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09-21-2021 01-04-2022 3 - FWPS Levy Information (3)Proposed Code Amendments: Permanent supportive housing and Emergency shelter City Council 21 September zoz1 WY OF Federal Way Presentation Outline Policy Question What is Permanent supportive housing? What is emergency housing and shelter? Why are these Code amendments coming now? Why does the City need to do anything? Where can these uses go? What is the City's Projected Need? What control does the City have/Summary of Standards? Planning Commission Committee follow up Ci7Y OF Federal Way Policy Question Should the City amend FWRC Title 19 to be consistent with the requirements of ESSHB 1220 relating to permanent supportive housing and transitional housing and emergency housing and shelter? CITY OF Federal Way What is Permanent Supportive Housing? "Subsidized, leased housing with no limit on length of stay that prioritizes people who need comprehensive support services to retain tenancy and utilizes admissions practices designed to use lower barriers to entry than would be typical for other subsidized or unsubsidized rental housing, especially related to rental history, criminal history, and personal behaviors. Permanent supportive housing is paired with on -site or off -site voluntary services designed to support a person living with a complex and disabling behavioral health or physical health condition who was experiencing homelessness or was at imminent risk of homelessness prior to moving into housing to retain their housing and be a successful tenant in a housing arrangement, improve the resident's health status, and connect the resident of the housing with community -based health care, treatment, or employment services." — HB 1220 Ci7Y OF Federal Way What is Emergency Housing? Emergency Housing: "Temporary indoor accommodations for individuals or families who are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless that is intended to address the basic health, food, clothing, and personal hygiene needs of individuals or families. Emergency housing may or may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement." - HB 1zzo CPTY OF Federal Way What is Emergency Shelter? Emergency Shelter: "A facility that provides a temporary shelter for individuals or families who are currently homeless. Emergency shelter may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement. Emergency shelter facilities may include day and warming centers that do not provide overnight accommodations." - HB 1zzo k Ci7Y OF Federal Way Why Now, 1. Newly -adopted State legislation (ESSHB1220) z. Deadlines for compliance: July &September k Ci7Y OF Federal Way Why does the City need to do anything? The City is better served by having standards in place than having no local regulations at all. Taking no action results in unlimited and unregulated supportive housing and emergency shelter. k Ci7Y OF Federal Way Zones that currently don't allow dwellings Permanent I .f supportive housing Rnop OP: Office Park PO: Professional Officee 1� 1',NLidL; Iq/611', KBEi4 m 1 \ 10 Implementing standards requires identifying projected need, what is our projected need? Best Available Data: Utilize 2020 Seattle/King County Point In time Count Count data is not segregated by City 3. Utilize data for SW King County 4. Use population of region to determine City's portion Extend trend from last 4 years out 20 years 20-year forecast: 482 dwelling units: 207 Emergency housing/shelter & 275 PSH 7. Revisit in 2023 Federal Way Zone Proposed Single -Family Existing' Proposed Multifamily Existing' Proposed Summary of p amendments Emergency Permanent supportive housing and transitional housing housing/shelter Process Density Setbacks Height Separation Pkg Y N F S R ✓ None 1 home/lot 30 10 10 30 0 2/unit ✓ Process III 10 rooms in single 30 20 20 30 1 mile 1-2/unit + 1 for each 2 employees structure ✓ None 1 home/lot 20 10 10 30 ✓ Process III 6 rooms in single structure 20 10 20 30 ✓ Process II 12-24/acre 20 5 5 30-35 ✓ Process III 12-24/acre, 50-unit 20 cap 18/acre 0 5 5 30-35 ✓ Processll 10 10 30-35 Proposed ✓ Process III 18/acre, 50-unit 20 5 5 30-35 cap Community Business !65!o!r!3!0 Existing I ✓ Process II None 0/10 10/20 10/20 Proposed ✓ Process III 50-unit cap 0/10 10/20 10/20 55 or 30 City Center Core 10 Existing' ✓ Process II None 0/20 5 5 200 or 110-unit cap 10 10 10 70 200 or Proposed ✓ Process III 70 ity Center Frame Existing' ✓ Process II None 20 5 5 85 or 70 Proposed ✓ Process III 110-unit cap 10 10 10 85 or 70 Commercial Ente Existing ✓ n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a Process III Proposed I ✓ 110-unit cap 5 5/20 5/20 55 or 30 0 1 1-2/unit 1 mile I 1-2/unit + 1 for each 2 employees 0 1 1-2/unit 1 mile I 1-2/unit + 1 for each 2 employees 0 1 1-2/unit mile I 1-2/unit + 1 for each 2 employees 0 1 1-2/unit mile 1-2/unit + 1 for each 2 employees 0 1 or 1.7 mile 1-2/unit + 1 for each 2 employees X 0 1 or 1.7 mile 1-2/unit + 1 for each 2 employees 9 n/a n/a mile I 1-2/unit + 1 for each 2 emplovees Notes applied to Permanent supportive housing and transitional housing: 'single-family detached, 'multifamily 50-unit cap ALI- 4 w7ki Ott CITY OF Federal Way 4.1 .� lio-unit cap UTY OF Federal Way Planning Commission Parking should include employees z SF separation for PSH should be increased to 1 mile (or more) 3. The Projected Need should not include a multiplier 4 There should be operational requirements placed on these facilities Federal Way Operational Requirements The housing will operate under a written operational plan that will include, at a minimum, the following: a. Residents must be referred by providers of housing and services for people experiencing homelessness. Direct intake of residents at the site, without prior referral, is not allowed. b. A description of transit, pedestrian and bicycle access from the subject site to services and schools must be provided to residents. c. An operations plan must be provided that addresses the following elements: Roles and responsibilities of key staff; ii. Site/facility management, including a security and emergency plan; iii. Site/facility maintenance; iv. Occupancy policies, consistent with RCW 59.18, including resident responsibilities and a code of conduct that includes, at a minimum, a prohibition on threatening and unsafe behavior; and, the on - site use and sale of illegal drugs; V. Access to human and social services, including a staffing plan and expected outcome measures; vi. Procedures for maintaining accurate and complete records. d. Providers and/or managing agencies shall have either a demonstrated experience providing similar services to people experiencing homelessness, and/or certifications or academic credentials in an applicable human service field, and/or applicable experience in a related program with people experiencing homelessness. e. For health and safety reasons, the sponsor and/or managing agency shall take all reasonable and legal steps to obtain verifiable identification information, including full name and date of birth, from current and prospective residents, and shall keep a log containing this information. f. Should the provider become aware of a current or prospective resident who has an active felony warrant, it shall follow a protocol to work with the participant to resolve any outstanding warrants with applicable legal authorities. nrr or Federal Way Increasing Separation ❑ D ❑L3 D D D D D D D 0 El D D 0 D D D ❑ D D D D D D D o D 11 ❑ j�. PSH Single-family zones: D 0 13 0 distribution at 1/2 mile ❑ 0 13 om 13 EJ MCI (representative diagram) ,fie 0-1 - Lill" ­ 0 00 0 a Woon Federal Way L4 LV '5 vm �Iwll? Sv tj 0. 4�0-, VA, Permanent supportive housing and transitional housing & Emergency housing and shelter Frequently Asked Questions 1. Why is the City creating zoning rules for these land uses? The city's code changes were necessitated for two (2) reasons. First, the city needed to change its code to be consistent with State legislation passed in the second quarter of 2021. And, second, the newly -adopted legislation gave cities the ability to put reasonable local controls on occupancy, intensity, and separation of these land uses. 2. What is the difference between Permanent supportive housing (PSH), transitional housing, emergency housing, and emergency shelter? a. Permanent supportive housing is subsidized, leased housing with no limit on length of stay, paired with on -site or off -site voluntary services designed to support a person living with a disability to be a successful tenant in a housing arrangement, improve the rasirian4'c health status, and connect residents of the housing with community -based health care, treatment, and employment services. b. Transitional housing means a project that provides housing and supportive services to homeless persons or families for up to two years and that has as its purpose facilitating the movement of homeless persons and families into independent living. c. Emergency housing means temporary indoor accommodations for individuals or families who are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless that is intended to address the basic health, food, clothing, and personal hygiene needs of individuals or families. Emergency housing may or may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement. d. Emergency shelter means a facility that provides a temporary shelter for individuals or families who are currently homeless. Emergency shelter may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement. Emergency shelter facilities may include day and warming centers that do not provide overnight accommodations. Generally, PSH is meant to be a permanent form of housing for households facing homelessness, while the others are meant to provide a transition between homelessness and a permanent housing option. 3. What types of services are provided to residents living in these types of housing? Services will vary by program type (shelter, transitional housing, permanent supportive housing) and operator. Typically, a minimum of case management is provided including resource referral and housing placement assistance. Services provided directly may also include outreach, housing counseling, and physical and behavioral health, which includes mental health and substance use treatment. Case management referrals are tailored to the individual needs and can include services such as food, benefits, education, employment, and treatment and more. 4. If I have any additional questions, who may I speak with? If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact the Federal Way Community Development Department at either (253) 835-7001 or planningCcDcityoffederalway.com CITY OF - Federal Way Next COMM _ P 9 _11111,11111 1o/5/z1: City Council iSt Reading 10/19/21: City Council zed Reading Questions? Z. Requests for additional information? Federal Way