,500 square feet of office space and 90,000 in fenced storage space, with an additional 1.5 acres of land area available for future expansions. Parks Maintenance operates seven days a week, two shifts per day. The space needed for the maintenance operations includes a front counter/reception area, crew quarters (including an area for daily time cards, breaks, and crew meetings/training, etc.), as well as a locker room. Public Works streets and surface water maintenance operations have similar needs for office space; operating Monday through Friday, year round, one shift per day. Both Parks and Public Works maintenance operations tend to intensify during the summer months and require up to 15 part-time, seasonal workers at any given time. The 61,000 square feet of storage yard space is needed to accommodate 25 vehicles and 15 various types of mobile equipment. The limited space provides only minimum storage space and restricts the turning radius of the large equipment and vehicles used for these operations. To meet this challenge, the City leases off site indoor and outdoor storage space for equipment, emergency supplies, and materials f-or snow and ice operations. ,''.Ithough there exist~ drawbaeks and eonstraints, the site is adequate for existing purposes when supplemented with leased storage spaces. Future expansion is possible ',vith the acquisition of adjacent properties to the north. However, this facility is located in a residential neighborhood and the compatibility of a larger maintenance facility should be evaluated before making any additional long term investments on the site. /\ larger facility 'Nould impro'le operation efficiencies by increasing storage capacity for vehicles, equipment, and materials. /\ maintenance yard space of approximately 90,000 square feet is recommended. The potential annexation would require an anticipated eight regular FTE and eight FTE in seasonal help, plus proportional vehicle and equipment increases. This increase would require the City to expand the maintenance office area by 2,000 to 3,000 square feet, and maintenance yard by 30,000 to 45,000 square feet. Revised :!002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.18 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital Facilities The current site would accommodate the proiected space needs. Should the City proceed with the South 31th Avenue extension and 1-5 Access Ramp Addition Proiect, it is anticipated that the site would be significantly affected bv the right-of-way needs and may not be sufficient to meet the above needs. Maintenance Facility Recommendation . ~ 6,500 square feet for office space, accompanied by a ~ 120,000 square foot storage yard . Three to five acre site (the existing site is approximately four acres, which is deemed sufficient) . Development cost is estimated at ~ it million Community Center Based on current trends in community centerconstruotion and increased participation in the City's recreational programs, a larger, multi purpose faeility would better meet the needs of the community. ,\ number of community centers that have been built throughout the region recently have a variety of uses and spatial arrangements. These facilities attraet a large customer base, projecting community pride and quality of life images that distinguish them from the surrounding communities. Some of the more notable examples are the centers at Norpointe, Kent, Tukwila, and Renton. While Klahanee Lake Community/Senior Center serves existing community and senior services needs, the limited parking and the size of the facility eontinue to restrain the nature and type of uses possible. ,\ larger community center similar to those listed abo'le would cost approximately$10.1 million; inoluding land aequisition, site work, parking lot, design and engineering, permit, utility eonneotion, construction, building furnishings, and equipment. Community Cente.~ Fflcility Recommcmifltion 15,000 square foot facility Three to five acre site . Development oost assumption of $10.1 million Senior Center The general population continues to age as the "baby boomer" generation moves to'.....ard the senior citizen category. Population projections indicate that the senior (55+) age group will be the fastest growing segment of our oitizenry for the foreseeable future. Keeping this in mind, the City recognizes the need to increase its focus on providing facilities and services geared to the needs and interests of this segment of the population. The existing facility could be transformed into a very functional senior center with only minor modifications. The gro\.vth demand for senior facilities could be met if it is used exclusively for this the purpose. The gym could be fitted '/lith a divider that \vould provide increased flexibility for programming and then be retracted for large events such as bazaars and dances: Revised 200:1 2007 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment VI-19 FWCP - Chapter SIX. Capital Facilities While keeping and turning KLCSC into a senior only facility is achievable at a minimum cost, the facility's restrictive parking and lacle of public transportation service remains an issue. There is considerable interest from the community in a larger, more accessible senior center that eould be developed as part of a future community center or other public facility(s), Projected cost includes equipment, fixtures, and furniture. SenilJr Center Facility RecoHlHlendaulJH 20,000 square foot facility Collocate \vith community center or other public facility$4.5 million, construetion only Conference/Performing Arts Center In 1994, the City of Federal Way, through the Arts Commission, asked AMS Planning and Research to conduct a feasibility study of a cultural arts facility to serve the City. Under the guidance of a 27-member steering committee, AMS conducted a survey of local arts organizations, analysis of existing cultural and meeting facilities, market research with residents of the City and surrounding communities, interviews with key community leaders representing government and business, and meetings and workshops with the steering committee, all of whom provided base information. The study recommended a performing arts center to seat 1,000 patrons and a visual arts gallery. The performing arts center proposed in this study included design criteria that incorporated multi-level seating to accommodate as many as 500 - 600 people on an orchestra level, while still achieving intimacy for audiences. The construction cost for a performing arts theater was estimated in the 1994 report to be between $190 -$240 per square foot, or approximately $23 million for construction only. Adiusted to 2007, the per square foot cost can easily be$400 - $500, or$25 to $30 million for construction. Site requirements called for a minimum of five acres; two acres for the facility and three' acres to provide for surface parking and to meet additional code requirements. Alternatively, two to two and a half acres would be needed if structured parking is used. The additional cost for structured parking would be$5 to $8 million. Based on these assumptions, +!he full developmental cost is expected to be ill$35 to $JG$40 mi lIion. Maintenance and operation costs for a facility of this size were estimated to be $705,000$750,000 per year. Projected revenues (using a 171 event day schedule) was $390,200,$390,000, leaving a net operating cost of $314,800$360,000 to be generated through fundraising or an operating endowment. Conference/Performing Arts Facility Recommendation . 50,000 square foot facility . Two-acre site . $25$30 $35 -$40 million Revised ~ 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-20 FWCP - Chapter SIX. Capital Facilities Multipurpose Competitive Sports Center The City of Federal Way enacted a 1% lodging tax and formed the Lodging Tax Advisory Committee (LTAC) in 1999 to promote and enhance the local tourism industry. The committee has commissioned a feasibility study for an indoor competitive sports facility that will increase visitors' stay in local hotels and complement the Aquatic Center and Celebration Park, two other regional/national amateur sports facilities in the City. A number of development concepts have been considered, one of which is a facility for basketball and volleyball tournaments with an athletic club for training/conditioning to generate on-going usage and revenue. One of the considerations for such a facility would be its ability to be financially self-sustaining. It would also ideally be developed and operated by the private sector, with minimum or no public participation. Conference/Performing Arts Facility Recommendation . 75,000 square foot facility . Five-acre site . $8$10 $10 -$12 million development and construction only, to be funded by private developer Public ParkinQ Facility The existing city center development is currently near or at capacity with the required surface parking to business-space ratio. To intensify the development, such as the multi- stOry mixed-use developments envisioned by the community, additional parking space will be needed. These additional parking spaces would most likely be achieved through structured parkin~, consistent with the multi-story mixed-use business space. These structured parking facilities are likely needed in order for each of the super-blocks to regain grounds for redevelopment. With the construction cost of structured parking at a premium when compared to land cost, some public/private partnership would likely be needed for them to be financially feasible. The partnership mav be in various forms, but the essence is consistent that public funds are invested to secure certain amount of parking spaces in an otherwise private-business parking facility. Public Parkin!! Facilitv Recommendation . 200 to 400 designated public parking spaces in conjunction with privately developed parking structures for redevelopment proiects located within the City Center . Between $5 -$10 million total. Investments will vary depending on the need and type of redevelopment proiects at each location. City funding sources would be a combination of the City's economic development incentive fund and other state and federal economic development, and/or infrastructure funding sources. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-21 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital F acllilies Financing Plan It is desirable to have all theses facilities in the community as soon as possible. However, unless they are funded with private or voter-approved funding sources, the City's projected revenues will not support either the development or the required operating and on-going maintenance of these facilities. Therefore, other than a permanent public safety facility (whieh is substantially funded), additional spaee for general City operations is subject to resource availability including a potential continuation of the 0.5 percent utilit'/ tax. The financing of maintenance facility improvements is likely to be financed with contribution from King County for the proposed annexation. Other additional future facility additions would depend on future voter approval to raise additional capital and maintenance funds. The City updates its capital improvements program every other year in conjunction with its biennial budget process. These updates will reflect new project priQrities and funding availability. 6.4.1 SCHOOL FACILITIES This section summarizes information in the Federal Way School District No. 210, 2001/02 2007 Capital Facilities Plan (School Plan) and adopts the School Plan by reference. This plan covers the entire Federal Way School District which includes the City of Federal Way, portions of the incorporated City of Kent, City of Des Moines, City of Auburn, and unincorporated areas of King County to the east of Interstate 5. The district provides educational programs to all students who live in the school district service area, whether they live in Federal Way, Kent, Des Moines, Auburn, or unincorporated King County. A school outside the Federal Way City limits may provide service to students who live within the City limits and vice versa. Inventory of Existing Facilities Map VI-6 shows the location of every school in the district. Table VI-6 summarizes the district's student capacity. The district has sufficient capacity in the existing schools and portable buildings to house all of the students in the district. Program Capacity The school district has established a Standard of Service, similar to LOS, for itself, which it calls "program capacity." The district's program capacity is based on: I) the number of students per classroom; 2) the number of classrooms per school; 3) the number of classes that can be held in each classroom per day; and 4) other operational conditions. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-22 FWCP - Chapter Si<. Capital Facilities Table VI-6 ummarv of Existinv Facilities CaDacities* ~2007 ~ ~ ~ ~ ;!OOS ~ CAPACITY Actual 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Elementary School +l,8+ ~ H;W9 ~ H;(m H,OO+ H,OO+ 9.552 9.526 9.500 9.474 9.474 9.4 74 9.474 JIJAier High 4;+M 4;+M 4;+M 4;+M 4;+M 4iR+ ~ Middle School 5.518 5.518 5.518 5.518 5.518 5.518 5.518 Senior High ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 6,145 6.145 6.145 6.145 6.145 6.945 6.945 TOTAL ~ ~ ~ 2+,869 u.843 ~ ~ 21.215 21.189 21.163 21.137 21.137 21.937 21.937 .. S .NOTE: These capacities are for buildings only and do not include portable classrooms. These capacities arc based on the maximum use of the bulldmgs. Program capacity assumes that the average class will serve the following numbers of students: Grade K-2 24 20 Students per classroom Grades -l-6 3-5 U 25 Students per classroom Grades +-R 6-12 ~26 Students per classroom GA TE* 25 Students per classroom Special Education 12 Students per classroom Portables 25 Students per classroom IEP** 15 Students per classroom · GATE is the Gifted and Talented Education program .. IEP are Ihe Individual Education Programs The school district uses portables at many school sites as an interim measure to house new students until permanent facilities can be built. There are other administrative measures that the school district could use to increase school capacity. These measures may include double shifting, modified school calendar, and year-round schooling. These measures have been used in the district on a limited basis, but not district wide. Forecast of Future Needs - Student Forecasts The school district's Business Services Department prepares a forecast of student enrollment annually. Projections are detailed at various levels; district total, school- building totals, and grade level totals. Special populations such as vocational students, special education students, and English as Second Language students are also included in the forecast. The basis for projections has been cohort survival analysis, Cohort survival is the analysis of a group that has a common statistical value (grade level) as it progresses through time. In a stable population, the cohort would be 1.00 for all grades. This analysis uses historical information to develop averages and project the averages forward. The district Revised 2002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-23 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities uses this method with varying years of history and weighting factors to study several projections. Because transfers in and out of school system are common, student migration is factored into the analysis as it increases or decreases survival rates. Entry grades (kindergarten) are a unique problem in cohort analysis. The district collects information on birth rates within the district's census tracts and treats these statistics as a cohort of kindergarten for the appropriate enrollment years. Long-range projections that establish the need for facilities are a modification of the cohort survival method. The cohort method becomes less reliable the farther out the projections are made. The school district study of long-range projections includes information fromjurisdictional planners and demographers as they project future housing and population in the region. ' Table VI-7 describes increased enrollment through the year 2{)% 2013. It shows that the school district's student population will grow steadily every year with the highest growth in junior high/middle schools elementary. The district has compared existing school capacity with growth forecasts. New construction, modernization and expansion, and additional portable purchases will mitigate the deficit in permanent capacity for the next six years. :\.S an outcome of recommendations from a Study and Survey Committee, the Board of Directors has approved moving to a middle school grade configuration as additional high school spaoe allows. The District is planning to add one middle school, one high sehool, increase capacity at three high schools, and replace the existing Harry S. Truman High School. e era av c 00 lstnct tu ent orecast ENROLLMENT (FTE) ~2007 ~ ~ ~. ~ ~ ~ Actual 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Elementary .J.+;64\} ++;.m ~ ~ ~ 9;@7 ~ 9.013 9.134 9.289 9.386 9.502 9,589 9.614 Junior HigWMiddle School ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 5,230 4.959 4.915 4.949 5.038 5.121 5.222 Senior High 4,m ~ ~ 6A9+ ~ ~ 6;%{i 6.798 7,057 6.988 6.925 6,742 6.672 6.714 TOTAL ~ ~ ~ U;-1W U;9+9 ~ ~ 21,040 21,150 21,192 21.2 60 21.282 21:382 21.550 Table VI-7 F d I W S hID' S d F 'fie" C ode Configu,oliaN. K j EJe",elllil, y, 68 HiddJe Snhaa/, 9 .'2 High School (2003,' Location and Capacity of New and Improved School Facilities One new middle school, one new high sehool, and one senior high school replacement are planned for the District over the next six years. Scheduled improvements are: · Harry S. Truman High Sohool (Replacement) 31155 28"' Avenue South · Middle School on site to be determined · High School ;it1, site fl85, 16"' Avenue South and South 361"'-Way Revised :1002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.24 FWCP - Chapter SIX. Capital Facilities The district presented a bond for voter approval on November 7, 2006, which was not approved. The bond is intended to replace four elementary schools (Lakeland, Panther Lake, Sunnycrest, and Valhalla) and one middle school (Lakota). The Transportation, Nutrition Services, and Maintenance departments would I also be replaced with successful passage of the bond. Additionally, district wide upgrades to 24 other schools and district facilities are included in the bond. Existing schools are identified in Map VI-6. Finance Plan Table VI-8 (page 21) describes the school district's six-year finance plan to support the school construction. The table identifies $25,996,153$8,968.30 I available from secure funding sources and an additional $58,885,000$172,640,000 anticipated from other funding sources between WM 2007 and ~ 2013. These funds will cover the $82,60 I ,092$158,000,000 in planned project costs to the year WG6 2013. Revised :1002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-25 FWCP - Chapter SIX, Capital Facilities Table VI 8 ~ row !OOJ W04 WllS woe Talal Re 'enue ~ ~ ~ $2'1. 799,225$14,553,glll $25.9%, 1 53 '" r, ~ , NEW SCHOOl.S ~ Wl>> !OOJ W04 WllS woe ~ ~ ~ ., nnn ~.$11,735,221 $17,990,000 ." . r, "" "' nr, w$22.1 89.lH3 $1'1.379.275 ~ ~ - -. . r~'. , r: "n> W$I.~09,OOO ~W(H)OO MODERNIZ.\TIOi'< & EXP.\NSIGN ., , $3.8~7.122 ~$5.709,373 $3.4~1,599 ., nn. eno W+;OOO$~, 7S9.000 ~ ., enn nnn t~ TEMPOIV.RY FACILITIES ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ G+HER $I.~gQ.ggg$I.~Og.OQO .. 'A Ann ~ UOO;llOO $2,209.000 " , ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~$1.500,000 ~ .. '" 0.0 $39,411,915$1~,211,71! $5,1!2,O211$12,257,241 ~ , , ~ L . These fees ate eUFRRtI) being held in a King CSUflI) , Cll) efFetfef81 \118). and (it) efKeflt impacH'ee-ooe~>>J be Bailable for lise b) the Distflet-.fet:-syslem~5- 2. The3e ftmM eeme frem ariaus sales sf laAd-and-6fe-set-astee-fef:-eslimated e,;l3eRditures. ), TRese fuAEIs wili-lJe.use<l.feHitture-pl'Oje..", 1 These are I3rojeetedfeas bMed upon lme R resiaential de elopmeRts ~*t-St~ 5 These funds are prejeeted stBle Rl8tehing funds-: ~. These funds are prejeeted laRd-saIe-ift(:~ :. These fees represent the east arme iAg aRli siting e"isting J3E1I'lal:lles and flurehasiAg Re peftBbles, The-Gtslriet 1m) ehe0se t61*tf~~es1tmah:! ~tclude the e0st sf purchasing these pella\)Jes, Re. These J3fejeels liB e beeR appra ea B) the Board of...9treele1'S-aRd-ce. e:r mast seheols. These prejec~fea5e-eapaeif.) _ These prajecls inelude 1301 kiAg ana ~ impr-e-vemeflts at 15 eleFFleRta~ gb. These prejeets hll e heeR appre ed b~ the Beard sf Oireeler~most sellaels. These "rejeets d&-R0t inereas~ cape'tit). These prejeets i~hasl Ret arb. iRfOr-fMf-ien;-aoo libr8f} s)stems: fie elassfeem start up; elemeRtw.'y-pla)grBttRGs Md high sellae I spaRS fields; musi~~-afitm.: 9 ~Ie seeeRdat-y-eapaeity is the middle sehael €:alftJlOReRl aflhe beRet This is sha R as mid~.itHfte-impaa-~lettiati';lRs. The Distriel is reseafefttftg--smaH-sclleol-wktHoos-t-htH w#J....iner-ease-capaeit~ for studeRts ift-fhe...seeeOOaFY~ 19 Site purchase for the high SE:~3.2 ~1 as cemj3lete iR tRe-2OOG-ealendar ~eB:l, ~te1*tFEho:se fer the middle seheeVne sec~-apac~ 12. Tetal e1\peRditIJres through the 12/3I'2900-feH.he-seflieHtigh-sc.-flooI-is $752,33 I. Revised :!002 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.26 flNCI' _ c\\a?\er Si~, Ca9\\al f acili\ies ~ federal Wa' yubll' S,Mol, 1001 Ca Ital faellltl" yla" ~ - ~ ~1;:,; 4.1~ ~6' 94'4' ~ 9693(}\ ,8. ~ - ~;-;:-~-,-;p~:.~ 10\2 'total 'total Cost 10\0 1011 Budl!.~t 1001 1008 1009 iQ.u1.ll 10\ 2113 ~ current ~nd ~ ~ i'lf,W SCHOOLS bQQSll ~ ~ ~ ~ I'riM years ~$\ 5440000' W. i",.,d.onl -SO "5443094 $1 600.00C ill SOO~ -" \1. 500.000 Middle ScMO\ Site$5441.09 -''12500000 federal Wav public "cade"W ~ ~410~ "12 500000 V.I",;i\,. cl"'''''''"'v <,;5010000 <1 4>0 000 ill 500 QQQ - 'a1500 000 p""the, La~;Ch)\.n"'v ~ ~430~ ~\ 1 500 000 <,;\1500000 L .1<.I.nd 1:.1""",.,t", . -"5010 000 <.14)(l,OOO <:'1) 400000 '(15400000 c."n\l'!C(t:~\ c\en\..ntafV i.103(,~ ~ -<';18125000 -", I 000000 - "111000000 L.k,,'a Middl0c;ol -;2b 61" oor - '(30 1,,0000 W fede,.1 W. . HH:-;::;'ool -$9 '(500 000 Mode,""""o" &. f,;".",iO" - "500 00 ill <1100000 RC,ofl .uratio" loQO Bea""'; ",\,.h SchOol ~\.oOOOOO 'te'" ",rar" facilities - e600 OOC ~\ ooQ 000 - ,,600 000 - "18115000 -<';0 -"158 000 000 oqlll 541094 -;56511150 - ",6150 000 \on;;::"le~ {9\ -"11 541 09~ -<';100000 o <,;10140000 ~1516 \ 150 ~'tAL . ,,' . " W , .....~e. 1 / - .....".. I i i , . ,,_'-n"\ ... t:.eQ ~ _.cl ' -^^~,~ ~ ~ -~..,..-- 11\/ 1.111 "t" ~ \}\.21 w FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities The School Plan states that state matching funds and impact mitigation fees, if realized, will be used to decrease the need for future bonds or will be used' on additional capital fund projects. The School Plan currently covers the years 200 I 2006 2006-2013. The School Plan and accompanying six-year finance plan will be updated annually by the school district. This will bring the plan into full compliance with GMA requirements. 6.4.2 WATER SYSTEMS This section summarizes the Lakehaven Utility District's 1998 Comprehensive Water System Plan (Water Plan, incorporated in full by reference) while providing up-to-date information where warranted. Map VI-7 shows Lakehaven Utility District's (hereinafter referred to as "the District" in this section) water service area boundary. Other purveyors provide water to portions of the District's corporate area. The Tacoma Public Utilities, for example, serves an area on the west side of the District's corporate area. High line Water District serves a small portion of the north side of the District's corporate area (Map VI-8). The City of Milton serves a small area on the south side oftht; District's corporate area that is within the City of Milton limits. Areas on the east side of 1-5 within the City limits of Auburn and Pacific are provided water service by the District by agreement with the cities. These areas are at a higher elevation than the valley cities can cost effectively serve. Inventory of Existing Facilities The locations of the District's wells, storage, and other major components of the distribution system are located on Map V! 9 provided in the Water Plan. The water system includes approximately 450 miles of water main, 24 production wells, and 12 storage tanks. The average annual daily demand in 2005 was about 10.53 million gallons per day (MDG). GtRef The facilities are described in the following sections. Groundwater Resources The District's existing groundwater sources originate from four aquifer systems: the Redondo-Milton Channel Aquifer; Mirror Lake Aquifer; Easter Upland Aquifer; and the Federal Way Deep Aquifer. The Water Plan estimates that the combined production limit for these aquifers on an average-annual basis is 12.3 MGD during average precipitation, and 8.7 MGD during a simulated 10-year drought. The current peak-day combined pumping capacity is 27.8 MGD, assuming the District's largest production well, Well lOA, is out of service. Second Supply Project The District participates in the Second Supply Proiect (SSP, aka Tacoma's Pipeline No. 5). The District is accessing the pipeline at three flow control facilities provided at strategic locations along its route through greater Federal Way. These facilities allow the District to receive water from and send water to the Second Supplv Proiect (SSP). These Revised :1002 2007. 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendmenl VI.28 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital Facilities facilities together add an average 7,8 MGD to the District's water supply, depending upon the availability of water from the Green River. Water available from the SSP is conditioned upon adequate in-stream flows in the Green River. Water Quality Historically, the District has not had to treat its water supplies to meet regulatory requirements before distribution to its customers. However. the District began a chlorination and corrosion control treatment program in July 2001 for all of its groundwater and other sources of supply to meet newer regulations. The district's status with respect to regulated drinking water contaminants covered by the WAC 246-290 and anticipated water quality regulations is summarized in Section 10 of the Water Plan. Regulations that are prompting treatment of the District's groundwater supplies are the Lead and Copper Rule, the anticipated Ground Water Rule, and the Surface Water Treatment Rule, due to the potential for increased distribution of surface water obtained from Tacoma's (or other utilities') system(s) throughout the District's distribution system. The District has also installed water treatment systems at Well Sites 9, 19119A. 20/20A, 22/22A122B. 23/23A. and 29 that remove iron, manganese, and other impurities from the groundwater. Stora1!e Facilities According to the Water Plan, storage facilities will remain adequate through the planning period. For the storage analysis, extended-period simulation modeling was conducted to evaluate the storage draw-down during fire flow events and to evaluate storage equalization during multiple-day periods of maximum-day demand conditions. The storage analysis model was conducted using the "Backup Power Approach," which is summarized in Section 9 of the Water Plan. The District has installed an emergency power system at its Well 1011 OA Site, and is in the process of installing emergency power systems at its Well 17/17 NI7B. 19/19A. and Well 25 sites to preclude the need for new storage facilities. Water Conservation Measures The District is committed to implementing aggressive water conservation measures to reduce per capita water consumption. These include programs such as public information campaigns, including block water rate structure to reduce peak day consumption, winter- summer water rate adiustments to reduce summer consumption, and a "wet-month average" sewer rate structure. The District is also working with the City to introduce water conservation measures by amending the zoning and building codes. These measures include a requirement for low flow showerheads and toilets, utilizing species for landscaping with reduced irrigation needs, and use of reclaimed water for irrigation, TransmissionfDistribution System The results of computer modeling have found the transmission and distribution pipeline network to be very robust. Of particular note is that the fire insurance rating for South King Fire and Rescue improved from Class 3 to Class 2 in 2004. The maiority of the District is served by this fire agency. Forty percent of the score for the rating process is based upon available water supply. This rating improvement is a significant Revised :1002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.29 FWCP - Chapter SIX, Capital F aclltties accomplishment, as the new classification is on par with the rating held in Seattle and Bellevue, the only other departments to hold a Class2 rating (no fire agency in Washington holds a Class 1 rating). The pipeline network is continuing to be expanded through developer extension proiects undertaken by land development activity. Interties/Flaw Centrel Facilities Emen!ency Interties Emergency linterties connect LakeRaven's the District's water system with adjoining systems of other utilities. Emergency linterties allow the District to buy or sell water with adjoining utilities in an emergency and are an essential back up that provides enhanced system reliability, The District has three emergency interties with the City of Tacoma's water system, three emergency interties with Highline Water District's water systems, and one emergency intertie with the City of Milton's water system. first of three planned flo'.';, control facilities has been oonstructed, '"vhere the District will receive water from and send water to the Seoond Supply Project (aka Tacoma's Pipeline No.5). Intertiesltlow oontrol faeilities hU'le been installed at nine different locations '.vitA four of the adjacent water purveyors. Not all interties allow two 'Nay flow, Details of these interties are described below: . An intertie is installed on SW 325th Street near 35th Avenue SW between the District and Tacoma Public Utilities system and serves as an emergency supply to a limited area served by Taooma in the T'Nin Lakes neighborhood. . An intertie has been installed on SW 319th Street near 30th Avenue SW between the District and Taooma Public Utilities system. This intertie was enhanced in 1991 by the construction of a eontrol valve station to allo'"v full time supply by Tacoma to the District's system '1.'hen the District desires water sl:lpply supplementation. . ,A. third intertie 'l/itA Taooma Publio Utilities \vas added in 1995 at 1511l Avenue S\V and SW 356th Street to provide an additional full time supply by Taeoma to the District's system when water supply supplementation is desired by the District. . ,I\. fDurtn conneotion with Tacoma's Second Supply Pipeline at 1st Way South and South 333<<1 Street 'NiB provide large amounts of water to Lakehaven through its Second Supply Projeet partnership. Lalcehaven is planning for an additional connection to the Seoond Supply Pipeline east of I 5 near Military Road. . One intertie, located on Paoific Highway South at South 276th Street extended, has been installed behveen the Lakehaven and Highline Water District_systems. This intertie can provide emergonoy water supply to the Highline District. . i\n intertie between the systems of Highline Water District and Lakehaven is installed at Pacific HighvlaY South at about South 271tR Street. Emergency \vater supply through this intertie can flow in either direction since the systems on both sides of the intertie operate at a 490 foot system head. · ,'\n intertie is installed on Marine View Drivo near the boundary between Highline Water District and the Lakehaven system at South 25200 Street. This intertie can provide emergency '"vater flow in either direction. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.30 FWCP - Chapter SIX, Capilal FaCilities . /\n intertie has also been constructed with the City of Milton's "'iater system (Pacific Highway South and 377111 Street), but due to significant differences in head bet-.veen the two systems (150 feet, LUD vs. 330 feet; Milton), water is only provided to Milton on an emergency basis. . ,ALn intertie is loeated at R Street N'\V and ,'\aby Drive for emergeney fire protection to i\uburn' S Aaby Drive pressure zone. The intertie consists of a six inch service meter from Lakehaven's 315 pressure zone. The first of three planned flow control facilities (named SSP #2) has been construeted at +st 'Nay South and the Bonneville Power ;\dministration (BPi\.) pO'Ner transmission line corridor crossing at about South 33200 Street, at the current easterly terminus of the Second Supply Project (aka Tacoma's Pipeline No.5). These facilities are the points at which the District ..viII receive water from and send viater to the Second Supply Project. These facilities are some',vhat different from "interties," in that the District has different rights to the water that '..viII flow in the pipeline as implied by the District's financial interest in the Second Supply Project Forecast of Future Needs The 1998 Comprehensive Water System Plan estimates future need by analyzing existing water demand (measured consumption plus unaccounted-for/non-revenue water loss) patterns on a daily, seasonal, and yearly basis. The District converts gross water consumption values into per capita consumption in gallons per day. ^ verage per capita water consumption in the District was projected to be approximately 106 gallons per day in 1999. This figure, multiplied by projected population growth, provides a rough estimate of the future demand for water. These numbers ',vere reduced slightly to account for the reduction in water consumption associated 'with the District's Viator conservation program, Between 1997 and 20 I 7, the '.vater service area population is expected to increase by 11,600 people, for a total ..vater service population of 138,300. The District breaks down the water demand values on an "equivalent residential unit" (ERU) basis, which is essentially the amount of water used bv an "average" familv residing in an "average" single family residence situated within the District's water service area, if used uniformlv over the vear. The seven-vear District-wide average of measured unit consumption between 1999 and 2005 was 234.41 ~allons per dav per ERU. When including the unaccounted-for/non-revenue water loss component. the District-wide average dav demand becomes about 255 gallons per day per ERU. Population and employment growth proiections converted to ERU's are then utilized to estimate future water demands. Utilizing a conservative methodology that disregards the impact of the District's water conservation efforts, the Water Plan estimates average dav demands will increase from 10.53 MGD in 2005. to 11.04 MGD in 2012. and to 12.77 MGD in 2025. Location of Expanded and Improved Facilities The District has programmed a number' of system improvements to maintain and expand the' existing water system~ conserve ..vater, develop water sources, drill wells, and expand the distribution system. These improvements are summarized below. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment 1 VI.31 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital F acllihes Groundwater Resources The District is drilling and developing an additional production well (Well No. 33) to perfect its water rights. The District is continuing to pursue its OASIS proiect (Optimization of Aquifer Storage for Increased Supply), under the ASR concept (Aquifer Storage and Recovery). The OASIS feasibility study determined that the Mirror Lake Aquifer can be used to store up to approximately 9.4 billion gallons of water filled over the winter from excess water supply and withdrawn over the drier summer months for water supply purposes. Combining funding from its wastewater utility, the District is also pursuing its Water Reuse/Reclamation Proiect, utilizing wastewater suitably treated at the Lakota Wastewater Treatment Plant, conveyed through a separate pipeline system, and utilized for beneficial purposes, such as augmenting groundwater supplies. Second Supply Pipeline The District is currently involved in de'leloping other sourees of\'later. The most significant effort is the Second Supply Project (aka Tacoma's Pipeline No.5). Based on current plans, the District ,viII access the pipeline at three loeations. The first flow control facility (to be named SSP #1) is proposed near Military Road and the Bonneville Pm,ver }\dministration (BP A) power transmission line corridor at about South 317m Street. The second flow control facility (named SSP #2) has been constructed at the current easterly terminus of the Second Supply Projeot located at First Way South and the BP 1\ corridor crossing at about South 33200 Street. The third flo'.'! control facility (to be named SSP #3) '.viII be constructed and located at S\V 356m Street and the BPA corridor crossing at 15m Avenue SW (currently named Tacoma Intertie No.3). These facilities together would add on average, 1.6 million gallons per day (MGD) to the District's supply depending upon the availability of '.vater. Water available from the Seoond Supply Project is conditioned upon adequate in stream flows in the Green River. The expansion of storage behind Improvements are being implemented to the Howard Hanson Dam-on the Green River that will expand storage behind it, which will help mitigate the seasonal variation in available water by increasing in-stream flows during the drier parts of the year. The City should carefully monitor this project's progress to eRsure that water will be a'Jailable to meet future needs as identified in the FWCP. 'Vater Resources The District's water service area is located in the southwest portion of King County. }\s of the end of 200 I, the District was serving a residential population of apprO)(imately 100,000 through 26,967 eonneetions. The water system includes approximately 100 miles of water main, 20 active 'lI'ells, and 12 storage tanks. The average dail)' demand in 200 I was about 10.1 MGD. The District's existing water sources are predominately grol:lndv/ater supplies that originate from four aquifer systems: the Redondo Milton Channel .^.quifer; Mirror Lake Aquifer; Eastern Upland L^.quifer; and the Federal Way Deep L^.quif-er. The Water Plan estimates that the combined production limit for these aquifers on an average annual basis is 10.1 MGD during average precipitation and 9.0 MGD during a simulated 10 year drought. The ,current peak day combined pumping capacity is 30.5 MGD, assuming the_District's largest production well, 'A'ellIOA, is out of service, Since 1991, the District has bought surface water from Tacoma Public Utilities from time to time to supplement and conserve Revised ~ 2007 2006 ComorehensivePlan Amendment VI-32 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities groundwater supplies. Ho\vever, since October 2000, the District has not purchased water from the Tacoma Public Utilities because aquifer water levels have sufficiently recovered. The District '.viII be increasing its viater supply by over 50 percent when Tacoma's Second Supply Pipeline is completed at the end of 2001 and the District begins receiving its share of the projeot water. After construction of the pipeline, the District does not plan to . purchase any water from Tacoma Public Utilities on a wholesale basis. Water Quality Historically, the District has not had to treat its ..vater supplies before distribution. Groundwater qualit'/ has generally been sufficient. However, the District began a chlorination and corrosion control treatment program in July 200 I for all of its ground',vater and other sources of supply (for regulatory purposes). The District's status with respect to regl:llated drinking water contaminants co':er-ed by the' \\'.\.C 216 290 and anticipated water qualit'j regulations is summarized in ChapterlO of the '-Vater Plan. Regulations that are prompting treatment of the District's groundwater supplies are the Lead and Copper Rule, the antioipated Ground 'Hater Rule, and Surface 'Hater Treatment Rule due to the potential for inereased distribution of surface water obtai Fled froFR Tacoma's (or other utilities') system(s) throughout the District's distribution system. Filtration is planned for the Green River water conveyed bv the Second Supply Proiect. The District has plans to install water treatment systems at Well Sites 10C, 171l7N17B, and 21 to remove iron, manganese, and other impurities from the groundwater. Storage Improvements Aceording to the Water Plan, storage is adequate at this time. For storage analysis, extended period simulation modeling was conducted to evaluate the storage draw dO'Nil during fire flow e':ents and to evaluate storage equalization during multiple day periods of maximum day demand conditions. The storage analysis model \vas eonducted using the "Backup PO'Ner Approach," ,...hich is summarized in Chapter 9 of the Water Plan. Improvement requirements based on the storage analyses include: installation of backup power at certain wells; seismic upgrades of the 312th Street tank; and installation of additional boosting capacity to the 578 system (presumably near the interseetion of 23f<1 Avenue South and South 320th Street). ~'ater Conservation Measures The District is committed to implementing aggressive water conservation measures to reduce per capita water consumption. These include programs such as public inf{)nnation campaigns, rate adjustments to reduce summer and peale day consumption, and every third day lawn watering calendars. At present, the conservation program is voluntary, but certain mandatory curtailment measure may be implemented in the future if extreme conditions warrant such measures. The District will also ','lode with the City to introduee '.'/ater eonservation measures by amending the zoning and building codes. These measures could include a requirement for low flow showerheads and toilets, utilizing speeies for landscaping '.vith reduced irrigation needs, and use of reclaimed water f{)r irrigation. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-33 FWCP - Chapler 5i<. Capital Facilities TransmissionIDistribution System Minor improvements to the transmission and distribution pipeline network are recommended in the Water Plan, such as a new transmission main in the Adelaide and Lake Grove neighborhoods to convey water more efficiently to nearby storage facilities. Significant investments are also contemplated to relocate existing pipelines that will conflict with infrastructure resulting from street improvement proiects undertaken by other agencies within the District's water service area. Finance Plan A utility undertakes a capital program for many different reasons, including: expanding the capacity of its systems, maintaining the integrity of existing systems, and addressing regulatory requirements. The District is required to comply with its own Water Plan and to support regional decisions on population growth and land use. The District has identified several significant capital improvement projects in its Water Plan. The scheduling of these projects is included in the Lakehaven Utility District's 2001/2002 Adopted most recent Capital Improvement Program Projects (ClP) (Ta.ble VI 9, page 26, and Ma.p VI 10) that is developed and approved annually. The District has access to sufficient funds that can be utilized for operation and maintenance of its existing facilities, and for pursuing G~apital.pQrojects. and Operations. In addition, the District has depreciation, interest income, assessment income, and connection charge monies that it can utilize for funding the CIP. Additionally, the District can borrow money or increase rates, if necessary, to best meet the needs of its customers. The District has utilized a very conservative approach in budgeting for the CIP by utilizing the growth projections developed by each of the land use jurisdictions located within the District. The District will provide facilities as required to support growth within its service area. The schedule and project costs will be updated annually through the District's budget and capital improvement program process. }\s part of the 2000 budget prooess, the Board of Commissioners authorized eonsultants to prepare a rate study, which incorporated all phases of Capital and Operations expenditures. Based on this study, subsequent disoussion, and input from a public hearing, the Board raised "later rates by eight percent. ,\ portion of the rate increase pro'.ides for the additional operating oosts that are antioipated upon completion of the budgeted CIP. The rate related revenue increase is intended to oover anticipated operating and oapital oosts over the next three years. Revised t002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-34 \ l1~\~!\*~~%~~~11~~1~~1*%1 ~~ U'> "7 ;; l-- >--~ M ~ ~ ~ C> ~~51\ ~ ~ ~ \.->-- 11 ~ C> ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~>-- ~ ~ C> ~ ~ ~ ~ it \-- ~I- it ~$ C> ~ ~ ~ l-- \.-~ i) ~~~ 5I\~\~ \i ~~C>~ ~~ ~~1 ~~ 1 l-- \.-1- ii ~~~ 5I\~c>~~~;1:~~~ ~C>~ ~ ~~i ~~ \-- ~\.- ~ ~\\i ~ " ',; ~~ ,,~ Ii \; J \ ~ It \ ~ Ii \ = Ie . ~ I, ~ \, , I' Ie l, \; I: Ie \ < \, I G t ~ , ,; I ~ l: \ ~ II ~ Ie Ie ~ ~ I I, \, , \i I, \, \ ~~ : \ ~ : : t ( " i dO ~ 1<0 .~ u. ~ '5, '" ~~\ '-' , '" u; \.-~  g. \ HnHH\ \it i fj -l , 0- '0 C> :ll 0 ~ u. ~ \~~~%~~~\m~!\~!~~% !,\ ~% ~ ~i It ~ it ~ it i) d'l \~ ~~ ~~ ~i ~~ ~ ~~~i ~~ \ ~~~1 %\ 'ii~%i ~1 ~~ ~~ ~~ ~ ~~%~~~l~\~~~~l ~Q\~("\>:t:\"--r\3.iCl' t, , \ I i ~;5~' I'~ l' ~~ } \ s \ ~ I~ ;5 1 ( 1 C ,I , I' , - \ ," I ~ . :\\\ . .... ,< ..; "[" I, ~ ',',. ". ~ I.. . ') I, ,,III':. '~':I~ If 1<1<1' 1,~lc . \~ I ~ \: Ie . I, ~ ~ I, \\ , l~ \~ 1 l,~ , ~ \~ Ii '" ~ g LL ~ .~ (.) ,<. iJ) .2! . ~ }1\ n n H LL ~ ~ I, Ie \\1 \~ ~~OO~%\ . nil . ill '~" \I~ I, I, ;:j; ~! ~  ~  ~  ~ IU . 111 < t i i ~ Ii ~ ,i , i I <.0 <; :;; ~ i '0 ~ '0; '" cc \1\~~~1~~~~~~1~1~~~~~~~~! \ \ 1 ~ "i ;; ~  ~ ~ M> <;f ~ ~~~ t ~ <;f ("\I ~ ~!~ it ~ ("\I ~~ ~!~ It ~ 1 ("\I %i ~!~ it ~ ;:tst~ ("\I1~ ~ 1~ "" ~~~ ~! ~ i) l) ~~ ~stU\\M>("\I <;f;t~;t ~~::l: <;f~~~ ~ ~ i 11 !' I \ Ii i' . ~~ ", I' I( Ie l'l> Ie ' Ie I" I~ Ie I: \; , \ .~ , \:li Ie II 1\ I, ~.. Ii I. ~; Ii Ie II Ii ;l; II , l . I' II . ' , , I, Ie '" '" cAJ 'ilj u- ~ 'g. \ u ,< (\--- u; J!l ill lit \ i "'- ill u I '0 t '" on ';;: 5: '" u- 0:: FWCP - Chapler Six, Capital Facilities 6.4.3 SEWER SYSTEMS Lakehaven Utility District's Comprehensive Wastewater System Plan (Wastewater Plan, incorporated in full by reference, including modifications made to it through the first four amendments rAmendment NO.4 was adopted on February 9, 20061. and any future amendments) was last updated in 1999. The Wastewater Plan and any future amendments are incorporated into this plan by reference. The Wastewater Plan is scheduled to be updated soon. The Lakehaven Utility District's (hereinafter referred to as "the District" in this section) sewer sen'es an area is located in the southwest portion of King County, tfla.l: includesing the unincorporated areas east and north of the existing City limits of Federal Way. Map W-I--J. VI-9 shows the District's sewer service area. Other utilities provide retail sewer service to relatively small portions of the District's corporate area, including Midway Sewer District on the north side of the District, the City of Auburn on the east side of the District, and the City of Milton/Pierce County on the south side of the District. In addition, other utilities provide conveyance and treatment services to. portions of the District's retail sewer service area, including Midwav Sewer District, Metro/King. County, Pierce County, and the City of Tacoma. As of the end of 2005, the District was serving a residential population of approximately 87,000 through 24,000 connections, Inventory of Existing Facilities The sanitary sewer system is comprised of three major components: the trunk collection system, the pump station system, and the wastewater treatment ~ and disposal system. The trunk system collects wastewater from drainage basins and conveys it to the treatment facilities, f*aHt primarily by gravity flow. In areas where use of gravity flow is not possible, pump stations and force mains are used to pump the sewage to a location where gravity flow can be used. Map V! 12 ShO'NS the location of these components of the District's sanitary sewer system. The locations of the maior components are provided in the Wastewater Plan. The existing collection system operated and maintained by the District consists of approximately 275 miles of sanitary sewer pipe, 6,400 manholes, 2+~ pump stations, 6 siphons, and 2 secondary wastewater treatment plants, namely the Lakota Wastewater Treatment Plant and the Redondo Wastewater Treatment Plant. The system has been constructed over a number of years, as dictated by development trends in the area. The system is currently divided into 7 primary basins and 40 smaller sub-basins. The wastewater generated within the two largest basins, Lakota and Redondo, flow to the District's wastewater treatment plants. The remaining five basins currently discharge to the other utilities for treatment and disposaL as mentioned above. The District currently has the capacity in all the major components of the system to accommodate the existing demand for sanitary sewer service. The wastewater treatment plants have been retrofitted with ultraviolet (UV) disinfection systems to replace chlorination systems to comply with state regulations. Maior sewer facilities have recently been constructed to expand sewer service into large "unsewered" areas (the Revised :1002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendmenl VI.38 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital Facilities 19th/20th Avenue SW Sewer Tnmk and Weyerhaeuser Sewer Trunk), and to divert flow to its own treatment facilities that had previously been conveyed to other utilities for treatment (Pump Station No. 45 and the South End Diversion Sewer Trunk). Significant upgrades have been undertaken for its largest pumping facility. Pump Station No.6, to improve its reliability and provide an odor control system. Other existing pump stations have been significantly upgraded with new pumps and electrical systems (Pump Station No.7, 10, and 22), and others have been provided on-site emergency generators to allow their continuous operation during a commercial power outage (Pump Station No. 35). A recent maior proiect was undertaken to replace deteriorated pipe material for the North Beach Sewer Trunk Pipeline along the Puget Sound shoreline at Lower Woodmont. In addition to the expansion of the District's collection system funded by developers, the District recently funded a new pressure sewer collection system to provide sewer service availability to residents in the established Lakota Beach neighborhood near the Puget Sound shoreline. Forecast of Future Needs Population forecasts are based on the adopted land use plans of the various jurisdictions within which the District operates. +fley The population figures are presented by drainage basin to allow for evaluation of the system and consideration of future improvement alternatives. /\s of 1997, there were approximately 109,000 residents ',vithin the District's corporate boundary. The population within the District's sewer service area is projected to increase to nearly 121,000 by 2003, and almost 150,000 by 2017 , approaching the projected "ultimate" population of 180,000 based upon land capacity. An estimated 7,500 on-site wastewater disposal systems are in operation within the District's corporate boundary. It is anticipated that sewer service will be extended to these "unsewered" areas as on-site systems become less viable to maintain and/or when new development requires public sewers. The average base daily flow tributary to from the District's two wastewater treatment plants, excluding infiltration and inflow (l & I), is currently estimated at -l+ 5.8 MGD and is expected to increase to nearly +.; 8.0 MGD by 20()+11, 15 MGD by 2017, and nearly ~ 17.0 MGD at full development. Peak hourly flows, tributary to the District's two wastewater treatment plants, including infiltration and inflow (I & I~~ are currently estimated at 2+ 26.9 MGD, and are expected to increase to nearly 28.2 in 1997, 33 MGD by 2017, and 4& 40.0 MGD at full development. Hydraulic capacity at both wastewater treatment plants is estimated to be available up to the original design peak hour capacities of22.2 MGD for Lakota and 13.8 MGD for Redondo. location and Capacities of Future Facilities The District develops a capital improvement projects (Crp) summary as a part of the annual district budget process. This CIP lists individual capital projects for the succeeding 10 year time frame. The ClP prioritizes the projects according to the system needs. ,^.lso included in this list of proj ects are the ones that are continued from previous Revised :100:12007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment Vt-39 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities years. :\ list of these capital projects can be found in the District's 2001/02 ,^.dopted Capital Improvement Projects CHap VI ! 3 and Table VI [0, page 31 ). Expanded and Improved Facilities The District is planning the rehabilitation and lengthening of the Redondo Wastewater Treatment Plant's outfall pipeline that discharges treated wastewater into Puget Sound. A proiect to further de water and dry the biosolids material that results from the wastewater treatment process. is being considered to reduce operating costs. Combining funding from its water utility, the District is also pursuing its Water ReuseIReclamation Project, utilizing wastewater suitably treated at the Lakota Wastewater Treatment Plant, conveyed through a separate pipeline system, and utilized for beneficial purposes, such as augmenting groundwater supplies. Additional new and expanded sewer facilities are planned to divert additional flow to its own treatment facilities that is currently being conveyed to other utilities for treatment (new Pump Station No. 44 and expanded Pump Station No. 33). On-site emergency generators are planned at other existing pump stations (Pump Stations No. 12,37 and 41) to allow their continuous operation during a commercial power outage. The District is continuing to fund new pressure sewer collection systems to provide sewer service availability to residents in established neighborhoods. particularly those around lakes (North Lake. Five-Mile Lake. etc. ). Finance Plan , A utility undertakes a capital program for many different reasons, including: expanding the capacity of its systems, maintaining the integrity of existing systems, and addressing regulatory requirements. The District In addition, the utility is required to comply with its own Comprehensive Wastewater System Plan and to support regional decisions on population growth and land use. The District has identified several significant updates its capital improvement program projects in its Wastewater Plan. anAtJally as part of the District's budget process. for specific information on the finance, Plan, please ref-er to the District's most recent capital improvements program for revenue and cost information related to the District's proposed capital projects. The scheduling of these proiects is included in the District's most current Capital Improvement Program (CIP) that is developed and approved annually. The District has access to sufficient funds that can be utilized for Capital Projects and GQperations and maintenance of its existing facilities. and for pursuing capital proiects. In addition, the District has depreciation, interest income, assessment income, and connection charge monies that it can utilize for funding thett: CW. Additionally, the District can borrow money or increase rates, if necessary, to best meet the needs of its customers. Revised :!OO:! 2007, 2006 Comprehensive ptan Amendment VI.40 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities The District has utilized a very conservative approach in budgeting for the CIP by utilizing the growth proiections developed by each of the land use iurisdictions located with the District. The District will provide facilities as required to support growth within its service area. The schedule and proiect costs will be updated annually through the District's budget and capital improvement program process. As part of the 2000 budget process, the Bourd of Commissioners authorized consultants to prepare a rate study, whioh incorporated all phases of Capital and Operations. Based on this study, subsequent disoussion, and input from a public hearing, the Board raised 'wastewater rates by eight peroent. ^ portion of the rate increase pro'lides for the additional operating costs that are anticipated upon completion of the budgeted CIP. The rate related revenue inorease is intended to co';er anticipated operating and oapital costs over the next three years. 6.4.4 FIRE FACILITIES This section summarizes the Federal Way Fire Department, Long Range Plan (Fire Plan) adopted in \99\, South King Fire and Rescue Strategic Leadership Plan. and the department's subsequent Strategie Plans updates, The fire department provides service to the entire City of Federal Way, the entire City of Des Moines. and surrounding unincorporated area. Total population in the department's service area is approximately 150,000 citizens. Services include fire suppression, fire prevention (building inspection and public information), emergency medical, hazardous materials responses, public, education. emergency management, and rescue emergencies (special operations). +fle Federal Way Fire Department South King Fire and Rescue has a contract with the City of Federal Way and Valley Communications for the provision of emergency 911 communications, wherein they act together with the City as a part owner of Valley Communications. The Fire South King Fire and Rescue Strategic Leadership Plan identifies and programs improvements that are necessary to maintain existing service standards and to meet the needs of future residents and businesses. The Department's Fire P-Qlan and future updates are adopted by reference into the FWCP. The fire department provides fire suppression service to the entire City. In order to do this, the department has adopted the f{)llowing LOS standards~ found in the South King Fire and Rescue Resolution Number 413. . An emergenoy response time of less than seven minutes, 80 percent of the time (response time is measured from the time that the call is answered by Valley Communications until the first apparatus in on the scene) fi':e minutes 30 seconds. 90 percent of the time was the goal for 2006. . Each emergency fire response should include a minimum of two fire fighting ','ehicles and four fully equipped and fully trained crewmembers 15 trained and equipped firefighters and apparatus commensurate with the emergency (a standard response of four engines, one ladder truck, and one command vehicle are sent on all structural incidents). Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-41 '" 4' ;;; g\~gl~~~~ ~ 0() \H ~ a;H "'U~ ~ 1t;ll '" 1 1~ 1 I-- ~t ~ ~~~~ % \ ~~ i I---- II a> a> I-- It \~ \ ~ ~ il \~ \ ~ ~~ ~ : ~ ~~ \ ~ ~ it ~ ~ ! i. \ ( , ~ il ~ ~l ~ ~ ~ , II ~~ it~ ~ ~ \ ~~ ~::t~ ~ ~~ , i ~ ~ ' \ \ \~~ \, I' l~ 10 l: I: I' ! ~ 'I. I' l c ~ P I \~ , Ie . Ii if ~ I' Ie I' \f PI < ' . \\ 0 ,~ I, I' \: ~'J ,tIt I- I' i' \, t , It , , Ii - I' , Ii I' I' I' \ ~~ !~ I' . I r I' ~ l ' \, I' Ie lij!-li ' \ t I' \ 11; , Ie . Ii 1\ ~ I' ~ "I' Ie Ie Ie I' t\'~ \ , Ie, Ie It Ie I: \, I < I ~ i e I' Ie \ ~ \ < '" Q) = 'g I-- u.. ~ 11 i \ \ In '0. \\' '" \ \\i u >< en ~ 2l ~ g i 6 I n. '0 .. U '" ;s: ';> u.. ~ -~- --------- "" "l' '7 ~ ~ 1 ~ '1 ~ ~ ~ ~ :iR ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i~ ~ ~  ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ '~ ~ 1~ I.----- ~t ~a i ~ ~ l--- it ';\: \i ~ l--- It ~ ';\: ~ \i ~ ~ \.-- 11 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ \.-- ~. ( I.----- il ~% ' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1) ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ l--- ~ \'n I ~\:i I. t- I ;~ ~. ' 1< I' \i g Ie I t~ I, ,i I( Ie . I ~ I ( Ie , ~ l c ' ,( 1 ,c II ,t ~ Ie 1\ , I' ,\ ,c r ,( II I, Ii Ii It :< Ii ~ I ( Ii I ~ ~i, It - ~ I t8 I ( ~ 1'( ~ . Ii \~ I' l'i , I, Ie Ie It I( I' ' "~ I' , E I' I, I ,~ It I' I~ I; I ~ I ( l, Ie Ie I, I' IC '. Ie ~ ~ 16 I " IC " I' Ie l--- h lot , . <h g .~ ..... ~ -~ <J >< (]) ~ lil" .c <J , 0- <J ~ u.. i '0 Q) <h ~ FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities . Each emergency medical response should include a minimum of one response vehicle and twB three fully-equipped and fully-trained crew members on a responding engine company, or two crew members on an aid car (either an engine or an aid car, or a combination of both, can be sent on the response depending upon the severity). . The fire department provides a full building inspection service for fire code compliance. The department is currently providing service that is generally consistent with its adopted LOS standards. The fire department also depends on having adequate water pressure available in fire hydrants to extinguish fires. The department works with the Lakehaven Utility District, Highline Water District (in the City of Des Moines), and other water utilities within its corporate limits, to ensure that adequate "fire flow" is always available. Lakehaven Utility District's Water System Plan analyzes "fire flow" rates available at different points in its water system, and programs improvements to the water system to ensure that sufficient water is available for fire suppression. Emergency Medical Services Emergency Medical Services (EMS) responds to 911 calls and provides field services. This service is paid for by property taxes. Emergency Medioal Servioes are EMS is provided as a marginal cost to the fire department as fire facilities are utilized to provide this service to the community. Although there are no dedicated facilities planned for provision of EMS, three aid ears are scheduled for replaeement in the year 2003 at a projected cost of 336,000. The fire department replaces its five front line aid cars, of which staffs three on a normal basis, commensurate with its capital replacement plan and capital reserves system. The section on funding (Funding Plan) addresses how the ongoing replacement purchase of these aid cars will be funded. Inventory and Capacity of Existing Facilities The department has two major types of capital facilities. One is fire stations and the other is capital investment in equipment and, in particular, fire engines. The department's fire stations are shown on Map 14-J4 VI-lO. Forecast of Future Needs From 1986 through 1992, emergency responses increased at an average annual rate of over eight percent. In 1990, public education efforts included 91 I-use/abuse training. The increases in call volume during 1993 and 1994 leveled off with 1994 volume increasing Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-45 FWCP - Chapter S,x, Capital F acililies only 1.5 percent from the 1992 level. It is unknown, however, how much, if any, effect the 911 public education effort had on actual ca\1 volumes. In 1995 and 1996, ca\1s for service again increased at an average rate of 8.1 percent. Although calls actua\1y decreased slightly in 1997, ca\1 volumes increased by 14 percent in 1998. The ca\1 data indicates a fairly steady increase of approximately six percent per year. Emergency medical incidents have increased more rapidly than non-medical incidents. During the 1990s, structure fires have declined. The challenge for the fire department will be to manage fixed-cost investments, such as new stations, and to be flexible in its ability to meet fluctuating call volumes. Location and Capacity of Expanded or New Facilities During 1996, an annexation by the City of Des Moines impacted the Federal Way Fire Department. The Des Moines annexation ('Xl oodmontlRedondo) could eost the department an estimated 500,000 annua\1y, although a contract for services bet\veen the department and Fire District #26 provides continued funding to the department in exchange for eontinued fire protection from the department for those areas. It is unolear ho\",' long this relationship !Jli\1 remain in existence. If either party should give the required 12 month notice to eliminate the contract, District #26 would take ownership of Station #6 (27010 15"' /\ venue South). The department has purohased property at South 288"' aAd Interstate 5 as a contingency against that possibility. This would acoommodate the building of a new station that is more centra\1y located in the north end of the City. This realignment of stations, response areas; and revenues would require closure of Station #5 (1966 South 298"'}. In September of 2005, the citizens within the City of Des Moines voted overwhelmingly to merge with the City of Federal Way Fire Department. The result of this merger caused the name of the fire department to change from the Federal Way Fire Department to its present South King Fire and Rescue. The legal name for the fire district is actua\1y King County Fire Protection District #39 (KCFPD #39), although the department does business as South King Fire and Rescue. South King Fire and Rescue operates out of eight stations, seven of which are response stations with the eighth being a training and maintenance facility. Two of the eight stations are located within the City of Des Moines, two stations lie within unincorporated King County, and four are located with the City of Federal Way. As of 2006 projections, the fire department responds on approximately 16,000 emergencies annually. Second, the The department may have need for an additional station in the near future in the south end of the City in the vicinity of 356th and Pacific Highway; or, possibly a little more north in the area of South 336th or 348th and Pacific Highway South. If this area continues to experience significant commercial growth, the department anticipates that the ca\1s for service will also continue to grow. In this eventuality, an additional station may be needed to maintain acceptable response times. The department has acquired property in this area the area of 3561h and Pacific Highway South through a swap of properties with Lakehaven Utility District to assure future availability of a station site. Revised :!002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.46 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities Additionally, the department may have a need for an additional station in the future in the far north end of the fire district within the City of Des Moines. The North Hill area of Des Moines is protected both by South King Fire and Rescue. as well as KCFPD #2. via an interlocal first response agreement. The timing of this potential new station would be predicated upon any future merger discussions between the two fire districts (South King Fire and Rescue and KCFPD #2). none of which are currently taking place. Any new station should be able to accommodate an on-duty crew of three fire fighters, with appropriate living and 'sleeping quarters. In addition, the structure should be able to house two engines and an aid car, with room for growth dictated by LOS demands. It may also be appropriate to provide a public meeting room and an office for community policing in new facilities. The cost of these facilities is approximately 1,500,000 2,000,000. Equipment would be in the range of500,000 700.000 for a new station~ ffi the south end. Equipment for a ne'.\' station in the north end \\'ould be provided from the closures of Stations 5 & 6. The fire department does not presently have a timeline for construction of new fire stations at either of their two proposed fire station locations. Funding Plan The fire department has established a capital reserve fund for the systematic replacement of all capital equipment These reserves are funded from the annual revenues of the department. The department also has established a long term goal of a minimum of three four-paid fire fighters on each fire apparatus (this is the national standard adopted by NFPA 1710). Additional staff that is hired in support of that goal will be funded from either new construction levies or additional voter-approved levies. The department has not established any funds for purchase of new stations or associated equipment. These purchases would require voter-approved bonds. In the department's annually adopted budget, capital projects are identified. This capital projects list is up-dated based on completed projects and changing priorities. The FWCP adopts by reference the Department's South King Fire and Rescue Master Plan Strategic Leadership Plan. as well as the annual capital improvements program update. 6.5 GOALS AND POLlCI:ES The goals and policies in this section implement the GMA requirements and the CWPP. The City of Federal Way takes responsibility for implementing only those goals and policies for services provided by the City. Special service districts, such as the school, utility, and fire districts, must implement goals and policies that are consistent with their respective plans. The City does intend, however, to closely coordinate the City's plan with these service districts so that the citizens of Federal Way receive the highest level of service possible. Revised :1002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-47 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities Goal CFGI Annually update the Capital Facilities Plan to implement the FWCP by coordinating urban services, land use decisions. level of service standards. and financial resources with a fully funded schedule of capital improvements. Policies CFPI Provide needed public facilities and services to implement the FWCP. CFP2 Support and encourage joint development and use of community facilities with other governmental or community organizations in areas of mutual concern and benefit. CFP3 Emphasize capital improvement projects that promote the conservation, preservation, redevelopment, or revitalization of commercial, industrial, and residential areas in Federal Way. CFP4 Adopt by reference all facilities plans and future amendments prepared by other special districts that provide services within the City. These plans must be consistent with the FWCP. CFPS Adopt by reference the annual update of the Federal Way Capital Improvement Program for parks/recreation, surface water management, and the Transportation Improvement Program. CFP6 Protect investments in existing facilities through an appropriate level of maintenance and operation funding. CFP7 Maximize the use of existing public facilities and promote orderly compact urban growth. Goal CFG2 To meet current needs for capital facilities in Federal Way, correct deficiencies . in existing systems, and replace or improve obsolete facilities. Balancing existing capital facilities needs with the need to provide additional facilities to serve growth is a major challenge for Federal Way. It is important to maintain our prior investments as well as serve new growth. Clearly, tough priority decisions are facing Federal Way policy-makers. Policies CFP8 Give priority consideration to projects mandated by law, and those by state and federal agencies. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-48 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities CFP9 Give priority consideration to subsequent phases of phased projects when phase one is fully funded and under construction. CFPlO Give priority consideration to projects that renovate existing facilities and preserve the community's prior investment or reduce maintenance and operating costs. CFPll Give priority consideration to projects that correct existing capital facilities deficiencies, encourage full utilization of existing facilities, or replace worn out or obsolete facilities. CFP12 Give priority to projects where leveraged monies such as grants and low interest loans can be used. Goal CFG3 Provide capital facilities to serve and direct future growth within Federal Way and its Potential Annexation Area as they urbanize. It is crucial to identify, in advance of development, sites for schools, parks, fire and police stations, major stormwater facilities, greenbelts, open space, and road connections. Acquisition of sites for these facilities must occur in a timely manner and as early as possible in the overall development of the area. Otherwise, acquisition opportunities will be missed, with long-term functional or financial implications. Policies CFP13 Provide the capital facilities needed to serve the future growth anticipated by the FWCP. CFP14 Coordinate efforts between the Public Works and Parks Departments in the acquisition of and planning for public open space, recreation, public education, and stream preservation within the Hylebos Basin. Departments may combine resources as appropriate to increase project efficiencies and success rates in pursuit of grant opportunities. CFP15 Give priority consideration to projects needed to meet concurrency requirements for growth management. CFP16 Plan and coordinate the location of public facilities and utilities in advance of need. CFP17 Implement a concurrency management system which permits project approval only after a finding is made that there is capacity available in the transportation system sufficient to maintain the adopted level of service standard. Revised 2002 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.49 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital F acihties CFPl8 The provision of urban services shall be coordinated to ensure that areas identified for urban expansion are accompanied with the maximum possible use of existing facilities and cost effective service provisions and extensions while ensuring the protection and preservation of resources. CFP19 Coordinate future economic activity with planning for public facilities and services. CFP20 Purchase property in the Potential Annexation Area and keep it in reserve for future City parks and surface water facilities. CFP21 Consider public/private partnerships to leverage structured parking in association with City Center development or redevelopment, in fulfillment of comprehensive plan vision and goals. Goal CFPG4 Provide adequatefundingfor capitalfacilities in Federal Way to ensure the FWCP vision and goals are implemented. The GMA requires that the Land Use chapter be reassessed if funding for capital facilities falls short of needs. The intent is to ensure that necessary capital facilities are available prior to, or concurrently with new growth and development. Capital facilities plans must show a balance between costs and revenues. There are essentially five options available for balancing the capital facilities budget: increase revenues, decrease level of service standards, decrease the cost of the facilities, decrease the demand for the public service, or reduce the rate of growth and new development. Policies CFP21 CFP22 Manage the City of Federal Way's fiscal resources to support providing needed capital improvements. Ensure a balanced approach to allocating financial resources between: I) major maintenance of existing facilities; 2) eliminating existing capital facility deficiencies; and 3) providing new or expanding existing facilities to serve new growth. CFP22 CFP23 Use the Capital'Facilities Plan to integrate all of the community's capital project resources including grants, bonds, general funds, donations, impact fees, and any other available funding. ' CFP23 CFP24 Ensure that long-term capital financing strategies and policies are consistent with all the other FWCP chapters. CFP24 CFP25 Pursue funding strategies that require new growth and development to pay its fair share of the cost of facilities that are required to maintain adopted level of service standards. One such strategy that should be implemented in the near term is an impact fee program for parks and transportation. Revised :1002 2007 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendmenl VI-50 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital Facilities CFP25 CFP26 Promote a more efficient use of all public facilities by enacting interlocal agreements which facilitate joint maintenance and operations of those facilities. CFP26 CFP27 Use the following available contingency strategies should the City be faced with capital facility funding shortfalls: · Increase revenues by selling general obligation bonds, enacting utility taxes, imposing impact fees, and raising property tax levy rates. · Decrease level of service standards to a level that is more affordable. · Decrease the cost of the facility by changing or modifying the scope of the project. · Decrease the demand for the service or facilities by establishing a moratorium on development, focusing development into areas where facility capacity is available, or changing project timing and/or phasing. CFP27 CFP28 Aggressively pursue grants or private funds when available to finance capital facility projects. CFP28 CFP29 Maximize the usefulness of bond funds by using these monies to the greatest extent possible as matching funds for grants. Goal CFPG5 Ensure that the Federal Way Capital Facilities Plan is current and responsive to the community vision and goals. The role of monitoring and evaluation is vital to the effectiveness of any planning program and particularly for the Capital Facilities chapter. The City's revenues and expenditures are subject to economic fluctuations and are used to predict fiscal trends in order to maintain the City's adopted level of service for public facilities. This Capital Facilities Plan will be annually reviewed and amended to verify that fiscal resources are available to provide public facilities needed to support adopted LOS standards. Policies CFP29 CFP30 Monitor the progress of the Capital Facilities Plan on an ongoing basis, including the completion of major maintenance projects, the expansion of existing facilities, and the addition of new facilities. Evaluate this progress with respect to trends in the rate and distribution of growth, impacts upon service quality, and FWCP direction. CFP3Q CFP31 Review, update, and amend the Capital Facilities Plan annually. Respond to changes in the rates of growth, new development trends, and changing City priorities, budget, and financial considerations. Revised :1002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.51 FWCP - Chapter Six. Capital Facilities Make provisions to reassess the FWCP periodically in light of the evolving Capital Facilities Plan. Take appropriate action to ensure internal consistency of the chapters in the plan. CFP31 CFP32 Continue to coordinate with other capital facility and service providers to ensure that all necessary services and facilities are provided prior to or concurrent with new growth and development. Goal CFPG6 Manage the Surface Water Utility in a manner that makes efficient use of limited resources to address the most critical problems first, and which expresses community values and priorities, Policies CFP32 CFP33 The utility shall continue to have a role in developing and implementing regional, state, and federal surface water policies and programs and, in doing so, shall seek to: . Achieve the City's environmental goals. Contain utility ratepayer costs. Ensure state and federal requirements are achievable. Maintain local control and flexibility in policy/program implementation. Provide consistency with CWPP. . . . . The utility's role in developing and implementing regional, state, and federal surface water policies and programs will include: · Influencing legislation through lobbying and written and verbal testimony during formal comment periods · Participating in rule making · Reviewing technical documents · Serving on advisory committees and work groups · Participating in multi-jurisdictional studies and basin planning · Entering into cooperative agreements with neighboring and regional agencies to accomplish common goals as appropriate and necessary CFP33 CFP34 The utility's funds and resources shall be managed in a professional manner in accordance with applicable'laws, standards, and City financial policies. CFP34 CFP35 The utility shall remain a self-supporting enterprise fund. CFP35 CFP36 The utility Capital Improvement Program (CIP) will provide funding for the following types of projects: 1) Projects addressing flood control problems. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comorehensive Plan Amendment VI.52 FWCP - Chapter Six, Capital F acilitJes 2) Projects needed to meet water quality policies. 3) Projects needed for renewal/replacement or additions to current infrastructure and facilities. 4) Projects necessary for resource protection and stewardship. CFP36 CFP37 To the extent of funding limitations, the CIP shall be sustained at a level of service necessary to implement cost effecti ve flood control mitigation; meet water quality policies; maintain system integrity; provide required resource stewardship and protection; and meet federal, state, and local regulations. CFP37 CFP38 The utility will continue to strive to minimize the use of loans to fund necessary capital improvements, and will generally operate on a "pay-as-you-go basis." However, low interest loans (i.e. Public Works Trust Fund) and/or grants will be used to leverage local funds when feasible. CFP38 CFP39 Rates shall be set at the lowest level necessary to cover utility program expenses, meet levels of service identified in the "Comprehensive Surface Water Management Plan," meet debt coverage requirements, and sustain a reserve balance consistent with these policies on a long-term basis. CFP39 CFP40 Utility rates shall be evaluated annually and adjusted as necessary to achieve utility financial policy objectives. CFP40 CFP41 Utility rates will allocate costs between different customer classes on an equitable basis. CFP41 CFP42 The utility rate structure will be based on a financial analysis considering cost-of-service and other policy objectives, and will provide adjustments for actions taken under approved City standards to reduce related service impacts. CFP12 CFP43 Rates shall be uniform for all utility customers of the same class throughout the service area. CFP43 CFP44 Rate assistance programs may be provided for specific low-income customers. CFP44 CFP45 The utility's annual budget and rate recommendations shall provide funding for the following reserve components: 1. A working capital component based on 45 days of the current year's budgeted operating and maintenance expenses. Under no circumstances shall a budget be submitted for a planned drop in reserves below this level. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI-53 FWCP - Chapter SIX. Capital Facilities 2. An emergency/contingency component to cover excessive costs resulting from unexpected catastrophic events or system failures. Based on historical utility experience, this amount will be set at 500,000, which is the estimate of the net cost of emergency services to be paid from rate resources, excluding any potential reimbursements that may be received from Federal Emergency Management Act grants, the City's General Liability Fund, or other external revenue sources. Revised 2002 2007 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VI.54 "'" .- m1ni't I Ht1trYt!'l mlit-t:'t s~'~t 6t~'Iff'f 16't~t"t-'1 1 t6t'~!\1 . ._ 1.9lt-'t't-" ,--------- _=-__1... tr"""" -,-- ~ ow,",, -&-~:-----=- ---, t--~-='----'- d:.g:~--~l~~~-.~:S - ,~~_~,,,__L-.: -,-- ,- j'- j=-~-=-_ ~-:--- Ot;f;'~~ , M1"'-:--:---j.... ,', l"{-tt: _.__~,!~R I~ m-,,,", I """"~ ,"~'<' _tt, t..etH't t!f1o'W?t """'... 6itft-H ~-?'tiVH et&"<)(rt ~t't'tt""6t ~ ooo'oi 00ffi: - - ~ 00<<ffi" ~ tWW'~ft ~ -'" """'" OOt~e9t' """'tt M'- -- -, OOt~~t l'lffl~~'M ~t-f-lt 00ftf, Oh';-'6'fffi OOf!ift: ~ ...."'" ;;&OU OOi''9O'{, 6Oftt9 ...- iiiif%'t ~- I)~~ ffit'T, e;,-;;t6 ~-etHj ,.,.... 6'Hi'-t<tt ----r.~t<) -itrtff t'tl~41 ttt-l-ltc ~'4t:f :r:~: -' __L_ t!...~;;o;;<t L tooltf"t li!fffi ft-t.lftt -I--~{.t %V1...:ii -- I-itii~ ftftl'tftt't IlM'''' {M"'<tti fwffi" t"t1'1'ft( 1"M',tl'Jr MfIfit--I~f- .-.. ......t 'fT' "''''t H-i'tft il"f't-t! 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I \, I~ j \ r-) Ues N\O\O ;- ~ \ ,...--' \\en \ \ COrnpr~\ lV"- \federa\ Wa~ 01'3\0399 B3SiOS \ capital FacilitieS Element ~ 99 ~ ,--- Federal way PAA Legend: CJ federal VIla':! eM Limits \ potential p..nne)(.a\iOn p..rea \.- Green Ri\Jer Basin \'_\'JleboS cree\<. Basin Lower pUge\ Sound Basin ~scale', ~ ~ 0 o.~ Nliles , oIFe<leralV' ~ soulte ell'! , october, 2riJG, N !<I'P Re'i,ed, ~ federal Way ~ Note', ih's map is intended 101 use as a lllaphiCll\ 1 -n."c,t~Olfede~ ~r\ L .... 1/ Des Moines )- < J l<ent \ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Surface Water Trunk Systems \ Capital Facilities Element Legend: o Federal Way City Limits ~ .:. potential Annexation Area ~ Trunk Drainage System (Piped) o Wetlands (1998 City Survey) Lakes Green River Basin Hylebos Creek Basin Lower puget Sound Basin Map Notes: This map show both natural and manmade features, The Trunk Drainage System is shown only inside the Federal Way city limits, The date of this information is 2002, \ \ Scale: ~ 0 0.5 1 N [ =:J Miles Map Revied: October. 2006- Source: City of Federal Way. King County u!\,. i ~l i \ ComP'~' ,_. . \ par\( plan \ P\aOO\oQ Meas \ capital FacilitieS Element ~ Legend: (:] federa\ Wa'l Ci\'l Limits _, potentia\ Anne)(.atiOn pSea L- parI<. p\anning Area ~~ca\e: ~ ~ o~. NI. i\es , olr.o""'''' 501J1<e,OtJ 2(fj6 ...1 , .0' O<Iob"" \.... ~a.p Re'/\'S ~ fe'dera\ Wa'l No\e: 'This map is intended \01 use as a gl3phica\ I "fheCi\~O\fed~ w \(ent fJ'........ " camelo\ ~ \-- " Federal WaY pA,A, b \V\\,J - comprehenS\\le r \~, . \""aior parkS and open space \ capital Facilities Element Legend: o federal vva'1 CiW Limits \. _, potential Annexation Area . CiW, state and CounW parKs open space \ , , , Geneva \ .. , , south , counW , salltieldS .1.:t6 ~ \\SC3Ie.. ...-\ 0 0.5 ~ N Miles ~, SoUrce: Citj 01 fedefa'W8V, I ~ federal Way NIl Note: 1his m(lP is intended 10J use (IS a gJ(lphica\ JepJI The Cit1 01 FedeJal Wa1 n)akes no 'II<lO'aoW as \0 ds; ~ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan I i~jl-l: ~ lLt] I L5312lnJ_! l I " , r~71. Walmart ~ ['I Pavi/lions I I U <( en en) I Center , ~ H~::~~e. ~ Steel Lake ~ I -l ~ ~ Park ~," F l L 1, _'" _ r I' ~:ds-~~ In 51 ,N, r-c- -, ,~' , ,1 \\ J r rf'Harry Trum 1 / :=JU ' ~ Fet~~:t ...a_, ' High Scho ,j} I' ",,"i ~, i \ \ ; J:I SeaTac en I Pal-do / ~ I ! ,.. . .grj Village <(~ I World ~~ '/ ;; '(3, Ui Plaza I t~l" , / / s !20th s~-=---- ~ I ~__ _ _ _N L lS,320ttlSt U J I 5 324th 5t .. ") ~;:;'~e 0/ I:: I ' '1'-''''''''' :-,-...,_........~....,-,.. ~ !~ II I I / ~ -=: I i / (S C IL i ...J./ ~ : -', · ~ U I: \, 7 Potential Public Space Locations Existing Bicycle Route .._u Planned Bicycle Route D Surface Water Building I -1 Street This map is accompanied by NO warranties, ;;::) ::J l[ A- / ,,; ':::::", )~ ;/ Legend Potential Location of City Center Public Spaces and Bicycle Routes L' Celebration Park ] Park City Center Core City Center Frame Map Date: March, 2007 ~ Scale: N 0 500 I 1,000 Feet I ~ Federal Way Capital Facilities Element Map VI-4a I, , )/ , Federal r <n Way > <( '" ;; N I(ent ( I Federal Way PAA " Edg~ , .. I I , I City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan I City Facilities I Capital Facilities Element Legend: D Federal Way City Limits L _ I Potential Annexation Afea City-Owned Facilities o City Hall o Dumas Bay Centre o New Community Center o Steel Lake Annex City-Leased Facilities I] Klahanee Lake Center D Police Substation - The Commons D Police Substation - North Center I] Police Substation - Westway ~ -[1 ~ N Scale: o 0.5 1 I 'Miles Map Revised: October, 2006. Source: Citj of Federal Way. King County ~ Federal Way MAP VI-5 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only, The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to ns accuracy, / " .-/ ,,'::-v..... ,,- j"llIi ~' ......-..:..";:- ... . . .. . City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Federal Way School District #210 I Capital Facilities Element Legend: o Federal Way City Limits .-_ ~ Potential Annexation Area D Federal Way School District #210 E.e Elementary School .eM Middle School H.e High School ~ N Scale: o 0.5 1 2 1-_-_ I Miles Map Revised: October. 2006. Source: City of Federal Way. j(jng County A Federal Way MAP VI-6 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only, The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to ~s accuracy, ,; ~ \ comp(e"~' \~. . \La\f.eha-Ven water sef'/\Ce ~rea \ capital FacilitieS Element ~ }, d' \..egend: o federa\ \]\Ja'l C\ty Limits _.. potentia\ p..nne~ation p..rea ,- ~ "-' La\<.ena\len Water service p.,rea . . La\<.ena\len corporate eoundary '18 \sca\e: \ 0 0.5 ~ 2 ~ N\ile N Map Revised 0<\000<, 2C06, SOUlce', Clti 01 reo"'&' W< ~ federal VIla,! M Nole' 'This map is iolended \01 use as a 919phica\ Ie ""'~CiWOlfedel~ ------- .t:. ~ \ Cot11\J' v' .- :~6\ \ \\-\\9h\\Oe &. 'Tacoma VJater se",,\Ce Area \ capital Facilities Element ~ Plft!.CI ~ollnd p,lh'rn Bd\ Legend: t::l federa\ Way Ci\'J Limits . _ \ potentia\ Anne)(atiOn Area ;..:. H'ghl'ne \Nate' Sef'I,ce p.rea Boundarj '" ,acorna \Nater se""ce Nea BoUndarj L) In IS LH \ ~' Mgona ~ 1\\~ca\e"O.5 '\ 2 :,.::. WI i \e N lJ,ap fl.evised, ooto"er. 2000, SoorCO', C,ti 0\ Federal IN, ~ federal 'Wa'j M Note' lhi& maP i& intended \Of u&e a& a graphical rE , _."edera\lJIJa1~ - ..-- ::>> \ com~ren~' ,-' - \ \..a\<.eha'len sewer \ serJ,ce Mea \ capital FacilitieS Element ~ ~ . . . . . , Legend: c::J federal \Na'J Ci\'J Limits _.. potential p..nney-ation p..rea \- .. "'" La\<.ena\len sewer serJice p..rea La\<.eha\len corporate BoundaP1 sewer Basin . . '18' ) "', / ~( . -! ~ :; \SC3\e.. \ 0 0.5 ~ 2 ~ __ tv\ile N Map Re'iSed' 0<,00",,2006, Source', Oti ol fee",a' ~ ~ federal \Na,/ till Note' in.s roW is i\1te\1ded 101 use as a Qlapnica\ ,~ "fn"CiWOlfed:~ \".,hl'll J:..tllld 1<.>bJij n. I' 'jlll ....~-:-' ,- --'\.),-....' I ~. ./ ". KK " . . "' '----'-- 'II r~?O" ~' .ro~. /'" ,,~ ,.~ J I City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan South King Fire and Rescue I Capital Facilities Element Legend: D Federal Way City Limits - .. ~ 1_ .. Potential Annexation Area D South King Fire and Rescue Boundary Existing Fire Stations: ~ Station 26 ~ Station 61  Station 62 ~ Station 63 ~ Station 64 ~ Station 65 ~ Station 66 ~ Station 68 (Training & Maintenance Facility) Proposed Fire Stations o.A (" B ~ N Scale: o 0.5 2 ~-_ I Miles Map Revised: October. 2006. Source: City of Federal way. King County ~ Federal Way MAP VI-10 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to ~s aCGuracy. CHAPTER SEVEN - CITY CENTER 7.0 INTRODUCTION Federal Way's City Center chapter presents concepts and strategies for creating a definable and vibrant "City Center" for Federal Way and an "urban center" for Southwest King County in the Federal Way City Center planning area. The chapter integrates the community's vision for a City Center with the Puget Sound Regional Council's (PSRC) adopted VISION 2020 plan, and King County's countywide strategy for developing a network of centers. In this chapter, the term "urban center" is used consistent with the VISION 2020/King County definition, or to refer to the general characteristics ora sub-regional center. The term "City Center" applies specifically to Federal Way's proposed center, which includes a City Center core area and frame area. Only the City Center core area is intended to meet the requirements of an urban center, in accordance with the Countywide Planning Policies (CWPPs). Purposes The principal purposes of the Federal Way City Center chapter are to: . Create an identifiable downtown that is the social and economic focus of the City; · Strengthen the City as a whole by providing for long-term growth in employment and housing; · Promote housing opportunities close to employment; · Support development of an extensive regional transportation system; · Reduce dependency on automobiles; · Consume less land with urban development; . Maximize the benefit of public investment in infrastructure and services; · Reduce costs of and time required for permitting; · Provide a central gathering place for the community; and · Improve the quality of urban design for all developments. Background The VISION 2020 Plan (1995 update), Regional Goal #1 states, "Locate development in urban growth areas to conserve natural resources and enable efficient provision of services and facilities. Within urban growth areas, focus growth in compact communities and centers in a manner that uses land efficiently, provides parks and recreation areas, is pedestrian-oriented, and helps strengthen communities. Connect and serve urban communities with an efficient, transit oriented, multi-modal transportation system." King County's CWPPs support this goal by encouraging: · Establishment of an urban center that is a vibrant, unique, and attracti ve place to live and work; FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center . Efficient public services including transit; and . Responding to local needs and markets for jobs and housing. The CWPPs define urban centers as concentrated, mixed-use areas, a maximum size of 12 square miles (960 acres), and oriented around a high capacity transit station. At build- out, the policies envision that the center would contain a minimum of 15,000 jobs within 2 miles of the transit center, 50 employees per gross acre, and ,an average of 15 households per acre. The urban center policies also call for: . Adopting regulations which encourage transit use and discourage the use of single-occupant vehicles; . Emphasizing the pedestrian features and promoting superior urban design; . Providing sufficient public open spaces and recreational opportunities; and . Uses that provide daytime and nighttime activities. The CWPPs recogniz,e that with this growth will come an increased need for infrastructure. The policies, therefore, indicate that priority will be given to ensure the development of additional transportation and other infrastructure improvements necessary to support new, concentrated growth in urban centers. During a series of community workshops held in 1992 and 1993 (which are described in chapter one), participants helped to develop a "vision" for Federal Way's future. This vision included the creation of a City Center. With the support of the residential and business community, Federal Way nominated itself to contain an urban center. Nominations were reviewed by the Growth Management Planning Council (GMPC), which confirmed the Federal Way City Center core area as an urban center in 1994. The urban center designation should help Federal Way continue to gain access to County funds needed to provide infrastructure as the City Center grows. The Role of the City Center in Federal Way's Future There are several reasons why a definable, vital City Center is an important part of Federal Way's future. These include: Community Support - The Federal Way community has made the City Center a significant part of its vision. Participants in community workshops helped to develop a vision for Federal Way's future. A keystone of that plan is an attractive, multi-faceted City Center providing the setting for civic features and commercial activities. Economic Development - Federal Way's economic development strategy relies on a strong urban center. As discussed in the Economic Development chapter, Federal Way has the opportunity to transform itself from an essentially residential and retail based economy to an emerging, sub-regional economic center with an expanded, more diversified employment base. Revised 2002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-2 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center Natural Evolution - The development of a more intensive, multi-use urban center is a natural step in Federal Way's evolution. Most new centers start out as bedroom communities. Retail businesses develop first; office and industrial activities next begin to locate at key transportation crossroads, adding jobs and strengthening the employment base. Federal Way has experienced all evolutionary phases, with the exception of one. The final step is achieving a sufficient critical mass in'the City Center to produce lively street activity; support specialty business, cultural/entertainment facilities; justify the investment' for public parks, amenities, and improved transportation systems; and create the interactive "synergy" of a true urban center. Federal Way's economic development strategy will add this final essential step in this evolution. Growth Management - Developing a City Center is part of a regional strategy to address Western Washington's growth management. Public poli~y makers have focused increased attention on issues affecting our quality of life, including urban sprawl and the accompanying reduction of open space, declining housing affordability, and increasing traffic congestion. As stated previously, concentrating future growth within the four county region into a number of centers (rather than a continued pattern of dispersion), linked by an efficient high capacity transit system, is one of the principal goals to manage this growth. 7.1 EXISTING CONDITI.ONS City Center Planning Area The City Center planning area, consisting of the City Center Core and Frame zones, is approximately 414 acres in size and is bounded by South 312th Street, South 324th Street, Interstate 5, 11th Place South, and 13th Avenue South (see Maps VII-l and VII-2, maps are located at the end of the chapter). The City Center Core and Frame areas are 209 and 205 acres, respectively. General Image The City Center does not currently present an identifiable sense of a downtown or urban center. The existing commercial development within the study area is typical of suburban strip retail and mall development. The dominance of mass retailing has largely shaped the commercial core. The SeaTac Mall Commons and spin-off retail centers are a local and regional destination and generate great amounts of physical and economic activity. However, as is the case with most older suburban mall areas, there is little, if anything, distinctive or unique about the existing City Center. Essentially, it could be anyplace. It is similar to hundreds of other commercial centers across the country. The businesses do not connect to each other, or to public and private spaces, residential neighborhoods, or civic uses, except by automobile. Development essentially reflects one pattern: a single story of "light" construction, surrounded by an apron of asphalt. Buildings feature concrete, or concrete block walls, creating austere and "generic" images. Revised:1OO2 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-3 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center Another prevalent image of the area is the vast amount of surface parking. The availability of parking is essential to the current type of retail found in Federal Way. City Center businesses serve regional as well as local markets, and are heavily oriented to access by automobile. Actual building footprints relative to total parcel areas are quite small; the majority of most parcels are used to provide surface parking. This parking is often underutilized, except during the peak holiday season., The current network of collectors and arterials, and the disjointed over-sized block grids within the existing commercial area, contributes to significant traffic congestion. The character of the street environment is also unfriendly to pedestrians in many locations, with few amenities such as landscaping, lighting, benches, etc. In addition, in many locations the pedestrian experience is made even less attractive as little more than parking lots or blank walls line the sidewalks. Recent improvements throughout the City Center, most notably along South 320th Street, have improved the character of some streetscapes with handsome streetlights and trees. Continuation of these improvements along Pacific Highway South and elsewhere throughout the City Center will do much to improve the overall character of the City Center streetscapes. Similarly, the extensive abatement of unattractive, out-of-scale signage, achieved over the past five years, has also led to a more attractive, human-scale streetscape. The City Center does not contain a significant residential population. Pockets of residential housing exist between South 31th and 316th Streets, and SR -99 and 1-5. Figure VII-I (page 5) depicts an aerial view of the City Center area looking south from the northwest comer of the City Center boundaries. Physical Conditions Land Use Most of the study area is currently developed and consequently, most new development in this area will displace existing low intensity uses. Buildings are dispersed throughout the area and lack pedestrian connections to each other and public rights-of-way. Current land use patterns favor auto-oriented commercial activity. The primary use in the City Center area is retail/service, followed by lodging, office, and residential. SeaTac Mall The Commons is the "signature" development in the area. Table VII-f (page 5) lists the amount ofland use development by gross floor area within the City Center planning area as of January 2002. Public and civic uses are scarce, with only four publicly owned non-park sites (the Federal Way School District's bus barn site north of 11 th Place South and South 320th Street; Truman High School, northwest of South 31 th Street and 28th Avenue South; King County Library, 848 South 320lh Street; and the School District's Administrative Offices, 31405 Pacific Highway South). Revised 2QW 2007,2006 ComprehenSive Plan Amendment VII-4 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center Figure VII-l Aerial View of City Center ~~-'- .'--. --~_____..::...,..o.-----<:;?'r----~-" ---. --..- --_.__- .-- F;..-----..... -'-" --- -.-- -.;...--- -- Table VII-l Gro ss Floor Area of Land Uses City Center, >1\/\" Februarv 2007 Use Total Sauare Footal!e # Units # Rooms Office ~ 194.239 Retail 2,734,842 2.866,688 Hotels 369,377 655 Movie Theatres ~ 42.706 Light Industrial * ~ 80,075 1 nstitutional ~ 135.880 Single Family 980 I Multiple Family 891 , , * mlnlslorage fael lilIes and service lllnldffigs Revised ~ 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-S FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Cenler Parks and Open Space There are no truly public spaces within the City Center. Private green spaces, plazas and public meeting spaces are few. Steel Lake Park to the northeast and Celebration Park to the southwest are on the perimeter of the City Center. Even though these parks are within walking distance of the City Center, they also serve as regional facilities in addition to serving local needs. Civic Buildings and Municipal Facilities Similarly, the City Center lacks significant civic or municipal facilities, with only the Public Library near the periphery of the City Center. The next closest facility is the City of Federal Way Parks lJ>epartment's Steel Lake Annex and Maintenance Facility near South 31th Street and 28th Avenue South. Klahanee Senior/ Community Center and City Hall are located a few miles southwest of the City Center at 3390 19th A venue South and 33530 1 st Way South, respectively. Circulation Roadways - A key element defining mobility within the City Center planning area is the enormous size of its blocks. Most U.S. downtowns have blocks ranging from 250 to 500 feet on a side; block lengths in Federal Way are several times that. Because of the "superblock" configuration, motorists drive between and within parking areas serving City Center developments to avoid congestion along City streets and pedestrian circulation is discouraged. Access to the area is provided by two principal arterial routes: South 320th Street (which runs east/west and connects to 1-5), and SR-99 (which runs north/south). An inefficient hierarchy of streets feed these arterial roadways. The area lacks a system of minor arterial and smaller collector streets that could diffuse traffic efficiently away from these two principal arterials. The irregular spacing of traffic signals also adds to congestion. As such, the accessibility provided by the juncture of these routes, initially attractive to area residents, has been lost due to growth in traffic. Transit Service - Eighteen transit and dial a ride routes radiate from the City Center. Hmvever, service to the entire City Center is not the primary focus, especially during the peak periods of the day as there are only 12 all day routes. A regional park and ride lot, located southwest of 1-5 and south of South 320th Street, and the Federal Way Transit Center which opened in early 2006 on a seven-acre site located at the southwest comer of South 316th Street and 23rd A venue South at the northeast edge of Federal Way's City Center, generate most of the area's transit ridership during peak periods of the day. King County/METRO, Sound Transit, and Pierce Transit serve #Hs both of these sites. Congestion on I 5, South 320tk Street, and SR 99 demonstrates the need for an enhanced transit system. However, the existing low intensity and dispersed land use patterns will not support significant increases in transit service. The area also lacks transit facilities sueh as bus pullouts and waiting areas, and a pedestrian net\vorlc to safe and direct access from transit stops. The proposed 3171h direct access ramp for Sound Transit's Federal Way Transit Center, and the Sound Transit Federal Way Transit Center both open in Revised ~ 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment- VII.6 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Cenler early 2006 will have improveg regional transit speed and reliability because transit will be ~ able to access the city center without \:i5ffig having to use the congested 1-5/320th interchange. It-will The 317lh direct access ramp also benefit~ carpools and vanpools. Pedestrian Environment and Bicycle Facilities - A 1992 inventory of existing sidewalks within the City (see page V -22 of the Community Profile, Feb. 1993) revealed a deficiency of pedestrian facilities Citywide. The central core was highlighted as one of the areas that lacked an adequate pedestrian network. For example, most of SR 99 and portions of 324th Street and 23rd Avenue South lacked sidewalks. A majority of walking that does take place in the study area occurs within malls and along storefronts of shopping center strips. Sidewalks connecting storefronts to public walkways are lacking. The few sidewalks that did exist were narrow, devoid of trees, and interrupted by numerous curb cuts. Crossing wide, busy streets such as South 320th Street and SR-99 can also be intimidating. There are few places to sit and enjoy pleasant weather, meet friends, or have lunch outside. The current pedestrian environment is unfriendly and unappealing. The division that exists between pedestrians and auto areas is not conducive to establishing the active street life desired in a City Center. Bicyclists have even fewer facilities to choose from. City streets lack striping or signage for bike riders who must share the road with heavy volumes of traffic. Once bicyclists reach the area, they become frustrated by the lack of safe storage facilities for their vehicles. Covered bike parking will be provided at Sound Transit's Federal Way Transit Center. Residential The City Center contains approximately 892 units of housing (listed in Table VII-I), located primarily in the area east of SR-99, south of South 31th Street, north of South 316th Street, and west of 28th Avenue South. Other residential neighborhoods surround the City Center area, such as the pockets of multi-family housing west of South 11 th Place and south of South 320th Street. There are also single-family neighborhoods west of Highway 99 and north of the South 312th Street corridor. While these neighborhoods are not located immediately within the City Center, they are located conveniently within walking, bicycling, or vehicular distance. They differ greatly in character and type. In 1997, two senior housing projects were constructed in the City Center Frame area. These projects are located south of South 3l2th Street and east of 23 rd Avenue South, adjacent to the southern portion of Steel Lake Park. The two projects, Meridian! Willamette Court and Wood mark at Steel Lake, consist of300 and 85 living units respectively. The residents of these developments have easy access to several shopping opportunities and services in the City Center area. It is important to note that no new residential construction has occurred in the City Center since that time. In an effort to stimulate additional multi-family development in the City Center, the City adopted a ten-year exemption from property taxes for multi-family development in February 2003. In addition, the City adopted a Planned Action SEPA in September 2006 for a sub-area of the Gty Center, more specifically described as an area bounded on the Revised ~ 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.7 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center north by South 31 th Street, on the south by South 324th Street, on the west by Pacific Highway South, and on the east by 23rd Avenue South (Map VIl-2A). The planned action designation applies to proposed residential. retail, office, hotel, civic, and structured parkin~ development falling within the development envelope analyzed in this EIS. The Planned Action SEPA and increased heights for mixed-use buildings containin~ multi- unit housing in the City Center Core and City Center Frame adopted in February 2006 is expected to encourage construction of multi-unit housing in the City Center area. Infrastructure Most of the existing facilities and infrastructure were inherited from King County. In 1998, the City adopted new streetscape guidelines related to roadway profiles, streetlights, sidewalk widths, and street trees. In 1999, South 31th Street between Pacific Highway South and 23rd A venue South was widened to five lanes, and new sidewalks, street lighting, and street trees were added, as well as traffic signals at 20th Avenue South and 23rd A venue South. In 2001, South 320th Street was improved with streetscape elements between 11th Place South and 30lh Avenue South. In 2002, the remainder of South 320th Street also was improved and 23rd Avenue South was widened to five lanes with 'sidewalks and streetscape elements. New traffic signals at South 3 16th, South 31 th, and South 322nd Streets were installed. In 2003, construetion will begin on widening Pacifio Highway South to add high occupanoy yehicle (HaV) lanes, sidewalks, and streetsoape elements. Pacific Highway Hay Lanes, Phase I constructed in 2002-2004, widened Pacific Highway South with an Hay lane in each direction from South 312th to South 324th. The project also added sidewalks, center medians, landscaping, and utility undergrounding. This project was the City's first of five to improve the Pacific Highway/International Boulevard corridor and was a continuation of the revitalization of the City Center. 7.2 VISION S1 A1EMENT By the end of the comprehensive planning horizon, the Federal Way City Center will have evolved into the cultural, social, and economic center of the City and fulfilled its role as one of Puget Sound's regional network of urban centers. This role will be reinforced by pedestrian-oriented streetscapes; an efficient multi-modal transportation system; livable and affordable housing; increased retail, service, and office development in a compact area; a network of public spaces and parks; superior urban design; and a safe, essential, and vibrant street life. The City Center is responsive to th~ needs of the City's residents. In addition to general services that draw people from outside the region, such as retail, office, and hotel uses, the City Center is the primary commercial area providing local goods and services to the surrounding neighborhoods, and to residents and employees within the center area. Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-8 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center Private development and City initiated actions will have resulted in a balanced transportation network that accommodates automobiles, public transportation, high occupancy vehicles, pedestrians, bicyclists, and integrated parking. Pedestrian and bicycle circulation is emphasized along with other travel modes. The downtown urban fabric includes smaller blocks, lending itself to efficient and pleasant travel. Concentrated development allows a significant number of jobs and residences to be located within close proximity to transit and a High Capacity Transit Station (HCT), thus, reducing dependency on the,automobile and improving pedestrian mobility. The regional HCT system may begin with regional express bus service tflat would evolve to fixed guide-way systems, such as light rail or monorail, as ridership dictates and funding allows. Direct access to a regional transit system links the City Center to Seattle, Everett, Tacoma, Bellevue, SeaTac International Airport, and other regional and local destinations. The diversity of housing opportunities now includes high-rise residential buildings, which help to meet a significant portion of the community's housing needs. City Center residents walk or take transit to shop, work, and recreate. Community facilities and services, public spaces, parks, and trails complement the variety of housing and provide places for residents to come together as a community. A central gathering place for the community, the City Center is where the whole community can congregate and celebrate. Civic and cultural facilities, in addition to a park and open-space system, meet the needs of residents, employees, and visitors. These amenities connect to the Citywide and regional system of open spaces, parks, and trails. Public and private projects contain such design elements as fountains, sculptures, and unique landscaping. The quality of urban design for all developments, including streets, buildings, and landscaping, is high and contributes to an improved quality of life. Public buildings and spaces also set a high standard for design and compatibility with adjoining uses. Goals for the City Center Chapter The goals and policies of the City Center chapter are derived from those of the Federal Way Comprehensive Plan (FWCP). The FWCP addresses in greater detail the framework of regional plans and legislation which direct planning in Federal Way. It also discusses the basic policies addressing housing, parks, recreation, and commercial development. This chapter builds on these policies, and provides specific recommendations and actions necessary to facilitate the development of the City Center. The following goals provide overall direction to policy makers and community members when making choices about growth and development within Federal Way's City Center. Additional goals and policies are located throughout this chapter, providing specific direction on other matters discussed. No set of goals or policies can address all potential issues that may arise in the course of implementing the FWCP. Therefore, while these are fundamental to the FWCP, they are not immutable and may need to be revised as situations warrant. Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-9 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center Goals CCGl Create an identifiable City Center that serves as the social, cultural, and economic focus of the City. Define a City Center with distinct boundaries, unique building types, and special features. CCG2 Attract a regional market for high quality office and retail uses which increases employment opportunities. adds to the City's tax base, and establishes Federal Way's City Center as an economic leader in the South King County region. CCG3 Connect the City Center to a convenient regional transit system. Provide service between centers and nearby areas by an efficient, transit-oriented, a,!-d multi-modal transportation system. 'CCG4 Foster distinct districts within the City Center. defining the roles and characteristics of each such district. CCGS Encourage a mix of compatible uses to maintain a lively, attractive, and safe place to live, work, and visit, CCG6 Focus on improving the existing character and image of the City Center. CCG7 Encourage housing opportunities in mixed residentiallcommercial settings. Promote housing opportunities close to employment. CCG8 Develop land use patterns that will encourage less dependency on the single occupant automobile. CCG9 Create an environment oriented to pedestrians and bicyclists. CCGI0 Create an environment that attracts high quality housing, commercial, and office uses. Continue to enforce requirements for quality design in buildings, streetscape, and site planning. CCG 11 Create policies and regulations to encourage more efficient use of parking facilities and to foster new, innovative, and creative parking solutions. CCG 12 Protect and enhance natural features of the area. Revised 2Q@ 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-IO FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center 7.3 THE LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION CONCEPT FOR THE CITY CENTER The Concept Plan The concept is to redevelop the City Center and create a compact urban community and vibrant center of activity. The crux of the strategy is to promote a compact urban center with connections between where we live, work, and recreate, and create an urban environment that is amenable to walking, bicycling, and transit. The concept, a result of the citizen participation process called CityShape (held in 1992-93), implements the community's goals outlined in Section 7.2. In summary, the concept is to: . Establish a City Center to support HCT by locating residents and workers within convenient walking distance of HCT. . Make efficient use of existing capital improvements by concentrating higher intensity land uses in the City Center. · Encourage a mix of compatible uses where housing coexists adjacent to, above, or near commercial developments. . Create a dense residential community within walking and bicycling distance of the core. · Improve auto circulation in the City Center by completing the proposed street grid, creating smaller blocks, and providing opportunities for through traffic to travel around rather than through the core, thus minimizing the impact of future growth on Citywide traffic patterns and congestion. . Reduce impact of parking by encouraging structured parking, allowing reduced parking ratios, shared parking, and other innovative and creative parking solutions, as well as implementing guidelines that enhance appearance. · Create pedestrian and bicycle connections throughout the City Center and to surrounding neighborhoods. Provide a safe and inviting environment for pedestrians and bicyclists with direct connections between activities and transit facilities. Continue to develop and/or reconstruct streets to include sidewalks, street trees, benches, garbage receptacles, screening of parking areas, etc. · Create high amenity pedestrian-friendly corridors through the core, \inked to a transit center and providing an attractive civic focus to SeaTac Mall the Commons. Revised 2QW 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-11 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center · Provid,e a civic focus to create a sense of identity for all residents. Develop municipal and cultural facilities within the City Center core area. . Develop public spaces in the City Center, particularly the core area. Enhance the City Center with a network of public spaces and parks connected to the Citywide and regional system of open spaces, parks, and trails. Encourage gathering spaces in private development. Map VII-3 applies the principles described above. The figure depicts the City Center core area between SR-99 and 1-5 and South 316th/317th and South 320th and 324lh Streets. The City Center core area contains a concentration of higher-density, commercial, residential, and mixed-use development, as well as civic, social and cultural uses. The City Center frame area surrounds the core along the west and north edges and provides a full complement of commercial, residential, and mixed-use development at somewhat lower densities to support the core. It also provides a transition to surrounding single-family neighborhoods. High capacity transit runs through the middle of the City Center, and pedestrian pathways connect the HCT station with residential areas, future civic spaces, and the SeaTac Mall Commons. land Use Designations This section expands on the land use concepts described previously. The City Center chapter contains two different land use designations, each with its own distinctive characteristics, intended to guide the evolution of the City Center, see Map VII-4. The City Center core and frame area designations give form to the concepts summarized in section 7.3. These land use designations direct the location and extent of growth, and will reshape the nature of development, transforming the area into a compact, vibrant City Cen ter. City Center Core Area For the last 20 years or so, lower-density shopping mall areas at the edge of the nation's larger cities have gradually been redeveloped and transformed into more dense urban centers, emulating the development patterns and sense of place of more traditional downtowns. This transformation, to an area with a unique character and improved image, is proposed for the core area. The intent of the core area land use designation is to create a higher-density mixed-use "center" for Federal Way, and become an urban center as envisioned, in VISION 2020 and the CWPP. The CityShape vision called for concentrating growth in an area where sufficient infrastructure capacity exists, or where such capacity can be provided efficiently. The infrastructure within the City Center, specifically the core area, is designed to handle the highest levels of demand within Federal Way. By orienting new growth around this investment, the existing capacity can be utilized to its fullest extent. Revised:1OO2 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment, VII-12 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center The core area designation also encourages the concentration of new development to help reduce development pressure in other areas of Federal Way. The core area land use designation encourages a greater diversity of uses within mixed- use types of development. Traditional city centers are places where diverse office, retail, and government uses are concentrated, as well as cultural and civic facilities, community services, and housing. Many cities are advocating mixed-use development for a number of reasons. These include: · Providing new housing, increasing the range of housing choices, and cutting down on automobile dependency by bringing work places and residences into close proximity; · Providing retail and service needs in close proximity to residential and employment areas; and, · Improving feasibility of a development project. The proximity of urban services makes housing projects more desirable and a nearby source of consumers help make a commercial project more profitable. Residents choose to live in higher-density housing for a variety ofreasons. First, higher- density is frequently less expensive than single-family housing. Second, the convenience and proximity to work, needed services, and cultural activities is very desirable for many people. Finally, many people find that they do not need a large, single-family detached house. Given their lifestyle, they appreciate the low maintenance and security of higher- density living. There is a mutually supportive relationship between higher-density residential uses and commercial activities. The presence of housing also activates City Center streets, day and night. Concentrating growth in a specific area also supports investment in transit, including a regional HCT system. Existing low-density development does not generate sufficient levels of demand to optimize the return on investment in transit. Promoting higher- density uses within walking distance of transit facilities will improve the viability of this significant infrastructure investment. Additionally, concentrating the highest density of development in the core, where a significant number of jobs and residences will be within walking distance of a transit station, helps reduce dependency on the automobile and improve pedestrian mobility. The core area emp\:1asizes pedestrian, bicycle, and transit mobility. The core area will be less auto-oriented than the frame area, but it will not be unfriendly to the use of automobiles. The City Center core at;ea will also be the central gathering place for the community-a place where the whole community can congregate and celebrate. Accordingly, the core should include an outdoor square, park, or commons, with public amenities such as fountains, sculptures, and unique landscaping. Revised ~ 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.13 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center Other civic amenities or buildings, including Municipal Facilities and/or a performing arts center, could be grouped around this City Center square (Figure VIl-2). Figure VII-2 Potential Core Area Development Goals & Policies That Promote the Concentration of New Development in the City Center Core Area Goal CCG 13 Focus new growth, with resultant increasing demands for infrastructure and transportation, in the City Center, specifically the core area. Allow for higher intensity uses for efficient use of land. Policies CCPl Support the concentration of uses within the core area to create a financial, retail, business, civic, and cultural hub of Federal Way. CCP2 Develop an attractive City Center that will attract quality development. CCP3 Continue to support land use regulations that allow the higher intensity development expected over the nex;t 15 to 30 years. Revised 2002 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.14 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center CCP4 Continue to develop a City Center that is the primary commercial area providing local goods and services to the surrounding neighborhoods and region, and to residents and employees within the center. CCPS Complete an area 'Nide environmental impact statement and Utilize the SEP A Planned Action and provide streamlined permit review in the City Center to accelerate changes to the core area. CCP6 Work with urban service providers to ensure sufficient capacity is available for development. CCP7 Allow for a variety of uses and mixed-use development within buildings, or complexes. Ensure that mixed-use development complements and enhances the character of the surrounding residential and commercial areas. CCP8 Provide incentives to encourage residential development in City Center.,core area. CCP9 Promote the siting of cultural and civic uses within the City Center core. The City should always consider City Center Core sites in siting analyses and decisions regarding potential civic and cultural uses that it develops. In addition, incentives should be explored that could attract cultural and civic uses over which the City does not have direct control. City Center Frame Area. Establishing a City Center frame area provides a zone for dense mixed-use development that surrounds and supports the core. It also provides a transition between high-activity areas in the core area and less dense neighborhoods outside of the frame. ' The frame area allows uses that are similar to those in the core area, but are of lower- density and intensity. Together, the core and frame areas are complementary. Encouraging multiple unit housing mixed with business and commercial use will help Federal Way meet regional land use goals. This is accomplished by encouraging the development of housing close to employment and transportation centers. To help transform the character of this land use designation, regulatory and/or financial incentives should be explored in exchange for amenities that contribute to a more pedestrian oriented environment (Figure VII-3). Revised 2002 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.15 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center Figure Vll-3 Potential Frame Area Development Goals & Policies That Promote New Commercial, Residential, and Mixed-Use Development in the City Center Frame Area Goal CCG14 Allow increased development of commercial uses while increasing housing opportunities and diversity of housing types. Policies CCPIO Continue to develop land use regulations that encourage the frame area to accommodate higher-density residential uses accompanied by residentially oriented retail and service uses. CCPII Continue to provide amenities such as community services, parks, and public spaces to meet residential needs. CCPI2 Continue to ensure effective transitions between frame area development and nearby lower-intensity development. ' Revised 2002 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-16 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center Circulation Federal Way's City Center chapter is designed in accordance with VISION 2020 and CWpp related to mobility. Although regional travel trends continue to show more cars on the road, more trips per person, and increases in the number of people driving alone, the emphasis of the FWCP is to promote a variety of travel options. The City will focus both on transportation improvements as well as influencing individual travel choices by increasing the attractiveness of alternatives to the automobile. Encouraging growth in a compact, well defined City Center will help promote bicycling, walking, and transit use, as well as encouraging shorter automobile trips. The City Center will be connected to other regional urban centers and areas of the City by a multimodal transportation system, including a fast and convenient regional transit system. In order to function efficiently, mobility in the City Center must be enhanced by continuing to make transportation improvements. The City should focus transportation investments in the City Center to support transit and pedestrian-oriented land use patterns. These improvements should include: a smaller street grid, bicycle routes, public sidewalks and pedestrian pathways, and clear and identifiable transit routes. These transportation improvements will also help meet City Center mobility needs in the event a HCT system is not developed. Goal to Improve Overall Circulation Goal CCG15 Provide a balanced transportation network that accommodates public transportation, high occupancy vehicles, pedestrians, bicyclists. automobiles, and integrated parking. ' Automobile Circulation The current network of collector roads and arterials, the disjointed grid, and large block sizes contribute to significant traffic congestion within the City Center. The solution is .not necessarily to construct wider roads. Streets become less efficient as the numbers of lanes increases. Building new streets versus widening existing streets is more cost effective, yieldsgreateF. capacity, and will have less impact on the City Center. Automobiles are likely to continue as a dominant mode of transportation. A comprehensive network of collector arterials and other streets must be developed to distribute this traffic and create more driving choices. To the extent possible, the City should connect streets to form a tighter grid within the City Center, especially in the core, by negotiating new public rights-of-way and building new streets. This "interconnectivity" serves to shorten and disperse trips, and consequently reduce travel on existing congested arterials. Map VII-5 indicates' the proposed street network changes. Additionally, alternatives to auto travel such Revised 2002 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.17 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center as van and car pools, transit, pedestrian corridors, and bicycle paths should also be emphasized. Goals and Policies to Improve Automobile Circulation and Reduce Usage Goal CCG16 Improve the flow of vehicular traffic through the City Center and minimize increases in congestion. Policies CCP14 Improve traffic flow around and through the City Center by extending the street network, creating smaller blocks, and completing the ring road along the west edge of the City Center. CCP15 Reduce congestion by supporting the Commute Trip Reduction Act. Develop commuting alternatives to single occupancy vehicles, including transit, walking, and bicycling. CCP16 The City's LOS standard shall be based on average person-delay to allow lower LOS for single-occupant vehicles and support pedestrian-friendly designs and HOV treatment. Pedestrian/Bicycle Connections Pedestrian and bicycle mobility is a vital part of the future City Center circulation system. Improvements for pedestrians and bicyclists should support increases in transit services and promote the development of the City Center. This chapter addresses the lack of pedestrian amenities and pathways by recommending changes to the development patterns and transforming the character of the streetscape. As the street system is redeveloped to better accommodate the needs of pedestrians and bicyclists, a network of facilities for people on foot and bikes will be established such as already exists for people in cars. Reducing the size of the street grid as proposed, improving auto circulation, and creating pedestrian paths through larger parcels is critical to establishing walking patterns that reduce dependency on the automobile. As individual sites are designed and developed to be more pedestrian friendly, and as the City provides improved pedestrian linkages, the pedestrian system will handle an increasing share of trips. As such, the City adopted special street design standards for the City Center in 1998. These include 12-foot sidewalks with street trees and pedestrian-scale street lighting. As streets are constructed, additional amenities such as benches, trash receptacles, and landscaped corner treatments may be added. Bike lanes will also be provided in a grid tighter than the rest of the City on through streets that avoid multiple turn-lane conflicts. Revised 2002 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-18 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center In addition to adding public sidewalks and creating mid-block pathways, Map VII-6 depicts three principal pedestrian connections to improve pedestrian circulation. The first is developing connections between the HCT station, adjoining bus transfer facilities, and other uses. The pedestrian and bicycle system is essential to other travel modes, particularly transit. Virtually all transit trips begin and end as pedestrian trips on public rights-of-way. All buildings within proximity to these areas should be required to facilitate pedestrian and bicycle movement. The second goal is to establish pedestrian and bicycle connections to SeaTac Mall the Commons, the City's largest generator of vehicular and pedestrian traffic. Linkages between the proposed transit station and the SeaTac Mall Commons are important. Unfortunately, South 320th Street is wide, congested, and presents a significant barrier to this connection. Providing an at-grade pedestrian and bicycle crossing could increase congestion and vehicular and pedestrianlbicycle conflicts. To facilitate this connection, and encourage redevelopment of existing parking areas, this chapter proposes the continued consideration of a pedestrian bridge spanning South 320lh Street. The pedestrian over-pass would create a major connection between two areas in the City Center that have a high potential for new development and redevelopment. The third goal is to connect the City Center to nearby neighborhoods and park. Residential neighborhoods of varying densities surround the City Center. Steel Lake and Celebration Parks are located to the northeast and southwest of the City Center, respectively. Both pedestrian and bicycle trails should extend to these residential neighborhoods and parks. Roads extending to these areas should emphasize the pedestrian connection by including additional pedestrian amenities. In order to provide good. pedestrian connectivity across multi-lane arterials such as South 320th Street and Pacific Highway South, crossings should be provided more closely than the existing ~-mile spacing of traffic signals. Unsignalized pedestrian crossings would not be very safe, yet closer spacing of traffic signals make two-way signal coordination impossible to achieve, creating much more congestion and worsening safety and air quality. These conflicting needs must be resolved through the design process as these streets are reconstructed. Policies to Improve Pedestrian Connections Goal CCG 17 Promote and facilitate the effective use of non-motorized transportation. Create a safe, efficient, and enjoyable pedestrian and bicycle system. Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.19 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center Policies CCP17 Emphasize pedestrian and bicycle circulation, as well as other travel modes in all aspects of developing the City Center transportation system. Include public sidewalks, street trees, and other pedestrian amenities for streets. CCP18 Continue to enforce and refine local zoning codes, site planning requirements, and street design standards, as necessary, to establish a more pedestrian and bicycle friendly environment. CCP19 Encourage new development to include active ground floor uses such as shops, community services, office, and housing units. Provide pedestrian connections between adjacent buildings where possible to provide for streetscape continuity. CCP20 Develop clear and safe pedestrian paths through large parcels to enhance the pedestrian network. CCP21 Continue to site and screen parking lots to minimize impact on the pedestrian environment. CCP22 Connect the main entry of buildings to public sidewalks by a clear, identifiable walkway. CCP23 Encourage transit use by improving pedestrian and bicycle linkages to the existing and future transit system, and by improving the security and utility of park-and-ride lots and bus stops. CCP24 Establish clear and well marked pedestrian crossings to reach transit facilities and other uses at a maximum spacing of 660 feet. CCP25 Connect Celebration Park and Steel Lake Park via a pedestrianlbicycle pathway bisecting the City Center. Orient buildings, urban open spaces, plazas, etc., to pathways where feasible. CCP26 Continue to improve the appearance of, and pedestrianlbicycle circulation along, South 320lh Street and Pacific Highway South. Transit Efficient, convenient, and reliable transit is important to the FWCC's emphasis to reduce auto dependency through the creation of viable travel options. Transit will play an important role in the development of the City Center and the region as a whole. A multi- modal system that includes transit will bring commuters and shoppers to and from other areas of Federal Way and adjacent communities. A high capacity transit system with a principal stop in the core area will distribute people regionally and connect to other bus based transit systems. Transit stops throughout the center will help shoppers, employees, Revised 2002 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.20 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center and residents to circulate around the City Center without the need to get into their cars. Encouraging a mix of land uses and densities at major transit access points will help meet passenger needs and reduce vehicle trips. High Capacity Transit The Federal Way Transit Center opened in early 2006, on a seven-acre site located at the southwest corner of South 3 16th Street and 23 rd A venue South, at the northeast edge of Federal Way's City Center. The transit center is a regional bus transit facility supporting Sound Transit, King County METRO, and Pierce Transit. It includes a five-level structured parking garage with 1 ,200 parking spaces, a pedestrian bridge between the transit decks and parking garage, bicycle storage, and shelters for waiting passengers. The Transit Center is considered by the City as a maior anchor to the urban center designation in the Vision 2020 plan adopted by the PSRC. The project also includes a high occupancy vehicle (HOV) direct-access ramp connecting the transit center to Interstate-5 via South 31 th Street. In addition, approximately one acre of the transit center site has been set aside for future transit-oriented development consistent with the comprehensive plan vision for the City Center. Sound Transit is working with Puget Sound citizens and City representatives to develop a HCT network linking Everett, Tacoma, Seattle, Bellevue, and communities between them. Four HCT Three light rail stations are proposed in Federal Way, including one in the City Center core area. Map VII-7 depicts the approximate HCT alignment and the location of the City Center recently constructed transit station and the direct access ramp connecting 1-5 and the transit station. The Federal Way Transit Center is currently located at the Federal Way Park & Ride. lLt the time of the adoption of the 1995 FWCP, the City Center ohapter proposed a new location at South 3 1 2 lit Street and 20lR ^ venue South. The primary dri ver for this location was the assumption that light rail between Seattle and Tacoma would foliO'll SR 99. Since adoption of the plan, conditions have changed and discussion of alternate locations has emerged. Sound Transit's Sound Move Initiative allocated 1 Million for the construction of a new Transit Center, in coordination v:ith the enhancement and/or relocation of the existing Transit Center and direct accesS ramps. The Transit Center is considered by the City as a major anchor to the urban oenter designation in the Vision 2020 plan adopted by the PSRC. The location of the Transit Center should be surrounded by property that has potential to redevelop into transit supportive uses, thus assisting to ensure both the success of the Transit Center itself and the economic vitality of the City Center. Based on these considerations, the Transit Center site has been selected. The site is located on the block bounded by 23m and 21st Avenues South, to the south of South 31611t Streeh Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-21 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center The FWCP does not depend solely on the development of a HCT system. The proposed system is one of several transportation options. While HCT will help regional and local transportation needs, other modes will continue to playa vital role. Many of the characteristics that are desired within the City Center, and support HCT, also support other modes such as van/car pooling, busing, bicycling, and walking. In order +to encourage transit use, the high capacity transit station soowe provide~ an inviting environment with comfortable pedestrian facilities, including shelter for waiting areas, convenient passenger drop-off zones, safe lighting, and street furniture. Conveniences like telephones, automatic teller machines, secure bicycle storage areas, and outdoor seating areas are also important elements of the station design. Pro'.'isions for vendors, small oaf-es, and carts will make outdoor spaces Ii':elier. Stores adjoining the station can take advantage of the concentrations of people by specializing in goods and services needed by commuters such as dry cleaning, videos, news kiosks, and day care. Federal Way's City Center station w-tl-I--ee ~ oriented principally to pedestrians and those arriving by other forms of transit. Providing for pedestrian/bicycle accessibility between surrounding properties, street network, general vicinity, park & ride lots, and the HCT is essential. Policies to Guide Transit Planning and Establish a City Center High Capacity Transit Station Goal CCGI8 Work with the transit providers to develop a detailed transit plan for the City Center. IdentifY facilities. services, and implementation measures needed to make transit a viable and attractive travel mode. Tailor the plan to meet local needs through rapid transit, express buses, community service, and/or demand- responsive service. Policies CCP27 Continue to Ffocus transportation investments to support transit and pedestrian/bicycle-oriented land use patterns, specifically in the core area. CCP28 Participate actively in regional efforts to develop an HCT system to serve the City Center. CCP29 Establish the most intensive levels of transit service to the City Center area. CCP30 Integrate any transit system with existing or new road right-of-way. CCP31 Develop a bus transfer facility as part of a HCT station, on or off the street, that will connect the City Center with other communities in the City. The HCT and bus transfer stations ',viII set a high standard for design and compatibility with adjoining uses. . Revised 2002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.22 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center CCP32 CCP31 Integrate the high capacity transit system with other transportation modes serving Federal Way and the region. CCP33 CCP32 Integrate bicycle and pedestrian facilities with and connect to high capacity transit facilities during right-of-way acquisition, facility design, and optional phases. Civic Buildings and Open Spaces Public buildings including community centers, libraries, city hall, performing arts theaters, conference centers, and schools provide places for the community to meet, exchange ideas, and socialize. The City should take advantage of every opportunity to locate a variety of civic buildings in and around the City Center. This will occur over time, but it is necessary to establish a clear direction through public policy. A network of outdoor spaces for recreation, strolling, gathering, and dining will make the City Center a lively and attractive place to live, shop, and conduct business. Each type of space should serve a range of users and activities. Outdoor spaces should range from a major urban park that is the focal point for downtown, to pocket urban plazas for lunch time gathering by residents, visitors, and workers. Some spaces will be publicly built and maintained, others will be constructed along with private development. Privately developed gathering space is a major component of all City Centers: small parks and plazas are opportunities to enhance the urbanscape and image of the City Center. Courtyards, mews, and forecourts are ways to efficiently integrate open space to enhance a project. Visitors, shoppers, and employees often perceive these private spaces as public. The City should commit to assist in or provide incentives for, the development of plazas and parks that are open to the public. Map VII-8 proposes a central outdoor gathering place within the core area, such as a park, plaza, or square, which will become the focus of community activities in the core. Uses around the edges of this plaza, such as transit facilities and cafes, should be sited to generate activity throughout the day. The edges of the plaza should be well defined and landscaped to soften the hard surfaces of adjacent buildings and streets. This space should be physically and visually linked to the central pedestrian spine and transit center. Policies to Promote the Development of Civic Buildings and Urban Spaces Goal CCGI9 Develop civic and cultural facilities in addition to a public space and park system within the City Center to meet the needs of residents, employees, and visitors. These facilities and spaces should connect to the Citywide and regional system of public spaces, parks, and trails. Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-23 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center Policies CCP34 Promote a diversity of public and privately funded recreational and cultural facilities throughout the City Center. Promote partnerships between the City and other agencies, private organizations, and individuals to develop and meet the needs of City Center and the general community for these types of facilities. CCP35 Emphasize locating civic and cultural facilities within the core. Planned public facilities could include Municipal Facilities, a library, or performing arts complex. CCP37 Acquire land necessary to provide a broad range of recreational opportunities throughout the City Center. Land bank parcels in the core area for future municipal facilities. Parking The continued use of expansive surface parking con flicts with the goal of redeveloping the City Center as a higher-density, mixed-use area that is pedestrian-friendly and supports the use of public transportation. It is, therefore, necessary to reduce the need for parking and encourage the provision of structured parking within these areas. Moreover, parking lots have high redevelopment potential. There are numerous examples of communities similar to Federal Way where former parking lots now contain multi- story developments. Large amounts of parking will be needed for many years to come. However, as development pressures and land values increase, surface parking becomes expensive and property owners will be able to afford the conversion from surface parking to structured parking. In the interim, the City should encourage site layouts that facilitate future redevelopment of parking areas. Private and public partnerships should examine the feasibility of constructing a parking structure in the downtown commercial core area. Figure VlI-4 (page 24) is a conceptual illustration of the redevelopment of surface parking around a mall. Goal and Policies to Develop Alternatives to Existing Parking Development Goal CCG20 Encourage the development of a higher-density, mixed-use City Center that in turn will reduce the demand for large amounts of separate parking facilities for individual developments. Revised 2002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.24 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center Figure VII-4 Potential Redevelopment of Surface Parking Areas ~~~ ~~ ---== ~~ Ovtr Ii"..." parlcing gQrQg~s, lower parlcing requironenls Qnd sh4r~d parking can allow for mor~ ;nlen.s;pe deveIopmenl oj land. Policies CCP39 Encourage public and private parking structures (below or above ground) in lieu of surface parking in the core area. As redevelopment occurs and surface parking becomes increasingly constrained, consider a public/private partnership to develop structured parking in the downtown commercial core area. CCP40 The City will encourage the provision of structured parking. CCP41 Buffer parking areas to increase compatibility between surrounding uses. For larger lots, provide substantial landscaping, special lighting, and pedestrian walkways. CCP42 Site and orient buildings and parking to allow redevelopment of surface parking. Revised 2002 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.25 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center CCP43 Allow on-street parking to create a buffer between pedestrians and traffic depending on street characteristics and role within the City Center. On-street parking should be viewed as a component of the parking supply for the area. CCP44 Encourage shared parking between uses to maximize the use of available parking within the City Center. Streetscape To improve livability within the City Center area, the City must complete the street network and continue to develop streets in accord with its new street standards. The street grid must be well interconnected to make travel from one place to another as efficient as possible. The key to achieving this is to consider streets as a network that will serve pedestrians, bicycles, and transit, in addition to automobiles. In areas where increased density is proposed, existing streets must continue to be retrofitted with sidewalks, street trees, street furniture, and other amenities. Allowing on-street parking also creates a buffer between pedestrians and vehicles. It also allows shoppers and visitors to park easily for short amounts of time. On-street parking should be permitted on City Center streets (where feasible) except during the morning and evening commuting hours when the extra lanes are needed to accommodate the extra high volumes of traffic. The Transportation chapter illustrates several street standards developed specifically for the City Center area. These streets will connect to other proposed and existing streets to complete a street grid. Street standards for existing and proposed streets within the City Center can be found in the second section of the Transportation chapter. These standards also incorporate the City Center Street Design Guidelines adopted by the City Council in May 1998. Policies to Improve the Street Network aDd Streetscape Character Goal CCG21 Maintain street designations that reinforce the unique characteristics of the City Center. Policies CCP45 Continue to acquire right-of-way, primarily through dedication from development, to complete and enhance the street network. CCP46 Continue to design streets as public spaces, with appropriate pedestrian amenities, trees, sidewalks, bicycle paths, transit services, street furniture, and trash receptacles. CCP47 Continue to construct streetscape improvements as an integral component of any roadway improvement. Revised 2002 2007, 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.26 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center CCP48 Encourage buildings to front or face public rights-of-way, providing clear paths from the sidewalk to all entries. CCP49 Only SR-99 and South 320th Street shall be wider than five lanes. 7.4 IMPLEMENTATION Developing a City Center will require collaboration between government entities, citizens, and developers. Phasing and development of certain elements, such as high capacity transit, are outside the City's control. Therefore, an implementation program must be flexible. It must also be tied to general goals, policies, and strategies rather than a detailed, step-by-step list of actions. The implementation section consists of: · A set of strategies to guide implementing actions; . An illustration of how these strategies can be realized over time; and · A 15 year action plan. Implementation Strategies Specific strategies must be pursued in order to coordinate various elements and actions that are dependent upon one another. For'example, private development depends upon adequate infrastructure and amenities. Effective transit service depends upon supporting land use development to provide sufficient ridership. Residential communities require adequate transportation and services, a pedestrian friendly environment, open spaces, and jobs to foster a sense of community. In addition, much of the City Center's redevelopment is dependent upon market demands and development that is not projected until the later years of the FWCP's planning horizon. However, regulatory and infrastructure actions must be taken in the interim to prepare for these developments. The following strategies form the basis to achieve desired City Center development. · Maintain regulations to shape and influence new development (1-20 years). · Discourage low intensity auto oriented development in the core. · Provide regulations and incentives to achieve a high intensity, mixed- use, pedestrian friendly development. · Encourage residential development in the City Center frame area. · Encourage high-density residential development in the City Center Core (Urban Center). · Allow short-term investment in the frame area that will support long- term core development. Revised 2002 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.27 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center . Continue and enhance incentives to foster desired redevelopment in the City Center. . Maintain, and consider increasing, the City Center redevelopment fund. Consider appropriate public-private partnership opportunities as they present themselves to leverage desired development. Pursue appropriate redevelopment of City owned parcels. Continue to respond to opportunities for City acquisition and repositioning of key properties as they become available. . . . · Develop specific plans to construct needed street and infrastructure improvements (1-5 years). · Develop plans to define the location of street rights-of-way for completing the street grid and constructing transit facilities to provide predictability for developers. · Construct arterial improvements with associated landscaping and pedestrian amenities (timing set by capital facilities program). · Prepare a pedestrian and bicycle plan and construct sidewalks, pedestrian paths, mid-block connectors, and bicycle connections to all areas of the City Center and particularly to a transit center (ongoing effort). . Consider development of structured parking facilities as needed to support more intensive development and gradually convert the core into ~ less auto dependent area. · Develop parking standards for the City Center Area. · Improve both local and regional transit service. · Begin new transit service configuration by adding a center bus stop and route buses to it (begin immediately). · Upgrade oentral bus stop to a transit center/station and enhance regional and local transit services to it (1 3 years). · Develop a regional HCT station at the transit center (~ 20-25 years). · Construct civic features, public spaces, parks, and other urban elements to create a true urban center and promote civic identity (5-10 years). . Develop major civic facilities in the City Center such as, Municipal Facilities, performing arts center, and recreation center, to generate social and economic activity (5-10 years). Add amenities to residential areas to build new neighborhoods (begin immediately as an incremental program). Include landscaping and pedestrian improvements in all street construction (incremental program tied to actual improvements). . . Revised 2002 2007,2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.28 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center Phasing Transforming the existing downtown commerci\ll core area into the proposed City Center is an ambitious task. It requires a significant transformation from a low-density, automobile oriented, largely retail area to a higher intensity, more pedestrian oriented mixed-use area. The City Center chapter acknowledges that the core will take some time to develop. The City can facilitate these changes if a series of small steps are taken over time. This is especially true if the steps are consistent with the emerging economic, social, and demographic trends. As is the intent of this plan, the phasing scenario presented here accounts for the timing of market projections and future actions. As noted above, the implementation strategy is keyed to projected trends and regional planning goals. Its form and character, as envisioned in the chapter, are dramatically different from anything that now exists in the center. It will take some time f-or the development community to redirect its energy and investments to produce buildings that respond to the direction of the chapter. The demand for more intense development opportunities in the City Center is not projected 'Nithin the next fe'"" years. Recently, there has been a substantial increase in interest iri redevelopment opportunities within the City Center, both on the part of existing property owners and prospective developers. This interest indicates that new development is more likely in the near-term than at any time over the past several years. It will be important for the City to maintain its proactive efforts to attract, engage, and even at times provide incentives for new development in order to take advantage of the continuing mid-decade economic boom. In the meantime, there may be some deferred maintenance, short-term, high-turnover tenancies, and even vacancies, as the development community begins to assemble property for future redevelopment. The City should not encourage continued low-scale investment in this area, since it will need to be amortized over a decade or two and will delay accomplishment of preferred development. As regulations are applied to modest renovations, it should be possible to secure some basic improvements. However, the City should not expect full implementation of the vision for the City Center until owners are ready to install long-term, major development projects. Figures VII-5 and VII-6 and Map VII-9 (located at the end of the chapter) illustrate key steps in the evolution of Federal Way's City Center from 1995 through 2025. The illustrations are taken from a viewpoint just north of South 3161h Street between 20th Avenue South and SR-99. The drawings do not necessarily indicate recommendations for specific sites. The locations of the elements and the time frames may well vary. For example, Figure VII-6 shows an elevated light-rail line that may not be routed to Federal Way during this planning horizon. The drawings do illustrate how a viable City Center can evolve through several coordinated, incremental steps taken over time. The approximate dates are based on current market demand and funding projections. However, new trends, funding priorities, and development opportunities may emerge, changing the timing. An illustration of 1995 conditions is included for reference. Revised 2002 2007. 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-29 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center 2002 - 2010 Actions . Develop a pedestrianlbicycle plan that outlines a connected, safety-oriented system of routes and facilities. This chapter shall be used in programming capital projects, reviewing development proposals, and encouraging other agencies to integrate bicycle improvements and linkages into Federal Way projects. The plan should emphasize linkages between transportation facilities, Celebration and Steel Lake parks, SeaTac Mall The Commons, and surrounding communities. . Continue to plan for and develop parks and public spaces within the City Center. Begin negotiations for acquisition of land for a City Center park, plaza, or square. . Complete streetscape improvements along the South 320lh Street corridor. · Continue to improve SR-99 and establish mid-block crossings. · Complete the BP A bike trail. . Continue to negotiate and acquire rights-of-way to augment the City Center street grid. During permit review, ensure that new development is compatible with the street grid. Construct street grid enhancements. . Develop a transit center. Focus transit activities in the City Center core. · Construct streets to serve the transit facility. · Begin negotiations to form a public private partnership to provide structured parking near SeaTac Mall. Construct the parking structure. Pursue public-private partnerships for desired redevelopment, with City investment in public open space, public parking, and/or public infrastructure leveraging substantial, catalyzing redevelopment projects. . Through City ownership and repositioning, continue to pursue substantial redevelopment of the former AMC theaters site in fulfillment of the City Center vision and to be a catalyst for additional, nearby redevelopment. Additional opportunities to acquire and reposition key City Center properties should be considered as the opportunities present themselves. · If the City Council chooses the City Center as the appropriate location for Municipal Facilities, begin negotiations and acquire property for Municipal Facilities. Construct Municipal Facilities. · Explore feasibility of creation of a City Center park, potentially associated with Municipal Facilities and/or other community facilities. If the concept is approved, begin negotiations and acquire property for a City Center Park. Design and construct a City Center Park. Revised 2002 2007 , 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-30 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center . Enhance educational and recreational opportunities in City Center. 2010 - 2020 Actions . Construct a City Center park with public amenities such as fountains, sculptures, and unique landscaping, separate from Celebration Park. . Potentially construct public private parking garages. Continue to pursue public- private partnerships for desired redevelopment. with city investment in public open space, public parking, and/or public infrastructure leveraging substantial, catalvzing redevelopment projects. . Potentially construct the pedestrian overpass across 320lh Street, and build phase one of the City Center pedestrian mall. . Improve community-wide transit service and implement a "spokes-of-a-wheel" service delivery pattern with City Center as the hub. . Seriously explore the feasibility of constructing a performing arts center and develop an implementation plan. . Establish green parks and corridors throughout the City Center and/or along a City Center pedestrian mall. Activity Since 1995 Comprehensive Plan Adoption The following have been accomplished to implement goals and policies of the City Center chapter since the initial adoption of the FWCP: . In 1996, the City adopted code amendments for the City Center Core and Frame to allow for increased residential density and flexibility in siting residential uses. The City also adopted Community Design Guidelines intended to improve the appearance of non-residential buildings and to expand pedestrian circulation, public open space, and pedestrian amenities. . In 1998, in conjunction with King County/METRO, the City improved local and intercity transit which should result in more people having access to shopping and other opportunities in the City Center. Since that time, the City has worked with the transit providers to develop a detailed transit plan for the City Center, including siting and initial design work for the City Center Sound Transit station, as well as improvement of two park-and-ride lots. . In 1998, the City adopted policies to provide streetscape enhancements and development of standards for streetlights, street trees, and their placement and Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII.31 FWCP - Chapter Seven. City Center location in the City Center. Since that time, substantial progress has been made, with full improvement along this corridor from 1-5 to lllh Avenue South. · The City has an adopted TIP and CIP plan which addresses major street improvements in the City Center. Minor collector and local street improvements would be provided by development as redevelopment occurs. · In 2001, the City created an Economic Development Division within the Community Development Services Department and hired a Deputy Director to manage it. Among the Division's duties are to lead efforts to encourage City Center redevelopment, attract businesses and developments, and increase visitorship to the City Center. · Phases I, II, and III of the BP A trail have been constructed. · In 2001, the City Council enacted building code provisions allowing five stories of wood-frame construction over concrete. · In 2003. the City Council enacted limited. ten-year property tax exemption for multifamily/mixed-use construction. · In 2005. the City Council appropriated an initial 5 million for a City Center Redevelopment Fund. and has continued to invest in that fund. In addition. the City Council passed a resolution committing to pursue public-private partnerships to leverage desired redevelopment. · In 2005. the City Council engaged professional services to produce up-to-date market data and redevelopment strategies recommendations. culminating in adoption of the report and a commitment to pursue the recommended strategies over the next five years. · In September 2006, the EIS for the City Center SEP A Planned Action was completed. with adoption of the Planned Action Ordinance. providing a streamlined SEPA process in the planned action area. adopted in 2007. · In January 2007, the City Council acquired the former AMC theaters site. with the intention of repositioning that site for redevelopment that will achieve the FWCP vision and serve as a catalyst for other nearby properties. · Infrastructure improvements: · 1999 - South 31th Street between Pacific Highway South and 23rd Avenue South-Roadway widened to four lanes; sidewalks constructed; street lighting and street trees installed. · 1999 - South 31 th Street and 14th A venue South-Pedestrian Crossing Signal added. Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-32 FWCP - Chapter Seven, City Center . 2001 - Pacific Highway South/South 320111 Street intersection-Widen roadway and add new turning lanes at each leg of the intersection. Also add street lighting, street trees, install architectural and landscaping elements at each corner of the intersection, and underground utilities. 2001 - SeaTac Mall The Commons surface water conveyance system upgrade. 2001-02 - South 320lh Street between II Ih Avenue South and Interstate 5 --UndergFOund utilities, widen sidewalks where necessary to add new streetlights, install street trees behind the sidewalks, and install medians where feasible. Add dual left-turn lanes at 23rd Avenue South. 2002 - 23 rd A venue South between South 324 Ih Street and South 3161h Street-Widen roadway to five lanes and add new sidewalks, street lighting, and street trees. Install new traffic signals at South 3161h Street, South 31 th Street, and South 322nd Street. 2002-Completed the Ring Road (141h Avenue). 2002 - South 3121h arid 141h Avenue South-Upgrade pedestrian signal to full traffic signal. 2002-2004 - Pacific Highway HOV Lanes, Phase I-Widen Pacific Highway South with an HOV lane in each direction from South 31ih to South 324111. Add sidewalks, center medians, landscaping, and utility undergrounding. This project was the City's first of five to improve the Pacific Highway/[nternational Boulevard corridor and was a continuation of the revitalization of the City Center. 2002 - Add turn lanes on South 324111 Street at SR-99. 2004 - South 3141h Street and 23rd Avenue South-Construct traffic ~ 2006 - Flyover ramps from 1-5 High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes connecting to South 31 th Street. 2006 - South 3171h Street and 23rd Avenue South-Construct Sound Transit's Federal Way Transit Center. 2007 - 2151 Avenue South grid road between Sound Transit and South 3201h. . . . . . . . . . . . · New Private Development: · 2000 - Courtyard Marriot Hotel · 1999 - Marie Calendar's Restaurant · 1999 - Holiday lnn Hotel · 1999 - Extended Stay Motel · 1998 - Comfort lnn · 1999 - Walmart · 2001-02 - Pavilion Centers, Phases I and II · Renovated or Remodeled ProjeCts: · 1998 - SeaTac Village · 1998 - Sunset Square (Safeway and Longs Drugs) · 1999 - Ross Plaza (Rite Aid and Party City) · 1999 - Indochine and Genghis Khan Restaurants · 2006 - Pal-Do World (Sea Tac Plaza) · 2006 - H Mart Grocery Store (located in former OFC in Pavilion Center) Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-33 FWCP -Chapter Seven. City Center PROPOSED PROJECTS . 200203 Pacific Highway South between South 31t" Street and South 321'" Street Widen roadway, add ne\v side\vallcs, street lighting, street trees, landscaped raised medians, and underground utilities. . 2003 South 311'" Street and 23R1 Avenue South Construct traffic signal. . 2003 - I-5/City Center Access Study-Develop plan to increase capacity between City Center and 1-5 to improve and/or supplement the existing South 320lh Street interchange (Phase I Feasibility Study was completed in 2005. Phase II Feasibility Study scheduled for completion in 2007). . 2003-04 - Potentially locate new municipal facilities. . 2003-05 - Sports and Multipurpose Fieldhouse-potential project. . 2001 Flyoyer ramps from I 5 High Occupancy Vehicle (RaV) lanes conneoting to South 317'" Street. . 2001 South 317'" Street and 23R1 Avenue South Construct Sound Traflsit's Federal Way Transit Center. . 2001 ,'\dd turn lanes on South 321tll Street at SR 99. . 2009 - South 32011> Street and 20th Avenue South intersection improvements- Add left turn lanes on South 320lh Street. Revised 2002 2007.2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment VII-34 Figure VIl-5 Illustration of City Center, 1995 Conditions ....... . S. 320th Streel 20th Avenue S. Pacific Highway S. ~"":' . '. . . . - ;... ---~.......-_. ? . . .~~ . . . N~ ~ e:::::;I ~~ --= .... c.:.::- -.::> . -,.;~ 0-.:0 ( ~.~ ~ '~.- '. .,. -""- . - V'fT . #'. . : . . . . . . . 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U ~ ? ~ , li& :) ,t:, '9 S 320 ST _z_c.... -532\ ;-,.. /. 5T , . & d / IS'~-? ,'.yo? ~ ,,<TIS' r 5 324~ PL I'~ o ::"~-- J~ '<5' .._ .d /0''';' - ~Il- ) 1'>( ., /. ~IS'/\, ,~'<> ~'O~ Ji~~Nbtatiolt ""''''~''''''k'' """" .,...:at '. ~.L. .,.::-!..;;.~..~'''"~ .'.~. ~ ~ ~8 5T = 'dl wc/) 0: "~ m 0 ~ '" m ~ ..,. N Oc 5 ~25T 5 mIl31~~T~ 'I >" ~It~np "'" m ~S ~ 308 CT I m >i! <1: N N I 53105T ) mil ..,.1- NO, _ . _" ","-3J_=__ ~ Ste~Lake ]; Park ~:I ) ~, cd I Nil : S3{5LN 3 ,I · T I '" .5~~T_ _ _ __5.31.6_5_ __ S 316 IN N lJ) Truman r.) J r m "'''9 51 e; - ~J ~ t- <5' .5 317_ __-E:t ~ Gatewayl! S centerl Q I 319 PL 1 'Q';;' SeaTac ",<~.;~ '/ Plaza Ir': g"t<v"'-I.'<>/ __ -S.320iSTJ - 5312 5T . - .. ~ (f) ~\ o N m ~ C') N - _314 5T S 316 PL S 318 Pl SeaTac Village II I ~ /1 -..J I III I I ::J I 1 I ~ I'~ II '" - II Il I I I 'f, City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan City Center Boundary Map \ City Center Element legend: ~ :-, Fedefat Way City Center lakes _Park /; ~ N Scale: o 0.125 0.25 I I Miles Map RefOOTlatt~d, Qct(be(, 2006. Source: aty of Federal Way. King County Ii /I I I ~ Federal Way MAP VIl-2 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical replesentation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as 10 its accumcy. ~-- ~ ~r (t J I ) S 320th St i Park & Ride ,-----. --=- - ~ ~ I jl l_ I C-11- I ~ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan =0 ::) Pavillions Center ~ (~ II l r- 11 ~ =+ :r I po C/) :0,: ~1 ::C' ul ;: '(j: lI:l -~ I · 1 Celebration I' Center , I -- S320th_St Hr-~ 1/, /, t . ~ I' Safeway - ~ ~~~) I: ]1 ))) ,// l'" Celebration Park Legend CJ Planned Action SEPA Area D Surface Water l Park Building [~ Street This map is accompanied by NO warranties. Boundaries of Planned Action SEPA ~Y~Ji ~S3121h..ll_ JL_ << Walmarl ] t i: .l: /' ~i Hillside Plaza -. -- I' I' , , i tS_316th St ~- If Fe~eral Wa C/) " <ll Transit ~ \I~enter .s I l 01 N C/) seaTac)! <ll Pal-do Villager / ~ I World J( ~ ) Plaza - -- Top Foods -~~- The Commons at Federal Way " \ '\ ~ \\ City Center Core City Center Frame City Center Element Map VII-2A I \.- Cl'r Lt-J ~S~12~St:J j r i [' [' C/) <ll > <( .l: - to N J l Steel Lal<e Park r r "(I I ~ Harry Truman High SCh. .o6~i J.. - Jo'" . Gateway Center / / / fr i I t__S_320th St Map Date: March, 2007 ~ Scale: N 0 500 I 1,000 Feet I ~ Federal Way Map prepared by the City of Federal Way's GIS Division. Map VII-3 The Concept Plan le,') , c.~ ~111'n :-"1'0 '~"lrlC:o.!! 'C"I/()(l[JDDUU' 001 'tllloQc;]'"tll~'" :J . -t~ ~I 11 I I c::-=, u r- 9:J 0 ~ ..I =" JUG ~(':1 Lake F-ro I '"' 0JlJ c ~ I [I'''';; ",' 0 ~) 0 ,;>0" ......." Eas'er. -, ' .J 0 0 J !b ,(J rJ.;;. " Cl :J '~<0 ......." L':J li?I' .'. 1:;1 ~ ] u.:J L- ". ,,0 '[:' ~) R I , ,I .1 3.J2tl1.SJ ." DO, n" I 0 'Jah 0.0 ~.r:' _ ~ ,~ F . c.;;O'ir)//JDJr_;;'Jl;JL.Jo:r"-:J O~/;,.~ ,,- 1, .1:) (L }' i I' ;J Cl; j .,..........,. n 0 1 . ~ -. I ~". u Dc" Q It [ rJl ~ I to"" ~ n / -Gjl!U':::JWDD=C= <;1/_", 1 ~ 'V r1 ~' OXL-c1nLf( U -~ / n 0/ id L,-,..) it" . (; Walmart <t> b '--l~~, ~r::::::::: rn1( _, I, / 1::1: IfIDLJr;]Cli~CJ<Jf}/It? ,( ,. ~ __, s~ 1/ Ii. g so", oliff' - 7f;/~,o^ ,- Pavlllions ,= ~,~ QI L / ! 1:=0. C .~ ill.-f;;.," 8i1.}offi; H. Centre ,D C::J 0 .... Hillside > / / Dc] 1]1 e..o'o~-;' 0 'O//{\C'i:'Pj" r '::1 L N Plaza '12 Steel lake 1/1 J g ~l' J;/~~; '~. g ~ 'J' I 0- , :.-. ---------. !:!J P k /1 I I i) ".1',,:7 _VI/a <;)~ , E; CJ r-" ClCl ar I 1/ U en, (.J~J c _"0 L,; j 0 J _ ~ \'-"> I I II Cl 0') tGJ{C",. r.:u D':l, .[f;~: ).' . b 1;~~ I .~ ~~=~U3~ a 1// ; _.~ ~II~ '';LJ,1..C90D,'\J.\JO oCt) r; 1 1'1l 11 I I IH, Ji=GB!lI1J!j,J HM/1STrumJn I II I T' \' II ,\ oa no'''", h St ~ rlG.;;;L ~ n High SchooL) l I I I I .::\) \\ ,\ "nc,:ct..J'lJod'c:;O:c:" . ; G r'l:::r-- ~ /r--r---. ,~c= 88rY ;:J . f II I \ ",; c LJ cJ L \, (~O~.('^Ti/(~O" ~E"L I 1111 I. j')l) "';-~==~:J"" " ' . in' ,-,.' IJG9:i.Q,~W'U " 1111. /0 d;/;:1 .. C <Il~, L...""", d. /C I II I: (J c':-....JI"-lD=rc-nOC~CJCJ I 0 r- fl. > ~~. I II /. -;;-'6')l1[=':;rcc,..,='-'r--":'~ ct1J ::D II ,'- I^"_'~-E' r j ,-_', [/ g:~::y .! 1 / II ~ ( \VC~ ll~ >' I U ~ ~, - ------=.J 0 r~( ~, y,~ I/I! 1/ j,-\. .,-IS' ; Din ~I' \'c:JrJU' - seaTac~: ::J '...J.. " 1/11/ I \~, >'" II [r-o " 'u ~ l 1 Center _'.'" /.II/I / ,\:;~ :> [) lc r~ .Village . 7 '. Plaza 0 ~ I I ,..- -~ /', // I II I \i~- ~ /) Co-\. (_~fI . [] - 0 . ~ . I_i' (/,"" ,... I I I I ,'" J.. 1_' - 0 sUo ~ <) ":JO' LJ u:OJ :::;1 = 0 J J'~ ~ I '.,...-;/ I II I ,,1Jl ~ .--.A32Ot 1--/ / ---LLl 1_ k. ~16 p "17::) u [,1 ~ C; .---- 0 II.) II I'T!I-) r7 r "LJ I {'; <;1 -.J fl I' I ::J (to) '> c;;'~ I I / / !\...... W (jo/I g D = , -ce,Lbration ~ . ... ~ -/ . \ \ 1/ I) Jf' ;;";.\:;)5 D=~I J Sateway J JCefter r r---c...J '---, ~---"--,-~-J ! ~ ~ I II / / / / /1/ ~' ii:. ~ 'I ,-' ommons at I ch I III 1~ ~'.:~~... J~- U u= [ -1 ,.r'1--eled;"rJa/LIAl~1I '-_J \I////f' ;2ll~ '-JtJ F.J= _ I fTl Cr' I, ~\..q-' .... · \) / / / Y; , DJ' ~ U ~ ----=:J cO I I ?aiJ:~g Y / I k ~,;J B n /.1,. ~~----' ! lS3 _ .---....- ---~_ .' _' ..... '" I Ride / / / /.!! ~~\>=~ 0. V [;, i r njb=;o~ l r . -~/=--Y(~~Xl1.mifJJi!:fJ"'~'D~t~) ////i <:Jc-'~~;l\. <,'\0'-> ~ r- '--'Ill' =-11'- Il '}: I ('<]\~f~~&~/~~"~\I.~JJ:JOq ~ II/ I-! ...;.~~S;.) ~~ '- .... ~ ,~-'=-= -- 'J] c" I \L A ''&lJ) U>J!!!!:7 :?J~ 6'1/g..... ~"'~Celebrat;;;)l j-Ilnlln'r-I~,! 8 R._ l~~\~-='~~(!~'- f!f //1/ 7./ Park I U 1Ii11/ ~ Ir"::~~~\)~o6j,-,\) -~;~~~~~~~r;i1'? I~ /11/ /" cQJ n n,< ',\ q...,,,D 0 ci;~ g~~A~V"~!'Et 'Pc I III .r 1 ..- ~/ h 1/ ~ New Transit Center IV Enhanced Street Network Itt Potential Pedestrian D City Center Core Crossings D City Center Frame ~ Potential Bike Route _ Park Itt Existing Bike Route '\l Transit Street ~ N Map Date: February. 2003 Reprinted: March, 2007. o I 500 1,000 Feet I ~ Federal Way This map IS accompanIed by no oJJarrantles, and IS simp,>, a graphic representation '~_Cn _.;:: ~ -===::: --:::- OPL -7" (/)' I ::(\.. '" j r (/]" ::( 1 '" L _ I o31y _51 .:,. " '" ~, I'?, ,J :'( 532~ 51 & 0) .s'-<'.? .J.? "Z ~'!.s1- 5324 J' PL-i1c; -0 c:::-~& 7. " ~""(l1--0 \ ? :~:,.- ,,( ) ,<5"",,'" ,..!:{O- ,,,,,'" ~ , ~Jl~ ~ - - liU) ~r(/)- ~ ~ 0> 0 ..... ,;N = ~ 00 ~ N N 001 :i{'5 e? ,308 C1 (/) ::( ...-' ~ \I 5310 51 00 ...-1- NLJ 53125T 5313 S1 Fram-e __314 dS1 00 ~ o N 00 ~ '" N avillions Center "" Q,"; II ~,. '" Q.'" ::- is 315 51 S 316 S1 00 ~ '" S 317 51 The Commons at Federal Way 00 00 ~ ...- N l' II 5 11/ 3Q~_S~I- 5 1\ 00 ,3JO :;>lJ' ~r5 -II lOllS ' Nll31~ Ii ,~3~2~1i Ste' L~ke j I Par.k ~! co 5_320.5T- N ',IN ~ en S 322 ST Core en 53,-- ~ ~ ~> 531651 ._ . . _ 531651 5316 LN ~ T _ ;>.._.............._...>.,!.. ~ rum, ::I:. 00 "'. n. Hsl U lis 316 PL ::( '1t.-: .~i1"{. ~1. ~. · ~~. -. u. . ~ Gateway -. (J ~ 318 PL S Center ~Q <( . SeaTac SeaTac 319 PL -J,,<>'v ~. - # . Village Plaza G~'\<(; S 320 ST · ~- - ; - ~ . . . Celebration. Center : '. ,. . . . . __5 32_4 ST -~-- "s 324 CT .:1 I 5325 ~ 51 r-- l~ SEW-INOLE LN 5 328 51 5 327 51 -<:i ME S ;,7.1 'Cii 5 R10N Wy ~o I.~ (5 ~ z CHERRY '~ '" Z.J HlllSPl J- ,.0' ~ OLYMPIC WY ,~ ~s )'.9 ,,~ COLONIAL WY ,0 -. _ S 328 f'L (<5' -:=!)-- - In I, D Z 2wo lrwo, =>lr....; "'>-", OAK. MONT CT N 1tJ1 ?< (fl ,\ II \l I ~ I, m I <I,) I ..,J I 111/ a 2 (t) City of F edera\ Way Comprehensive Plan \City Center Land Use Designations \ City Center Element Legend: City Center Core City Center Frame Lakes . Park \SCale: ~ 0 0.125 0.25 N c:: ::.J Miles Map Reformatted'. Octooer. ;006. Source: OtoJ of Federal way. King COlIlly ,? / // j, ,( A Federal Way MAP VU-4 Note: This map is intended for use as a gfaphical1eplesentation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Map VII-5 Proposed Street Network ~~'~. ~~;\ Jl~orfl~ ~ JII L;J ,lJI~'~.' U~II~oam~ll: n~ ~11[~'J",JiJI;;" ,-,o~.{,:--.. Lake,ltD I::J? '--~' 0<']1:], IJ ~w ~ <;:l] [ iQ\> a ~'~0--~ m n ,~} lCsilliilsiDO?~~(~, u O'Q~'b ~:~ ~.Oi} 20 :i~C-'~oIIP,~~D~~r;=:'t:J'" 0)!~" ~- j :,C-;l ~~J f t:: - 0 11 r-l"-~ .~~)\ PIl- SI n ~c J c, I O'O=u':'CUC- all,''1 1 ~ 'lJ' d U ~ b,l1l(~ _C - D I II 'i' f~ c~rfij ~}H:PI'-\)::Jc:;)(l)(tPlf!?(t'vl" 1'6' ! ~~artl ~ a h'1Ji ClC::::::J c.- 0 U=<>U j B. 81 R c: e~o!)/;p. . ~'t~('>o 1 pavllllons!<-.:::l ~ ~ 't---, ~l~ ~ ~, , I u ~ II. ,p~::J"f, ': fi/0:~\\ 'f,1 Centre ~ =-=:J 5 ( HI/lsideJ~ J > <' J:c I JLO! ;jfj' ",:;t<;''%1 ::.~ --, @.-~ ": PI",' 1;'1\ Steel lake ~ ~~. /i {j "IO<:? .!flla ,/J', ~' ~.. 0 CJ {iJ - · - lYJ~_ t:;:!~PLj~rkL:J. <01- ':,J II (] cc .. O'(,,! r ." I CIII \ ,0 U II => Ic~[() [',Co r,["JJ 't) ID rap I II J ~ [~ qn.LJ~~'lU~J.<J[) or, 31 ,~FOO'" 1 ~ ~unBIiF~8~1[l flauysr'ft" "-. / / ; .. '\ \,.., ,~:>o, 0 0 I SI , L::::::J B ~~r '& ,n High Scho I I I I I ~ 'c~~~=::~~::'lgll J r~: U 0 r J1 0 ~L' ~ ~~[~~~(~ =g~J I IF /. '10 ,';//" , 1 c....J I - '~ t5e,o,,{;)If!f::k3 1 ^ I . '" ~/I "C, 0 . Q) ~." v I I.' ~ c:? C':'LXJ::J=:JcC:rfLQOCI . ,-" i:' > 140,0, 11F'-'.::J=Cr::"_D-:J~ ;i?J.-----'. i'.-n-~~-~"'~ ---.. ~ [)GatBway / / 1/: ,OOdil-~~ -:';1 '!"'f' ~ ,nlo [ .., ''--5 0 I ~ If/~8f1~ / I /I~ I_:.::::J ) .....- 1 i" C\l 0 '\ /j} / / /9. ~ ?" \'OJ' '..I D ' ~ U ~. 'I ~T-;~ ~ r] -- . \,. ... (/1 I I I '.!l . ;> _, QJ tT /' iJ ll: ~'~ I--=:JOJ : ,t~fa~a: n J I Plaza 0, {l [I ,1/// / \~\ "L.J 0 S l20th SI L-J [l J 0 P {= :) n Cl A .:J ~ C1 ',C 0 / III/II 1/ \\\,'" - -. ---II I -' ~~2Ot ~ I r. "" . -- L~L----J '- :':::.[1 U JW_ 'l' ":',' --.- . DI --. --\'" I' -/TI-, ,- 4:?lliJ <;<;1f} ~ 1 ,'t.. N t II I '/ o/,D :] ~ I ,---...---- -------.. c: '~a.i 1/11'-',_/,,// %~~ ,-p:U ~J- I i:!t~ation ; 1- I'----J~ L i i ~ '\1 1/1) p/ ;,'g;:1 {J~ ii: ~~ _f I : 1- -. Commons at]: :'d, I /11/ /' ~'& C-~i ~D-rT""- 0 .., L ,-r'LRelder:ai 111/ \, III//f ~I~ ~ 5~-30 lIb 00 II : U C -j --t~~aY-5~ : E~ting l))/ II Jl ~ ~ ] r--J <~\ I '. S 3~ ....-.. r - - - - - - - -- - , Park & I I / fir, ?:~I~ =(.~ ~\ - , ~2~m ~l :. Ride ! 1//1 ::><::,,~' <,,";;, [. L 1 g 10, [] :J l 1.--/")/~JflQj[QJ1a'M<&QIJJ.i1:~>naJ:~o / 1/ I ~ ~ 0~~~~) ~ = -/IQ c= 1- 11 11 J.> 1\ '--\.j) \)\~:l,~~iJ\\i'@');"'IRmT.i7(!?li$' I I! 1.8 ~~-,p ,) i! ~ - ~ - ,If ,J" 0 D I \~, /r~W;< .,I(J>tJift:.$f f.,1fc .t-S' ?,/;{f~/~~/~iC~elebrat~on' l-j~~~'LCJ..I~~ ~-'I,-_,I 1 <;~~{5-~\ -/mGt(j)Q.vcq!~ l!!t~' 1/1/ /,,,.y' .I' . , 'i'i ~,o<>'~_ II''? ':'iIA'? I II I Pa k I II L ,c:;" IT~1,;..l;:i;;;> ~ ~/,- III / r u ='-' - 0 -,:::-., [] '=',.-^ ')~/' \ . ...:rl.'"l'::-'4';"~---.J t5 I III G' 1n~lnnc:=--J I '\\' .,"'( ,> ~\\\'.?~J;^'1!!.>:::n:Q7'J.Q,jQ, " t:" 1 1.11 :llllllllIin, .--fl II lo\~"'o~ol; '"1:5Jt(:t. "~~'n-Q~ ;;., /111 c /;~~ //' /' Q9 Q9 IV '\i Intersection Improvement Recent Intersection Improvement Existing Street Proposed Street IV At Scheduled Street Improvement Street Recently Constructed or Dedicated ROW City Center Core City Center Frame - Park ..\ N Map Date: February, 2003 Updated: November, 2006. o I 500 I 1,000 Feet LJ I I A Federal Way This map Is accompanied by no '#arrantles. and Is simply a graphic rep'esentat1on Map VII-6 Principal Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections leI) v -" ~ffl ;-'"1 r-I J I LJ II [J2c;=~ .p P () <> ljocCQ I 1,]c.J) ;ou' ~iL...... Lake o~;:J~ 1 I.~' ~ ~ L":J '-'r, u (~ c)o '--'~~.." _Easter. ""11 ID.P J n) c ~ Ir~ ,0 j U l [i i , II \) ~ ~,,'-':J . r lJ '1 I - Q [ c. 8 I 0 DO 0 ) [; ,- -2thSt '~::'co ~"~bl,.rl ~.5 S . q~"'J IrC;tj;;>;;>fC::I~QCI .:l)'r'.-n- ~v rl 0 I . ~ j{'"->" . 12,.::J u' " 0,1 ~ '.Jl L,;' " I .:r ~~ ~ O".....~ '1, .On -', 1, I :l'lICJCI'-n:;:IJ dill ,I Its' CJ CI), !J 'q'-Jc [1" U U I 18: !J':t'D:J'dj~~ <dJ;/f a~-'F' '6' it a/mart t Ct R r = I lie.] 80"ooJj.';r-(~('o.1 Pavlllions ,::-=J 1 -~ -~- I ~ g. o~;~o'~ 'c/~~;~;~\' d Centre ,0 C ::J Jl 0 ( Hillside . 'I ~,-: n ! ! ~ RI c/'l..o7 cOj~'\{'c [ --~ .,.-..- '" Plaza I -s01 Steel Lake II ~ r~ ~~:;~() ,,i;'~?<;l0~, 8 ~I 0 rc =-I~--, I c')-1 Park ~ /! / G -' 0 Ol(<;j I ."oJ 'j, 10 GiJ l~ l<[]ll III c I [';Ie> "='~/I} e:du GO M l . Top r - I 'd~CJ' c-:J / !! - r 'I~ ~ --.;] ~J. 1[.. Foo J . '[B ~,es;.,""" :(,UU,'1 0 III 'V n . ~rp~rL"'\,,<J[) [' J [I ~ - ,"8 JO -.-! .I jQ~ :iJl1u ll,J HarryS r,[]m I II I _ (\,' '\ .= nn I ~ .II. , t th St ._ ' d Pb"",s OiL Dr HIgh Scho D, I II I ,::1;) "0,,'\' -:J'Jd".J'L "dOC-'"".' I 1 u ~~. I \~~'C" [~~-j~ n / II ! W/ :f1k OrJJ=~:=W--'l>l , u LJ 6) j ,-... _-1 J,: ~.-; =;") ~~4t:4J~~ =c [j /11 /: ~~~lj~;:::~IJt~~~ '"~; II,"~~-rl:~i -DS--r~ ' :~ ~J~r, rl~i( ~c U [IC I L ~ r---'ULJ ~1Sea~1 Center I r- D. ',;'- III I I I \\~.\ , J ' · .- \ - · ,Village , 0 Plaza 0 n .// I I I I \~ . P """: C:[) ~ c-J - ~ ~ U <> .- :-, 0 u .' f] -,' r '/) /;/ I I I I \I~~ - \.-- "320th St - ~ _ D ....., u "" 0 ,~ ~,/! I I I I\IJJ ~ruQ- - ~ ,'~2 1-- ~ Lu.L-.J,-_ , '^J'o " ri' ([2 I. '.' _I ~\ ~'I-'----'" ~~})6'i [--~ ~', i ,___.!___J!J____l__, b Ntl Ql ~ ~ :='"'")1 III r~.~U;/ ~'(G:.\ ~, el bratlOn ) . _-" . Q. L" I I I I )7;/ f~(j D a;', r;fe~Jifektlr I I · C:lomm;;;sat-~.:[ if' \ \ I III ~/ .::.{,.)\>. J=-$lj.....'-- - - ~ -I r-' -p I I \ \ I I I I ;/ ~'~ c-B ~~ url. 0 I I ede~at WaY-LJ ' I'" ~ III It . 'B L 0 Il---1 =0 I -- ~ , f . t' II II , '11' ~ ~ ..L-.J ~ X/Sing II f ) ~ 0 -;10' ~ - I I s ~Mh....,.r J:...- - ~ - - :r -' '. I' ParU It II ,"" ~{'" =~ ~'\ '{. ; r;G[. ~ =- 0 1- ~--=,r-.-:::-,(~r~~:;;~~::;,~::: /1/;1 Q'\~$$h (\\:>$$ ~ C ~:J c rJ &}% ~=:nr. ~~'...J..-"O I / I e ~'il~~\'0o ,,)' fi . = _ _ ,_ LJ,IIJ ~Ll u ,IJ I \:.,J )J'~,,,T~d';~/kl>~~"I'/l!<JJTJ.'J{j~ .III,~ '\\,l?/'/. . ~ l u ~. "~'(J.;ffl'd'.o\;[fUi"Y .a (VH - ~(),,~8S ~ ~ ~ 'J~\ "~"'J:.{jf~f,l /:iilo I I ~JP ~ ~a.erlkebra~iO~ l~rnr.llllrL 0.: C ;l >, ~,~~\o---~~ lTB ~~! 11/1/1 / r, VII '81\~ -"~}.;,.~-'~ 'e I '6' <:> tc,,\ ~~~lW.o(l1R I' f3' I II I ~!l 'lJ~45i\r~l .-rP , r...?I'Pr I / I I ~ f // ~ New Transit Center - Potential Pedestrian Crossings IV Existing Street '\i Proposed Street (,~ Potential Bike Route lit Existing Bike Route o City Center Core W City Center Frame - Park ~ N Map Date: February, 2003. Reformatted: November. 200 o I 500 I 1,000 Feet I ~ Federal Way ThiS map is accompanied by no warranties. and is simply a graphic repl'esematlon Map VII",7 Potential Transit AI~gnments and Stops " '-.' '.'~ ~IJ .L.' 'f--J U I ,'J 1.lllCP 0 [? [, ",. -.' {j 00 IIi; I" 11'-; I ~ C ~., :1. Iii ::- ~'D' ':f~t.. . ~dM I FtrJ~ l . I 0--' oP' ~ 0 ~ I~ 'j Il~O<:J R ~ ....l2... ~'! ~ (J J-=" ",1, C:')".. .t.i.ltsrll~'" J,J I. l:'1 U Ul'Jlt,. 0 u _ 0 II [1:;1 ~ t: . " ir.!(J (J'~""'J uil;,..,.17 ..6E(C:s;.il~hSl.1.1 ~.o'",Hoo.:.. ~'!JUl.l14".~Jl_[1 '\.',1. _. _.<a~~Jt._ .1,-.10 ----.----- - IU.___. -iiiili-----~-----...---'-'\ll'........-- ~..-D'O'aI'I.~c::~=5;,~.=.. .fi;'~.,f\...- ~~: ~ rJ-'Q;1 -.J: .i.~_wVll~Fe 9)1, .. wlf - . ~~. .I~ "~.. '- tj':..::l. coc:J:::..XD!:l -.-)',':\-'" U ll,~ Cl Mlm.art I t,~,s '..~[}hLb- r ~~ I. ~tJ'odJ 'I . }j't;.ot;Jo ':;J,: '!!:' 'c-~ I, " l'ij L'1.-J .~ Ir~11IJ ~ (1),. g. I' - 'R C' ...' JJ .{- ". .. 1 PaI'l'4\loJtt E'=:= 'i I , a , I~ u C'O I' '" :11 ~ '\;'.'i;i' ...' -'... I;~ .. C'IIIIB'I I~ r:=::J ~ ~ . HJIIside'1 I ~ cia. ~~, 0 .,;::1' /~'.;'~..J l' ".~t~1 ~I I~. [!;;J.-n... ___11. ~ ......L.'I~ Steel Lake "~I:bl t: .. 11'10 . '\-. ." 0 I'" LJ ~ u.-----;:;;;- -- - Pa k ,;-1, --. 8Ir~;?;:'-'i' ,.J' ~ u~j,..; ~I 0 I .('L/-- -.' ~I~I r ........,.. ~~~c-u~'~'{d::J.~ {. \ I Cl 1: ) ~I' " I ~ r,;1~ 13 ,,'I / ,tJ~ ~.";'r:p~D~.,,~lD~I~.. 1, Jlll_U_~~_._~_ ".. lJ ~~,~~ffj=~ll&' ,..' ;:':~ '':'~. ,~~.u<::,c.,~c;:'::r:..."yI. 10 -i- ; 'el' : , C", ~~-i~~'~Q:;a'1 ...~ 'l3 i I . 'Ii " , - 1-' " I '. 111;G;E:lh.. !.J r.:. ". .',{..4I~ I I '~ r/ o~~~n'l r: D I . 'In - ~ _ ~, >..; l-',' ~ . ....~ ' J" u!:"cc.~~..-'d"c~ ~I ~.'- _ .. _;. _ _ ~ _ _ _.. _ .. ~r- -~~ :-~7 ~ - K, I j ~1:,t::l1'1r"~~~~"" cl I" - ~I . .. . J Ce"Ia' ~ ','1 , ~ ~ Jl. ~- u_~... ~. . . 5 -- 11._, : - .l ' 9. ~ 1~ ~~O ," ~ Un ~:' ..,.$e.j;3C-'N.; '. ~~t()'" i. .'i ',.' ~\ ~t C'" 0 Ujl.' . ~e I . Plui., _ ,-'.", ,:'~. J __'1 Dn J JL 'I - : L I. _. f f_VI :-\' L-~ u. ~ .n r. '-, ~. " I ~ ,. . 1 " , 'Ii . .' " I . !l&1 .-- u____ 7- -. - _ A_ _ r ~S32l11t1 5t __ __ u_ _ _ - - ----.- ~-=:-----.:---.-. -.------ ""!'..--~ --=---_...._----~~~--- ::>::>1 ~ 't;;;; 9{ ~ 0 (? I ~.. . ,; ':1. (I. _,-' , i. I I I ~ 't; lr.; f ,I f] (II I ~ ,",,' .. .. ?'~! lJ' ~ " CC6fattr.I/tonI Il III .. I ..... P v"';Pi ~I Li r I~ Commons at . 1 :' ., : ,?~,;'i~ a:'rl::..~ l? ~: \, F.ederal Way. J '.6.' I t=>-IS =. ~I, 0 L:J D J r---, <> I . I c....~7Q ""I " I = 1--.-1 " ",,'u I," II) I a 'Ii ~) '-'\.-0 ~s ~~Ih St _ ..". ,'1'dO.,,' I ::~ ~ .~. .,-:------ -T--- ---~- # - "', ~..#- I ---j I I- I ' 1;,,,-::J.lLU:..;..rr.oti'ftl'(~"'I~,o;h ,it >'" \.:". -'~' [" Jli[j' [{ ~ L C ~ '_" ,., .-:"; ,9 C,{~~i.lf,?l!.~~'~n:'-'b ~,_ \', / ~C"" j 1 L- l"l a J ~-~.ci1l.<1."._,L,"'_~:; ~'fI-.s- ~... I ,i: / r ...!::!J II ,;..... -' ....~.;)' f([lIW'f-;., ,::,: ~'cl ~ 'b,> '.' ce'-ebratiOl mn~nnnlll "~,,,1 M ;'~;~""_ J Hf Ii /10.(1 /' Park fl~~jIJtI!L::::::'T2:::;r~f! "-'0'. .:~ ~ 'R.\S5t~~'.~1R~ ti'j :'1 .y 1"m~~ll~j I. . ~. 1 I.', ~ 1 Q '~''':'!i. ;V-~'A _,i.,,;iJ.,' ~.. ~,,, Map Oa!o: fob~ua,"Y. 2003. Reformatted: r\o\lomtor. 200 N \ ~ New Transit Center Potential HCT alignment (2 Atternatives) I.,.' Potential Transit Routes · Potential Transit SlOP C City Cantor Core D City Cernter Frame D Park o I 500 1,000 Feel I ~ Federal Way ,.. n" In: ,..... I-d.. City of Federal Way I Potential Location of City Center Comprehensive Plan I Public Spaces and Bicycle Routes , ~/ \~ 'U [', w II c. r i- J' "-.l: -T" !C -} ~--1) ~ l. . r LV'--'L ~J ~~.]" ,~! _~ n ~JwY11 \1 L' [J""u' .~'Q j ; t ( I k' (JD ~- I!- . [ , . ci .~ J J o ( ~>. _,. \ L::s;er \l~n' . '-. r' J .~. 'f'. '.' [. . '.'. ~. ~'.~.'. ~ '\"__~ [ . !t ~~! fl~-, I, o._::::v r r:~~, ---- __liJ r' L ~ S_j'j2th_S~ 0 l. ~ -'L.'j [: IJ ,_~ La l :i " " IRD["'G~ "'~", 1}' .., .' . ............8JU~~._J!:l' ~"tJ ". '~t~l. I~ ~ ~(( ~/ma~~ b,~~d!5'~ f. ' .', ..~' , -1~~.lif "" . P '11' >.. -U'JJ.___ 'i' ~ ~ '" . " . . . ,.. aVI Ions ~J -- - <l:. -..."'" . en\;_ enj" w(:l.I'.' . ...', fl. '~.'.~.. 'ftl. Center : - ~ . l~ -H~::~~e-l ~.""'" Steel Lal<e~:I~' ~ I~.. S. . t,.. ;. i ~ · ~ "E.'r Park ~;i) '".' 11" ~~. f ,,-:::l" N,- r~", ,r, ~ zi ... ( Top r ~ L:i _ _j" '" ~ I ,,~' 'l i-I .' t~ ~- Foods Ii (c:;'r It ." ~ \ C ~'iJC ,. . ~ , 6th St L_ - L-J Harry Tnim I~ ~, f '1C '~ ,) 1 j en Fe~e;al Wa ~ t.. High Scho r, 1/ . i ~ :f' Gl Transit \."t; c r ...~ co 1 f > rt:e'nter ~.""_l D "J~, >'1i}! sea) ~ ~~: 1 ,~ ;~;; .: ' t[ L s~ r ~I ~ 'I "'/Ia.e ~ P'aza /" r;.f~ j;f /, :=J r r. ~ 41 LS_320ttlSt ~ Ii 2 I ... L ~i 1 I I ". I Celebration, ::: ~ '", ,i( ~\ en'" ,~ l Center 0.1 '; a:! ,(:afeway: i The'Commons at !~: J ~ M-~ -(_" i. . , Federal Way , 0 f r -] iL f.-I, I" I ~ ~32otJSt "', -r- 5 324th St + Park c!jRide ,~ \;\. .~~I_J: ""~-''''1~'4IiI.. ~r; .~. \/r I U.lJ_ i ~ JII' tr'~I,.:t:."_"i_." '€ . ' _.j ~J t....,.- '.:' .:!1 ) ~ 1")'0 ;J' '- ~ c: . , ~ Q , .11 ': : ,,' ~ - ~ ~ .. I - 1..--7 '/' 1:1 -, r, ,.'-.-- cel;~~~tion j . ~,,\' ~ . p ,;\;:>"" ,:" ,; ,H /'1 \'" "\ J_ 'lJ t~ .3J~ '"'; ~\ / / / / B l (J~, LJ \~Dfl if c' CJ ~ U(~'" - Legend .'_11 Planned Bicycle Route ~ Surface Water Building C:=J Street This map is accompanied by NO warranties. City Center Frame I Map Date: March, 2007 I ~ Scale: N 0 500 1,000 Feet I I I I I ~ Federal Way Potential Public Space Locations ::J Park - Existing Bicycle Route City Center Core City Center Element Map VIl-8 Map VII-9 Phasing Concept 1995-2010 "" .". \~O <Ie c-=J ~ ~L V [I 'J '" lli'~ ~~~~ j;iB:S~n ~ JI :::Jl ~ ~II:' J" J -~)II'r a""~ ~~ 0 ~~~ ~ ["'Jj"": oe,' [ - a'=-: ,,,,,-.:) ~ _Lb. lJU n Ie G"t~ l U - U,. n n --, :J 0 -, , U2tl1StJ 8'-::1((".. OOj<Lj..o__.;:....o LJ n. ~ - rn:; , a - ,~ . -"-"H2th.Sl C U J ~C-'alllJc:c.:D. C;:DC,-,-",,,, r.)'~.- '-0 \)0:' L :<DU_ ;::.. . r,. 0 Cr" rp/' -J J I ' 0 '11 '""~ '~r;!) On ,-_. n:DO Jl'l J/~Uc.cuc- 0;/,' CJ/; (/)-, 1"I~-ClnO< 1\ Cl ~ C~rfj !!H: ~rl""\)::Jc;)(l)'lJ.:J ""') / " !'5' ~ ..!!,mart I ~ IOJ - ~1ll[i:Jc: = t ~ 0 u=ou I(.g. g w= "'oo'1;~{!. J;lfc~~o Parillions ,c...= ~ I~ 9 cnu:: ~ CJ, II 1/,,'1,.. ~f//D'O\ Centre ~ =-=:J .co- I' (r----Hllls/.de-1 ~ ~ J DC ~i'(Plio' :<:;?/lq..,;\- ~..... ~, - () ~ r::2l;;o o<:t(~. 0 I' 0 l_, l N, Plaza I '!;~ Steel La ke D (J,' )H" ~'?o .ft:{:':(;.~~ r~, 0 ~ - ': O/-r -~ ~ Park ~ (~ => [oe) 'D2;![o c.,co'r,r"lJ l ~p ~ . Ull Ci ~ 'd~CJ(1q I 'J ~[:-'4n.O~~1U~J'CJ()\Jr. ~~ 0 Foo~~ hS ~ / 1~~unt:::)'TlF.~fjoIDHatr'STr~On fll ;,;; "'" U ::>0 ~~ 1 - / eJ B .;;;:J~'l,\h ,n High Sdlo J I'.' ~t~ 'C '\...vc...:::J~,~r-..JdCJt.! -"C: "lJ , ))[1 ;))! o'J\]c:JOJ=,,"-'-=>J-'e, --\ ~ ~~~~P(~i =R~ j-o 10 0/'" '. 8(~{jI!~0d. 10 I I.' e ~ I~~~~~r~~oc rJCJ,"i' 1T-'..::Jr;=cr:r..,D"Jt:r;:' ~ 'I)Gate~f / / 1/: '.c)odIr -~~~ ,_ ctti '~l 'J I u~' "--S I L, 'I L/ Cantar Jr /" '1/ { '- :=:I-.lj' '"' 0 ~_,- <'>IJ - ~ I 0 [[~71 It ,/ 19.~ ,,:::-;S "n, _. , /-, I.,'U ~ I--=:J J S T.~)I [] -~. - 'y/~ 1// II I!~ ~ " 1'- '-_1 0 ea ac Center IU / 1;1 / I I Lf""' ~ 1 -u J --::-- // / ,/ / \'_. I A -, O\l1" J ~ - Plaza 0 fJ~-;::- ~ ;/ I / I I ,\~ ~ -/' C;--..J 1U \ L -! . . 0 Ii!' / / I / / \,-;; ) 1.._ .. ,0 .. 320th SI '.:0 .:J 0 C I / I, ,Ill CJ -"...5.32Oth,SL ,/ U L L--.J\_ _D le~ '1',)( 0 ~/ljJ ~oG . Jj n E-~I ~I)f{''), _u \ /7/1'3;;111]:/'- 1J'{& l~ 11/ _ [Ce3bration - a. U i'V 1\ 11/ I ~ :/.'0~ il uu ~r:-:-J Ce ter I~ ~ l'--_-'~ L '--r- :~ /-':J I 11/1-7 );?ul {J ii: ~~ ~ Commons at ] 1:1 JLr \ \ II/I / ~~<'r nC-:$] CJ ' 'n U ~ r'-'L '.' / , / / / ?~~ lJ ::'1 --~~ [~ 0 U ~~t~ay.J~- \~)... \)/111; '~~~ ~\~o,~. -' J ~ ~~~i~g !llr~ ::,,_~~'~ 10/\'~\\~'v:' S324thSt ::::::-_=-::::::::::-___ _ _ v' Ride 1// /8 _ v. \~'v~' --::->_'_ I 1/18 :>z..~,,~~ 00 '\\ "\~ ,,,v;; 'I ~ Cr-l [] (<'~-/";:, ,/Ori/O;@klOJd. @j!Jfr",,,:-.\~~,.,,.,n-fo // II/IiI ~ .~ ~:::"o(\. ,,<0" ",~ _. '---/10 1_-. :J 1 () 7"'] \ rW,.", ~""""" <<I v~ "'-",.'-:> \) ~. _ f1 1 \\/j 1@',1[)?~f!?!4\)~)i.,"'),>l.IiRv.ITI1(1;:'i9 II!/... ~j:/;)0i' ~ ~ ~ _ l/ <JII 0 D \" '~'i6tF"I(J-",;j't!t'JJ{) 'k '~'c fiI5a!-S i}~/o\J .~" ' '-- 0 ~.;----::' "J0ij;(it{.l'Ja&.CJ/~. ~;/, ~ ' ';;---:0:9 C I b t 'IIDL I 1.' , ~(i)~\. "<.?)/Sf- (p/g /! ; / 1\ :':;:9 /- e e ra io \ ~Jlnlll CJ.. q::::._, gili:"",\-~~ Iii? titS / / II ~ Y Park IJIIUUL .~ - . \9 (J':;')~~--.J;q ~IA / 1/1 // / n '-='-' ----] 0 ~-:::-,!J '='()/>'='<\ .o.~\\~'il.~~~cq~01lBIf."E II/IN 1/< <5' 11~~1~~,~! ----1l II 111~~'~~~" I -: OJ(('j; <"""'(.0/1-<.\) ,,,v <? <'-;R ,1/ / ,;J Q9 l Intersection Improvement N Scheduled Street Improvement N Street Improvements Recently Completed lljIiliiIilji New Transit Center Q9 Recent Intersection Improvement I l City Center Core D City Center Frame _ Park Map Date: February. 2003. Update: February, 2007 Pacific Hwy South - Widen Road to include HOV lanes and underground utility poles. Add sidewalks, street lights, trees and landscape median. Itt Proposed Right of Way o I 500 I 1,000 Feet ~ Federal Way This map Is accompanied by no warranties. and Is simply a graphic re~esentatlon CITY OF FEDERAL WAY Comprehensive Plan List of Maps Following Maps were Revised as Part of the 2006 Comprehensive Plan Amendment Chapter Three - Transportation Map 111-1 Map 111-2 Map 111-3 Map 111-4 Map 111-5 Maplll-6 Map 111-7 Map 111-8 Map 111-9 Map 111-10 Map III-I 1 Map 111-12 Map 111-13 Map H1-14 Map 111-15 Map 111-16 Map 111-17 Map 111-18 Map 111-19 Map 111-20 Map 111-21 Map 111-22 Map 111-23 Map 111-24 Map 111-25 Map 111-26 Map 111-27 A Map 11I-27B Travel Patterns from Residential Areas in the Federal Way Planning Area Existing Significant Streets and Highways Existing and Planned Traffic Signals 2000 Traffic Volumes Functional Classification of Existing and Planned Streets and Highways Planned Street Sections State Access Management Classifications City Access Management Classifications 2002 Congested Streets and Highways 2008 Congestion with Existing Streets and Highways 2008 Congestion with Proposed Streets and Highway Improvements 2020 Congestion with 2008 Streets and Highway Improvements 2020 Congestion with 2020 Improvements High Collision Rate Intersections (1997 - 1999) High Collision Rate Corridors (1997 - 1999) High Collision Severity Intersections (1997 - 1999) High Collision Severity Corridors Sidewalks Inventory on Major Streets (2002) Bicycle Facilities Plan All Day Transit Service, Effective June 2002 Peak Hour Transit Service, Effoctive June 2002 Proposed Transit Routes Helicopter Landing Areas Recommended Heliport Siting Areas Through Truck Route Plan 2003-2008 Transportation Improvement Plan 2009-2020 Capital Improvement Plan 2003-2020 Regional Capital Improvement Plan Chapter Eight - Potential Annexation Areas Map VIII-I Map VIII-2 Map VIII-3 Map VIII-4 Map VIII-5 Map VIII-6 Map VIII-7 Map VIII-8 Map VIII-9 Map VIII-l 0 Map VIII-II Map VIII-12 Map VIII-13 Map VIII-14 Map VIII 15 Map VIII 16 Federal Way PAA Community Level Subarea Boundaries Sensitive Areas Geologic Hazards Parks and Cultural Resources Pre-Annexation Comprehensive Plan Designations Pre-Annexation Zoning Map Surface Water Facilities Arterials & Local Streets Existing Roadway Level of Service Year 2020 Roadway Level of Service 20 Year Proposed Intersection Improvements Fire Department Facilities Public School Facilities Water Service \^/astewater Service, Septic Repairs and Complaints Chapter Nine - Natural Environment Map IX-l MapIX-1A Map1X-2 Map IX-3 Map IX-4 Map IX-5 Map IX-6 Map IX 7 Map IX 8 Aquifers Aquifers and WeU5 Wellhead Capture Zones Areas Susceptible to Groundwater Contamination Wellhead Capture Zones . Wellhead Capture Zones Surface Water Resources I:Vellhead Capture Zones Geoloqic Hazards Surface Water Resources Priority Habitats and Species Geologic Hazards Priority Habitats and Species Chapter Ten - Public Utilities Map X-I Map X-2 Map X-3 Map X-4 Map X-5 Council Approved P AA Boundary Existing and Proposed Improvements to the Sub-Transmission System, Puget Sound Energy - G€I5 Electricity Puget Sound Energy Gas Supply Mains, Puget Sound Energy.- Gas Proposed Improvements, Puget Sound Energy - Gas Cable Service by AT&T Broadband Comcast, Coble W Television Map 111-1 TRAVEL PATTERNS IN THE FROM FEDERAL WAY RESIDENTIAL AREAS PLANNING AREA SCALEr 1" 5,000' DA TE: DECEMBER 1995 LEGEND -.-.-.-,-.-.-.- FEDERAL '..tAY CITY LIMITS - - - - - POTENTlAL ANNEXATlON AREA ~--'-_._"-"-'" , -..-.--......-.... .... .:~~~:~~~::f::..~ _.:.:~:!:;. TRAFTIC F'ROM RESIDENTIAL AREAS .)1> ThiS nop IS intended for .....se os 0 graphcot repre-sentot;on only The City of" federal \,Joy Mekes no warranty os 'to its OCCvr'QCy "-+, s ~ ~~ ,- v fi-:'f~-~ ---.~-' -;-~:. -::=. '--. PugetSound POIfWfy B'Y --. ,. . I ~ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Existing Significant Streets and Highways Transportation Element /,/ City Limits / ". Potential Annexation Area ~ ~ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I ~ Federal Way MAP 111-2 Map reprinted 1012006 Idata2nabithamlcpmapsnrsignif .aml E~\s\\n9 a"~ . ,rafnc S\gna\S /1..../ PUget Sound /" /'/ /'/ oum"'- ." ~ \ federa\ Wa';/ C\W uro\\S . potent\a\ Anne~a\\on Area E.~\st\ng Tratt~c s\~na\ cororoun\cat\on une proposed Tr~1nc ~\gna\ cororoun\cat\on une E.~\s\\ng 1"ratt\C s\gna\ p\anned TraH\C S\gna\ f\re s\gna\ E.~\s\\ng pedeS\f\an S\gn~ .. . o . 1 sca\e', ~ Mile ~ ~federa\~aY M# _~nM ~ pugetSound .sy~;~ '>:~ ... City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan 2000 Traffic Volumes Transportation Element /..../ City Limits / ,,' potential Annexation Area IB'IAverage Weekday Traffic \ Scale: ....CI 0 1 Mile N~ ~ Federal Way MAP "'-4 Map reprinled 1012006 Idata2Mbilhamlcpmaps/aWl.aml City of Federal Way comprehensive Plan Functional Classification of Existing and Planned Streets and Highways Transportation Element P"""IV 8"1' pugetSound /V /'./ /'./ /'./ /'./ Federal Way City Limits potential Annexation Area FreeWay principal Arterial Minor Arterial principal Col\ector Minor Co\lector /1,./ /" . ~ N Scale: 1 Mile ~ A Federa\Way MAP \\\-5 4'~...~~ ....."" Map reprinted 1012006 Idata2Mbilhamlcpmaps~reXcla'S2004.an --- '~r' plJt;errf s., pugetSound ". " " " " \ I I L, ... t ~! ~ S: ~ " .~ "'~ 4-<S-....~ "' lAW V"~- Comprehensive Plan p\anned Street sections TransportatiOn Element ~......../' Federal Wa~ ClW Lirnits POlenlial AnnexatiOn Alea p,oadwa~ seclion: 1'_ 4 lanes. HOV B . 4 lanes" HOV (CIW cenler) C _ 4 lanes. BI\<.e /.....' /'~~ ~ /'/ , " D . 4 lanes + Bi\<.e (cn~ cemel) ~ E.4lanes /,/~Q- F' 4 lanes (OW cenle<) G _ 5 lanes + Bi\<.e H' 5 lanes + Bike (cn~ cenler) I_ 5 lanes J _ 5 lanes (CiW cenler) K . 3 lanes. Bike L' 3lanO. + Bi\<.e (CilY cenlel) 1'01 - :3 lanes N' 3 lanes + parking (CiW cenler) o _ 2 lanes + Bi\<.e P _ 2 lanes + DllCh (LOW Densny) o _ 2lan85 + parking (Cn~ cenler) p, . 2 lanes + parking (cornrnerciaVlndUslrlal) s _ 2 lanes. parKing (Single Farnl"') 1 . 2 lanes + Dllch (LOW DenSny) /'/ /'/ r/ ~ ~ /'/ ,(.~ ,,' /'/ ~ /'/ /'/ rJ /....../ _ scale - , Inch equals 4,000 feet ~ federal Way MAP tl01E: 1niS ma~ is intended lor use as a ura~('I\C31 rwesenl31ion 0 1118 ell'! 0\ federal Way mal<es nO warranl'! as to ilS aCC"raCl' IM\.2ftab....l\AmlC M1Plet>!lt1te.110t0li PugetSound PO\f6flr B,y City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan State Access Management Classifications Transportation Element /--LJHW1f Lr11 Lf~] /~'./ Federal Way City oa~:' ./ ^o' I ~ ~ , J=:L /" . Potential Annexation Area A./ Limited Access /V Class 4 : I \ ~:I -i! ~ w ~ ..\ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I ~ Federal Way MAP 111-7 Map reprinted 1012006 Idata2ltabithamlcpmapsltrwsamc.aml City of Federal Way comprehensive Plan City Access Management Classifications Transportation Element ."""Iy pugetSound / ,/ Federal Way City Limits / ~ ~ potential Annexation Area /'/ Class 1 /'./ ClasS 2 /'/ Class 3 /'/ Class 4 ~. ~ N Scale: 1 Mile ~ ..... "- '\ ~"'''l.- ~Federa'Way MAP ,"-8 ~ ~";'IJ,. ...........otr- Map reprinled 10/2006 fdata2llabilhamlcomaPSllramc.aml - 2002 ,",U\ ,~- Streets 8< \-\iglW43Ys /" rJ federa\ '-Na':J C\W uro\ts ?otent\a\ Anne~at\on f>,.rea congested Streets congested \ntersect\ons lransportatiOI1 Element PUget Sound /1....,/ , . scale', 1 Mi\e ~~ ~ federal 'Way t-A# ~ ~,,~ ~U"'- W\th E)l\st\ng ~\.' "'-- and H\ghwa'lS lransportatiOn E.lement PUget sound /,/ Federal 'Na'l CiW \.1",\\5 / ,,' po\ennall><nne1<a\\on I><rea /'/ congested Streets . congested \ntersect\ons - , c;,~",;;,,'" ", L-J . . J ~1-'''~';'; l- ------'" .... '--........~ ~\.;' ~ . ',,-- .... "J,.."". 1/{f{ v,_ · .... . '" ~ sca\e'. 1l-J\i\e ~ ~ f~'dera\ \foJay MA ,^nn(\6 ~ Co",rnorcM'len: So, ! I~ PugetSound PrNl1'ly B,y ",It ~... "" ?&'\.tJ. City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan 2008 Congestion with Proposed Street and Highway Improvements ~;'#~ /" # A./ . Transportation Element Federal Way City Limits Potential Annexation Area Congested Streets Congested Intersections ~ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I ~ Federal Way MAP 111-11 Map reprinted 1012006 Idata2habitham/cpmapshrcg08imp.aml PugetSound POVf!lfy B")' Cammcn:_........ .., ;'~kNE ".le "" 4.."...~ -.. 'lo-,... City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan 2020 Congestion with 2008 Street & Highway Improvements Transportation Element /,/ Federal Way City Limits / ". Potential Annexation Area ~ Congested Streets · Congested Intersections ~ .-\ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I A i=ederalWay MAP 111-12 Map reprinted 10/2006 Idata2habitham/cpmapshrcong2020.aml '2.0'2.0 con~~v.' 2020 \l1\provel1\en\S pugetSound /..../ c\w Utn\ts ~ ?o\ent\a\ ~nne~at\on ~rea congested Streets congested \ntersect\ons /" /'/ . sca\e', ~ Mile 1~ ~ fe'dera\ Way tA~l .^~"n6 ~ pugetSound ~- ( Commtn:M1en,' B., ~,,;.~ '~...~ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan High Collision rate Intersections (1997 - 1999) Transportation Element /'..../ Federal Way City Limits Potential Annexation Area /" . . . 1.0-2.5/MEV* 2.5-5.0/MEV > 5.0/MEV . . Million entering vehicles ..\ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I ~ Federal Way MAP 111-14 Map reprinted 1012006 Idata2nabitham/cpmapsnrhcr.aml PugetSound Povf1lly B'Y - ---l City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan High Collision Rate Corridors (1997-1999) Transportation Element ~',*~ Federal Way City Limits /" * Potential Annexation Area Dum,it I I.,'\~ \Ir-t--.. I I ;;'1 I , !j".i. " _I " r- I I /V 5 - 10/mvm* ......... 10 - 25/mvm /V 25 - 50/mvm ^' > 50/mvm . million vehicle miles "1ft 400J.;'~ .......e... ~ ~ ~ ..\ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I ~ Federal Way MAP 111-15 Map reprinted 1012006 Idata2~abilham/cpmaps~r accid.aml PugetSound ""', ~;~ ?,p....~ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan High Collision Severity Intersections (1997-1999) ~ ~~'#~ /" # Transportation Element Federal Way City Limits Potential Annexation Area .$25,000-50,000/MEV* $50,000-100,000/MEV >$100,000/MEV . ~ . Million entering vehicles .-\ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I -~ ~ i=ederalWay MAP 111-16 Map reprinted 10/2006 Idata2/labitham/cpmaps/lrhcs.aml PugetSound P~ty Bo, <S}.~...~ -.. ~"- City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan High Collision Severity Corridors ~',#~ /" # /V /V /V Transportation Element Federal Way City Limits Potential Annexation Area $250,000-500 ,OOO/M VM*$500,000-1,000,OOO/MVM >$1,000,000/MVM . Million Vehicle Miles .-\ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I ~ Federal Way MAP 111-17 Map reprinted 1012006 Idala2ltabithamlcpmapsltrhcsc.aml S\dewa\k \nventory on Maior Streets (2002) \ -~ \ pugetSound /'",,/ /" . /'/ 1'/ 1'/ Col<lmen:tIl'.,.t ,., ',ll' "'0 ~ ',.. / ~ ~ 1ransportation Element Federal Wa':1 CiW Limits potential Annexation Area No SidewalKS SidewalKS on one side of street SidewalKS on both sides of street scale: ) ~\e ~ fe'deral Way MAP '1 Ida\a2Mbitnam/cpm~ Mao reprinted 1012006 -- p-~ BICyc\e FacUlties p\an ?~\\ /~....#/ federal Way Cit\} Limits /" # potentia\ AnnexatiOn Area ~I l; nar:r /v' c\aSS ~ (separate Trai\) '" ' -~ - - . - . Tt B:!\. /'/ c\aSS 2 (MarKed BiKe Lanes) u; Y1', \ \\ /'/ c\aSS 3 (BiKe Route) pugetSound \ i \ \ k ~~;~ \\\ \ 1\, ~~I@ -\1( LJ \\ /-,,- \\ ). N scale: 1 Mile z;;C :5 ~ Federal Way MAP II I!laP reprinled 101Z006 Iclala2J\abi\h..mlCpmaps/l~ Star Lake ~~l-\ . ( I PugetSound Federal Wav Park & Ride 174,181.183. 187,188.194, 901.903. PT402.PT500 ST565,ST574 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan All Day Transit Service ~',#~ /" # A../ A../ A../ Transportation Element Federal Way City Limits Potential Annexation Area 4+ Buses/Hour 2 to 3 Buses/Hour 1 Bus/Hour ~ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ A Federal Way Map reprinted 1012006 MAP 111-20 Idata2~abitham/cpmaps~r apark.aml peak Hour 1 ran sit service Star LaKe ParK &. Ride 152,183.190.\ 1---- 191.192,194, " S1574 /'...../ . /" Pc'."ty PUget$oul1d /V /V /V /V 174.175,176. ~177.17B,181. 183,187.188. 194.197.901. 903.PI402.PI500 51565,51574 ~~/ 'Transportation Element federa\ Way C\W L\m\t5 potent\a\ Annexat\on Area 8+ BUsesl\-\our 4- to 7 Buses/Hour 2. to 3 Buses/Hour 1 Bus/Hour ~ scale: '\ Mile ~ ~ Federal""ay ""II.P .,_,on 1012006 ~da\a2ttab~C~ proposed Transit Routes Transportation Element PO'I{lt1y .... -~--1~ ~ ~ /,/ federa\ Way CitY umits / ~ # potentia\ Annexation Area /'/ proposed Transit Routes Pl1getSol1nd ~ scale', 1 Mile ~ ~federal""aY MAP II Idala2^ab'lll'\am/Cpm~ % ^ ,.~ / "" "A':;If'l reprin1ed 1012006 Kent l Jill '" \ ) I' r /)/I/lo/l.lkl Federal Way P. A. A. I 1 1 1 I .. 1 1 , 1 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Helicopter Landing Areas Transportation Element Legend: [:J Federal Way City Limits 1_ 1 Potential Annexation Area o Fly Wright Company Landing Area e Fly Wright Company Landing Area e 335th St Medical Transfer Point o Fire Station #6 (Emergency) o 272nd St. Park and Ride (Emergency) o Thomas Jefferson High (Emergency) o Twin Lakes Golf Course (Emergency) o Federal Way High School (Emergency) o Woodmont Elementary (Emergency) ~ Weyerhaeuser Corporate Landing Area ~ Green Gables Elementary (Emergency) ~ Fire Station #3 (Emergency) 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 I I Miles Map Reformatted: October, 2006. Source: City of Federal Way, King County A Federal Way MAP 111-23 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Kent 111'-.~ I ~(Jl' 7t \ "f I. S 2BBth St >-5' I I I~--c&- I f),d/u,Ld.:.( Federal Way PAA t .. I I , I "'" ,1 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Recommended Heliport Siting Areas I Transporlation Element Legend: D Federal Way City Limits L _ I Potential Annexation Area o Site Number Most Compatible for Heliport Development 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 1 Miles f Map Reformatted: October, 2006. Source: City of Federal Way, King County ~ Federal Way MAP 111-24 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. lnroUgh lrucK Route p\an t' f'P'l6f1y B" /f..../ PUgetSound /" /'../ /'" ... / '" lransportatiOn Element r:edera\ Way C\W Um\ts poteot\a\ p..ooexat\on p..rea EX\S\\Og ,rucK Routes proposed A.dd\t\Ona\ ,rucK Route scale: ~ ~\e ~ federal V'Ja'l tJlAP .,_.~rl ,0I20~ ~abi\na"'~ PugetSound Pwetly B., .~ , I ~ I ~ -4 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan 2003-2008 Transportation Improvement Plan /..~. // 'V .."..... . (18) Transportation Element Federal Way City Limits Potential Annexation Area Street Improvement Projects Non Motorized Projects Intersection Improvement Project Map Identification Number j N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I ~ Federal Way MAP 111-26 Map reprinted 1012006 Idata2/labitham/cpmaps/lr6tip.aml PUget sound I~A. ",,,, C<:!fI'l"';:r- .' ..~-. ~ "",- +. 4m./1'~ "'..~'" .' ,\v,l>'ty ~"+It" C) Q4>....~ " 2009..2020 capita\ \mprOvement p\an . /..." // N ~~ ~. ~ ... N Transportation Element . Federa\ Wa':l C\t':j um\ts . potent\a\ Annexat\on Area Street \mprovement pro\ects Non Motor\zed pro\ects Signal communications pro\ect \ntersect\on \mprovement pro\ect Map\dentitlcat\on Number (~) ~ scale: 1 Mile ~ ~ f~dera' Way Mto.P III-' Ida\a2/labi\hamlcpm~ Iv\aO reprinted 10/'2~ PugetSound P_ty B.y /@~ I ~ I ~ ~ Com"'Olf1:_~ s., ~ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan 2003-2020 Regional Capital Improvement Plan Transportation Element /,/ Federal Way City Limits / ". Potential Annexation Area ~ Street Improvement Projects ...~~~/ Non Motorized Improvement Projects · Intersection Improvement Project ~ Transit Station Project ~ Map Identification Number ..\ N Scale: o 1 Mile ~ I ~ Federal Way MAP 111-278 Map reprinted 1012006 Idata2habitham/cpmapshrrcip2004.am I I ~, ) , Star Lake I es 1 . '.~ . I 1 ~ it c -- _\ " I, -- Ii I . ,- - -< tr Ste.' "". ......, Lake --"", .~ ,..- L,_ / - - - - i..il.k<l! Gen<l!v. \ \ -r / 7- -""./ Wle Lfll(tt I I . 't- - 2 II"_J _ '\ ." ',- / I Trout Lal(<I! r - ~'" . - i ' ~ -': ' F.--' - I . I . I Auburn I -,--.---------!-" ~..,. r- .1 -II.-~I I . I . I . a I. I . I I . ..: Community Level Subarea Boundaries Federal Way PAA Potential Annexation Area Element . I . I . I Legend: D Federal Way D Algona D Auburn D Des Moines D Kent D Milton D Pacific D Federal Way, P.A.A. D Algona, P.A.A. D Auburn, P.A.A. D Kent, P .A.A. D Milton, P.AA D Pacific, P.A.A. Vicinity Map Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ ~ N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835.7000 www.ci1yoffederalway.com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warran1y as to its accuracy. ~ Federal Way Map VIII-1 ..fdata2/tab itham/cpma ps/paa/genma p.aml ! . .1 . I . -~I/)\r'~ ~L r~ I.~ :r: )- Lakehmd ~' ~ ~ <'t !/ Jovita ~ ~ lU :Ii; ~ -; -- .? !:r / / / Star Lake ., 1- I~ 'I , i I ' ~ -I---i it'" Lake .' I _ - -" -' . - " Camelot I~ ~r f- 511 I . -r- - - · 1-- Lake I Gen.!'V8 -- . I (I ' . './<- ~l' ~t L ,... I/) $.~ L~ '(l <'t ,'1- - , .t: .~. - CO ~ N ..OJ ~ \~- -- ,,02. . \.L~ .\ - I" - .~2,~J \~\ Trout La,~e ~- ~ - -}- ._"..L ~I/ - ; I r; L-. I/) lU > <'t- V; ;;; 11- --., . -, ." . F--.1 - I . I Auburn . I ,-,- - ... .1 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Community Level Subarea Boundaries Potential Annexation Area Element Legend: Potential Annexation Area - Community Level Subareas: D Star Lake (Northeast) D Camelot (Northeast) D Jovita (Southeast) D Lakeland (Southeast) D Parkway (Southeast) Other Areas: D Incorporated Area D Unincorporated Area Source: City of Federal Way, GIS Division & Department of Community Development Services, BWR, ECONorthwest, PM Steering Committee, December 2001 Vicinity Map Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ N ~ Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835-7000 www.cityoffederalvvay.com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONL Y. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~ Federal Way Map VIII-2 n/data2nabitham/paa/commap.a m I '..1., ..c . " ~ -.;;r-I--r" ~ ---. , \.,. , . F--.1 . . . L I . I L -l . (q.. , Mi. lake " ~"!I . - r'(J4f (/il(@ I. .., . . . City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Sensitive Areas Potential Annexation Area Element . . Legend: Lakehaven Utility District Well Private Well (All Uses, In Use and Unused) Blue/Green Heron Breeding Nest Streams Anadromous Fish Runs Resident Fish Present Riparian Areas Urban Natural Open Space Water Fowl Deep Aquifer Eastern Upland Aquifer Redondo Milton Channel Aquifer Mi rror Lake Aquifer Susceptibility to GrountMIater Contamination. Medium Sensitivity Susceptibility to GrountMIater Contamination. High Sensitivity 100 Year Floodplain Wetlands Source: King County GIS Center, December 2001, City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan, 2000, Lakehaven Utility District, 2002 Sheldon and Associates, April 2002 and State of Washington This document is not a substitute for a field survey. ADDITIONAL SENSITIVE AREAS MAY EXIST. Iv II ., IV .~ ..IV .-IV '..N -.N = ct:l ::2: .q c:: 'u :> o Scale: 1/2 Mile Note: Wetlands and streams were identified in a 1998 City of Federal Way study. Wildlife habitat information comes from the State 01 Washington Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. j N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835.7000 www.cityoffederalway.com ~ Fe~deral Way Map VIII-3 ./data2Jtabitl1amlcpmaps/paalcrit2 amI ll~ :"":1 = = c..s_l~1h.!lT - .....::... L lJ)~- ~~ ~;~~ - ~ ~ ~ ~t>~:~;; t~;" ~ ~--~~. . '-r ~ , " j -...}' ~ " - ./ =j4 ~ L;; ~ ,~--:-' ~., 'J- " t'. ~ -='~:'-.-~I:.:__:.~ · .~~~~s:~:-~ - Iccr~ _. '" J' --.~~~,~:~ ' ~"'; ;~~~r ~ - _"~ .~~-:-: "._ I 4..0..",. ~~-='i 1 ,:;:".::~~. , t'''~~~0J~. ~'_ ;:-r~'~'-/~"~~:Z~.~tj~~. J . ., · "r)'L"!'~i;12""I r'...~ '\'1-~c,""=~ ~?J -- -=-p -0 ~~ _"~{:~~ ~ I 5; , ~~r ~ 'T\-;::; ~r--_ =-""'=,.......,it . ~ ~~)~~~;;-~:.~; -=-fF'" I'_;;:~ ~~:.. ~ / ~o ....~l,~ -.<-n ~~ 8:...:t~ -===. MIt~ E1 /' - \\~~:~a-~j~~~;~,~'I~&~;~~ ?- . \ E0r ~--~:.:._ i:'-'J c".: ~ .- [~ ~l~~~~~t:~l~. If- ~-'- -,- -.... ::: t- F ,=- ~~'-1--= cd 1-' +-- Y1'B n =:1 c,. City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Geologic Hazards Potential Annexation Area Element Legend: ISSJ Landslide Hazard Areas . Erosion Hazard Areas (There are NO coal mine hazards or seismic hazards in this area.) Potential Annexation Area - Community Level Subareas: D Star Lake (Northeast) D Camelot (Northeast) D Jovita (Southeast) D Lakeland (Southeast) D Parkway (Southeast) Other Areas: D Incorporated Area D Unincorporated Area Source: King County GIS Center, December 2001 This document is not a substitute for a field survey. ADDITIONAL SENSITIVE AREAS MAY EXIST. 0.. ~ ~ .2 c:::: 'u ;; Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ N ~ Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835.7000 W\NIN .ci tyo H ed e ralway .com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~ Federal Way Map VIII-4 Ida1a2Jtabithamlcpmaps/paalcrit1.aml City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Parks & Cultural Resources Potential Annexation Area Element Legend: Recreational Facilities: G Fishing Access, Lake Geneva €) Fishing Access, Lake Killarney e Federal Way Senior Center e North Lake Improvement Club Cultural Resources . Fancher House e e Sutherland's Gas Station and Grocery Westborg House Community Level Subarea Boundary D Public Park D Incorporated Area D Unincorporated Area Source: City of Federal Way GIS, King County Department of Natural Resources, December 2001, Federal Way Senior Center, February 2002 and State of Washington, Department of Fish and Wildlife, February, 2002 a. '" ~ .~ c:: '0 ::> Scale: o 1/2 Mile r--_~ -- ~ N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835-7000 WNW .cityo H ed eralway .com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~ Federal Way Map VIII-5 ./data2ltabitham/cpmaps/paa/parksaml es t ; 1- S 28l!.!h ST ',:--' . , F--.1 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Pre-Annexation Comprehensive Plan Designations Potential Annexation Area Element Auburn Legend: ,-. . Community Business ~ . Multi Family , . Neighborhood Business . . Parks and Open Space I . D Office Park I ... .1 D Single Family, Medium Density D Single Family, High Density Source: City of Federal Way ~ S j ~ '" ,~ \'6... . \'1- ;' \ ~ ~ \~ Trout I Lak(> Pacific c.. '" :::2: .~ c::: '<3 :> Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~- ~ N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835-7000 \NININ .cityoff ed e ralway .com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. A Federal Way MapVIII-6 ..Idata2/tabitham/cpmaps/paalfwcomp ami a- --- \ ",. * Area Governed by . I Development Agreement F--.1 Legend: . BC (Community Business) Auburn GII BN (Neighborhood Business) C! OP (Office Park) '-I D RS35.0 (1 UnitJ35,OOO SF) .. D RS9.6 (1 Unitl9.600 SF) I D RS7.2 (1 Unitl7,200 SF) I I D RS5.0 (1 Unitl5.000 SF) . I . RM3600 (1 Unitl3600 SF) ... _ J i!I RM2400 (1 Unit/2400 SF) . RM1800 (1 UnitJ1800 SF) Source: City of Federal Way ~:;::;.'~;rru: -..::,r...r._ ~ -1:;,,'1" .:__~ '~~_:=~~ ~3':'~_' --2 .')~Cii...1ileliJ(>; .LL1........:.~=-. -------<~...: ~ ::: s Trout Lak@ Pacific City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Pre-Annexation Zoning Map Potential Annexation Area Element 0. "" :2: .~ <= '(3 :> Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ ~ N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835-7000 www.cityoffedera/way.com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~ Federal Way Map VIII-7 . Idata2Jtabitham/cpmaps/paa/fw2one am I Auburn ,-.- -~ 5 320th 5T I I . I . I ...~ . I I HW'i "1.~ I , .~-t - - -(Fi" ' )lJie -e ti\ __Q01'.r )..'0/ r. , . t Pacific -)~-I-' City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Surface Water Facilities Potential Annexation Area Element Legend: . Conveyance Facility . Residential Surface Water Facility ... Commercial Suface Water Facility Regional Stormwater Facilities: ~ Lake Dolloff Outlet e P-32 (Camelot Park) ~ Peasley Canyon Culvert e Regency Woods, Div 1 e Regency Woods, Div 4 G Regency Woods, Div 4 (2) G S 360th St Embankment G Sweet Briar Drainage Improvement G Regency Woods, Oiv 1 G Regency Woods, Oiv 4 (3) o Problem, (In P.A.A.) See text. e Problem, (Outside P.A.A.) See text. V Streams ES3 tOO Year Floodplain D Wetlands D Hylebos Creek Basin D Lower Green River Basin D Lower Puget Sound Basin D Mill Creek Basin D White River Basin Source: King County GIS Center, December 2001, King County Department of Natural Resources, December 2001 & January - ~ March 2002, :2 King County Asset :~ Development and co Management Section, 'u March 2002 :> Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ N Note: Wetlands and streams were identified in a 1998 City of Federal Way study. I~~ Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835.7000 WNW .cityoffederalway .com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. A Federal Way Map VIII-8 Jdata2Aabitham/cpm aps/paalxswdra in .am I F"Z[b . I . I Auburn . I ~ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Arterials & Local Streets L Potential Annexation Area Element N N N N Legend: Federal Way Street Classifications: Principal Arterial Minor Arterial Principal Collector Minor Collector Potential Annexation Area. Community Level Subareas: Star Lake (Northeast) Camelot (Northeast) Jovita (Southeast) Lakeland (Southeast) Parkway (Southeast) Other Areas: Incorporated Area Unincorporated Area Source: King County GIS Center, December 2001, City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan, 2000 D D D D D D D a. ro ~ .~ c:: .;::; :> Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~~ ~ N Map Reformatted: 10/2005 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835-7000 WNW .cityoffederalway .com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~ Federal Way Map VIII-9 Jdata2/tabi1ham Icpm aps/paa/trans p.am I City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Existing Roadway Level of Service Potential Annexation Area Element o . IV IV IV IV D D legend: Level of Service Intersections: Meets City LOS Failed Intersection (Before Mitigation) Federal Way Street Classifications: Principal Arterial Minor Arterial Principal Collector Minor Collector Incorporated Area Unincorporated Area Potential Annexation Area - Community Level Subareas: Star lake (Northeast) Camelot (Northeast) Jovita (Southeast) Lakeland (Southeast) Parkway (Southeast) Source: King County GIS Center, December 2001, City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan, 2000, Jones & Stokes, 2002 D D D D D a.. "" 2 :~ <= "u :> Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ I j N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835.7000 W/'NII.ci tyoH ed eralway .com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy, ~ Federal Way Map VIII-1 0 Idafa2ltabitham/cpmaps/paa/los amI Auburn .~ .. . i City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Year 2020 Roadway Level of Service L Potential Annexation Area Element o . N N N N D D Legend: Level of Service Intersections: Meets City LOS Failed Intersection (Before Mitigation) Federal Way Street Classifications: Principal Arterial Minor Arterial Principal Collector Minor Collector Incorporated Area Unincorporated Area Potential Annexation Area - Community Level Subareas: Star Lake (Northeast) Camelot (Northeast) Jovita (Southeast) Lakeland (Southeast) Parkway (Southeast) Source: King County GIS Center, December 2001, City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan, 2000, Jones & Stokes, 2002 D D D D D ~ <:2. ro ::z: .~ c ';:; :> Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835.7000 WNW .ci tyoff ederalway .co m Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~ Federal Way Map VIII-11 . 'data2/tabitham/cpmapsJpaallos2020 .aml j S 272nd ST �72nd _ _ ' �� Q —��_�. sr __ �� 9 9� . f ; q.�- ' _ � �� � - •� 9� �� - m � � , S 288th ST '„ �$�th ST 3 =�-----� _. � W � y a s � �, � 9 : � D � • �, s ; i , . - �� _ - . S 304th ST � l p \ , ' � M ,_ �., � � y S 312th ST ' ;�� � j 3�A _ / U ( ° {L � ... . -. . 1 ,f 9F. C� 9 ; 1 � S 320th_ST • ' : , S 324t11 ST � _ b I � ; � ST Y18 �2 ° s 9 2 F O � �� �% � � ti 2 � > a �' N _ � 1 � _ t ,.. . � � � .... � C1 ' � O <�� 2 9, 9p < 9 0� '� HWY 18 �_o.- d _ y � � . � i _a�,� J �y,�0:; .. � � d � � ;<� A N Q' � e �� � �' } 3 x � W J J a > � W � P ,. --- Is _ � � _ ��� �� � � � �-;r . Q� � City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan 20 Year Proposed Intersection Improvements Potential Annexation Area Element Legend: • Proposed Intersection Improvement Scale: � 0 1/2 Mile � N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 , Please Note: City of Federal Way, 'I This map is intendetl for use , 33325 Sth Ave S, as a graphical representation �, Federal Way, WA 98003 I ONLY. The City of Federal ', (253) 835-7000 Way makes no warranty i w�riw.cityoffederalway.com as to its accuracy. � FederalWay � ������ � .Jdata?ttabttham/cpma ps/paalotimpmap.aml L ~ 1'--' . i I Auburn , I L___ ... . . I ~ -. I i J-J---Hwy City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Fire Department Facilities Potential Annexation Area Element Legend: . Fire Station N Fire District Boundary Community Level Subarea Boundary D Incorporated Area D Unincorporated Area Source: Federal Way Fire Department, City of Federal Way GIS Division, February 2002 . Cl.. "" ~ .~ c: '<3 :> Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ I ~ N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835-7000 WW'N .cityoff ed e ralway .com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~FederalWay Map VIII-13 ./data2n.abitham/cpmaps/paa/firedist.aml City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Public School Facilities Potential Annexation Area Element Auburn Legend: School District Boundary Elementary School Junior High School Senior High School Potential Annexation Area. Community Level Subareas: D Star Lake (Northeast) D Camelot (Northeast) D Jovita (Southeast) D Lakeland (Southeast) D Parkway (Southeast) Other Areas: D Incorporated Area D Unincorporated Area Source: Federal Way School District, City of Federal Way GIS Division, 2001 ~ Aubu n [ Scho l- District i'"'1 >>-UfJ Scale: o 1/2 Mile ~ N Map Reformatted: 10/2006 City of Federal Way, 33325 8th Ave S, Federal Way, WA 98003 (253) 835.7000 WW'N .cityoffederalway .com Please Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation ONLY. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~ Federal Way Map V 111-14 ..Idata2ltab rtham/cpma m ps/paa/sch Idlst.amt Kent I If reI ~().I17t1 D, )( /)11//0/ I ((Ill Federal Way PAA I I I I , .. City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan I Aquifers I Natural Environment Element Legend: D Federal Way City Limits L _ I Potential Annexation Area Aquifers ~ Deep Aquifer ~ Eastern Upland Aquifer ~ Mirror Lake Aquifer ~ Redondo/Milton Channel Aquifer 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 I I Miles Map Revised: October, 2006. Source: lakehaven Utility District ~ Federal Way MAP IX-1 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Kent I.!..f'f c.,,) I "Ii \ .( Federal Way PA.A. l .. City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Aquifers & Wellhead Capture Zones I Natural Environment Element Legend: D Federal Way City Limits l _ I Potential Annexation Area Aquifers ~ Deep Aquifer ~ Eastern Upland Aquifer ~ Mirror Lake Aquifer ~ Redondo/Milton Channel Aquifer Wellhead Capture Zones 1 Year 10 Year 5 Year 100 Years 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 I 'Miles Map Revised: October. 2006. Source: lakehaven Utility District ~ Federal Way MAP IX-1A Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Kent I'll' I' d,l\ DulloJ L"/" Federal Way P.A. A {nJl/( I.uk, 0,'" ....~ '<," .oo~ ... .0,)': .~co .0~ .~O' \ City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan \AreaS susceptible to Groundwater Contamination \ Natural Environment Element Legend: o Federal Way City limits - - \. _ I potential Annexation Area Groundwater contamination Susceptibility: Low Susceptibility Medium Susceptibility High susceptibility , .. , , , I J This map compiles existing geologic, soils and depth to groundwater information to estimate the location of areas where contamination may readily enter groundwater. Its purpose is to communicate the approximate location and area extend of geologic conditions in the greater Federal Way area favorable to the introduction of contaminants to groundwater. This map does not depict aquifer recharge areas. It is intended for planning purposes only and is not guaranteed to exhibit accurate infonnation. Land use decisions should be based on site-specific data. j/\\SCale: ~ 0 0.5 1 . N c: :::J Miles Map Revised". October. 2006. Source: laKehaven Utility District ~ Federal Way MAP IX-: L N,,"' '"" m'p ,. ,,<,'" fu, "" " · 9 mp'"'' ''''''''''''''' "," ~ \ ~ The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Kent " l f1.. I )( 'I'l ,'( [) Federal Way PAA I I I I \ .. I I , I City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Wellhead Capture Zones I Natural Environment Element Legend: o Federal Way City Limits L _ I Potential Annexation Area Wellhead Capture Zones 1 Year 5 Year 10 Year 100 Years 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 I 'Miles Map Revised: October, 2006. Source: Lakehaven Utility District ~ Federal Way MAP IX-3 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Kent I)l} T, 1 l ),11 ( ], -J , .. Federal', Way PA.A. , , dL J -:1 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Surface Water Resources I Natural Environment Element Legend: D Federal Way City Limits L _, Potential Annexation Area D Wetlands (1998 City Survey) Streams (1998 City Survey) Lakes .6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 I Miles I Map Revised: October, 2006. Source; City of Federal Way, King County A Federal Way MAP IX-4 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. = q ~ Tr Kent 1I\.C\ty of Feder~\ Way .~ s, 1\ ' ComprehensIVe Plan p ""p, 4 ~,. ~\ ~ ~~~,,~/~~~ \ \GeO\OQiC Hazards I' /) \ Natural Environment Element \> Legend: o Federal WaY City Limits L _ I potential Annexation Area . Erosion Hazard Area ~ Landslide Hazard Areas Map Notes', possible hazards based on ground slope are not indicated on this map. Source: King County Planning.EnVironmental Division he ~\Sca\e', o 0.5 1 . ------=:=J N e---:- Miles Map Relo!TT1alled: October, 2006, Source: City of Federa' Way, King Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representati. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accurac~ ~ federal Way MAP' II~' I \tl 111 ,0 J ) o () ~h \C\ty 01 rvu.....- comprenensive Plan \priority Habitats & species \ Natural Environment Element o Legend: CJ federal way City Limits ~ : \ potential Annexation Area Streams ,'\998 City survey) ~ Wet\andS ,'\998 City survey) \23 GeoduCK Habitat CJ Crab Habitat CJ pHS polygon fish species "J DistribUtion ~ sme\t Habitat rv sand\ance Habitat 1/\\SCale: ~ 0 0.5 '\ N ~----:;6~~~~; State 01 Washington ~ federal Way MA Note'. This map is intended for use as a graphical reprel TheCi\YofFed~ ,,~,I\' 1'11'1(: r ~.) 11,1 ..., ) I~ 1\ Federal Way p,A.A. \ COmp' v' ,....- \coune\\ APproved pJt..A aoundart \ utility plan Element \ Legend: c::J redera\ V'Ja'1 City Lirn\ts ... _, potent\a\ ,c...nne~ation ,c...rea \. - , , , , .a, ,,\ \ ~ca\e', ~ !it \0_ hM~~.',~" _...- ~.fe'defa\ WaY No\e' T\lis maP is intended lor use as a gr<lP\lica\ . .. t:"dera\V'Ja~ m~ ~ Kent j'/(I., 'I ~t>/I / Cambridge . J IJ,1 Dolloff . , , :::::~l _______4 I I I I , .. City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Existing & Proposed Improvements to the Sub- Transmission System I Utility Plan Element - Puget Sound Energy - Electricity Legend: D Federal Way City Limits - - L _ I Potential Annexation Area "'" SPA Line ,~... Proposed "-' Sub-Transmission Line . Sub-Station (Distribution) . Sub-Station (Transmission) . Proposed Sub-Station 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 1 Miles I Map Reformatted: October, 2006. Information Date: 2002. Source: PSE A Federal Way MAP X-2 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. b~ Kent /'1'.., I " ), Du/lui !.(/k.( Federal Way P.A.A. City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Gas Supply Mains I Utility Plan Element - Puget Sound Energy - Gas Legend: D Federal Way City Limits - - L _I Potential Annexation Area Distribution Pipe Diameter ""-' 2" to 4" "" 4" to 6" I III ~ Above 6" 1 1 1 I .. 1 1 , 1 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 1 Miles I Map Reformatted: October, 2006. Information Date: 2002. Source: PSE ~ Federal Way MAP X-3 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. Kent I Tl 'H {[Tilt ~ ~I ~W ~__ I ~)()ll(}ILu/.:l Federal Way P.A.A. t .. I I , I City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Proposed Improvements I Utility Plan Element - Puget Sound Energy - Gas Legend: D Federal Way City Limits l. _ I Potential Annexation Area '" Distribution Pipe Diameter Above 6" 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 1 Miles I Map Refonnatted: October, 2006. Information Date: 2002. Source: PSE ~ Federal Way MAP X-4 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only. The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. ~ Kent 111' \01' tf L Edg~ , .. I I , I .I, ,1 City of Federal Way Comprehensive Plan Cable Service by Com cast Utility Plan Element - Cable Television Legend: D Federal Way City Limits L _ I Potential Annexation Area "'-' Comcast - Auburn System "'-' Comcast - Tacoma/Pierce County System 6 N Scale: o 0.5 1 1 Miles f Map Reformatted: October, 2006. Information Date: 2002. Source: Corneast ~ Federal Way MAP X-5 Note: This map is intended for use as a graphical representation only, The City of Federal Way makes no warranty as to its accuracy. EXHIBIT B FEDERAL WAY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN 2006 Amendments CONSISTING OF: Amendments to Comprehensive Plan & Zoning Map Boundaries Business Park (BP) / Commercial Enterprise (CE) & Community Business (BC) City of Federal Way Approved Community Business (BC)I Commercial Enterprise (CE) Boundary Changes, Effective, July 16, 2007 OP I " -.>'\-- Be ~ o ~~ t~~ bJI~ \ ,Ll: ~U7 RM2400. C, ~ ~ ~;-:J- ~~ --Q ~l ,?"-(_ u1 ~ p. ~"L.oo ~ - '........,....- ,\ ~ ~ '-../ \ t: ' RM2400. \!P ~~2400 192: .. - Zone ~ ~ )>- ~ ~o ST RS3.0 RS35.0 Key: l~~;'}~:t BP to RM3600 Zoning D BP to CE Change rnnn BP to RM2400 Zoning ~ BC to CE Change .-~ .J f--f] l ~ RM3600 Zone Scale: ~ 0 250 500 1,000 N I . Feet EXHIBIT C FEDERAL WAY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN 2006 Amendments CONSISTING OF: Change of Comprehensive Plan & Zoning Designation Mitchell Place 1 ' OP \ 1\ \ 11c1l , \ ~\ ~\ ,0\, en, \.J" '0.\\ \~I '0: ,.,.\' I ,-- "O-~--;..- OP -----~.--- . _/:;. 5 3361H 51 -~':;: ----=::- -' ,..--"---= ..-> .-' OP \' \ \ '20i'\049002 -,~~.."..."" . ...," \ , : en '\~ \:ci 'l-' "0\1 , \ " , RtJ\2400* 8P C\t'j 0' ~ ~Uv' -- o\' APpro-ved COttlprehensNe plan and zoning oesignation Changes ~ , en ~.J 0. 1\'; 'It;; I.,. Ellecti'Je. JuW 16.2001 tA\tche\\ p\aCe \..egend ca cnange RM'l.400 ~o ~~ to! ~ ~ feel ThiS maP is a=panied bY no .."",ntios, and is sitnP\'l a graphiC representatIOn, I'Ppro'Jed COf1\prellensi,e Plan l'f1\end"",n\ and Rezone Irorn aUS\oess par$$tap) to W\u\t\tam\\'i tRW\2400) EXHIBIT D FEDERAL WAY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN 2006 Amendments CONSISTING OF: Citizen-Initiated Requests Maps Request #1 - Quadrant Request #2 - Trimble Request #3 - Gramor Request #4 - Washington Memorial Park Request #5 - Taylor Request #6 - Lifeway Church Request #7 - Waller Road IV Associates I i I I I 1 I ! I : ; / ; , Ii I I: i /' I I / Ii i I ,/' I eCl' /! I; Iii I ./{ ,I! I : . \ \ I "" ~i :<C' .. co ~ ~! I \ \ \ \ , i_--- \. OP.1 * ) 8 ....-'!'!" ~O'.'* ...... <II$$- I' ';: \~\~P.1 * ~\ )4. ~ ': ,ct' tW: \~ I;: \ 1\ J ~OP.'* 1; I c\ty of Federa\ way 2006 Site specific Requests for comprehensiVe Plan and Zoning Designation Changes Effective, Ju\y 16,2007 ~ 0 2SO SOO rJ!t ~ ::::::JFeet [ -'" lJ This map is accompanIed by no ,""rran\iE>S, _, t::=i-- and is simplY a graphiC representation. - lKC\ NB~ \KCl \ -, S.3,20J!!jT ~1 t=1. Quadrant s\te spec\f\C Request #1 Legend _ Site SpecifiC Request #1 \n SE SE I I ~i 01 102103901t----.----t~1 :1:1 1-, - --~ _~I J021039049' I ...-. I' iiffi1'1 I RS9.6 Approved Comprehensive Plan Amendment and Rezone from Single Family Low Density (Suburban Estates (SE)) to Single Family Medium Density (RS35.0) City of Federal Way 2006 Site Specific Requests for Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Designation Changes Effective, July 16, 2007 Trimble Site Specific Request #2 Legend ~ Site Specific Request #2 Ii N 0 250 500 ..., Feet This map is accompanied by no warranties, and is simply a graphic representation. OP OP __ . ~ .348T,:!ST \ \ I \ I OP UP OP fIi >: ~: 119264800060. t-, - ~ .. Oll I .9264800050 UP OP 10 I~ ::J: t- Ol I OP BP BP BP BP BP S_344TI:I $.1. BP Approved Comprehensive Plan Amendment and Rezone from Business Park (BP) to Office Park (OP) UP (/l S 348TH ST BC Be City of Federal Way 2006 Site Specific Requests for Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Designation Changes Effective, July 16, 2007 ~Gramor Site Specific Request #3 Legend _ Site Specific Request #3 Note: The Amendments in Exhibit B relating to the new CE zone designation supersede this amendment. !:\ N 0 250 500 , Feet This map is accompanied by no warranties, and is simply a graphic representation. . SW'30UWST RM3600 RM3600 RM2400 _~'!J 3J2THST PO SE Approved Comprehensive Plan Amendment and Rezone from I R Professional Office (PO) to Neighborhod Business (BN) RS7.2 S7l2 RS1.2 ~, 1/)1 ~. .....' :1:' ;: ~i I: I , 3:. rn, ~I I , \ I 8:: rn' , ,>, <(I 1:1:, City of Federal Way 2006 Site Specific Requests for Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Designation Changes Effective, July 16,2007 Washington Memorial Park Site Specific Request #4 Legend ~ Site Specific Request #4 RS D N 0 250 500 --, Feet This map is accompanied by no warranties, and is simply a graphic representation. I I OOL3_Q1.SL- I I , i - __ I I' U) ..J ~ , . X U) ~ ~ ~~ >: ~ . \ Jl-(J~ S ~ ~ ..S..3.MII:l$.L .. \ \ , i :51.2'/ . i \ · ~ . ;::oj [0:(' _~o: ~H r>>' N ' J.---I' \ : '---: : \ I ; , I I , ' Approved Comprehensive Plan : Amendment and Rezone from ' , Single Family tligh Density (RS7.2) \0 ' : Neighborhood Business (BN) : i , :! I , I I VJ UJJV L ~. s}Q 1 _-S.30'9THST , \ RS7L2 I I I . ! i I . ~ _I i '[9_--5'3 . I I ' :! \ I . : j \ \ I i 1\- . I i J,; " I I I >! I: ~ ! 0 j ~' .J ~:, :---' L-j"::'" S 304TA-sr ,.. -- -- ': ~----------'-~r-'~---"- : !.-- I .' I I' . ' i ; . i,: . ~ . " I I, , ; :.1 :-I~ I ; :1 f , I I , :11 : I \ I . \'. " .\ ' \ ' : \ \ ~ \ \ ' . ' \ \\ i' ! ' r '~i i i i I i~ ! I I i I_ i \ ! I \ -I I ~ ::01 r.( ~ t-. r>> C'\ 1\1 Z :.... ,m ,;;0 'CII -l ')Ii ,~ 'm '" RS7.2 ~,~ City of Federal Way 2006 Site Specific Requests for Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Designation Changes Effective, July 16, 2007 Taylor Site Specific Request #5 / Legend _ Site Specific Request #5 ~ N 0 250 500 :::J Feet r This map is accompanied by no warranties. and is simply a graphic representation. r--I I k :" / ..J..--" ___'-- ._..."" c.1' _/ c.\I\I ~ , ~ RS15.0 RS15.D RSt5:6 n I '. I , :~ RS15.D ~ :.' I ~ I I 1 I ! -~'~J55n'-L \ l>- ie( Q Z .N I I , \ i , ! RS7.2 J .. ,-,_ .~i21!,\..!2 5W 356TH 5T rT 3021049118; "U _ _5 ~6.!~I.. I fI) I I >1/ RS7.2 Ii( ,l- I fl)1 .~! '. I , I I 1/ II I I I, , I I, I' I ;13021049036 ...._-"'.,-" ',-- ,. --'-', , . I... -.,.'-- 30,2J!~9~1', 3021049058', 3021 049!)2.0 ' "'-;NIl' .'.' \ RS 15.0 I, ,I , II i j , tI) >' '!t. E-' fI) r , , . I , , ~ .i: Approved Comprehensive Plan Amendment and Rezone from Single Family Medium Density (RS15.0) to I Single Family High Density (RS7.2) RS 1! ~ City of Federal Way 2006 Site Specific Requests for Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Designation Changes Effective, July 16, 2007 Lifeway Church Site Specific Request #6 Legend _ Site Specific Request #6 - ~o N 250 500 , Feet This map is accompanied by no warranties, and is simply a graphic representation. c\t'j 01 rv-- 2006 Site specifiC Requests for COl1\prehensiVe Plan and zoning oesignation Changes Effeclive. JUW 16.2001 \ ~O\, BI \ ..,,~ \ \ · ~~u. 'M'~[\ \ . =:.:~f- Bt It-::_~~t ~ o\' \ C"A1PUSJ!h~ '1 QtJ\2400 \ \ \ , I \ ,51.1. ~() ..soO , io~10490~6! \~-_.".....-.--- en, ~ H en. ,I~ \1 \ RS3S.0 \ 1\ \1 \ \ \' \ . ' OP MPr<Ned comprehensi,e I'lan N"endment and Rezone from Off\ce parK (Op) \0 commun\\'1 BuS\ness (BC) ~a\\er Road N Site speciiiC Request #7 \\S3S.\ Legend _ s~e specifIc Request #1 s ~o ~ N c:::--- _ feel thIS ",ap is a~pa"\ed "I "" """",n\\es, and is simplY a graphiC representation.